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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22530 matches for " Social Perentorium "
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Perentoria social y moratoria social rural: aproximaciones a la comprensión de juventud rural
López López,Antonio José;
Universitas Humanística , 2010,
Abstract: the research ascertain about the senses that young persons, in the high mountain from the colombian andean zone, assign to his condition as "rural youth" and if they are the same senses that give the agents of the state in the public policies of youth. from the analysis and interpretations realized, arises the category of "rural youth" including as life project, and in this category emerges, in turn, the subcategories of "social perentorium" and "rural social moratorium", subject to its consolidation through future research.
Social Perentorium and Rural Social Moratorium: Understanding approaches to “rural youth“
Antonio José López López
Universitas Humanística , 2010,
Abstract: The research ascertain about the senses that young persons, in the high mountain from the Colombian Andean Zone, assign to his condition as “rural youth” and if they are the same senses that give the agents of the State in the public policies of youth. From the analysis and interpretations realized, arises the category of “rural youth” including as Life Project, and in this category emerges, in turn, the subcategories of “Social Perentorium” and “Rural Social Moratorium”, subject to its consolidation through future research.
SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE OF NATIONAL RURAL LIVELIHOODS MISSION FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION
V.V.KULKARNI
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man(woman) whom you may have seen, and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him(her). Will he (she) gain anything by it? Will it restore him (her) to a control over his (her) own life and destiny? In other words, will it lead to swaraj (freedom) for the hungry and spiritually starving millions?
Trabajo social, síndrome de estar quemado por el trabajo y malestar psíquico: un estudio empírico en una muestra de trabajadores sociales de la Comunidad de Madrid Social Work, Burnout and Mental Distress: an Empirical Study in a Sample of Social Workers in the Community of Madrid
Iria Noa De-la-Fuente-Roldán,Esteban Sánchez-Moreno
Portularia : Revista de Trabajo Social , 2012, DOI: 10.5218/prts.2012.0013
Abstract: El presente estudio analiza la prevalencia de Síndrome de estar Quemado por el Trabajo o burnout en una muestra de trabajadores sociales madrile os, identificándose a su vez las variables sociodemográficas y laborales asociadas al fenómeno así como su relación con el malestar psíquico de los profesionales objeto de estudio. El burnout es un fenómeno cada vez más visible dentro de las profesiones destinadas a ofrecer servicios humanos y debido a su gran magnitud, presenta consecuencias fundamentales tanto a nivel individual como organizacional. En una muestra de 100 profesionales madrile os, se dise o un estudio transversal, descriptivo y correlacional desarrollado a través de tres cuestionarios, un cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y laborales, el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) para analizar la prevalencia del burnout y el Cuestionario de Salud General de Goldberg (GHQ-28) para analizar los posibles casos de malestar psíquico. Los resultados indican una presencia moderada y una tendencia a sufrir burnout en los trabajadores sociales. Un 25,3% de los profesionales padecen burnout y más de la mitad de los profesionales presentan una de las tres dimensiones que componen el fenómeno. Además, se encontró una fuerte asociación entre este fenómeno y el malestar psíquico de los profesionales, malestar que afecta a un 42% de los sujetos encuestados. Estos resultados ponen de manifiesto la vulnerabilidad de los trabajadores sociales encuestados a experimentar trastornos vinculados a su actividad laboral y la necesidad de desarrollar programas preventivos tanto a nivel individual como organizacional. This study analyses the prevalence of burnout in a sample of social workers in Madrid, identifying sociodemographic and labour variables associated to the phenomenon and its relation with the mental distress of professionals subject to study. Burnout represents a visible phenomenon within the professions aimed at offering human services. Because of its great magnitude, it has a fundamental impact both at individual and organizational levels. A cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational study was performed in a sample of 100 professionals in Madrid by three questionnaires: the first one about sociodemographic and work-related information, the Maslach Burnout inventory (MBI-HSS) to analyze the prevalence of burnout and the General Health Questionnaire of Goldberg (GHQ-28) to analyse mental distress. Results indicate a moderate presence and a tendency for social workers to suffer burnout. 25,3% of professionals suffer burnout and over half present one of t
Trabajo Social en Vivienda: Investigación sobre calidad de vida percibida Housing Social Work: Research on perceived quality of life
Carmen Barranco,María Candelaria Delgado-Toledo,Carlos Melin-Marchal,Rubén Quintana-Martín
Portularia : Revista de Trabajo Social , 2010, DOI: 10.5218/prts.2010.0020
Abstract: El Trabajo Social en Vivienda se ha venido caracterizando por contribuir a incrementar la calidad de vida, mejorando las condiciones sociales de habitabilidad y promoviendo la igualdad de oportunidades de toda la ciudadanía para acceder a una vivienda digna. Con tal finalidad se viene trabajando con las personas, organizaciones y comunidad en su fortalecimiento, la resolución de problemas y en la promoción de políticas sociales de viviendas públicas de protección social. En este artículo, se expone una visión de estos aspectos y los resultados de la investigación cualitativa, realizada en Tenerife sobre las mejoras percibidas en la calidad de vida de las personas entrevistadas, al serle adjudicada una Vivienda de Protección Oficial de Promoción Pública. Social Work in Housing has been characterized by its contribution to the improvement of the quality of life and the social conditions of habitability, and to the promotion of equal opportunities in the access to adequate housing. For this purpose, we have been working with individuals, organizations and communities to improve their self-empowerment and problem solving skills, as much as to advance social policies promoting public housing welfare. This article presents both a view on these aspects, and the results of qualitative research that was conducted in Tenerife on the perceived improvements in the quality of life of the people interviewed, upon being awarded a Housing Officer Protection Public Advocacy.
