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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 54 matches for " Soha Abdelziz Abdelal "
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Perspective of Elderly on Age-Friendliness of Services Provided in Primary Healthcare Centers of Dubai Health Authority: Focus Groups Discussions  [PDF]
Tamer Mohamed Farid, Amal Mohamad Saleh Abdulrahim Al Jaziri, Soha Abdelziz Abdelal, Anood Jamal Alshaali, Manal Mohammad Omran Taryam, Nahed Abdul Khaleq Monsef, Afaf Abdullatif Al Hashemi, Hamidah Saleh Al Shaibany
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2018.76011
Abstract: Primary Health Care Services Sector (PHCSS) of Dubai Health Authority (DHA) provides many services dedicated to seniors. However, there have been no studies to date that consulted the seniors themselves regarding these services. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the age-friendliness of outpatient clinic’s services provided in PHCSS from perspective of elderly service recipients. Methods: Three focus groups were designed. The focus groups included receivers of care (senior patients and caregivers for senior patients) and healthcare providers (physicians, nurses, administrators and medical record officers). The discussed topics in the focus groups were based on WHO’s recommended three domains of improvement for an age-friendly Primary Health Care (PHC): Information, education and training, community-based health care management systems, and the physical environment.
The Epistemic Oppression of the Veil  [PDF]
Gehad Abdelal
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.59001
Abstract: The veil is one of the essential phenomena in the Islamic world. Many Islamic and western feminist studies analyzed the veil. The Islamic feminism considers the veil as a free choice and a representation of the Islamic identity. On the other hand, one group of the feminism of the West counts the veil as oppression and a threat to the western modernity. However, both studies tackle the veil issue from the framework of free choice and identity without enough analyzing to the epistemological framework that surrounds it. Therefore, this paper investigates the epistemic oppression of the veil in the Islamic world by examining the claim of “the veil is a free choice”. The study will result in three situations of re-situatedness to the right-wing, external re-situatedness and re-situatedness to contrary epistemic system. These outcomes could refute the claim that the veil could be analyzed through the free choice structure, whether it is oppression or a gift.
Value of Pre- and Post-Treatment Platelet Indices in Patients with Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura  [PDF]
Iman Mohamed Omar, Soha Abuelela, Noha Emam
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.69002
Abstract: Introduction: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an acquired disorder characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia. There is no “gold standard” test that can establish the diagnosis of primary ITP. Therefore, the diagnosis is one of exclusion and is based on patient history, physical examination, complete blood count, and blood smear review. Platelet indices are biomarkers of platelet activation, allowing extensive investigations focusing on the diagnostic and prognostic values in various diseases without extra-costs. Mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW) and plateletcrit (PCT) were investigated aiming at evaluating the correlation between pre- and post-treatment values in ITP patients. The sensitivity and specificity of platelet indices for assessment of their predictive value for treatment response were also evaluated. Methods: Fifty newly diagnosed primary ITP patients were selected from the Hematology Clinics of Ain Shams University Hospitals and classified into pediatric and adult groups. Platelet count, MPV, PDW, PCT have been recorded for all pre and post-treatment CBC samples using Beckman Coulter LH750 analyzer. Results: In pediatrics post-treatment MPV and PDW were significantly decreased while PCT was increased when compared to their values at the time of presentation (P < 0.01). The same results were obtained in adult patients, except for PDW which did not attain any significance. A significant correlation was found between pre-treatment values of these platelet indices and treatment response in pediatrics, while no significance was found between pre-treatment PDW and treatment response in adults. Conclusion: Increased pre-treatment MPV and PDW, and decreased PCT can provide diagnostic and predictive value for treatment response in ITP patients.
