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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4647 matches for " Sonia Filipini "
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Hospital accreditation: the certainty of care with excellence
Sílvia Maria de Carvalho Farias, Olga Lúcia Teixeira de Carvalho, Ednéia de Oliveira Ernestino, Fabiana Concei??o A. Silva, Mariana Saraiva Porte Fernandes, Márcia Adonais Pinto, Edwalds Marques Farias Júnior, Maria Odete Pereira, Sonia Filipini
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to search the history of hospital accreditation in Brazil; define the concept of hospital accreditation, analyze data on hospital accreditation. Methodology: this is a literature review. The articles were selected through the title and abstract, checking their suitability to the theme proposed in this study. Held reading and rereading the articles and books found, allowing reflection on the meanings attributed to the hospital accreditation. Results: Florence Nightingale deployed the first model of continuous quality improvement in health. The first edition of the Brazilian Manual of Accreditation was manufactured in 1998, this has been improving culminating with the release of the latest edition published in 2006 in a sample that has seven volumes. We see this approach to study the history of the first Brazilian Manual of overlaps with the emergence of the ONA, so that part of the common goal. Conclusion: believe that qualifying is paramount in the pursuit of excellence in service which is the essence of caring, building trust and good reputation so important to the pursuit of customers become increasingly demanding about the quality of their lives.
Aging Worsens the Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Postural Control
Rébecca Robillard, Fran?ois Prince, Daniel Filipini, Julie Carrier
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028731
Abstract: Falls increase with age and cause significant injuries in the elderly. This study aimed to determine whether age modulates the interactions between sleep deprivation and postural control and to evaluate how attention influences these interactions in the elderly. Fifteen young (24±2.7 y.o.) and 15 older adults (64±3.2 y.o.) stood still on a force plate after a night of sleep and after total sleep deprivation. Center of pressure range and velocity were measured with eyes open and with eyes closed while participants performed an interference task, a control task, and no cognitive task. Sleep deprivation increased the antero-posterior range of center of pressure in both age groups and center of pressure speed in older participants only. In elderly participants, the destabilizing effects of sleep deprivation were more pronounced with eyes closed. The interference task did not alter postural control beyond the destabilization induced by sleep loss in older subjects. It was concluded that sleep loss has greater destabilizing effects on postural control in older than in younger participants, and may therefore increase the risk of falls in the elderly.
THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT: AN OVERVIEW
SONIA
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: A man without education is no more than an animal. The growth and development of a state is primarily dependent upon the quality of education given to the people. In India Right to Education Act (RTE) was passed on 4th August 2009 which provides for free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 and 14 years. The Act came into force on 1 April 2010. The problems on the path of education of children includes child labour, misery of girl child in India and poor quality of education. Article 51A of constitution also makes its obligatory for parent or guardian as the case may be to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. Although RTE Act is a major landmark in the history of India but there are certain limitations of the Act which if removed then education will reach every child in India which is their right. “There is only one purpose in the whole of Life –Education”.“Otherwise what is the use of me and women, land and wealth”. – Swami Vivekananda“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”.– Nelson Mandela
Bioethical Questions in Brazilian Scientific Research  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.516130
Abstract:

It is considered here that the ethical behavior of the Brazilian scientific community leaves a lot to be desired. Motives for ethical lapses can be summed up by one only: the haste to grow at any price in order to earn prestige and wealth, setting at naught those who don’t have the political support of the institution. With this intent, many researchers publish whatever they can, neglecting the fact that scientific research should serve the interests of the community—not their own.

Early Childhood Education: Difficulties Creating and Changing Daily Practice  [PDF]
Sonia Kramer
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.56048
Abstract:

This paper is based on research carried out with children and adults at early childhood education institutions in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The research goals were to identify interactions between adults and children and to rethink pedagogical practice. The theoretical-methodological framework was based on language and culture studies, the sociology of childhood and anthropology. After studying children and adults in different contexts and early childhood education public policies and practice, the results present challenges of changing and creating early education practices in difficult contexts, especially with regard to the creation and use of spaces intended for children. This is the focus of the text, which is structured in three sections. Section one presents the theoretical and methodological issues. The second section analyzes three case studies developed in public pre-schools situated in different cities in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Section three presents conclusions and priorities for intervention and change concerning children, adults and their interactions.