Desafíos y retos en la formación del trabajo social hacia el prácticum de grado Challenges in Social Work Teaching: Degree Practicum
Ma Teresa Gijón-Sánchez,Laura Domínguez-de-la-Rosa,Rafael Conejo-Trujillo
Portularia : Revista de Trabajo Social , 2012, DOI: 10.5218/prts.2012.0016
Abstract: Introducción: El Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior plantea desafíos y retos en la adaptación curricular de las asignaturas prácticas de Trabajo Social. Analizaremos cómo se han desarrollado estas asignaturas en la Universidad de Málaga, y cuáles son las fortalezas, debilidades y propuestas que el alumnado detecta como mejoras a implantar en el prácticum de Grado. Material y Metodología: Se realiza una revisión teórica de programas académicos y del proceso de planificación de prácticas de intervención. Se utiliza una metodología cualitativa basada en técnicas de consenso; tormenta de ideas para identificar fortalezas y debilidades y grupo nominal para priorizar elementos de mejora, con personal profesional del Trabajo Social y con estudiantes de tercer curso de Diplomatura de Trabajo Social en el curso 2011-2012. Resultados: Los principales desafíos y retos que plantea el prácticum, consisten en definir las competencias que debe alcanzar el alumnado en cuanto al fortalecimiento de la teoría-práctica, la adquisición de su identidad y su futuro desempe o profesional. Es necesaria una figura que garantice el proceso de planificación de prácticas y de cooperación entre centros colaboradores y Universidad. Como aspectos propuestos por el alumnado, destacan la necesidad de realizar prácticas enfocadas al mercado laboral y fomentar la especialización. Conclusiones: El análisis realizado aporta claves para dise ar los nuevos currículos prácticos. El uso de técnicas de consenso permite dar voz al alumnado, a través de una perspectiva participativa y orientada a la mejora del desarrollo académico respecto a la investigación e intervención social en Trabajo Social. Introduction: The European Higher Education Area presents us with some challenges regarding the curricular adaptation in Social Work practical subjects. We will analyze here the way these subjects have been developed in Malaga University, their strong points, their weak points and the proposals that students have pointed out as the aspects that can be included to improve the Degree Practicum. Materials and methodology: A theoretical review on academic programs as well as on the planning process of practice was accomplished. We used a qualitative methodology based on consensus techniques, brainstorming to identify the strong and weak points and also a nominal group to prioritize elements of improvement together with Social Work professional staff and third-year, Social Work, Bachelor-Degree students from the school year 2011-2012. Results: The main challenge that the Practicum presents consists of def
La incidencia del capital social en las dinámicas de exclusión/inclusión: la visión de los profesionales del trabajo social The Impact of Social Capital in the Dynamics of Exclusion/Inclusion: The Vision of Social Work Professionals
Eva Rubio-Guzmán
Portularia : Revista de Trabajo Social , 2012, DOI: 10.5218/prts.2012.0011
Abstract: El capital social es un concepto de amplio uso en las ciencias sociales que, aunque pueda parecer novedoso, sus usos iniciales se remontan a los padres de la sociología actual, aunque su mayor desarrollo se haya dado a partir de la década de los noventa del pasado siglo. El capital social hace referencia a las relaciones con otras personas de las que pueden surgir beneficios y oportunidades, y nos permite entender cómo surgen las acciones colectivas que pretenden superar los intereses y beneficios individuales para potenciar la cooperación entre las personas y las comunidades. Es por ello, por lo que el capital social se constituye como herramienta teórica imprescindible para comprender tanto los procesos de exclusión social en los que se ven inmersas las personas, avanzando en el abandono, el aislamiento y la desconexión del entorno, como la importancia de trabajar sobre el capital social como estrategia relevante en la lucha por la inclusión social. Esta vinculación implica que el capital social deba ser tenido en consideración en el dise o de políticas y programas de lucha contra la pobreza. Desde el ámbito del Trabajo Social, la intervención en redes ha sido una constante desde sus inicios, tratando de recuperar los procesos vitales de las personas mediante el estimulo de sus relaciones familiares y sociales. Una amplia muestra de trabajadores sociales confirma la importancia del capital social en la intervención social y en construir nuevos esquemas de inclusión. Social capital is a widely used concept in Social Sciences which may seem novel, but its early use goes back to the fathers of current Sociology, although it has reached its peak development since the nineties of the last century. Social capital refers to relationships with other people from whom benefits and opportunities may arise and