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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10934 matches for " Simone Dutra Lucas "
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Social capital and quality of life in adolescent apprentices in Brazil: An exploratory study  [PDF]
Ana Cristina Viana Campos, Carolina Marques Borges, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Simone Dutra Lucas, Efigênia F. Ferreira
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.56128
Abstract:

Background: Adolescents who rely on social aid networks tend to be more socially competent and enjoy higher levels of quality of life than those who interact only with their own limited groups of family and friends. In this light, the present study aimed to measure social capital and analyse its possible relation to adolescents’ quality of life. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical study with 363 adolescents from the Brazilian NGO. The instruments used included a short Portuguese version of the Integrated Questionnaire to Measure Social Capital (SC-QI) from the World Bank and its abbreviated Portuguese version from the World Health Organization Quality of Life Bref (WHOQoL-Bref) used to measure the quality of life. To measure social capital, the present study chose to use a segmentation analysis, along with the Two-Step Cluster method, applying Euclidian distance and the criteria of centroid aggregation. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the scores of WHOQoL-Bref domains among the clusters, at a significance level of 5%. Results: The segmentation analysis resulted in two clusters, with 160 (44.1%) adolescents classified as Low Social Capital (LSC) and 178 (49%) classified as High Social Capital (HSC). Participation in activities for the good of the community (p < 0.001), opinion regarding the differences between people in the community (p = 0.002), and number of community meetings (p < 0.001) constituted the decisive variables for determining the separation of the clusters. When quality of life among the newly formed clusters was compared, the highest average score in the HSC cluster was found in the Psychological Domain (75.4 ± 11.9), whereas in the LSC cluster, the highest average score was found in the Physical Domain (74.6 ± 12.6). Lower quality of life scores was found in the environmental domain for both the LSC clusters (51.3 ± 14.0) and the HSC clusters (54.7 ± 15.5). This difference proved to be statistically significant (p = 0.009). Conclusions: The results showed that adolescents with higher social capital also presented higher

Varia??es no nível de cárie dentária entre crian?as de 5 e 12 anos em Minas Gerais, Brasil
Lucas, Simone Dutra;Portela, Margareth Crisóstomo;Mendon?a, Lisette Lobato;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000100007
Abstract: the aim of this ecological study was to analyze to what extent world health organization goals were met in relation to dental caries in 2000 in minas gerais state, brazil, identifying factors associated with variation in dmft and the occurrence of dmft < 3 among 12-year-old children and in the percentage of caries-free 5-year-olds. secondary data from different sources were used. linear regression and multiple logistic regression techniques were applied to the analysis of the numerical and dichotomous dependent variables. socioeconomic and dental services supply/utilization indicators were used as potential explanatory variables. the goals expressed by dmft < 3 at 12 years and a minimum of 50% caries-free 5-year-olds were met by 37% and 9% of the state's municipalities, respectively. in general the dependent variables were associated with socioeconomic level, and no associations were identified with dental care. the results should not be generalized, but they do suggest inequities in oral health and the role played by socioeconomic factors and water fluoridation.
Nem tudo é estágio: contribui??es para o debate
Werneck,Marcos Azeredo Furquim; Senna,Maria Inês Barreiros; Drumond,Marisa Maia; Lucas,Simone Dutra;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000100027
Abstract: this paper discusses supervised training as a fundamental opportunity for the consolidation of the teaching space and also as means of facing the challenges posed by the guidelines for dental courses. it is not a new proposal. it is in fact a fight for changes in dental practicing which began in the 70s with the movement for the integration between dental teaching and dental services. it approaches public health services spaces and the world of work as central for a new teaching strategy. that would generate the opportunity to graduate professionals with a more critical profile, also capable of understanding reality and intervening on it. the paper points the risks of understanding and misunderstanding - supervised training with practicing inside the dental school, under the label of curricular supervised training. in that perspective traditional practices, with emphasis on technical and biological aspects would not have the potential to achieve the changes proposed by the curricular guidelines. while highlighting the relevance of curricular supervised training in professional education, the paper sets a dialogue with abeno, contesting some of its positions. in that sense, the paper shows the need for a deeper and more participative discussion, that joins as many dental schools as possible.
