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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 43586 matches for " Song-Shil Lee "
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Moxibustion for cancer care: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Myeong Soo Lee, Tae-Young Choi, Ji-Eun Park, Song-Shil Lee, Edzard Ernst
BMC Cancer , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-130
Abstract: We searched the literature using 11 databases from their inceptions to February 2010, without language restrictions. We included randomised clinical trials (RCTs) in which moxibustion was employed as an adjuvant treatment for conventional medicine in patients with any type of cancer. The selection of studies, data extraction, and validations were performed independently by two reviewers.Five RCTs compared the effects of moxibustion with conventional therapy. Four RCTs failed to show favourable effects of moxibustion for response rate compared with chemotherapy (n = 229, RR, 1.04, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.15, P = 0.43). Two RCTs assessed the occurrence of side effects of chemotherapy and showed favourable effects of moxibustion. A meta-analysis showed significant less frequency of nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy for moxibustion group (n = 80, RR, 0.38, 95% CIs 0.22 to 0.65, P = 0.0005, heterogeneity: χ2 = 0.18, P = 0.67, I2 = 0%).The evidence is limited to suggest moxibustion is an effective supportive cancer care in nausea and vomiting. However, all studies have a high risk of bias so effectively there is not enough evidence to draw any conclusion. Further research is required to investigate whether there are specific benefits of moxibustion for supportive cancer care.Most cancer patients experience multiple symptoms related to either the cancer itself or late treatment effects [1]. The frequently experienced and severe adverse events associated with such treatments lead patients to seek supportive complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) [2]. Most patients use CAM as an adjunct to conventional treatments [3-5]. Acupuncture type interventions are one of the most popular forms of CAM [6]. It is now a widely accepted intervention for the treatment of a variety of conditions [7]. Several reviews claim that acupuncture offers therapeutic benefits for cancer patients [8-10]. Moxibustion is a traditional Chinese method that uses the heat generated by burning herbal prep
Mortality from and Incidence of Pesticide Poisoning in South Korea: Findings from National Death and Health Utilization Data between 2006 and 2010
Eun Shil Cha, Young-Ho Khang, Won Jin Lee
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095299
Abstract: Pesticide poisoning has been recognized as an important public health issue around the world. The objectives of this study were to report nationally representative figures on mortality from and the incidence of pesticide poisoning in South Korea and to describe their epidemiologic characteristics. We calculated the age-standardized rates of mortality from and the incidence of pesticide poisoning in South Korea by gender and region from 2006 through 2010 using registered death data obtained from Statistics Korea and national healthcare utilization data obtained from the National Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of South Korea. During the study period of 2006 through 2010, a total of 16,161 deaths and 45,291 patients related to pesticide poisoning were identified, marking respective mortality and incidence rates of 5.35 and 15.37 per 100,000 population. Intentional self-poisoning was identified as the major cause of death due to pesticides (85.9%) and accounted for 20.8% of all recorded suicides. The rates of mortality due to and incidence of pesticide poisoning were higher in rural than in urban areas, and this rural-urban discrepancy was more pronounced for mortality than for incidence. Both the rate of mortality due to pesticide poisoning and its incidence rate increased with age and were higher among men than women. This study provides the magnitude and epidemiologic characteristics for mortality from and the incidence of pesticide poisoning at the national level, and strongly suggests the need for further efforts to prevent pesticide self-poisonings, especially in rural areas in South Korea.
Laser Ultrasonic System for Surface Crack Visualization in Dissimilar Welds of Control Rod Drive Mechanism Assembly of Nuclear Power Plant
Yun-Shil Choi,Hyomi Jeong,Jung-Ryul Lee
Shock and Vibration , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/296426
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a J-groove dissimilar weld crack visualization system based on ultrasonic propagation imaging (UPI) technology. A full-scale control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) assembly specimen was fabricated to verify the proposed system. An ultrasonic sensor was contacted at one point of the inner surface of the reactor vessel head part of the CRDM assembly. Q-switched laser beams were scanned to generate ultrasonic waves around the weld bead. The localization and sizing of the crack were possible by ultrasonic wave propagation imaging. Furthermore, ultrasonic spectral imaging unveiled frequency components of damage-induced waves, while wavelet-transformed ultrasonic propagation imaging enhanced damage visibility by generating a wave propagation video focused on the frequency component of the damage-induced waves. Dual-directional anomalous wave propagation imaging with adjacent wave subtraction was also developed to enhance the crack visibility regardless of crack orientation and wave propagation direction. In conclusion, the full-scale specimen test demonstrated that the multiple damage visualization tools are very effective in the visualization of J-groove dissimilar weld cracks. 1. Introduction Control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) assembly includes a reactor vessel head (RVH) and many penetration nozzles made of carbon steel and alloy 690, respectively, as shown in Figure 1(a). The two dissimilar metal parts, namely, the RVH and penetration nozzle, are coupled with welding as shown in the unit structure of the CRDM assembly in Figure 1(b). The inner surface of the RVH, which is in direct contact with the primary coolant, is covered with cladding to prevent any reaction between the carbon steel ingredient in the RVH and the boric ingredient in the coolant. During a nuclear power plant (NPP) operation period, thermal and pressure loadings are concentrated on the penetration nozzles and dissimilar metal welding, which are comparatively fragile spots. As the operation period of nuclear plants has increased, there has been an increase in the growth of primary water stress corrosion (PWSCC) on the welds of dissimilar metals or penetration nozzles by cyclic stress. As shown in Figure 2(a), these PWSCCs ultimately grow into surface cracks and become the path of primary water leakage. While the boric acid ingredient in the coolant not only accumulates on the outer surface of the reactor vessel as boric acid deposits, but it also creates a cavity by reacting with the carbon steel ingredient of the RVH, as shown in Figure 2(b) [1]. Practically,
