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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7916 matches for " Socio-cultural Barriers "
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Public health care in Afghanistan: An investigation in suboptimal utilization of facilities  [PDF]
Lakhwinder P. Singh, Anupama Sharma, Manish Kumar, Sidiq Shinwari
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.410123
Abstract: Afghanistan has made strides in increasing access to health care services since 2001 however it is still battling with poor utilization of services. In order to enhance demand for services a study was conducted to explore answers to the questions on knowledge, attitude and practices of communities in relation to healthcare services. The study design was cross-sectional qualitative spanning in six provinces representing geographical and ethno cultural regions of the country. In each of the six provinces, two districts were selected through mixed sampling technique representing urban-rural population. A total of 48 villages were selected in twelve districts. The study was conducted from September 2009 to March 2010. The study highlights poor heath seeking behavior associated with physical accessibility including high cost of transportation, socio-cultural barriers for women, awareness and trust for public health facilities. The system based issues adds to prevailing access related barriers such as privacy, efficiency and availability within health facilities; lack of female physicians and, aspects of behavior and attitude, and governance issues.
Socio-cultural Values and Their Effects on Acceptance/adoption of Traditional Values
Saif-ur-Rehman,Iffat Batool,Gulgoona Younas
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2001,
Abstract: This study is based on 100 urban females in three strata from Faisalabad district. It was found that measures of the extent to which women acceptance/adoption of traditional values. The data showed that the independent variables such as age, education, family type, family occupation and status had significant association with marriage practices, changing role of men and women, adoption of traditional values and women participation in decision making.
Socio-Cultural Identities, Perceptions of Sexuality/Sexual Behavior and Cultural Contexts as Determinants of HIV and AIDS Prevalence in Southern Africa  [PDF]
Chijioke Uwah, Susan Wright
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2012.21003
Abstract: This paper attempts to examine the connection between one’s socio cultural setting and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Often, local communities form the contexts within which people negotiate their social and sexual lives and identities. These communities also play a key role in enabling or restraining people from taking control over their health. The paper will try to demonstrate through specific examples that in African societies, sexual behavior is a product of one’s socio-cultural environment and structural contexts and not the cognitive properties of the individual. The article draws from the qualitative study (Focus group sessions, individual interviews) conducted in three high schools in the Boland area of the Western Cape with about 18 learners, 3 Life skills teachers, 3 Performer-Educators on the efficacy of the HIV/AIDS intervention by The Centre for HIV/AIDS Management theatre group based at the University of Stellenbosch. The aim of the study was to ascertain the cultural content of their campaign model as well as their knowledge of the determinants of sex and sexuality of their target areas. Based on the findings of this study, I argue that theatre will achieve greater success in its campaign against HIV/AIDS in South Africa if the designers of the campaign models adopt a more participatory approach, make indigenous culture central to the design of their intervention model and pay closer attention to what Campbell refers to as “community level of analysis” which simply put implies a greater understanding of the target audiences local communities and its determinants of sex and sexuality.
The Effects of Thinking Style Based Cooperative Learning on Group Creativity  [PDF]
Soon-Hwa Kim, Ki-Sang Song
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.38B005
Abstract: Recent studies have emphasized group creativity within a socio-cultural context rather than at an individual level, but not many researchers reported strategies for developing group creativity. This paper aims to explore strategies to enhance group creativity based on the theoretical basis of thinking styles by Sternberg. The hypothesis was that groups with members of diverse thinking styles would show greater gains in creative performance. In this study, the participants (n=72) were divided into 24 three-person groups. Each group was given the task to create a game using Scratch programming language. Among the 24 groups, eleven groups (n=33) consisted of heterogeneous thinking styles, and the other thirteen groups (n=39) consisted solely of homogeneous thinking styles. All divided groups performed same creative task. The empirical results supported the hypothesis that group formation of diverse thinking style shows better group creativity.