Conselheiros usuários do conselho municipal de saúde de Belo Horizonte: características sociais e representatividade
Santos, Sílvia Fran?a;Vargas, Andréa Maria Duarte;Lucas, Simone Dutra;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902011000200019
Abstract: the concern about the representatives of the users of sus (brazil's national health system) in municipal health councils is a reality, because even with all the legal apparatus that guarantees parity with regard to the other members, it is not possible to guarantee the quality of their participation. the objective of this research was to learn who the councillors users of the municipal health council of belo horizonte are, their social characteristics, as well as their relation with the base they represent. quantitative research techniques were applied to learn the characteristics, and qualitative techniques were employed to evaluate the relationship with the base. regarding the characteristics, it was observed that the majority of the councillors are retired men with low level of schooling. the terms of office are repeated, suggesting professionalization of this category. the relationship with the base has limitations, mainly concerning communication, and it seems that the continuing education of the councillors to work adequately with their base may be a solution to this problem.
Varia es no nível de cárie dentária entre crian as de 5 e 12 anos em Minas Gerais, Brasil
Lucas Simone Dutra,Portela Margareth Crisóstomo,Mendon?a Lisette Lobato
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: Neste estudo ecológico o objetivo foi analisar o cumprimento de metas da OMS para a cárie dentária no ano 2000 em Minas Gerais, identificando fatores associados à varia o no CPO-D médio e na ocorrência de CPO-D <3, entre crian as de 12 anos, e no percentual de livres de cáries aos cinco anos. Foram utilizados dados secundários de diferentes fontes. As técnicas de regress o linear e regress o logística múltiplas foram aplicadas nas análises das variáveis dependentes numéricas e dicot mica consideradas. Indicadores sócio-econ micos e da oferta/utiliza o de servi os odontológicos foram empregados como variáveis explicativas potenciais. As metas expressas pelo CPO-D < 3 aos 12 anos e pelo percentual mínimo de 50% de crian as livres de cárie aos cinco anos foram atingidas por 37% e 9% dos municípios, respectivamente. De modo geral, as variáveis dependentes mostraram-se associadas ao nível sócio-econ mico, n o se identificando associa es com as variáveis relativas à aten o odontológica. Os resultados n o devem ser generalizados, mas indicam iniqüidades na saúde bucal e o papel desempenhado por fatores sócio-econ micos e a fluoreta o da água.
índice de necessidade de tratamento odontológico: o caso dos índios Xakriabá
Dumont,Adriana Fróis Santos; Salla,Juliana Tito; Vilela,Marina Beatriz Lara; Morais,Patrícia Carneiro; Lucas,Simone Dutra;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000300024
Abstract: the present study was developed among xakriabas indians in minas gerais and aimed at identifying their needs for dental treatment so that patients could be scheduled for treatment. native health agents were trained by dental-surgeons for conducting the survey in household visits. the total indian population is of 6.498 inhabitants, 3.686 of these living within the territory of the "base mata fome", where 61% of the population was examined. results showed that the population is mainly young, a great number of individuals presented no need for treatment and dental caries was the most frequent problem. the survey is expected to help in the organization of a schedule that allows giving priority to the more serious cases and promoting equity.
O acesso aos servi?os públicos de saúde em área limítrofe entre municípios
Vargas, Andréa Maria Duarte;Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e;Mattos, Flávio de Freitas;Vasconcelos, Mara;Drumond, Marisa Maia;Lucas, Simone Dutra;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902011000300024
Abstract: this study analyses access to health services. the concept of access is described as a characteristic of the health services and it may be approached in different ways. therefore, access to health services must be determined by each primary care unit with the participation of local staff and the community. the qualitative methodology was employed through action research, and data collection was conducted through interviews and focus groups. the study was conducted with the managers of two primary care units " confisco, in belo horizonte, and estrela dalva, in contagem -, and dwellers in the units' catchment area. the community's access to health services was difficult for it was a borderline area between two cities. although the study lasted two years, doubts remain about whether it contributed to improve the access of the population, due to political matters involving the topic. however, all problems detected during the research were presented and debated with the administrators of both cities.
