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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9796 matches for " Shan-Shan Kuo "
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Exploring the Useful Reading Strategies among EFL College Students in Taiwan*  [PDF]
Kung Shan-Shan
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2013.24031
Abstract: The major purpose of this study was to understand what the reading strategies the EFL students use more or less among EFL college students in Taiwan. The study focused on three hundred and ninety-eight EFL college students coming from seven colleges located in the north, central, and south Taiwan. The research instrument was a questionnaire modified from Wan-Yin Lin’s Chinese reading strategies questionnaire (2005). The collected data used the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 13.0 to analyze the results. The findings of study included the following: first, higher grade students had more variety in using reading strategies than lower grade students; and second, the higher grade students tended to use integrated strategies more than lower grade students. According to the research findings, the researcher provided some recommendations, such as teachers could be better guiders to help students understand the importance of reading in language learning. They can not just focus on teaching listening and speaking, and should enhance the balance development in integrated reading strategies that helped students could read fluently any English materials.
Conceptual Metaphor of Time in Transient Days by Zhu Ziqing: a case study
Shan-shan ZHU
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2008, DOI: 10.3968/688
Abstract: This paper tries to explore the conceptual metaphor of time in Transient Days, an essay about time written by a famous Chinese writer, Zhu Ziqing, to address such problems as (1) Is there any linguistic evidence in Transient Days supporting the universality of the conceptual metaphor models (TIME IS A THING/ENTITY, TIME PASSING IS MOTION (THROUGHN SPACE) and TIME IS MONEY (A VALUABLE COMMODITY/LIMITED RESOURCE)) established by the previous studies?; and (2) Concerning the TIME PASSING IS MOTION model, are there more TIME PASSING IS A MOVING OBJECT than TIME PASSING IS MOTION OVER A LANDSCAPE metaphors in it? Key words: Conceptual metaphor, time, Transient Days Résumé: Le présent article tente d’explorer la métaphore du temps dans les Jours transitoires, un essai sur le temps écrit par un écrivain célèbre chinois Zhu Ziqing, pour poser des problèmes, tels que : (1) Est-ce qu’il y a des preuves linguistiques dans les Jours transitoires supportant l’universalité des modèles de métaphore conceptuelle ( Le temps est une chose/entité, l’écoulement du temps est un mouvement (à travers l’espace) et le temps est l’argent ( un article d’usage valable/ une ressource limitée) établis par les études précédentes ? (2) En ce qui concerne le modèle que l’écoulement du temps est un mouvement, est-ce qu’il y a plus de métaphores sur le fait que l’écoulement du temps est un objet mouvant que sur le fait que l’écoulement du temps est un mouvement au dessus d’un paysage ? Mots-Clés: métaphore conceptuelle, temps, Jours transitoires 摘 要:本文通過分析著名中國作家朱自清的散文《匆匆》中關於時間的概念隱喻來解決以下兩個問題:(1)《匆匆》中是否有語言事實支援在以往研究中建立的時間概念隱喻的模型:時間是一個事物/實體,時間流逝是移動(穿過空間),時間是金錢(有價值的商品/有限的資源);(2)鑒於時間流逝是移動這一概念隱喻模型之下又可分為兩個小模型:時間流逝是一個移動的物體和時間流逝是穿過空間的移動,本文同時探究在《匆匆》中哪個小模型的時間隱喻更多一些 關鍵詞:概念隱喻;時間;《匆匆》
Monolingual, Bilingual Dictionaries and Language Study
Shan-shan CHEN
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2008, DOI: 10.3968/693