Personal, Situational and Socio-Cultural Factors as Correlates of Intimate Partner Abuse in Nigeria  [PDF]
David Oladeji
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2013.34014
Abstract: This study established the relationships between personal, situational and socio-cultural factors and intimate partner abuse among couples in Nigeria. A multiple regression statistical procedure was employed in analyzing the data collected from 200 participants randomly selected from five ministries in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. Results obtained indicated that the three variables when combined effectively predicted intimate partner abuse (F-ratio of 5.756 significant at 0.05 alpha level). Taken separately, situational and socio-cultural factors contributed significantly to the prediction (t = 2.146, p < 0.05; t = 2.284, p < 0.05), while personal factor did not (t = 1.705, p > 0.05). On the basis of these findings it was suggested that counselling psychologists should design intervention strategies to promote life-skills training in schools and out-of-schools settings. These include age-appropriate content on sexuality, conflict resolution, building healthy relationships and personal safety. Also, it was suggested that couples should be informed on the long-term health and social consequences of physical and sexual abuse.
Health related quality of life of women suffering from Uterine Prolapse before and after six months of surgery  [PDF]
Anchala Chaudhary
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.65051

One of the goals of health for everybody in 21st century is the improvement of quality of life. Thus, to find the best treatment for medical problems, it is not only enough to evaluate the results of interventions on morbidity and mortality in clinical studies, but also that the outcome of interventions in terms of socio-cultural aspect should be evaluated. Uterine Prolapse strikes at the heart of a woman’s sense of her own women nature and therefore her security along with her marital relationship should be guaranteed after the surgery process. After the removal of uterus women can’t find herself fulfilled though it is sick one as changes appear in women’s life both in understanding of her health as well as socio-cultural position that they gained after being as women. Many of the women who underwent surgery process are still suffering from both physical and psychological impairments. Some of them are experiencing psychological problem as they feel no longer a whole or real woman because of the removal of their reproductive organs, while others still had an orgasm from intercourse not just feeling dead. The changes to their sex life have created problem to them as they still struggle to cope with the loss they feel in their life as husbands always fed up as they argue with him. Such types of suffering and pain happen due to the socio-cultural circumstances in which a woman is brought up. They are seen as productive machine which had never been stopped though they are passing from pain and suffering. Thus, the overall issue of surgery process is to assure the quality of life of women to be them as a good wife and mother as well as good employer outside the home but before all this feeling of a whole womanhood in their life.

Factors Affecting Tree Husbandry and Woodlots Establishment in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania  [PDF]
Revocatus Petro, Francis Laswai, Mohammed Mijai, Geofrey Nyaradani, Chelestino Balama
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2015.58017
Abstract: The study on assessment of factors affecting tree husbandry and woodlots establishment was carried out between September and November 2014 in all seven districts of Kilimanjaro region, namely Hai, Siha Rombo, Mwanga, Same, Moshi Rural and Moshi Municipal Council (MMC). A purposive sampling design was employed whereby two wards per district were selected for the study. Household questionnaire survey was used in data collection. Results show that, factors affecting tree husbandry and woodlots establishment in Kilimanjaro region are gender, livelihood activities, access and ownership/land tenure, cultural factors, legal issues and by-laws insisting people to plant trees. About 32.4%, 32.4% and 30% of all respondents own land with size of 1.0 acre and below, 1.1 - 2.0 and 2.1 - 5.0 acres respectively. Respondents from Hai (55.3%), Same (26.3%), Rombo (11%) and MMC (8%) agreed that cultural issues affect tree husbandry. About 1%, 23%, 30% and 40.8% of respondents in Siha, Same, Hai and Rombo districts respectively agreed that some of by-laws insist people to plant trees on their environments. None of the respondents from any district reported labour availability to be one of the factors affecting tree husbandry. Other factors reported to affect tree husbandry in Kilimanjaro region were capacity building in tree planting and tending, insect pests, diseases and climate change. Formulation of by-laws which insist on tree planting and limit land degradation is recommended at village level. Every piece of land should be planned and used sustainably including area for tree planting. Custom and norms which inhibit women to plant trees should be prohibited through capacity building.
