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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13833 matches for " Socioeconomic factors "
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Measuring Vulnerability of Urban Korean Women to Weight Management Problems  [PDF]
Padmanand Madhavan Nambiar, Wojciech J. Florkowski, Dong-Kyun Suh
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.616154
Abstract: The study examines factors associated with BMI among urban women responsible for food shopping and preparation in the Republic of Korea. The preliminary ANOVA analysis of the survey data collected from women residing in seven major urban centers is followed by the logistic estimation of the equation identifying individual characteristics and household features changing the probability of undesirable BMI. Low income, low education, location, preference for convenience, sweet-tasting foods, and home vegetable processing are linked to BMI ≥ 25. Respondents reporting weekly fruits and vegetable expenditure considered normal or above normal are less likely to be overweight. Profiles of urban women (in a country where more than 80 percent of people live in urban areas) vulnerable to becoming overweight or obese are developed and probabilities of changing the BMI based on respondent characteristics are calculated. There is a need for multipronged efforts including public and private sectors to address the increasing weight management problems among urban women to address differences in socioeconomic, location, health, and food choice factors predicting change in BMI.
Effects of Socioeconomic on Survival for Adult Glioblastoma Multiform Patients in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1999-2009  [PDF]
Jose Carlos Lynch, Leonardo Welling, Claudia Escosteguy, Alessandra G. L. Pereira, Ricardo Andrade, Celestino Pereira
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2012.21001
Abstract: Backgrond: To compare the survival of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients operated on at public hospital with that of patients operated on at the private hospital. Method: We carried out a retrospective analysis of the patients’ medical records, the surgical reports, and the pre and post-operative images of patients with a histopathological confirmed adult supratentorial glioblastoma multiform (GBM). Sixty-three patients were treated at public hospital and 21 at private hospitals. Results: The present study revealed that the survival of patients treated in private hospitals was statistically superior to that of patients treated in public hospitals (11.9 vs 7.7). Conclusions: Our study advances towards the confirmation of the hypothesis that socioeconomic and educational factors influence the KPS and the performance of RT treatment, with negative effects over the GBM patients’ survival.
Analysis of the Incidence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C and Association with Socio-Economic Factors in Various Regions in China  [PDF]
Ying’ai Cui, Michiko Moriyama, Md Moshiur Rahman
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.109093
Abstract: The incidence of liver cancer in China accounts for more than half of the world, and the majority of them is caused by hepatitis B and hepatitis C. China is known as a great contributor to hepatitis. The Chinese government has implemented a series of preventive measures to solve this problem, especially the policy of free hepatitis B vaccination for newborn babies and effectively reduced the incidence of hepatitis. The incidence of infectious diseases is often related to socio-economic factors. Therefore, we used data on the incidence of hepatitis B and C and socioeconomic factors to analyze and find out the relationship among them in various regions. There were high incidence areas and low incidence areas in China, and the high incidence area of hepatitis B was also the high incidence area of hepatitis C. Especially in Xinjiang, the highest incidence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C was observed at the same time. The incidence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C was more affected by regional economic factors. The economic factors in low incidence areas of hepatitis were better than those in high incidence areas. There was a negative correlation between economic factors and the incidence of hepatitis. In conclusion, in economically developed areas, the government has invested more money and resources in public health and people’s health awareness in comparison to underdeveloped areas. In the future, various preventive strategies should be carried out according to the background of different regions.
