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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 215 matches for " Show Inami "
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Insulin-Producing Cells Regulate the Sexual Receptivity through the Painless TRP Channel in Drosophila Virgin Females
Takaomi Sakai, Kazuki Watanabe, Hirono Ohashi, Shoma Sato, Show Inami, Naoto Shimada, Toshihiro Kitamoto
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088175
Abstract: In a variety of animal species, females hold a leading position in evaluating potential mating partners. The decision of virgin females to accept or reject a courting male is one of the most critical steps for mating success. In the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster, however, the molecular and neuronal mechanisms underlying female receptivity are still poorly understood, particularly for virgin females. The Drosophila painless (pain) gene encodes a transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channel. We previously demonstrated that mutations in pain significantly enhance the sexual receptivity of virgin females and that pain expression in painGAL4-positive neurons is necessary and sufficient for pain-mediated regulation of the virgin receptivity. Among the painGAL4-positive neurons in the adult female brain, here we have found that insulin-producing cells (IPCs), a neuronal subset in the pars intercerebralis, are essential in virgin females for the regulation of sexual receptivity through Pain TRP channels. IPC-specific knockdown of pain expression or IPC ablation strongly enhanced female sexual receptivity as was observed in pain mutant females. When pain expression or neuronal activity was conditionally suppressed in adult IPCs, female sexual receptivity was similarly enhanced. Furthermore, both pain mutations and the conditional knockdown of pain expression in IPCs depressed female rejection behaviors toward courting males. Taken together, our results indicate that the Pain TRP channel in IPCs plays an important role in controlling the sexual receptivity of Drosophila virgin females by positively regulating female rejection behaviors during courtship.
Protein Mediated Silica Particles with pH Controlled Porosity and Morphology  [PDF]
Shilpi Show, Brajadulal Chattopadhyay
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2016.614093
Abstract: Background: The silica leaching activity of some of the mystifying non-pathogenic BKH1 bacteria present in the cluster of hot springs (temperatures range 35°C - 80°C) at Bakreshwar (West Bengal, India, 23°52'48\"N; 87°22'40\"N) has provided some significant advancements in the field of nanotechnology. The present investigation was designed to synthesis the silica particles using bioremediase protein at different pH conditions. Methods: A secretary bacterial protein bioremediase (UniProt Knowledgebase Accession Number P86277) isolated from a thermophilic non-pathogenic bacterium BKH1 (GenBank Accession No. FJ177512) has been used to synthesis the silica particles at different pH conditions (pH at 3.0, 5.0, 8.0, 10.0, and 12.0 respectively). The silica particles were synthesized by the action of bioremediase protein on Tetra-ethyl-orthosilicate (TEOS) under ambient condition. Morphological and compositional studies of the biosynthesized silica particles were characterized by Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) equipped with Energy dispersive X-ray analyser (EDX). Results: The Fourier transformed infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopic analysis confirmed the nature as well as occurrence of several functional groups surrounded on the silica particles. The amorphous nature of the prepared silica particles was confirmed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) study. The Zeta potential (ζ) study revealed the stability of silica particles in neutral pH environment. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement confirmed the porosity variation in all biosynthesized silica particles prepared at different pH conditions. Raman spectra analytically depend on their respective specific surface (BET) area. Thermogravimetry tool was used to monitor the effects of the thermal treatment on the surface properties of all the samples. Conclusions: The method for the synthesis of silica particles at different pH condition using the protein bioremediase has a special implication as it is an environmentally benign, cost-effective and facile technique which may have conceivable application in chromatographic packing. In addition, controlling of size as well as porosity of the silica particles can be achievable by pH as an only variable.
Electric Double-Layer Capacitor Fabricated with Addition of Carbon Nanotube to Polarizable Electrode
Yoshiyuki Show
Journal of Nanomaterials , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/929343
Abstract: Electrical double-layer capacitor (EDLC) was fabricated with addition of carbon nanotube (CNT) to polarization electrodes as a conducting material. The CNT addition reduced the series resistance of the EDLC by one-twentieth, while the capacitance was not increased by the CNT addition. The low series resistance leaded to the high electrical energy stored in the EDLC. In this paper, the dependence of the series resistance, the specific capacitance, the energy, and the energy efficiencies on the CNT addition is discussed.
Root Extracts (Gymnadenia orchidis Lindl) Facilitated Rapid Synthesis of Fluorescent Silver Nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) for Various Biological Applications  [PDF]
Shilpi Show, Chetana Ghosal, Brajadulal Chattopadhyay
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2017.81008
Abstract: One pot rapid and green bio-synthesis of stable fluorescent silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) from silver nitrate solution using root extract of Gymnadenia orchidis Lindlat at ambient temperature is demonstrated productively. Surface Plasmon resonance of the synthesized Ag-NPs was shown to occur at 439 nm and two sharp fluorescence peaks at 610 and 780 nm were observed. FTIR study publicized the presence of chemically functional groups in the root extract surrounding the Ag-NPs, acting as stabilizers. XRD and FESEM analysis revealed that Ag-NPs were face centred cubic structure being spherical in shape with an average particle size of 28 ± 2 nm (n = 100). The stability of Ag-NPs in neutral pH environment was confirmed by Zeta Potential (ζ) behaviour. The Ag-NPs showed superior antioxidant activity. The notable photo-catalytic activity of biosynthesized Ag-NPs attributed to the existence of some proteins, responsible for degradation of methylene blue dye. Furthermore, Ag-NPs were found to exhibit a significant antibacterial effect against gram positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacteria.