Abstract: This paper tries to prove that, neither monolingual nor bilingual dictionary can, by themselves satisfy the needs of foreign language learners. Different stages of second language acquisition require different types of dictionaries, and they all have their own unique function in helping the learners to form a new language habit. This paper makes a review about present and past research and various scholarly points of views. For research approach, a quantitative method is adopted to investigate which kind of dictionary best meets the needs of students in different stages of foreign language acquisition. Finally, results and discussions are shown to conclude the investigation. Key words: monolingual dictionary, bilingual dictionary, language study Résumé: Le présent article tente de prouver que, ni le dictionnaire monolingue ni le dictionnaire bilingue ne peut satisfaire les besoins des apprenants de langues étrangères. Les différentes étapes de l’acquisition de la deuxième langue exigent de différents types de dictionnaires, et ils ont tous leur propre fonction pour aider les apprenants à former une nouvelle habitude langagière. Le présent article met en revue les recherches actuelles et passées ainsi que les points de vues académiques divers. Quant à l’approche de recherches, des méthodes quantitatives sont adoptées pour étudier quel type de dictionnaire répond le mieux aux besoins des étudiants dans les différentes phases de l’acquisition des langues étrangères. Finalement, on montre les résultats et les discussions pour conclure l’investigation. Mots-Clés: dictionnaire monolingue, dictionnaire bilingue, étude linguistique 摘要:本文試圖證明無論單語詞典還是雙語詞典都不能獨立地滿足語言學習的需求。不同階段的外語學習需要使用不同的詞典,它們在幫助學習者形成一種新的語言習慣過程中發揮著不同的作用。本文回顧了有關文獻和不同的研究觀點,採用定量和定性的方法來研究哪種詞典能滿足二語習得不同階段的學習要求,最後得出結論。 關鍵詞:單語詞典;雙語詞典;語言學習
3-Butyl-1-methyl-1H-imidazol-3-ium bis(1,2-dicyanoethene-1,2-dithiolato-κ2S,S′)nickel(III)
Shan-Shan Yu
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2011, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536811046824
Abstract: In the title compound, (C8H15N2)[Ni(C4N2S2)2], the NiIII atom is coordinated by four S atoms of two maleonitriledithiolate ligands and exhibits a distorted square-planar geometry. In the crystal, the cations and anions are connected alternately by weak intermolecular C—H...N hydrogen bonds, forming a zigzag chain along [201].
Sexual Teasing in Chinese Entertaining TV Programs
Jia LI,Shan-shan ZHU
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2008, DOI: 10.3968/689
Abstract: Humor is a shared characteristic of human beings. Among various kinds of humor, teasing is one of the most risky forms. Teasing related to sex is even more sensitive in most cultures. As is learned in previous studies, females tease less than males in general and both males and females tend to tease males more than females. It is due to the power difference and social asymmetry between different genders. This phenomenon is what has been found in natural occurrence of teasing. However, it is not the case in entertaining TV programs. We examined two Chinese TV talk shows, and found that the hostess is as aggressive as the host when making sexual teasing towards guests. Furthermore, the host/hostess does not consider the gender of the guests when teasing them about sexuality. That is in contrast with the natural occurrence. The explanation to this difference can be attributed to the asymmetrical power between hosts/hostesses and guests in the entertaining TV programs. Key words: sexual teasing, gender, power, entertaining TV programs Résumé: L’humour est une caractéristique partagée des êtres humains. Parmi les diverses sortes d’humour, la taquinerie est une des formes les plus risquées. La taquinerie relative au sexe est même plus sensible dans la plupart des cultures. D’après les études précédentes, on sais que les femmes taquinent généralement moins que les hommes, et que tous tendent à taquiner les hommes plut t que les femmes. Cela est d à la différence de puissance et à l’asymétrie sociale entre les deux sexes. C’est ce qu’on a trouvé dans la taquinerie naturelle. Mais ce n’est pas le cas dans les programmes télévisés de divertissement. Après avoir examiné deux talk show télévisés chinois, nous avons trouvé que l’animatrice est aussi agressive que l’animateur quand ils taquinent les invités. De plus, l’animateur ne considère pas le sexe des invités en taquinant sur la sexualité. C’est contraire à la situation normale. Cette différence est attribuée à l’asymétrie de puissance entre l’animateur et les invités dans les programmes télévisés de divertissement. Mots-Clés: taquinerie sexuelle, sexe, puissance, programmes télévisés de divertissement 摘要:幽默是人類所共有的特點。在各種形式的幽默中,嘲弄是最冒險的形式之一。在大多數文化裏,與性有關的嘲弄尤為敏感。以往的研究中曾經提到,一般來說,同女性相比,嘲弄更容易發生在男性身上;而不論對女性還是對男性而言,他(她)們的嘲弄對象多是男性。這是由於兩性之間的力量差異以及社會地位不對稱性所造成的。這一特點是由在自然情況下發生的嘲弄現象中所總結出來的。然而,在電視娛樂節目中卻不儘然。本文對兩個中國電視脫口秀節目進行了研究,發現在對嘉賓進行“性”嘲弄的時候,女主持人在攻擊性方面與男主持人不相上下。另外,男女主持人在進行“性”嘲弄的時候並沒有刻意考慮嘉賓的性別。這些現象與自然情況下十分不同。這種差異可以由電視娛樂節目中主持人和嘉賓之間不對稱的力量關係來解釋。 關鍵詞:“性”嘲弄;性別;力量;電視娛樂節目