Determina??o do valor protéico de células íntegras, autolisado total e extrato de levedura (Saccharomyces sp.)
VILELA, Elke Simone Dias;SGARBIERI, Valdemiro Carlos;ALVIM, Izabela Dutra;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732000000300005
Abstract: clean and debittered yeast cells biomass and its derivatives, total autolisate and extract, after dehydration (spray dryer), were used in a bioassay with wistar rats for determination of protein nutritive value and evaluation of the impact of the yeast products on the blood serum levels of uric acid, triacylglycerols, total cholesterol and high density lipoproteins-cholesterol. integral cells, total autolisate and yeast extract did not differ statistically (p £ 0.05) regarding protein efficiency ratio and net protein ratio, which were significantly lower than the casein value. the growth promoting capacity was higher for casein, followed by integral cells, yeast extract and total autolisate, in decreasing order of magnitude. net protein utilization values confirmed the protein efficiency ratio and net protein ratio results. yeast products protein nutritive value was statistically identical but inferior to casein value. on the whole, the nutritive value of the yeast products protein ranked between 80-85% of the casein value. uric acid serum concentration increased in the rats fed the diets containing yeast products, but the values remained in the range considered of normality for rats. the diet containing yeast autolisate produced a reduction of the triacylglycerols content, which was not observed in the other diets. for total cholesterol and high density lipoproteins-cholesterol all three yeast diets were similar and did not differ from the casein diet.
Valor nutritivo da biomassa de células íntegras, do autolisado e do extrato de levedura originária de cervejaria
VILELA, Elke Simone Dias;SGARBIERI, Valdemiro Carlos;ALVIM, Izabela Dutra;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732000000200007
Abstract: the main objective of this research was to check on the capacity of yeast cells and its derivatives, autolisate and extract, to sustain weaning rats growth, when part of a standard diet for rat growth american institute of nutrition-93g was replaced 10, 20 or 30% in proportion of by a mixture (corn starch + yeast product + soy oil) to maintain the substituted diets isoproteic (20% protein) and isocaloric. in the modified diets, the yeast products participate in the diets in concentrations of 4, 8 and 12%, respectively. the diets containing different proportions of yeast product promoted equal or better growth than the standard diet. the growth rate of the rats augmented proportionally to the increase of yeast products in the diets. blood serum determination of uric acid, urea and transaminases activities showed no evidences of intoxication symptoms by the ingestion of yeast products.
Valor nutritivo da biomassa de células íntegras, do autolisado e do extrato de levedura originária de cervejaria
VILELA Elke Simone Dias,SGARBIERI Valdemiro Carlos,ALVIM Izabela Dutra
Revista de Nutri??o , 2000,
Abstract: Esta pesquisa teve como principal objetivo verificar a capacidade da levedura e seus derivados, autolisado e extrato, em manter o crescimento de ratos recém-desmamados, quando usados em substitui o parcial a uma dieta-padr o ideal. Usou-se substitui o de 10, 20 ou 30% da dieta-padr o recomendada pelo American Institute of Nutrition -- 93G, por uma mistura (amido de milho + produto de levedura + óleo de soja), mantendo as dietas modificadas isoprotéicas (20% proteína) e isocalóricas. Com as substitui es, os produtos de levedura participaram das dietas nas concentra es de 4, 8 ou 12%, respectivamente. As dietas substituídas, contendo diferentes propor es de produtos de levedura, provocaram crescimento dos ratos igual ou superior ao da dieta-padr o. O ritmo de crescimento foi proporcional ao aumento da participa o dos produtos de levedura. Os índices séricos de ácido úrico, uréia e atividade de transaminases n o revelaram sintomas de intoxica o pelo uso dos produtos de levedura.
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