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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 306 matches for " Shinsuke Shiotsu "
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A Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Carrier Coinfected with Mycobacterium intracellulare and Pneumocystis jirovecii with a Characteristic Compositional Change of Bone Marrow Cells  [PDF]
Sayaka Uda, Shinsuke Shiotsu, Ayaka Omura, Ryosuke Hamashima, Akihiro Yoshimura, Naoko Kurisu, Tomoya Sagawa, Koichi Hasegawa, Tatsuya Yuba, Chieko Takumi, Seiko Ono, Noriya Hiraoka, Noriya Hiraoka
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2017.73011
Abstract: Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is endemic in the southern part of Japan. Infection of the virus can cause adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), while most infected individuals remain in a carrier state for a long period of time. Although rare cases of carriers, like ATL patients, who developed opportunistic infections, have been reported, hematological changes of carriers who are prone to opportunistic infections have not been well defined. Here, we present a case of an HTLV-1 carrier who developed Mycobacterium intracellulare infection and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) simultaneously. Flow cytometric analysis of bone marrow cells revealed an aberrant compositional change similar to that in ATL patients. This suggests the presence of a pre-ATL state prior to the development of ATL, which is notable in terms of underlying cellular immunodeficiency.
Distribution and Quantity of Root Systems of Field-Grown Erianthus and Napier Grass  [PDF]
Nobuhito Sekiya, Fumitaka Shiotsu, Jun Abe, Shigenori Morita
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1003

Cellulosic bioethanol produced from non-edible plants reduces potential food-fuel competition and, as such, is receiving increasing attention. In the raw material production of cellulosic bioethanol, the aboveground biomass of plants is entirely harvested; consequently, the plant roots represent the major source of organic matter incorporated into the soil. We selected Erianthus and Napier grass as the raw materials for cultivation in Asia. However, information about whether these 2 species provide sufficient root volume to sustain soil fertility is limited. Therefore, we examined the spatial distribution of the roots of these 2 plants, and quantified root mass and length. Erianthus and Napier grass were either grown in fields or greenhouses in Tokyo (Japan) and Lampung (Indonesia), and then their roots were exposed from adjacent soil profiles. Both species developed large, deep roots, penetrating 2.0-2.6 m deep into the soil. Root depth indexes showed that the roots of both species penetrated much deeper into the soil compared to monocot crop species, being more comparable to dicot species. Erianthus developed a root mass and length of 384-850 g·m-2 and 28.8-35.8 km·m-2, while the values for Napier grass were 183-448 g

Cultivation of Erianthus and Napier Grass at an Abandoned Mine in Lampung, Indonesia  [PDF]
Nobuhito Sekiya, Jun Abe, Fumitaka Shiotsu, Shigenori Morita
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.511186

The production of cellulosic bioethanol from non-edible plants is drawing increasing attention, as it potentially avoids food-fuel competition. Because growing such plants on farmland indirectly reduces food availability, the plants should be grown on marginal, non-arable lands. In this study, we evaluated the growth of cellulosic energy crops at a former mining site in Indonesia. This mine was abandoned because it contained few mineral deposits, and exposed subsoils rather than toxic soils prevented revegetation. In the first trial, growths of two energy plant species Erianthus spp. and Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) were compared with that of maize (Zea mays) at the mine site and a nearby degraded farm. Erianthus and Napier grass produced 11.7 and 22.5 t·ha-1 of shoot dry matter at 8 months after planting (MAP) in the farm respectively while maize plants failed to establish, but none of the three species grew at the mine. In the second trial, two-week-old seedlings of Erianthus and Napier grass rather than stem cuttings as used in the first trial were planted at the mine site. Erianthus and Napier grass produced 16.3 and 24.0 t·ha-1 of shoot dry matter over the course of 18 months, respectively. Application of organic fertilizer significantly increased shoot dry matter to 18.9 and 39.6 t·ha-1 in Erianthus and Napier grass, respectively. During the 18-month growth period, both of the energy plants significantly increased soil carbon at the 0 - 0.3 m depth from 0.33% to 1.15% -

Root Morphology and Anatomy of Field-Grown Erianthus arundinaceus  [PDF]
Fumitaka Shiotsu, Jun Abe, Tetsuya Doi, Mitsuru Gau, Shigenori Morita
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.61012
Abstract: Erianthus species are perennial C4 grasses with such high biomass productivity and high tolerance to environmental stresses that they can be grown in marginal land to supply raw material for cellulosic bioethanol. Because high biomass production and strong tolerance to environmental stresses might be based on their large and deep-root system, we closely examined the morphology and anatomy of roots in first-year seedlings of field-grown Erianthus arundinaceus. The deep-root system of E. arundinaceus consists of many nodal roots growing with steep growth angles. Diameter of nodal roots with large variations (0.5 - 5 mm) correlates with the size and number of large xylem vessels. The microscopic observation shows that the nodal roots with dense root hairs developed soil sheath, hypodermis with lignified sclerenchyma in the outer cortex, and aerenchyma in the mid-cortex. In addition, starch grains were densely accumulated in the stele of nodal roots in winter. In the first year, E. arundinaceus developed less lateral roots than other reported grass species. The lateral roots formed a large xylem vessel in the center of the stele and no hypodermis in the outer cortex. Morphology and anatomy of E. arundinaceus root were discussed with reference to strong tolerance to environmental stresses.
Exchange Rate and Current Account Dynamics with Habits over Consumption and Money Holdings  [PDF]
Ichiro Gombi, Shinsuke Ikeda
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.47051