Edad de menarquia y ascendencia indígena: Un estudio poblacional en Chile Age at menarche and indigenous ancestry: A population study in Chile
Ximena Ossa,Patricia Bustos,Sergio Mu?oz,Hugo Amigo
Revista médica de Chile , 2012,
Abstract: Background: The age at menarche may influence decisively health and disease in women. It also indicates the beginning of the reproductive period and, as a consequence, the possibility of biological continuity for the human species. Genetic and environmental determinants define the age of menarche and can explain differences found among different populations. Aim: To determine the age at menarche among adolescents with different levels of indigenous descent (parental indigenous surnames), considering the effect of socioeconomic and demographic factors. Material and Methods: An observational study of historic cohorts of8.624 girls from the Arauca-nía Region (central-southern Chile) was carried out. Data were collected by health professionals using a previously validated questionnaire. Occurrence of menarche was estimated through survival analysis and compared between groups (according to indigenous parental surnames) adjusted for parents' income and educational level and provenance (rural/urban). Results: Estimated median age of menarche was 151 months (95% Cl: 150-151). In female with four indigenous surnames, menarche occurred two months later than girls without indigenous surnames and with two indigenous surnames (p < 0,001). In girls whose parents had lowest level of schooling, the difference increased to eight months later (p < 0,005). Conclusions: Age at menarche in the group with higher indigenous descent is later even if socio-economic conditions remain stable. Genetic factors might play an important role, however conditions of vulnerability can influence and further delay the onset of reproductive competency.
Factores socioculturales que influyen en la práctica de la lactancia entre mujeres de baja renta en Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil: una perspectiva a partir del modelo del sol naciente de leininger
Henry,Beth A.; Nicolau,Ana I.O.; Américo,Camila F.; Ximenes,Lorena B.; Bernheim,Ruth G.; Oriá,M?nica O.B.;
Enfermería Global , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1695-61412010000200005
Abstract: this study was developed to analyze socio-cultural factors that may influence the breastfeeding practices of low-income women in fortaleza, ceará, brazil. this observational study utilized leininger's culture care theory to identify and analyze key socio-cultural factors. the study was based on 12 pregnant and breastfeeding women. using an observational data sheet created in concordance with the sunrise model (leininger), we visited the homes of pregnant and breastfeeding women and observed their living conditions. our observations were recorded and photographs were taken of the overall housing conditions, the surrounding neighborhood, and the local clinic. living conditions were impoverished. most homes had inadequate refrigeration, structural problems, and provided small living space. this indicated the severity of the residents' economic situations. the women observed were usually self-employed and living with at least one family member. the factors that appeared to have the most influence on women's decisions regarding breastfeeding were familial and economic factors. it is expected that the findings of this study will lead to more culturally appropriate and effective interventions aimed at increasing breastfeeding initiation and duration.
Teste SSW em escolares de 7 a 10 anos de dois distintos níveis socioecon?mico-culturais
Becker, Karine Thaís;Costa, Maristela Julio;Lessa, Alexandre Hundertmarck;Rossi, Angela Garcia;
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-48722011000300012
Abstract: introduction: hearing comprises a lot more than just a peripheral sensitivity. to interpret such sounds, the participation of wide-ranging hearing abilities is necessary. it is known that a motivating environment plays a key role to develop these abilities. objective: study the hearing abilities evaluated by the staggered spondaic word test - ssw - in school children aged between 7 and 10 from dissimilar socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. method: a prospective, clinical and watching study. 51 children participated in this study and were divided into two groups in accordance with their socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. accordingly, group 1 - g1 - (medium-high class) was comprised of 23 children and group 2 - g2 - (medium-low class) had 28 children. ssw test was performed by analyzing both quantitative features: competitive right (cr) and competitive left (cl) conditions and the total of right answers in the test, and qualitative features: order effect (oe), hearing effect (he), inversions and a-type standard. results: quantitative features: a statistically significant difference was found between the studied groups regarding the total of right answers in the test, but not in relation to cr and cl. qualitative features: a statistically significant difference was noticed for the oe only. although the statistical analysis has not found a significant difference for all the studied variants, it was possible to observe that g1 had higher results for all of them. conclusion: the hearing abilities evaluated by the ssw test in school children aged between 7 and 10 showed higher scores in children with a medium-high socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds in comparison with those of medium-low socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds.