The 2008 Food and Financial Crises and the South: Causes and Impacts
Soha Farouk,Laura Cliche
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2011,
Abstract: The year 2008 is best remembered for the global financial crisis that is held responsible for the ongoing economic hardships that confront many states. One of its most significant implications is food security which is the topic of this paper. The authors closely examine the causes and impacts of the food crisis in developing countries. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, nominal and real prices of major food products continue to surge which contributed to increasing food imports of developing countries. The poorest countries were the ones most affected by these price surges given their declining incomes and exchange rates. The article posits a number of causes for the food crisis ranging from underlying factors such as climate change, market speculation, US dollar depreciation, among others, to long term structural factors including unfair trade rules, oligopolistic market structures, and decreased food and development aid. Given these factors, the authors show that the implications of the food crisis were not confined to the economic sphere as shown by political and social impacts that surround the crisis which include inflation, exacerbation of poverty, malnutrition, deplorable conditions for women and children, and political riots. The authors conclude that the crisis shall continue to threaten the livelihoods of developing countries given the unfair competition brought about by capital intensive agriculture, lack of government support, and global economic integration of the agricultural sector. The authors then challenge the food security paradigm premised on liberal trade and proposes food sovereignty as an alternative paradigm in which autonomous food systems are put in place backed by national and international policies and civil societies that promote food as a fundamental human right in the fight against world hunger and malnutrition.
Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1 Beta (MIP-1β) and Platelet Indices as Predictors of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
—MIP, MPV and PDW in SBP
 [PDF]

Soha E. Khorshed, Hoda A. Ibraheem, Shereen M. Awad
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2015.57016
Abstract: Background/Aims: The objective of this study is to measure macrophage inflammatory protein one beta (MIP-1β), mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) to evaluate their usefulness in the diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in cirrhotic patients. Materials and Methods: This study comprised 41 cirrhotic patients with ascites. MPV, PDW and MIP-1β were measured in serum and ascitic fluid. Results: A significant increase MPV, PDW, C-reactive Protein (CRP) and white blood cell was observed in SBP group compared to non SBP (P ≤ 0.001, P = 0 < 0.004, P = 0.001, P = 0.001 respectively). In addition, MIP-1β was significantly in-creased in ascitic fluid in patients with SBP versus non SBP (P ≤ 0.001). At cutoff value of 8.3 fl MPV had 85.7% sensitivity and 75% specificity (AUC = 0.876) for diagnosis of SBP. At cutoff value of 15.4 PDW had 90.4% sensitivity and 55% specificity (AUC = 0.762). At cutoff value of 121.9 pg/ml MIP-1β in ascitic fluid had 76.1% sensitivity and 100% specificity (AUC = 0.881) for detecting SBP. Conclusion: MIP-1β and platelet indices are useful marker in the diagnosis of SBP in cirrhotic patients. Combined measurement of MIP-1β in serum and ascitic fluid had 100% sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of SBP.
Rectal Cancer Metastasizing to Breast: A Case Report and Review of Literature  [PDF]
Soha Yahya Hejazi, Fahad Ali Alghamdi, Nisar Haider Zaidi
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2016.52008
Abstract: Objectives: To report rare metastasis in breast from rectal cancer. Case Report: A 47-year-old married lady who presented with rectal bleeding for six weeks and diagnosed as a case of adenocarcinoma with no metastasis underwent neoadjuvent radiotherapy and chemotherapy and then abdominoperineal resection on follow-up found to have left breast mass and skin lesion in upper abdominal wall. Mammogram showed BIRADS-5. Tru cut biopsy showed mucinous/signet ring adenocarcinoma and she underwent lumpectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy and excision of skin lesion. Histopathology of breast lump and skin lesion came as mucinous adeno-carcinoma of colonic origin, but all axillary lymph nodes were negative for malignancy. Conclusion: Metastatic breast lump is rare entity and every effort to be put to diagnose it using modern diagnostic tools.
Protective Effect of Cranberry Extracts against Oxidative Stress and DNA Damage Induced by Diclofenac Sodium in Kidney of Male Albino Rate  [PDF]
Soha A. Hassan, Dalia A. Sabry, Mohammed A. Hussein
Chinese Medicine (CM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/cm.2017.84009
Abstract: This work aimed to find the effect of cranberry extract (75 and 150 mg/kg·b·w) and vit. C (1 g/kg·b·w orally) on renal toxicity induced by Diclofenac sodium in male albino rats. Treated rats with diclofenac sodium with a concentration 150 mg/kg·b·w, expressed a significant increase in several parameters includes, plasma total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride as well as renal nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α) and TBARS. In addition, a significant reduction in renal superoxide dismutase (SOD), GSH, catalase (CAT) and plasma HDL. The present results explain that, using cranberry extract and vit. C resulted in increasing the level of GSH, CAT and SOD as well as gene expression of renal SOD, CAT and IL-22 and reduce the level of TBARs significantly which led to preventing renal tissue damage. Our results also revealed that cranberry extract can protect DNA from damage as obtained from comet essay. TM-U was elevated in DCLF treated group when compared with normal. However cranberry extract was able to reduce this elevation in dose dependant manner. Histological features in H&E taken to different groups also mirrors this findings. DCLF causes many changes in renal tissue include infiltration by inflammatory cells, attenuated glomeruli, apoptosis in tubular epithelia.