Incorporating two independent habits over consumption and money holdings into a small country model, we examine the adjustment dynamics of the current account and the exchange rate to expansionary monetary and fiscal shocks under two alternative policy regimes: (1) the endogenous income transfer regime; and (2) the endogenous fiscal spending regime. In response to the shocks under regime (1), the exchange rate depreciates on impact and in the long run whereas it appreciates (depreciates) in transition if preferences for real money balances exhibit distant (adjacent) complementarity. Under regime (2), the consumption habits and the monetary habits jointly generate possibly non-monotonic current account dynamics. An induced increase in fiscal spending in regime (2) can generate a current account surplus in the case where the monetary habits exhibit strong distant complementarity.

O acompanhante na institui??o hospitalar: significado e percep??es
Shiotsu, Celia Hiromi;Takahashi, Regina Toshie;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342000000100013
Abstract: the study was performed within the phenomenological referendum following the modality of situated phenomenom in order to understand the experience of being the hospitalized adult patient's accompany. the phenomenological analyisis of 8 speeches led to 4 themes: "the approach", "the accompany", "the feelings" and "the changes in the family' and personal's life". the purposes reveal the accompany, to be with the patient rises from the need to help him/her with physical limitation or dependence; give care, gratitude; give emotional support; transmit enthusiasm and optimism; identify and fulfill his/her needs; favor the comunication; observe and verify the assistance rendered and follow his/ her clinical evolution. the accompany was permeated by the preocupation and generated upsets all family.
Otolith features and growth of juvenile Opsaridium microcephalum (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from the southwestern shoreline of Lake Malawi
Shinsuke Morioka
African Zoology , 2011,
Abstract: Sanjika,Opsaridium microcephalum, were collected from two sites (Nkhotakota and Chia) along the southwestern shoreline of Lake Malawi. The sagitta of the otolith was arrowheadshaped with an obvious nucleus. Increments in the sagittae were observable until the bases of the rostra but invisible in the rostra. The asteriscus was oval-shaped with an ambiguous nucleus, leading to difficulty in identifying the first increment. The lapillus was ‘a’-shaped with an obvious nucleus and increments were observable from the nucleus to the margin. The lapillus was therefore considered the most suitable structure for interpreting daily growth increments in this species. The estimated hatching months of fish based on lapilli increment counts were from November to July, suggesting that this species has a long breeding period of at least eight months per year. The growth rate of fish born in the rainy season (0.74mmTL per day) was higher than those in the dry season (0.56mmTL per day). This growth difference was considered to be due to the difference in water temperature in the lake.
Postdiction: its implications on visual awareness, hindsight, and sense of agency
Shinsuke Shimojo
Frontiers in Psychology , 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00196
Abstract: There are a few postdictive perceptual phenomena known, in which a stimulus presented later seems causally to affect the percept of another stimulus presented earlier. While backward masking provides a classical example, the flash lag effect stimulates theorists with a variety of intriguing findings. The TMS-triggered scotoma together with “backward filling-in” of it offer a unique neuroscientific case. Findings suggest that various visual attributes are reorganized in a postdictive fashion to be consistent with each other, or to be consistent in a causality framework. In terms of the underlying mechanisms, four prototypical models have been considered: the “catch up,” the “reentry,” the “different pathway” and the “memory revision” models. By extending the list of postdictive phenomena to memory, sensory-motor and higher-level cognition, one may note that such a postdictive reconstruction may be a general principle of neural computation, ranging from milliseconds to months in a time scale, from local neuronal interactions to long-range connectivity, in the complex brain. The operational definition of the “postdictive phenomenon” can be applicable to such a wide range of sensory/cognitive effects across a wide range of time scale, even though the underlying neural mechanisms may vary across them. This has significant implications in interpreting “free will” and “sense of agency” in functional, psychophysical and neuroscientific terms.
Scaling Violation in O(N) Vector Models
Shinsuke Nishigaki
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1142/S0217732394003865
Abstract: We investigate $O(N)$-symmetric vector field theories in the double scaling limit. Our model describes branched polymeric systems in $D$ dimensions, whose multicritical series interpolates between the Cayley tree and the ordinary random walk. We give explicit forms of residual divergences in the free energy, analogous to those observed in the strings in one dimension.
Solution of the genaralized periodic discrete Toda equation
Shinsuke Iwao
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/41/11/115201
Abstract: A box-ball system with more than one kind of balls is obtained by the generalized periodic discrete Toda equation (pd Toda eq.). We study the pd Toda equation in view of algebraic geometry. The time evolution of pd Toda eq. is linearized on an algebraic variety, and theta function solutions are obtained.
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