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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11392 matches for " Smith EJ "
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Duloxetine in the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain
Smith HS, Smith EJ, Smith BR
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S17428
Abstract: loxetine in the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain Review (1962) Total Article Views Authors: Smith HS, Smith EJ, Smith BR Published Date June 2012 Volume 2012:8 Pages 267 - 277 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S17428 Received: 14 February 2012 Accepted: 03 March 2012 Published: 19 June 2012 Howard S Smith,1 Eric J Smith,2 Benjamin R Smith2 1Department of Anesthesiology, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY; 2The Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Rensselaer, NY, USA Abstract: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is among the most frequent painful complaints that healthcare providers address. The bulk of these complaints are chronic low back pain and chronic osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the United States. It is a chronic degenerative disorder characterized by a loss of cartilage, and occurs most often in older persons. The management of osteoarthritis and chronic low back pain may involve both nonpharmacologic (eg, weight loss, resistive and aerobic exercise, patient education, cognitive behavioral therapy) and pharmacologic approaches. Older adults with severe osteoarthritis pain are more likely to take analgesics than those with less severe pain. The pharmacologic approaches to painful osteoarthritis remain controversial, but may include topical as well as oral nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, duloxetine, and opioids. The role of duloxetine for musculoskeletal conditions is still evolving.
Duloxetine in the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain
Smith HS,Smith EJ,Smith BR
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management , 2012,
Abstract: Howard S Smith,1 Eric J Smith,2 Benjamin R Smith21Department of Anesthesiology, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY; 2The Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Rensselaer, NY, USAAbstract: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is among the most frequent painful complaints that healthcare providers address. The bulk of these complaints are chronic low back pain and chronic osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the United States. It is a chronic degenerative disorder characterized by a loss of cartilage, and occurs most often in older persons. The management of osteoarthritis and chronic low back pain may involve both nonpharmacologic (eg, weight loss, resistive and aerobic exercise, patient education, cognitive behavioral therapy) and pharmacologic approaches. Older adults with severe osteoarthritis pain are more likely to take analgesics than those with less severe pain. The pharmacologic approaches to painful osteoarthritis remain controversial, but may include topical as well as oral nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, duloxetine, and opioids. The role of duloxetine for musculoskeletal conditions is still evolving.Keywords: pain, musculoskeletal, duloxetine, osteoarthritis, low back, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
Computational Studies of Bacterial Colony Model  [PDF]
Ond?ej Pártl
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.32023
Abstract:

Microbiological experiments show that the colonies of the bacterium bacillus subtilis placed on a dish filled with an agar medium and nutrient form varied spatial patterns while the individual cells grow, reproduce and migrate on the dish in clumps. In this paper, we discuss a system of reaction-diffusion equations that can be used with a view to modelling this phenomenon and we solve it numerically by means of the method of lines. For the spatial discretization, we use the finite difference method and Galerkin finite element method. We present how the spatial patterns obtained depend on the spatial discretization employed and we measure the experimental order of convergence of the numerical schemes used. Further, we present the numerical results obtained by solving the model in a cubic domain.

Parthenocarpic potential in Capsicum annuum L. is enhanced by carpelloid structures and controlled by a single recessive gene
Aparna Tiwari, Adam Vivian-Smith, Roeland E Voorrips, Myckel EJ Habets, Lin B Xue, Remko Offringa, Ep Heuvelink
BMC Plant Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-11-143
Abstract: We identified several additional C. annuum genotypes with a certain level of parthenocarpy, and confirmed a positive correlation between parthenocarpic potential and the development of carpelloid structures. Investigations into the source of these carpel-like structures showed that while the majority of the ovules in C. annuum gynoecia are unitegmic and anatropous, several abnormal ovules were observed, abundant at the top and base of the placenta, with altered integument growth. Abnormal ovule primordia arose from the placenta and most likely transformed into carpelloid structures in analogy to the Arabidopsis bel1 mutant. When pollination was present fruit weight was positively correlated with seed number, but in the absence of seeds, fruit weight proportionally increased with the carpelloid mass and number. Capsicum genotypes with high parthenocarpic potential always showed stronger carpelloid development. The parthenocarpic potential appeared to be controlled by a single recessive gene, but no variation in coding sequence was observed in a candidate gene CaARF8.Our results suggest that in the absence of fertilization most C. annuum genotypes, have parthenocarpic potential and carpelloid growth, which can substitute developing seeds in promoting fruit development.Pollination and fertilization are required in most flowering plants to initiate the transition from a fully receptive flower to undergo fruit development. After fertilization the ovules develop into seeds and the surrounding carpels develop into the fruit, while in the absence of fertilization the ovules degenerate and growth of the surrounding carpels remains repressed [1]. The initiation of fruit set can be uncoupled from fertilization, and this results in the development of seedless or parthenocarpic fruits. This can be achieved by ectopic application or artificial overproduction of plant hormones [1], or by mutating or altering the expression of specific genes. In Arabidopsis, the fruit without ferti
O Comportamento das Aves
Campos, EJ;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2000000200001
Abstract: studies on poultry behavior initiated in 1972, at that time, fowls from gallus domesticus species were the most important animal for the initial studies of genetic. since then, just the philosophical concepts where involved in those studies. however, at the beginning of 80 decade, these studies were intensified taking into account technological approaches for an economical industrial poultry production. meanwhile, the reactions from activists involved in the behavior of the animal subjected to production became more strong at the beginning of 90's as well as those studies on chicken behavior. finally, in 1998, an international symposium, promoted by chicken behavior scientists were held in the united states, in order to establish new methods of exploitation of poultry without interfering in its normal behavior, at the beginning of new millenium. the main objective of this article is concerned to philosophical and scientific aspects of poultry behavior under different systems of production.
