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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36937 matches for " Silvana Carneiro;Oliveira "
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Reforma psiquiátrica e inclus?o social: um estudo com familiares de doentes mentais
Maciel, Silvana Carneiro;Barros, Daniela Ribeiro;Silva, Antonia Oliveira;Camino, Leoncio;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932009000300002
Abstract: the psychiatric reform is a growing process which does not occur in a consensual way throughout the world. it is related to the peculiarities of economic, historical, political and cultural conditions that characterize the different regions and countries. as a social practice, it is formed by a collective way, including professionals, relatives, users and the society as a whole. the present work aims to analyse the significance given by the relatives of mental patients to the families of mental patients and the social inclusion in the present context of the psychiatric reform. the work took place in jo?o pessoa, paraíba, and involved 60 relatives of mental patients who were attended in a psychiatric hospital and in a unit of the psychosocial attention center (caps). the data were collected by the free association of words test which was analyzed through the tri-deux-mots software. the results showed that the mental patient`s families considers they have attributions such as prejudice, overload, unhappiness and suffering, which constitute a great obstacle to the social and familiar inclusion of the mental patient, hindering the acceptance of the psychiatric revolution and its tenets.
Alcoolismo em indígenas potiguara: representa??es sociais dos profissionais de saúde
Maciel, Silvana Carneiro;Oliveira, Rita de Cássia Cordeiro;Melo, Juliana Rízia Félix de;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932012000100008
Abstract: este estudo investigou as representa??es sociais de profissionais de saúde acerca do uso do álcool pelos índios potiguara e foi realizado na comunidade potiguara do estado da paraíba, nos polos-base situados nos municípios de rio tinto, marca??o e baía da trai??o. a amostra compreendeu 21 profissionais de saúde, integrantes da equipe multidisciplinar em saúde indígena, e os dados foram coletados por uma entrevista semiestruturada e analisados através do software alceste. o uso abusivo do álcool foi assinalado como uma grave problemática de saúde que atinge essa popula??o, a exemplo das dsts/aids e da gravidez precoce. o alcoolismo apareceu vinculado à divers?o e ao lazer, sendo suas causas atribuídas ao processo de acultura??o desses índios. essa quest?o foi agravada pelo fato de os indígenas viverem próximos a usinas e engenhos, em áreas litoraneas, o que favoreceu o acesso a bebidas alcoólicas. os participantes mostraram desconhecimento acerca dos servi?os ofertados aos usuários dependentes, assinalando a importancia de maior preparo e de conhecimento da cultura potiguara, a fim de resgatá-la e de promover melhores condi??es de vida para essa comunidade. sugere-se a realiza??o de novos estudos, visando a dimensionar melhor a quest?o do alcoolismo nos potiguaras e a contribuir para a implanta??o de servi?os de aten??o básica à saúde em sua comunidade.
Implica??es do uso do álcool na comunidade indígena Potiguara
Melo, Juliana Rízia Félix de;Maciel, Silvana Carneiro;Oliveira, Rita de Cassia Cordeiro de;Silva, Antonia Oliveira;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312011000100019
Abstract: due to the growth of usage and alcohol abuse in indigenous populations of brazil, this research aims to investigate alcohol consumption in the potiguara community, in the state of paraíba, considering its specific cultural and regional differences of ethnicity. this is an exploratory field study. the sample consisted of 55 indians, aged over 18 years and of both sexes. the instrument was a semistructured interview administered individually. for data analysis, we used the spss software and qualitative analysis. the results revealed that 41.8% of the sample have at least one family member who uses alcohol, mostly distilled, and that use starts at an early age, being detached from the culture and rituals. of the respondents 27.3% said that drinking brings many problems for the entire family, including death. we can concluded that in the indigenous population studied, consumption of alcoholic beverages is abused and starts early; so a more effective prevention and recovery of the culture of this community are needed.