3D Corresponding Control Points Estimation using Mean Shift Iteration
Shan-shan Fan,Xuan Yang
TELKOMNIKA : Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.11591/telkomnika.v10i5.1286
Abstract: Mean shift algorithm is widely used in 2D images. In this paper a novel 3D corresponding control points estimation using mean shift algorithm is proposed. This algorithm is not a simple extension from 2D to 3D, but computes the probability density function in each slice of the search region and connects them into a whole density function smoothed by Gaussian function. And then we calculate and compare Bhattacharyya coefficients to determine a new location of the trace point. A cylinder instead of ellipsoid is utilized as the search region to improve tracking accuracy. Also three revising methods different from the direct round-off way are proposed to modify the floating trace point. Experiment demonstrates the feasibility of this 3D mean shift algorithm and the effectiveness of the three revising methods.
Vitrectomy combined with silicone oil tamponade in the treatment of severely traumatized eyes with the visual acuity of no light perception
Shan-Shan Yang,Tao Jiang
International Journal of Ophthalmology , 2013, DOI: 10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2013.02.18
Abstract: AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of surgical treatment of vitrectomy combined with silicone oil tamponade in the treatment of severely traumatized eyes with the visual acuity of no light perception (NLP). METHODS: This was a retrospective uncontrolled interventional case-series of 19 patients of severely traumatized eyes with NLP who underwent vitrectomy surgery at the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University (Qingdao, China) during a 3-year period. We recorded perioperative factors with the potential to influence functional outcome including duration from the injury to intervention; causes for ocular trauma; open globe or closed globe injury; grade of vitreous hemorrhage; grade of endophthalmitis; grade of retinal detachment; size and location of intraocular foreign body (IOFB); extent and position of retinal defect; grade of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR); type of surgery; perioperative complications and tamponade agent. The follow-up time was from 3 to 18 months, and the mean time was 12 months. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up period of 12 months (3-18 months) 10.53% (2/19) of eyes had visual acuity of between 20/60 and 20/400, 52.63% (10/19) had visual acuity less than 20/400 but more than NLP, and 36.84% (7/19) remained NLP. Visual acuity was improved from NLP to light perception (LP) or better in 63.16% (12/19) of eyes and the rate of complete retinal reattachment was 73.68% (14/19). Good visual acuity all resulted from those patients of blunt trauma with intact eyewall (closed globe injury). The perioperative factors of poor visual acuity prognosis included delayed intervention; open globe injury; endophthalmitis; severe retinal detachment; large IOFB; macular defect; a wide range of retinal defects and severe PVR. CONCLUSION:The main reasons of NLP after ocular trauma are severe vitreous hemorrhage opacity; refractive media opacity; retinal detachment; retinal and uveal damages and defects, especially defects of the macula; PVR and endophthalmitis. NLP after ocular trauma in some cases does not mean permanent vision loss. Early intervention of vitrectomy combined with silicone oil tamponade and achieving retinal reattachment of the remaining retina, may make the severely traumatized eyes regain the VA of LP or better.
Broadband X-ray Spectral Investigations of Magnetars, 4U 0142+61, 1E 1841-045, 1E 2259+586, and 1E 1048.1-5937
Shan-Shan Weng,Ersin G??ü?