Determinant factors of toothache in 8- and 9-year-old schoolchildren, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
Barrêtto, Eliane Paula Reis;Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e;Pordeus, Isabela Almeida;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242009000200006
Abstract: a cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence, severity and impact of toothache among schoolchildren associated with socio-demographic variables (gender, degree of maternal schooling, economic group, and oral health status). six hundred and one 8- and 9-year-old children were randomly selected from schools in belo horizonte, mg, brazil. after formal authorization was obtained from their parents, the children were interviewed and clinically examined by a single examiner. the chi squared test was applied and the odds ratio obtained. the prevalence of toothache was 45.9% (276/601), of which 15.6% (94/601) had occurred during the previous month. among the children who had experienced pain, 39.4% (109/276) classified its severity as intense or very intense. nearly 35% (96/276) were awoken by the pain, and 63.8% (176/276) were unable to carry out daily tasks as a result. the prevalence of pain was greater among children from less privileged economic groups, in which the mothers' level of schooling was lower (0-7 years of formal study) and who showed poorer conditions of oral health, determined by the presence of dental and periodontal pathology (p<0.05). gender did not influence either the experience of toothache or its severity and impact. the prevalence of toothache found in the age group between 8 and 9 years is very high and associated to social determinants and poorer conditions of oral health.
Análise dos gastos individuais com tabagismo a partir da Pesquisa de Or?amentos Familiares de 2002-2003
Kroeff, Locimara Ramos;Mengue, Sotero Serrate;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2010001200012
Abstract: in order to discuss new parameters for assessing personal spending on smoking in brazil, this study aimed to describe the population's socio-demographic characteristics and the proportions of spending on smoking. the sample included individuals that spend money on smoking, according to the brazilian family budget survey for 2002-2003, conducted by the brazilian institute of geography and statistics. in the lowest income bracket, the proportion of spending on smoking for expenses greater than the median varied negatively by as much as 10% as compared to the proportion of spending on smoking for income greater than the median. for intermediate income brackets, the two proportions were similar, and in the higher income brackets there was a reversal, with a positive difference of up to 15%. the percentage of spending on smoking doubled for all the groups with low schooling. as income and schooling increased, there was a proportional reduction in spending on smoking.
Un estudio ecológico sobre tuberculosis en un municipio de Cuba
Molina Serpa, Ivette;López Pardo, Cándido;Alonso Hernández, Ricardo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000500009
Abstract: an ecological study analyzes tuberculosis incidence in the municipality of marianao, havana city province, cuba. the study characterizes tuberculosis incidence, identifies spatial distribution patterns, and relates tuberculosis incidence rates to socioeconomic factors. the spatial units are the 29 neighborhoods in the municipality of marianao. a pattern of neighborhoods with high rates located in the central region of the municipality is identified. incidence rates are directly (and significantly) related to the percentage of families presenting dysfunctional problems and the percentage of the population with certain levels of overcrowding and inversely related to population density, while not significantly associated with level of schooling or prevailing housing conditions.
Homicidios en Medellín, Colombia, entre 1990 y 2002: actores, móviles y circunstancias
Cardona, Marleny;García, Héctor Iván;Giraldo, Carlos Alberto;López, María Victoria;Suárez, Clara Mercedes;Corcho, Diana Carolina;Posada, Carlos Hernán;Flórez, María Nubia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000300018
Abstract: in medellín, colombia, homicide has been the first cause of morbidity and mortality for 20 years. medellín has the highest homicide rates of all major cities in latin america. this study describes the victims, motives, and circumstances in homicides in medellín from 1990 to 2002. the period included 55,365 homicides, of which 1,394 were randomly studied. of this sample, 93.6% (95%ci: 92.2%-94.8%) were males, 77.0% (95%ci: 75.0%-79.5%) less than 35 years of age, one-fourth had consumed alcohol, and nine out of ten were killed with firearms. the main motives were revenge and armed robbery. 37.0% (95%ci: 34.0%-41.0%) of the victims lived in the lowest socioeconomic stratum of the city. characteristics of homicides in medellín have remained unchanged since the 1980s, when the most violent period in the city's history began. the most heavily affected groups are young males who live and die in poor neighborhoods, and the murders are individual acts that leave no wounded behind.
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