allows to understand how collective actions arise to promote individual interests and benefits in order to enhance cooperation between individuals and communities. That is the reason why social capital sets itself as an essential theoretical tool to understand both processes of social exclusion in which people are embedded, advancing towards abandonment, isolation and disconnection from the environment, as well as the importance of working on social capital as a relevant strategy in the struggle for social inclusion. This link means that social capital should be taken into account for designing poverty-reduction policies and programs. From the field of social work, intervention in networks has been a constant since the beginning, trying to regain the vital
Corporate Social Responsibility from the Viewpoint of Social Risk  [PDF]
Maria Teresa Bosch-Badia, Joan Montllor-Serrats, Maria Antonia Tarrazon-Rodon
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.48081
Abstract: This paper studies Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) from the viewpoint of social risk as part of reputational risk. We adopt the conception of social risk that includes the risks originated by environmental and social sustainability. Any risk involves hazards and opportunities. The success of its management consists of hedging the hazards and turning opportunities into value. CSR is the key for dealing with both goals. Opportunities can be identified through an accurate analysis that leads to discovering the unsatisfied needs contained in societal claims in general and in the private politics of Non Governmental Organizations (NGO) in particular. Bringing these opportunities into line with the corporate know-how and undertaking projects together with the stakeholders with whom synergy is possible enables corporations to create shared value. A direct hedging of social risk hazards is hardly impossible. A good corporate social image constitutes a sound hedging against social risk. We have associated to social image the concept of CSR capital which means the value created through CSR. On this basis, we analyze the meaning and implications of social failure using Leland’s bankruptcy costs model. The quantification of the CSR capital may parallel the quantification of reputational capital about which several papers have been published. Combining the direct net present value created by a CSR expense with its tax savings and the savings it produces in the present value of the social failure costs, we estimate the total net present value created by these expenses. The analysis of social failure costs and the value created by social expenses is accompanied by a numerical illustration.
Social Exclusion in Non-Government Organizations’ (NGOs’) Development Activities in Bangladesh  [PDF]
M. Rezaul Islam, Koyela Sharmin
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2011.12005
Abstract: This paper explores the nature and causes of social exclusion of the NGOs’ activities in Bangladesh. Data gathered from two NGOs (Proshika and Practical Action Bangladesh) working for the socio-economic development in Bangladesh. The paper shows that now a day the NGOs’ target groups and services have been specified to the people who are able to return back their micro-credit. As a result many people are now being excluded from NGO services who are known as ‘ultra poor’. The findings of this paper show that many blacksmiths and goldsmiths were out of services from both NGOs rather the NGOs selected purposeful target groups, replicate of program, and their short-term development approach, high-flying profile, rent seeking attitude, monolithic development approach, lack of accountability, complex loan procedure and high interest rate, and cut-off budget from their development project were helpful for such kind of social exclusion. The paper argues that that without inclusion of such groups of people, the overall socio-economic development would not be possible.
The Subtleties of Social Exclusion: Race, Social Class, and the Exclusion of Blacks in a Racially Mixed Neighborhood  [PDF]
Daniel Monroe Sullivan, Jonathan Picarsic
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.22020
Abstract: We use interviews, content analysis, and surveys to describe how a neighborhood association in a racially mixed neighborhood in Portland, Oregon (USA) subtly excludes many blacks from being full members of the neighborhood. In contrast to explicit cases of social exclusion, this neighborhood association excludes blacks without ever referring to race. They instead justify their actions—e.g., helping close down a black social club and discouraging more affordable housing—based on such nonracial goals as increasing homeownership, minimizing crime, and maximizing “economic diversity.” We argue that without the inclusion of black residents and their neighborhood organizations (e.g., churches) in the decision-making process, mixed-race neighborhoods will continue to lose their diversity.
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