Effects of the use of soybean oil and animal fat in the diet of laying hens on production performance and egg quality
Oliveira, Daniela Duarte de;Bai?o, Nelson Carneiro;Can?ado, Silvana de Vasconcelos;Oliveira, Benedito Lemos de;Lana, ?ngela Maria Quint?o;Figueiredo, Tadeu Chaves de;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542011000500018
Abstract: the effects of different dietary lipids on the fatty acid profiles of eggs produced by 20 and 54 wk old dekalb laying hens were investigated. laying hens were subjected to three defined treatments according to the source of lipid added to their diets: soybean oil, beef tallow, and a control diet (without the addition of oil). the experimental design was in a 3x2 factorial arrangement (three treatments and two different ages). the fatty acid composition of the yolks in the eggs produced by the laying hens was analyzed. the eggs produced by laying hens on the soybean oil diet had a large amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (pufa) omega-6 (n-6) and omega-3 (n-3) in their yolks (23.55, 2.30% respectively), whereas egg yolks from hens who were given beef tallow had higher percentages of monounsaturated fatty acids (47.53%) compared to soybean oil (47.53%) and the control diet (38.72%). the percentages of trans fats present in the egg yolks in all treatments were considered very low (0.91; 0,11; 0.05%). young layers are more efficient at depositing n-3 fatty acids (1.40%), specially c22:6 (0.76%) with the best ratio n6:n-3 (13.97) compared to old layers (1.35; 0.72; 14.81% respectively). based on these results, it was concluded that the amount of fatty acids present in the egg yolks can be modified by the sources of lipids included in the diet and that independent of the sources of lipid in the diet and the age of the chicken, egg yolks have insignificant amounts of trans fatty acids.
Effects of bromopride on the healing of left colonic anastomoses in rats with induced abdominal sepsis
Silva, Silvana Marques e;Carneiro, Fabiana Pirani;Oliveira, Paulo Gon?alves de;Morais, Pedro Henrique Alves de;Silva, Naiara Galv?o da;Sousa, Jo?o Batista de;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502012000600003
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the effects of bromopride on the healing of left colonic anastomoses in rats with induced abdominal sepsis. methods: forty rats were divided into two groups to receive either bromopride (experimental group- e) or saline (control group- c). each group was divided into subgroups of ten animals each to be euthanized on third (e3 and c3) or seventh day (e7 and c7) after surgery. sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture. the rats underwent segmental left colon resection and end-to-end anastomosis. adhesion formation, tensile strength and hydroxyproline concentration were assessed. histomorphometry of collagen and histopathological analysis were also performed. results: on postoperative third day, anastomoses in bromopride-treated animals showed lower tensile strength (p=0.02) and greater reduction in hydroxyproline concentration (p=0.04) than in control animals. there was no statistical difference in these parameters on seventh day, and the remaining parameters were similar across subgroups. collagen content was also similar across subgroups. conclusion: in the presence of abdominal sepsis, the administration of bromopride was associated with decreased tensile strength and hydroxyproline concentration in left colonic anastomoses in rats three days after surgery.
Significados atribuídos ao envelhecimento: idoso, velho e idoso ativo
Ferreira, Olívia Galv?o Lucena;Maciel, Silvana Carneiro;Silva, Antonia Oliveira;Sá, Roseane Christina da Nova;Moreira, Maria Adelaide Silva P.;
Psico-USF , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712010000300009
Abstract: this present study intended to understand the representations produced by a group of functionally independent aged people about the ageing process. starting from the theoretical principles of social representations, priority was given to the participants' speech in order to stress the symbolical dimensions about ageing. the study was carried out at a family health unit in "alto do mateus", a suburban area of "jo?o pessoa", "paraíba". the sample included 100 functionally independent aged persons, from 60 to 93 years old. data were collected through the "mif" and the test of free association of words; and the results were analyzed by means of the "tri-deux-mots" software. the results showed that the aged and the old stimuli were connected with aspects of more negative connotation. however, for the "active elderly" stimulus, though the negative connotation still subsisted, the positive significations showed more evidence among the aged persons under investigation.
O envelhecimento ativo sob o olhar de idosos funcionalmente independentes
Ferreira, Olívia Galv?o Lucena;Maciel, Silvana Carneiro;Silva, Antonia Oliveira;Santos, Walberto Silva dos;Moreira, Maria Adelaide Silva P.;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342010000400030
Abstract: the objective of this study was to identify the social representations of the elderly regarding active aging. semi-structured interviews were performed with 100 functionally independent aged individuals from jo?o pessoa, paraíba, brazil. the data was organized and analyzed using alceste software. results showed that the aged individuals' statements about active aging are permeated with positive contents. however, when aging is not associated with the word active, it is still represented as losses and disabilities. despite the existence of losses during the process, active aging should be encouraged among the elderly, as it means living a quality, plentiful life. maintaining the elderly functionally independent is the first step to achieving active aging and thus improving their quality of life.
