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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22907 matches for " Shao Tao "
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Concentration Wave for a Class of Reaction Chromatography System with Pulse Injections  [PDF]
Jing Zhang, Maofei Shao, Tao Pan
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2016.63023
Abstract: By using fluid dynamics theory with the effects of adsorption and reaction, the chromatography model with a reaction AB was established as a system of two hyperbolic partial differential equations (PDE’s). In some practical situations, the reaction chromatography model was simplified a semi-coupled system of two linear hyperbolic PDE’s. In which, the reactant concentration wave model was the initial-boundary value problem of a self-closed hyperbolic PDE, while the resultant concentration wave model was the initial-boundary value problem of hyperbolic PDE coupling reactant concentration. The general explicit expressions for the concentration wave of the reactants and resultants were derived by Laplace transform. The δ-pulse and wide pulse injections were taken as the examples to discuss detailedly, and then the stability analysis between the resultant solutions of the two modes of pulse injection was further discussed. It was significant for further analysis of chromatography, optimizing chromatographic separation, determining the physical and chemical characters.
Research on Motivations of Transnational Enterprises Carrying out Disruptive Innovation in Chinese BOP Market
Tao CHEN,Yunfei SHAO
Management Science and Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.mse.1913035x20120604.1210
Abstract: In recent years, some transnational enterprises began expanding their business to Chinese low-income consumer market, and get good return. From the view of disruptive innovation, it indicates that these transnational enterprises have carried out disruptive innovation strategy in the Chinese market. Based on disruptive innovation and BOP market theory, this paper shows that the main factors which motivate transnational enterprises to carry out disruptive innovation strategy in Chinese market are: the nature and scale of the Chinese market, and how to avoid local enterprises to become “destroyer”. On the other hand, it is necessary to develop the disruptive innovation capability for transnational enterprises to tap the above market. Key words: Transnational enterprises; Chinese market; Base of pyramid; Disruptive innovation
Lobar Distribution of Low Grade Oligodendroglioma: Distribution, Molecular Characteristics, and Survival Based upon Location  [PDF]
Donald A. Ross, Shao Tao, Sakir Gultekin, Amy M. Ross
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2014.513126
Abstract:

Grade II oligodendrogliomas are rare and slow growing tumors, making long-term follow up difficult, but necessary for better understanding. In this retrospective study a review of all grade II oligodendrogliomas encountered in the last 20 years at one institution, was undertaken to determine if specific tumor location and immunohistochemical analysis had any impact on recurrence rate, progression free survival, or life expectancy. Eighty-nine grade II oligodendroglioms cases were reviewed (38 females and 51 males; mean age was 40.3 ± 13.8 years). Tumor location was: frontal lobe (44, 49.4%) and superior frontal gyrus (30, 33.7%). 1p19q data were available in 49 patients. Twenty-nine cases were co-deleted (59.2%). There was no significant difference in the incidence of 1p19q co-deletion between superior frontal gyrus tumors vs. other frontal tumors or extra-frontal tumors (p= 0.45). Follow up of at least 3 months after diagnosis was available in 79 patients (mean follow up: 93.2 months). In recurrence analysis, recurrence by 1p19q status and recurrence by location revealed no significant differences. In analysis of progression, progression by 1p19q status and progression by location revealed no significant differences. An analysis of deaths for the sample, deaths by 1p19q status and deaths by location revealed no significant differences. There was a higher death rate among patients >50 years of age, however this, too, was not significant.There did not appear to be any advantage in recurrence rate, progression free survival, or life expectancy for tumors located in the frontal lobe or superior frontal gyrus. 1p19q co-deletion did not appear to confer an advantage as measured by time to recurrence, time to progression, or overall survival. Other than age, eloquent location, Karnofsky status, and overall tumor size as reported by others, tumor location and 1p19q status in low grade oligodendrogliomas are not currently predictive of survival.