Discovery of Novel Sources of Vitamin B12 in Traditional Korean Foods from Nutritional Surveys of Centenarians
Chung Shil Kwak,Mee Sook Lee,Se In Oh,Sang Chul Park
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/374897
Abstract: Human longevity can be explained by a variety of factors, among them, nutritional factor would play an important role. In our study of Korean centenarians for their longevity, the apparent nutritional imbalance in the traditional semi-vegetarian diet raised a special attention, especially on vitamin B12 status, supplied by animal foods. Interestingly, we found that the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficient Korean centenarians was not higher compared with those from Western nations with animal-oriented traditional foods. We assumed that there might be some unveiled sources for vitamin B12 in the Korean traditional foods. Screening of vitamin B12 contents has revealed that some traditional soybean-fermented foods, such as Doenjang and Chunggukjang, and seaweeds contain considerable amounts of vitamin B12. Taken together, it can be summarized that the traditional foods, especially of fermentation, might be evaluated for compensation of the nutritional imbalance in the vegetable-oriented dietary pattern by supplying vitamin B12, resulting in maintenance of health status. 1. Introduction It is well known that older adults comprise the fastest growing portion of the world population and that the oldest old (including centenarians) are one of the fastest growing subgroups. The oldest population varies greatly depending upon nation, region, and biodemographic trends. At the end of the 20th century, it was reported that the centenarian population numbered approximately 1 per 100,000 persons, with higher numbers (10 per 100,000) in developed countries, and still higher numbers in the regions with very low mortality levels, such as Okinawa prefecture, in southern Japan (about 34 per 100,000) while about 4.7per 100,000 existed in Korea during this period [1]. Korean centenarian numbers were first reported to be 2,220 (172 males and 2,048 females) in the year 2000, based on the birth record data from Statistics Korea, and the ratio of centenarians to the elderly of 65 and older was reported to be 6.6% [2]. However, we have found that one third of birth records of older people may be mistaken due to problems within the civil registration system and therefore we produced a more conservative estimate of 1,481 Korean centenarians in the year 2000 [3]. Since that time, the National Bureau of Statistics of Korea has not officially reported the number of centenarians. The actual number of Korean centenarians is still waiting to be confirmed after individual age verification can take place. When the gender difference in number of centenarians is taken into consideration,
Causality and Collisionless Damping in Plasma  [PDF]
Hee J. Lee, Mi Young Song
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.44077

We derive the collisionless Landau damping in a plasma by satisfying the causal requirement that the susceptibility function of the plasma for time t < 0 should be nil. The causality condition should be satisfied by the susceptibility function of a plasma no matter what equations we employ to describe the plasma. Thus we conclude that the fundamental reason of the collisionless damping can be traced to the causality. As an example, we derive the collisionless damping of ion acoustic wave in a plasma by employing fluid equations.

Evolutionary Techniques for Reverse Auctions  [PDF]
Shubhashis Kumar Shil, Samira Sadaoui, Malek Mouhoub
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2013.44044

Winner determination is one of the main challenges in combinatorial auctions. However, not much work has been done to solve this problem in the case of reverse auctions using evolutionary techniques. This has motivated us to propose an improvement of a genetic algorithm based method, we have previously proposed, to address two important issues in the context of combinatorial reverse auctions: determining the winner(s) in a reasonable processing time, and reducing the procurement cost. In order to evaluate the performance of our proposed method in practice, we conduct several experiments on combinatorial reverse auctions instances. The results we report in this paper clearly demonstrate the efficiency of our new method in terms of processing time and procurement cost.

Work-Related Risk Factors by Severity for Acute Pesticide Poisoning Among Male Farmers in South Korea
Ji-Hyun Kim,Jaeyoung Kim,Eun Shil Cha,Yousun Ko,Doo Hwan Kim,Won Jin Lee
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10031100
Abstract: The objective of this study was to explore work-related risk factors of acute occupational pesticide poisoning among male farmers according to the severity of the poisoning. A nationwide sampling survey of male farmers was conducted in South Korea in 2011. A total of 1,958 male farmers were interviewed. Severity of occupational pesticide poisoning in 2010 was evaluated according to symptoms, types of treatment, and number of pesticide poisoning incidents per individual. A multinomial logistic regression model was used to estimate the odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals for risk factors of acute occupational pesticide poisoning. We found that the risk of acute occupational pesticide poisoning increased with lifetime days of pesticide application (OR = 1.74; 95% CI = 1.32–2.29), working a farm of three or more acres in size (OR = 1.49), not wearing personal protective equipment such as gloves (OR = 1.29) or masks (OR = 1.39). Those who engaged in inappropriate work behaviors such as not following pesticide label instructions (OR = 1.61), applying the pesticide in full sun (OR = 1.48), and applying the pesticide upwind (OR = 1.54) had a significantly increased risk of pesticide poisoning. There was no significant risk difference by type of farming. In addition, the magnitude of these risk factors did not differ significantly by severity of acute pesticide poisoning. In fact, our findings suggest that work-related risk factors contributed to the development of acute occupational pesticide poisoning without relation to its severity. Therefore, prevention strategies for reducing occupational pesticide poisoning, regardless of severity, should be recommended to all types of farming and the level of poisoning severity.