The Impact of Intercollegiate Sports Competitions on the Overall Educational Achievement of Participants in Some Selected Nigerian Universities
EJ Jeroh
African Research Review , 2012,
Abstract: Intercollegiate sports and its effect on undergraduates has been of global concern to scholars. This study however seeks to have a clearer picture of the concept of intercollegiate sports competition and whether it has any significant impact on the overall academic achievement of participants in some selected Universities in Nigeria. One hundred and twenty (120) respondents from some selected Universities in South-South geo-political zone in Nigeria made up the sample for this study. A validated self structured questionnaire was the instrument used. Frequency counts, simple percentages and the chi-square (x2) were the descriptive and inferential statistics used to analyze the data obtained at a 0.05 level of significance. The results indicate amongst others that participating in intercollegiate sports competition has significant positive impact on the overall academic achievements of participants. In light of this, this study recommends amongst others that coaches in Nigerian Universities must ensure that they monitor the performances of their athletes to see that they do not suffer academically. Emphasis must be placed on the management of time efficiently by athletes.
The Place of Leadership Quality and Role of Coaches in Sports Performance by Nigerian University Students
EJ Jeroh
African Research Review , 2012,
Abstract: The study examined the place of leadership quality and role of coaches in sports performance by Nigerian university students. Participants were made up of 153 sports officials and 270 students from nine universities in Southern Nigeria. A validated self – structured questionnaire with a test – retest reliability co – efficient of 0.90 was the instrument used. Frequency counts, simple percentages and chi – square (X2) were the descriptive and inferential statistics used to analyze the data obtained at 0.05 level of significance. The computed chi – square value of 4.67 is less than the table value of 7.82 suggesting that leadership quality of coaches does not play any significant role in sports performance by Nigerian university students. It was recommended among others that Nigerian universities should employ many qualified coaches to oversee sports as against the current position where one coach oversees up to five sports.
Regeneration of Rauwolfia vomitoria
EJ Ehiagbonare
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2007,
Abstract: Rauwolfia vomitoria is a fast disappearing medicinal plant in Nigeria. Evidence from this current study showed that seedlings of the species under study are best raised by vegetative propagation. From total immerse method, 80% rooted stem cuttings was observed. Drip down method had 60% rooted stem cuttings while the Quick dip method had 70% rooted stem cuttings. The maximum value obtained from the seed germination studies was 50%. The growth medium of one part river sand and 3 parts humus rich topsoil was observed from this study to support the best seedling growth.
Biosafety regulations in South Africa
EJ Morris
African Crop Science Journal , 1995,
Abstract:
‘Laat uw Naam geheiligd worden’: Een uiting van eerbied aan God
EJ Vledder
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Along with Norman Metzler, I will argue that the first petition of the Lord’s prayer: ‘Hallowed be thy Name’ (Mt 6:9b) is not the first petition in proper sense. It rather can be seen as a ‘parenthetical doxological phrase’ that describes closer the address ‘Our Father in Heaven’ (Mt 6:9b), following examples in both Jewish and Muslim traditions. The question will be raised whether the devotional address to God is not a stronger base for respectful co-existence and dialogue with each other than a rather general moral demand of ‘having respect for each other’?
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