Effects of supplemental Chinese herbs on growth performance, blood antioxidant function and immunity status in Holstein dairy heifers fed high fibre diet
Guohua Qiao,Caimei Shao,Tao Shao,Xiao Yang
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2013, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2013.e20
Abstract: Two experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of supplemental Chinese herbs, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL), Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Codonopsis (RC) on growth performance, blood antioxidant and immune function in Holstein dairy heifers fed high fibre diet. Experiment 1 indicated that the supplementation of the three herbs had no effect on dry matter intake. FLL Supplementation increased heifers average daily gain (ADG), final body weight and feed efficiency. Experiment 2 indicated that FLL supplementation improved the blood antioxidant function with higher concentration of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lower concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA), and improved immune function with lower concentrations of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and immunoreactive fibronectin (IFN-γ). Addition of FLL increased apparent digestibility of diet’s dry matter and organic matter than the other groups. It was demonstrated that FLL supplementation improved nutrient digestion, feed efficiency, blood antioxidant function, immune and growth performance for Holstein dairy heifers.
(E)-N-[4-(Methylsulfonyl)benzylidene]aniline
Shao-Song Qian,Tao Liu
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536809050983
Abstract: The molecule of the title compound, C14H13NO2S, displays a trans configuration with respect to the C=N double bond. The dihedral angle between the two aromatic ring planes is 62.07 (18)°.
Analysis of the Bacterial Communities in Lime Concretion Black Soil upon the Incorporation of Crop Residues  [PDF]
Shao-Qiang Tao, Qiang Xia, Lin Zhu, Jing-jing Chen, Ya- Nan Wang, Bing Qin
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2012.23037
Abstract: To analyze the bacterial communities in lime concretion black soil upon the incorporation of crop residues for two years in wheat-maize system, total DNA was directly extracted and PCR-amplified with the F357GC and R518 primers targeting the 16S rRNA genes of V3 region. The amplified fragments were analyzed by perpendicular DGGE. Analyzing of species richness index S and Shannon diversity index H revealed that there was a high diversity of soil bacterial community compositions among all treatments after incorporation of crop residues and fertilizing under field conditions. Eleven DGGE bands recovered were re-amplified, sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the representative DGGE fingerprints identified four groups of the prokaryotic communities in the soil by returning wheat residues and fertilizing under field conditions. The bacterial communities belonged to gamma proteobacterium, Cupriavidus sp, halophilic eubacterium, Acidobacterium sp, Sorangium sp, delta proteobacterium, Streptococcus sp and Streptococcus agalactiae were main bacterial communities. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed that there were the differences in DNA profiles among the six treatments. It showed that wheat residue returning, maize residue returning and fertilizing all can improve bacterial diversity in varying degrees. As far as improvement of bacterial diversity was concerned, wheat residue returning was higher than fertilizing, and fertilizing higher than maize residue returning.
Effect of Complex Lactic Acid Bacteria on Silage Quality and In vitro Dry Matter Digestibility of Corn Straw
Yongkai Li,Chengqun Yu,Weiyun Zhu,Tao Shao
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2012.1395.1399
Abstract: The study was carried out to evaluate the effect of complex lactic acid bacteria on the silage fermentation quality of corn straw and the silage in vitro dry matter digestibility. In the first experiment, the complex lactic acid bacteria inoculants was applied at 3.0x105 cfu g-1 consisted of 1.0x105 cfu g-1 Enterococcus faecalis TBT608 and 2.0x105 cfu g-1 Lactobacillus plantram TBT717. Uninoculated silage served as control. After 150 days of storage, the treatment silage had significantly (p<0.05) lower pH values, butyric acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, ammonia N concentration and had significantly (p<0.05) higher contents of lactic acid than control silage. In the second experiment, In Vitro Dry Matter Digestibility (IVDMD) was determined through fermentation, inoculated with rumen fluid of wethers in various combinations with soluble starch. The soluble starch represented a concentrate feed, silage represented feeding sole roughage. The IVDMD was determined at 24 and 48 h after incubation. Silage without inoculated LAB served as control for each feed combination. The results indicate that LAB applied at ensiling increased the IVDMD of the corn straw silage. These results confirmed that application of the complex lactic acid bacteria improved fermentation quality and in vitro dry matter digestibility of the corn straw silage.