Hadronic Tau Decays at Belle
K. Inami
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: We present a study of hadronic tau decays, especially decay into three-hadron final states with kaon(s), using more than 500fb^-1 of data collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. We measure the branching ratios both inclusively and exclusively while considering the intermediated states of K(892)^*0. The following results are obtained: B(tau- -> K- pi+ pi- nu)=(3.25 +- 0.02 +0.16-0.15)x10^-3, B(tau- -> K- K+ pi- nu)=(1.53 +- 0.01 +- 0.06)x10^-3, B(tau- -> K- K+ K- nu)=(2.60 +- 0.23 +- 0.10)x10^-5 and B(tau- -> K^*(892)^0 K-nu)=(1.56 +- 0.02 +- 0.09)x10^-3. We also measure the mass and width of the K^*(892)^0 resonance as M_{K^*(892)^0} = 895.10 +- 0.27 +- 0.31 MeV/c^2 and Gamma_{K^*(892)^0} = 47.23 +- 0.49 +- 0.79 MeV, which are the first results obtained using tau decay.
Synthesis-condition dependence of carbon nanotube growth by alcohol catalytic chemical vapor deposition method
Nobuhito Inami et al
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials , 2007,
Abstract: We report the dependence of growth yield of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on heat-treatment time and catalyst film thickness by the alcohol catalytic chemical vapor deposition method. Three types of heat-treatment, synthesis of 30 min, synthesis of 30 min after annealing of 30 min, and synthesis of 60 min, were investigated. Thickness of Co catalyst film was varied from 1 to 10 nm. In the case of thinner Co film less than 3 nm, long synthesis time of 60 min is favorable for the effective SWNT growth, because of the small amount of Co catalyst. In the case of thicker Co film more than 3 nm, an amount of grown SWNTs by 30 min synthesis after 30 min annealing and by 60 min synthesis was much higher than that by 30 min synthesis without annealing, showing that total heat-treatment time of 60 min is important for the SWNT growth. Results suggest that the conversion from the thicker film of Co to nano-particle which acts as catalyst takes place during the first 30 min.
Integrable XYZ Spin Chain with Boundaries
Takeo Inami,Hitoshi Konno
Physics , 1994, DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/27/24/002
Abstract: We consider a general class of boundary terms of the open XYZ spin-1/2 chain compatible with integrability. We have obtained the general elliptic solution of $K$-matrix obeying the boundary Yang-Baxter equation using the $R$-matrix of the eight vertex model and derived the associated integrable spin-chain Hamiltonian.
Finite Size Effects and Conformal Symmetry of $O(N)$ Nonlinear $σ$ Model in Three Dimensions
Akira Fujii,Takeo Inami
Physics , 1994, DOI: 10.1143/PTPS.118.299
Abstract: We study the $O(N)$ nonlinear $\sigma$ model on a three-dimensional compact space $S^1 \times S^2$ (of radii $L$ and $R$ respectively) by means of large $N$ expansion, focusing on the finite size effects and conformal symmetries of this model at the critical point. We evaluate the correlation length and the Casimir energy of this model and study their dependence on $L$ and $R$. We examine the modular transformation properties of the partition function, and study the dependence of the specific heat on the mass gap in view of possible extension of the $C-$theorem to three dimensions.
Continuum Limit of Spin-1 Chain (the only change is added references)
Takeo Inami,Satoru Odake
Physics , 1992,
Abstract: We study the continuum limit of the spin-1 chain in the non-Abelian bosonization approach of Affleck and show that the Hamiltonian of integrable spin-1 chain yields the Lagrangian of supersymmetric sine-Gordon model in the zero lattice spacing limit. We also show that the quantum group generators of the spin-1 chain give non-local charges of the supersymmetric sine-Gordon theory.
Precise measurement of hadronic tau-decays with an eta meson
K. Inami,for the Belle collaboration
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2009.01.047
Abstract: We have studied hadronic tau decay modes involving an eta meson using 490 fb^{-1} of data collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. The following branching fractions have been measured: B(tau- -> K- eta nu)=(1.58 +- 0.05 +- 0.09)x 10^{-4}, B(tau- -> K- pi0 eta nu)=(4.6 +- 1.1 +- 0.4)x 10^{-5}, B(tau- -> pi- pi0 eta nu)=(1.35 +- 0.03 +- 0.07)x 10^{-3}, B(tau- -> pi- KS eta nu)=(4.4 +- 0.7 +- 0.2)x 10^{-5}, and B(tau- -> K^{*-} eta nu)=(1.34 +- 0.12 +- 0.09)x 10^{-4}. These results are substantially more precise than previous measurements. The new measurements are compared with theoretical calculations based on the CVC hypothesis or the chiral perturbation theory. We also set upper limits on branching fractions for tau decays into K- KS eta nu, pi- KS pi0 eta nu, K- eta eta nu, pi- eta eta nu and non-resonant K- pi^0 eta nu final states.
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