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/815/1/15
Abstract: We have generated an extended version of rather simplified but physically oriented three-dimensional magnetar emission model, STEMS3D, to allow spectral investigations up to 100 keV. We have then applied it to the broadband spectral spectra of four magnetars: 4U 0142+61, 1E 1841-045, 1E 2259+586 and 1E 1048.1-5937, using data collected with Swift/XRT or XMM-Newton in soft X-rays, and Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array in the hard X-ray band. We found that the hard X-ray emission of 4U 0142+61 was spectrally hard compared to the earlier detections, indicating that the source was likely in a transition to or from a harder state. We find that the surface properties of the four magnetars are consistent with what we have obtained using only the soft X-ray data with STEMS3D, implying that our physically motivated magnetar emission model is a robust tool. Based on our broadband spectral investigations, we conclude that resonant scattering of the surface photons in the magnetosphere alone cannot account for the hard X-ray emission in magnetars; therefore, an additional non-thermal process, or a population of relativistic electrons is required. We also discuss the implication of the non-detection of persistent hard X-ray emission in 1E 1048.1-5937.
The Construction of the Non-Material Incentive Model for the Firm Operator’s Compensation Contract in China  [PDF]
Biao Luo, Shan-Shan Zheng, Hong-Mei Ji, Chao Gong
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2012.53035
Abstract: Effective compensation contract is the most driving force that encourages the operator of the firm to work hard. This article, considering the ability of the operator, built a model of compensation contract with some explanatory variables, such as effort level and risk attitude of the operator, coefficient of input flexibility, and coefficient of discount. Then, it tried to use the principal-agent theory to solve the model of explicit function, and analyzed the model based on material incentive and non-material incentive in the mechanism of profit sharing; the conclusion had important practical significance for the firm to implement the performance management.
Validation of Type 2 Diabetes Risk Variants Identified by Genome-Wide Association Studies in Han Chinese Population: A Replication Study and Meta-Analysis
Yi-Cheng Chang, Pi-Hua Liu, Yu-Hsiang Yu, Shan-Shan Kuo, Tien-Jyun Chang, Yi-Der Jiang, Jiun-Yi Nong, Juey-Jen Hwang, Lee-Ming Chuang
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095045
Abstract: Background Several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) involving European populations have successfully identified risk genetic variants associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the effects conferred by these variants in Han Chinese population have not yet been fully elucidated. Methods We analyzed the effects of 24 risk genetic variants with reported associations from European GWAS in 3,040 Han Chinese subjects in Taiwan (including 1,520 T2DM cases and 1,520 controls). The discriminative power of the prediction models with and without genotype scores was compared. We further meta-analyzed the association of these variants with T2DM by pooling all candidate-gene association studies conducted in Han Chinese. Results Five risk variants in IGF2BP2 (rs4402960, rs1470579), CDKAL1 (rs10946398), SLC30A8 (rs13266634), and HHEX (rs1111875) genes were nominally associated with T2DM in our samples. The odds ratio was 2.22 (95% confidence interval, 1.81-2.73, P<0.0001) for subjects with the highest genetic score quartile (score>34) as compared with subjects with the lowest quartile (score<29). The incoporation of genotype score into the predictive model increased the C-statistics from 0.627 to 0.657 (P<0.0001). These estimates are very close to those observed in European populations. Gene-environment interaction analysis showed a significant interaction between rs13266634 in SLC30A8 gene and age on T2DM risk (P<0.0001). Further meta-analysis pooling 20 studies in Han Chinese confirmed the association of 10 genetic variants in IGF2BP2, CDKAL1, JAZF1, SCL30A8, HHEX, TCF7L2, EXT2, and FTO genes with T2DM. The effect sizes conferred by these risk variants in Han Chinese were similar to those observed in Europeans but the allele frequencies differ substantially between two populations. Conclusion We confirmed the association of 10 variants identified by European GWAS with T2DM in Han Chinese population. The incorporation of genotype scores into the prediction model led to a small but significant improvement in T2DM prediction.
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