Correlation between Serum Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin and Burn Severity: A Pilot Study  [PDF]
Sungjun Lee, Suyeol Lee, Youngwhan Choi, Song Vogue Ahn, Cheonjae Yoon, Jungsuk Lee
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2017.51002
Abstract: The severity of an initial burn injury is critical for determining the treatment plan and prognosis of burn patients. Here, we measured serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels to determine whether NGAL can be used as a biomarker for severity of burn injuries. A study of the demographic, clinical, and laboratory markers for various organ damage was performed at Bestian Burn Center (n = 10 healthy people, n = 31 patients). NGAL and organ damage marker levels were measured in 31 patients with severe burns within 2 - 3 days following their admission to the intensive care unit. Serum NGAL level of the expired patients was 788.5 (685.0 - 998.0) pg/mL, whereas that of the discharged patients was 421.2 (356.2 - 480.6) pg/mL, showing that the initial serum NGAL level can be used to estimate mortality. We also determined the correlation between serum NGAL level and the currently used severity markers (total body surface area burned and abbreviated burn severity index) and confirmed that serum NGAL level could be used as a severity marker. We also found that serum NGAL level was correlated with damage of organs such as the liver, kidney, heart, and respiratory organs in patients with severe burns.
Modeling the Alignment Profile of Satellite Galaxies in Clusters
Hyunmi Song,Jounghun Lee
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/748/2/98
Abstract: Analyzing the halo and galaxy catalogs from the Millennium simulations at redshifts $z=0,\ 0.5,\ 1$, we determine the alignment profiles of cluster galaxies by measuring the average alignments between the major axes of the pseudo inertia tensors from all satellites within cluster's virial radius and from only those satellites within some smaller radius as a function of the top-hat scale difference. The alignment profiles quantify how well the satellite galaxies retain the memory of the external tidal fields after merging into their host clusters and how fast they lose the initial alignment tendency as the cluster's relaxation proceeds. It is found that the alignment profile drops faster at higher redshifts and on smaller mass scales. This result is consistent with the picture that the faster merging of the satellites and earlier onset of the nonlinear effect inside clusters tend to break the preferential alignments of the satellites with the external tidal fields. Modeling the alignment profile of cluster galaxies as a power-law of the density correlation coefficient that is independent of the power spectrum normalization ($\sigma_{8}$) and demonstrating that the density correlation coefficient varies sensitively with the density parameter ($\Omega_{m}$) and neutrino mass fraction ($f_{\nu}$), we suggest that the alignment profile of cluster galaxies might be useful for breaking the $\Omega_{m}$-$\sigma_{8}$ and $f_{\nu}$-$\sigma_{8}$ degeneracies.
Merging Rates of the First Objects and the Formation of First Mini-Filaments in Models with Massive Neutrinos
Hyunmi Song,Jounghun Lee
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/27
Abstract: We study the effect of massive neutrinos on the formation and evolution of the first filaments containing the first star-forming halos of mass M~10^{6}M_sun at z~20. With the help of the extended Press-Schechter formalism, we evaluate analytically the rates of merging of the first star-forming halos into zero-dimensional larger halos and one-dimensional first filaments. It is shown that as the neutrino mass fraction f_{\nu} increases, the halo-to-filament merging rate increases while the halo-to-halo merging rate decreases sharply. For f_{\nu}<=0.04, the halo-to-filament merging rate is negligibly low at all filament mass scales, while for f_{\nu}>=0.07 the halo-to-filament merging rate exceeds 0.1 at the characteristic filament mass scale of ~10^{9}M_sun. The distribution of the redshifts at which the first filaments ultimately collapse along their longest axes is derived and found to have a sharp maximum at z~8. We also investigate the formation and evolution of the second generation filaments which contain the first galaxies of mass 10^{9}M_sun at z=8 as the parent of the first generation filaments. A similar trend is found: For f_{\nu}>= 0.07 the rate of clustering of the first galaxies into the second-generation filaments exceeds 0.3 at the characteristic mass scale of ~10^{11}M_sun. The longest-axis collapse of these second-generation filaments are found to occur at z~3. The implications of our results on the formation of massive high-z galaxies and the early metal enrichment of the intergalactic media by supernova-driven outflows, and possibility of constraining the neutrino mass from the mass distribution of the high-z central blackholes are discussed.
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