Efeitos da bromoprida na cicatriza??o de anastomoses no cólon esquerdo de ratos
Silva, Silvana Marques e;Ferreira, Vania Maria Moraes;Carneiro, Fabiana Pirani;Feres, Omar;Oliveira, Paulo Gon?alves de;Sousa, Jo?o Batista de;
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgi?es , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-69912011000600011
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the effects of bromopride on the formation of adhesions and anastomotic healing in the left colon of rats. methods: we divided 40 rats into two groups of 20 animals, administration of bromopride (study group-e) or saline (control group-c). each group was divided into subgroups containing 10 animals each for euthanasia in the third (c3 and e3) or the seventh (e7 and c7) postoperative days. the rats were submitted to section of the left colon and end-to-end anastomosis. on the day of reoperation, we evaluated the total amount of adhesions and removed a colonic segment containing the anastomosis for histopathological analysis, assessment of rupture strength and hydroxyproline concentration. results: there was no difference between groups in relation to clinical outcome. two animals in the study group had blocked anastomotic leakage. the animals that received bromopride had the number of intracavitary adhesions and adhesions to the anastomosis similar to the control group. the anastomoses from the group e3 animals showed lower resistance to rupture the one from the c3 group (p = 0.04). this effect did not occur on the seventh postoperative day (p = 0.37). there was no significant difference between groups in relation to histopathology and hydroxyproline concentration in the anastomoses. conclusion: the use of bromopride was associated with decreased tensile strength of left colon anastomosis in rats in the third postoperative day.
Effects of abdominal sepsis in the healing of abdominal wall: experimental study in rats
Brand?o, Alexandre Malta;Silva, Naiara Galv?o da;Oliveira, Marcos Vinícius Melo de;Morais, Pedro Henrique Alves de;Silva, Silvana Marques e;Sousa, Jo?o Batista de;Carneiro, Fabiana Pirani;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502011000800008
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the influence of sepsis in the process of wound healing in the abdominal wall. methods: 40 rats divided into two groups of twenty animals: group of study (e) - septic, and the control group (c) - not septic. the two groups were divided into subgroups of 10 to be killed on the third day (n = 10) or seventh (n = 10) postoperative. sepsis was induced by ligation and puncture of the cecum. we performed also the section and anastomosis in left colon. the synthesis of the abdominal wall was made with 3-0 silk thread. on the day of re-laparotomy, the abdominal wall was removed for analysis of the breaking strength and histopathological analysis. results: the mean breaking strength was at third day: e group (1.44 ± 1.22) and c group (0.35 ± 0.46). at seventh day the mean breaking strength was: e group (13.01 ± 7.09) and c group (11.66 ± 7.38). there was statistical difference in tensile strength. e group at third day with control group (p = 0.019). conclusion: the induction of peritoneal sepsis reduced the breaking strength of the abdominal wall on the third day after surgery.
Study on adhesion formation and the healing of colon anastomosis in rats with induced peritoneal sepsis
Silva, Silvana Marques e;Oliveira, Marcos Vinícius Melo de;Brand?o, Alexandre Malta;Carneiro, Fabiana Pirani;Ferreira, Vania Maria Moraes;Parra, Rogério Serafim;Feres, Omar;Sousa, Jo?o Batista de;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502011000800018
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the effects of abdominal sepsis on adhesion formation and colon anastomosis healing in rats. methods: forty rats were distributed in two groups containing 20 rats each for left colon anastomosis in the presence (group s) or absence (group n) of induced sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture. each group was divided into subgroups for euthanasia on the third (n3 and s3) or seventh (n7 or s7) post-operative day. the amount of adhesions was evaluated and a segment of the colon was removed for histopathologic analysis, bursting strength assessment, hydroxyproline and the determination of tissue collagen. results: the subjects which underwent cecal ligation and puncture presented a higher amount of intra-abdominal adherences in both third (p=0,00) and seventh (p=0,00) post-operatory days. smaller bursting strengths were found in the s3 subgroup, and greater bursting strengths were found in the s7 subgroup. there was no difference in the variations on the concentrations of hydroxyproline, tissue collagen and histopathology. conclusions: the peritoneal infection which was developed by cecal ligation and puncture raised the amount of intra-cavitary adhesions. there was a decrease in the amount of colonic anastomosis on the third post-operatory day with a following raise on the seventh without any effects on other healing parameters.
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