Biodegradation of crude petroleum oil and environmental pollutants by Candida tropicalis strain
Farag, Soha;Soliman, Nadia A.;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132011000400023
Abstract: a local yeast isolate named a was isolated from polluted area of abou-qir gulf (alexandria, egypt), identified according to a partial sequence of 18srna as candida tropicalis. the isolate showed a high potency in petroleum oil biodegradation as well some hydrocarbons. morphological changes in cell diameter of this yeast were recognized upon growing the target cell in sea water medium supplemented with petroleum oil as sole carbon source in comparison to the growth in enriched medium. statistically-based experimental design was applied to evaluate the significance of factors on petroleum oil biodegradation by this yeast isolate. eleven culture conditions were examined by implementing plackett-burman factorial design where aeration, nh4cl and k2hpo4 had the most positive significance on oil degradation.
Spectrofluorimetric determination of sertraline in dosage forms and human plasma through derivatization with 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate
Nahed M El-Enany, Amina Abdelal, Fathalla Belal
Chemistry Central Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1752-153x-5-56
Abstract: A sensitive, simple and specific spectrofluorimetric method was developed for the determination of sertraline (SER) in pharmaceutical formulations and biological fluids. The method is based on its reaction with 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC-Cl) in borate buffer of pH 8.0 to yield a highly fluorescent derivative peaking at 315 nm after excitation at 265 nm. The different experimental parameters affecting the development and stability of the reaction product were carefully studied and optimized. The fluorescence concentration plot was rectilinear over the range of 0.05-1.0 μg mL-1 with a lower detection limit of 5.34 × 10-3 μg mL-1 and limit of quantitation of 0.016 μg mL-1.The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of commercial tablets and the results obtained were in good agreement with those obtained using the reference method. Furthermore, the method was applied for the determination of SER in spiked and real human plasma. The mean % recovery (n = 3) was 94.33 ± 1.53 and 92.00 ± 2.65, respectively. A proposal of the reaction pathway was postulated.Sertraline (SER); (1S)-cis-4-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-N-methyl-1-naphthalenamine (Figure 1) is primarily used to treat major depression in adult outpatients as well as obsessive-compulsive, panic and social anxiety disorders in both adults and children. The efficacy of sertraline for depression is similar to that of older tricyclic antidepressants, but its side effects are much less pronounced [1].Several methods have been reported for the determination of SER either per se or in pharmaceutical preparations and biological fluids. These methods include: spectrophotometry [2-4], voltammetry [5], HPLC [6-11] gas chromatography [12,13]. A literature review up to 2008 has been described by Espinosa et al [14]. The review described the different analytical methodologies for the determination of SER chromatography [14]and liquid mass spectrometry [15,16].Most of these methods are either
Determinants and Impact of Training: The Case of SMEs in Jordan
Ihab Khaled Magableh,Radwan Kharabsheh,Khaled Abdelal Al-Zubi
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n5p104
Abstract: While the literturte on SMEs performace foucused on the enabling external environement, little research focused on internal factors, mainly training. Moreover, most studies ignored enterprises that don't train their employees. This study addresses this issue and contributes to knowledge in two ways. First, it conceptualises training as a three stage process: in stage one, the manager decides whether to train employees or not. In stage two, mangers who decide to train their employees determine their demand for training measured by training expenditures. In stage three, training impact can be assessed. Secondly, the study identifies the detreminants of training and examines its impact on SMEs performance. The study found that manager's charatcteristics, enterprise's characteristics and other factors affect both the manager's decision in stage one and training expenditures. More importantly, the study found that training has a positive impact on SMEs' performance as measured by profits, revenues and employment growth.
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