The Onset of Schizophrenia in Adolescence: Developments from a Structural and Clinical Point of View  [PDF]
Sonia Alberti
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.32014
Abstract: In 1899, Kraepelin identified schizophrenia as early dementia. The precocity of the onset of schizophrenia may be verified in psychotic episodes in the clinic of adolescence, which this article explores both from the point of view of psychoanalytic theory, and from the point of view of its clinic, in particular regarding the transference of the psychotic adolescent. It departs from the importance of differential diagnosis in relation to neurosis, using the guidelines of Freud about the loss of reality, then studies the contributions of Lacan in relation to that which returns from the real when not included in the symbolic. Finally, it articulates the drive theory to identify the issue of jouissance in transference.
Toward to the Journey’s End  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64029
Abstract: People become aware of the human life finiteness when they reach middle age. If they are healthy, they believe they will reach old age with white hair. However, in old age, the awareness that the process of dying is slowly adding losses over losses will come. Therefore, we should cultivate dignity in life because we do not know how we will face death: probably with suffering without respectability, as we never imagine it.
Research on Chewing Gum: Questions of Ethics  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2017.73016
Abstract: Guidelines for clinical research and ethics committees are significant contributions to decision made in science and law. But since research methods need to follow the changes and the development of science, guidelines for clinical research have to be continuously revised. Many innovations are perceived for their intended beneficiaries as benefits. Unfortunately, this is not always true. Therefore two issues should be mandatory in discussions of research ethics committees: 1) What constitutes a harmful intervention? 2) What procedures should be established for obtaining data and evaluating their relevance? These questions are too broad and there are no ethical solutions that can leap off a paper. But an example can be worked on. Dental caries is a public health challenge in any country and chewing gum may have an effect with respect to plaque reduction, at least in a short period of time. But sugar chewing gum cannot be used as a positive control in biomedical researches. However, trials referred herein allocated participants for a sugar chewing gum group. Therefore, the aim of this critical review is to emphasize that such a procedure is an example of a conscious disregard for the consideration which is due to trial participants. Were these desirable researches themselves or they had other purposes?
Disease, Not Death, Is the Real Enemy  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85039
Abstract: No matter our age or how healthy we are, anyone can be diagnosed with a severe illness or experience a major trauma. Over the years, experts have proposed many ways to help people understand what they’re going through when they receive a shocking diagnosis. Experts want to help and can help, but they will never experience another person’s feelings. Adversity is always a miserable thing. In this article, it is argued that we don’t find any reason or any justice in a serious chronic illness or severe disability.
Avalia o de genótipos de feijoeiro comum do grupo comercial carioca cultivados nas épocas das águas e do inverno em Uberlandia, Estado de Minas Gerais = Evaluations of common bean genotypes of the carioca commercial group cultivated in the rainy and winter seasons in Uberlandia, Minas Gerais state
Maurício Martins,Luciano Ferreira da Fonseca,Leonardo Cunha Melo,Dayanne Robertha Filipini de Oliveira
Acta Scientiarum : Agronomy , 2009,
Abstract: O feijoeiro é uma das principais culturas do país, e o Estado de Minas Gerais é um dos maiores produtores, representando cerca de 15% da produ o nacional. O objetivo deste trabalho foi testar o desempenho de linhagens de feijoeiro comum cultivadas nas épocas daságuas e do inverno, na regi o do Triangulo Mineiro, Minas Gerais. No cultivo das águas (semeadura em dezembro de 2005) e do inverno (semeadura em maio de 2006), as linhagens/cultivares testadas foram BRS Horizonte, CNFC 8059, CNFC 8065, CNFC 8075, VC-6, VC-7, VC-8, VC-9, VC-10, VC-11, VC-12, CNFC 10443, CNFC 10453, CNFC 10476,MA-I-2.5, MA-I-8.9, MA-I-18.13, RC-I-8, CV-46, CV-55 e Z-22, além das testemunhas BRSMG Majestoso, Pérola e BRSMG Talism e VC-3. Em cada experimento, o delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados com 25 tratamentos, em três repeti es, a parcela útil foi de 4 m2. No cultivo das águas, os rendimentos das linhagens mais produtivas variaram entre 2,69 e 2,78 t ha-1 (VC-9 e VC-10, respectivamente) e, no inverno, alcan aram 3 t ha-1 (3,01 e 3,00 t ha-1, CNFC 8065 e Z-22, respectivamente). De maneira geral, as linhagens foram maisprodutivas no cultivo do inverno, embora a intera o entre linhagens e época de cultivo tenha indicado desempenho distinto entre elas em rela o à época. The common bean is one of the most important crops in Brazil, and Minas Gerais state is one of its largest producers, representing about 15% of the national production. The aim of this studywas to evaluate the performance of common bean lineages cultivated during the rainy and winter seasons in the Triangulo Mineiro region, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. In the rainy growing season (sowing in December, 2005) and in the winter season (sowing in May, 2006), the tested lineages were BRS Horizonte, CNFC 8059, CNFC 8065, CNFC 8075, VC-6, VC-7, VC-8, VC-9, VC- 10, VC-11, VC-12, CNFC 10443, CNFC 10453, CNFC 10476, MA-I-2.5, MA-I-8.9, MA-I- 18.13, RC-I-8, CV-46, CV-55 and Z-22, in addition to the controls OP-NS-331 (BRSMG Majestoso), Pérola and BRSMG Talism and VC-3. In each experiment, a randomized blockdesign was set up with 25 treatments and three replications with a useful experimental plot of 4 m2. In the rainy growing season, the yield potential of the most productive lineages varied between 2.69 and 2.78 t ha-1 (VC-9 and VC-10, respectively), and in the winter season achieved 3 t ha-1 (3.01 and 3.00 t ha-1, CNFC 8065 and Z-22, respectively). In general, the lineages were more productive in the winter season though their interaction with the growing seasonsindicated distinct performance between
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