Correlation between the modified Kupperman Index and the Menopause Rating Scale in Chinese women
Tao M, Shao H, Li C, Teng Y
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S42852
Abstract: rrelation between the modified Kupperman Index and the Menopause Rating Scale in Chinese women Original Research (66) Total Article Views Authors: Tao M, Shao H, Li C, Teng Y Published Date March 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 223 - 229 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S42852 Received: 16 January 2013 Accepted: 15 February 2013 Published: 20 March 2013 MinFang Tao, HongFang Shao, ChangBing Li, YinCheng Teng Department of Gynecology, the Sixth Affiliated People’s Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Background: The severity of menopausal symptoms can vary according to ethnicity and geography. Two common menopausal symptom scales, the modified Kupperman Index (KI) and the Menopausal Rating Scale (MRS), are accepted internationally. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between these scales and their relevance to women in the People's Republic of China. Methods: We enrolled treatment-na ve women who visited the menopause outpatient department at a major teaching hospital in Shanghai, People’s Republic of China. The women were required to complete two questionnaires, ie, the modified KI and the MRS. We assessed the correlation between the tools using a correlation analysis. Results: We enrolled 277 women of average age 51.5 ± 4.8 years. There was a strong positive correlation between total scores on the modified KI and the MRS (0.74, 95% confidence interval 0.69–0.79) and subscores for the somatic and psychological domains (0.74 and 0.77, respectively), with a moderate correlation for urogenital symptoms. According to the modified KI, 15 (5.4%) women were categorized as asymptomatic, and when using the MRS, 33 (11.9%) were categorized as asymptomatic. Women categorized as having none/minimal symptoms by the MRS were diagnosed as having mild to severe symptoms using the modified KI. The highest agreement (74%) was found when symptoms were moderate. Conclusion: The modified KI and the MRS do correlate in Chinese women, but the modified KI is more likely to identify menopausal symptoms than the MRS in screening if there is doubt about the diagnosis of menopause.
Correlation between the modified Kupperman Index and the Menopause Rating Scale in Chinese women
Tao M,Shao H,Li C,Teng Y
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2013,
Abstract: MinFang Tao, HongFang Shao, ChangBing Li, YinCheng TengDepartment of Gynecology, the Sixth Affiliated People’s Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: The severity of menopausal symptoms can vary according to ethnicity and geography. Two common menopausal symptom scales, the modified Kupperman Index (KI) and the Menopausal Rating Scale (MRS), are accepted internationally. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between these scales and their relevance to women in the People's Republic of China.Methods: We enrolled treatment-na ve women who visited the menopause outpatient department at a major teaching hospital in Shanghai, People’s Republic of China. The women were required to complete two questionnaires, ie, the modified KI and the MRS. We assessed the correlation between the tools using a correlation analysis.Results: We enrolled 277 women of average age 51.5 ± 4.8 years. There was a strong positive correlation between total scores on the modified KI and the MRS (0.74, 95% confidence interval 0.69–0.79) and subscores for the somatic and psychological domains (0.74 and 0.77, respectively), with a moderate correlation for urogenital symptoms. According to the modified KI, 15 (5.4%) women were categorized as asymptomatic, and when using the MRS, 33 (11.9%) were categorized as asymptomatic. Women categorized as having none/minimal symptoms by the MRS were diagnosed as having mild to severe symptoms using the modified KI. The highest agreement (74%) was found when symptoms were moderate.Conclusion: The modified KI and the MRS do correlate in Chinese women, but the modified KI is more likely to identify menopausal symptoms than the MRS in screening if there is doubt about the diagnosis of menopause.Keywords: Kupperman Index, Menopause Rating Scale, cross-sectional study, People’s Republic of China
Research on Alumina Modified Feldspathic Dental Ceramics
GAO Hui, ZHANG Guang-Lei, SHAO Chang-Tao
无机材料学报 , 2011, DOI: 10.3724/sp.j.1077.2011.00983
Abstract: Alumina modified feldspathic dental ceramics were fabricated by common sintering method, using alumina as an additive to strengthen and toughen the feldspathic ceramics. The prescription and the sintering technology of the feldspathic ceramics composite materials were identified. The influences of sintering technology on the machinability, the microhardness and the flexural strength were discussed. The feldspathic ceramics composite materials were characterized by XRD and SEM. The results reveal that the sintering temperature of feldspathic ceramics is raised with the increase of alumina content. Where the relative density of the feld spathic ceramics added with 20wt% Al2O3 reach 97.9% after sintered at 1200 . Furthermore, the property of feldspathic ceramics is improved obviously with the addition of alumina. The abrasion rate reaches the maximum with the addition of 5wt% alumina, the microhardness is increased by 26.9% with addition of 20wt% Al2O3, and the flexural strength is increased with the increase of alumina content.
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