The Influence of Socio-Cultural Beliefs in Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital (Chbah): A Social Work Perspective  [PDF]
Thobeka S. Nkomo
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.58004
Abstract: Background: Socio-cultural beliefs play a significant role in healthcare as they influence perceptions of health and illness for both the client and the healthcare provider. These beliefs may influence the need to use a variety of health care providers. By understanding the belief system of patients, clinical social workers can effectively meet the needs of the hospital patients. The aim of this paper was to explore the role of patients’ socio-cultural beliefs in a healthcare setting. Methodology: By means of an exploratory investigation with 24 patients at an academic hospital in Gauteng, this paper identifies some beliefs that patients bring with them into the healthcare institution. Herskovits in-depth relativist approach was used to analyze the data. This paper examines how beliefs contradict, enhance or complement clients’ experiences of health care within a hospital setting. The results illustrate that African traditional and cultural beliefs were reported to be affordable and enable people to connect with their ancestral spirits. Close relatives and traditional healers played an important role during illness and recovery. It is recommended that social workers should always engage with patients and other members of multi-disciplinary team for a holistic patient care approach. Social workers should communicate to holistically understand their patients.
Adjectives as Persuasive Tools: The Case of Product Naming  [PDF]
Hanan A. Ebaid
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2018.86022
Abstract: Adjectives are integral elements in linguistic structures whose main function is to identify, describe and modify nouns or pronouns. The main objective of this study is to focus on a frequent and ubiquitous use of adjectives in which an adjective, a highly effective persuasive tool, occurs solely without a head noun. This type is common in marketing when more precisely an adjective represents or stands for the name of a certain product. This use of adjectives is recurrent worldwide as will be shown through data analysis. The current study is a qualitative descriptive research that depends on analyzing data collected from several online sites referring to names of commercial products utilized in different countries. The analysed data represented by 66 products are categorized into two main groups. First, one word adjective phrases as in Orange, Idea and Pure. Second, multi word adjective phrases which are further subdivided into: two word adjective phrases as in Icy Hot; compound adjective phrases as in Fair and Lovely and adjective phrases with a premodifying adverb as in So Bright. The analysis focuses on highlighting the features and meanings associated with such products that render them worth buying. It is found that adjectives prove to be strong persuasive tools to the extent that producers and advertising agencies are urged to use them solely to name products. It is also found that some adjectives reflect socio-cultural aspects as in the case of the products called Organic which appeal to Western and European consumers, while products called Beiti or homemade have a strong appeal to Egyptian consumers.
City policies, immigration and culture: Sports in Barcelona
Sánchez Martín, Ricardo
Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares , 2010,
Abstract: The Strategic Plan of the city of Barcelona considers the need to both facilitate and promote the practice of sporting activities, since it is proved to enhance people’s quality of life and health as well as promote civic participation and social integration. This analysis shows the socio-cultural barriers for the practice of sporting activities and foreign groups’ sporting habits as well as the local policy criteria for the promotion of sports among citizens for the specific case of the city of Barcelona. It is a Social Participative Research including a documentary analysis, quantitative studies, qualitative skills as well as cooperative research techniques, participative sessions and meetings. En el Plan Estratégico del deporte de la ciudad de Barcelona se considera la necesidad de facilitar y promover la práctica de la actividad físico-deportiva de toda la población, dadas sus posibilidades como elemento generador de calidad de vida y salud, de participación ciudadana y de integración social. Como resultado de la investigación que se presenta se han determinado las barreras socio-culturales para la práctica de actividades físico-deportivas, se muestran los hábitos de práctica deportiva de los colectivos extranjeros y se establecen los criterios para la política municipal de promoción deportiva de la ciudadanía para el caso concreto de Barcelona. Se trata de una Investigación Social Participativa que incluye análisis documental, estudios cuantitativos, técnicas cualitativas, así como técnicas de investigación colaborativa, sesiones participativas y asambleas.
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