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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 199 matches for " Shahnawaz Saqib "
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Impact of Tangible and Intangible Rewards on Organizational Commitment: Evidence from the Textile Sector of Pakistan  [PDF]
Shahnawaz Saqib, Muhammad Abrar, Hazoor Muhammad Sabir, Mohsin Bashir, Sajjad Ahmad Baig
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.53015
Abstract: This study explores the relationship between tangible rewards, intangible rewards and organizational commitment with the mediating role of collectivism in the textile sector of Pakistan. In total, 250 questionnaires were distributed. The response rate was 81%. Data were analyzed by using SPSS (20.0) software. Results showed that collectivism was negatively correlated with tangible and intangible rewards and positively correlated with organizational commitment. Further results showed that tangible and intangible rewards had a significant impact on the organizational commitment. Moreover, mediating role of collectivism has also been proved. Theoretical & managerial implications, recommendations and limitations for future research have been discussed.
The Effects of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards on Employee Attitudes; Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support  [PDF]
Ayesha Ajmal, Mohsin Bashir, Muhammad Abrar, Muhammad Mahroof Khan, Shahnawaz Saqib
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2015.84047
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards on employee attitudes, job satisfaction and organizational commitment as well as the mediating role of perceived organizational support. Data were collected from banking sector of Faisalabad, Pakistan. The main objective was to focus the employee’s perception about the organizational support and employees’ satisfaction and organizational commitment. The mediation effect of perception of organizational support was analyzed between the relationship of intrinsic & extrinsic rewards and employee attitudes like organizational commitment and job satisfaction. The study revealed that employees felt positively about intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. Limitations and future directions had also been discussed.
Tsunami Impacts on Nuclear Power Plants along Western Coast of India Due to a Great Makran Earthquake: A Numerical Simulation Approach  [PDF]
Mohd Zuhair, Shahnawaz Alam
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2017.812083
The major seismicity source in the northern Arabian Sea is the Makran Subduction Zone (MSZ) that defines the tectonic boundary between the Arabian plate and the Eurasian plate, located offshore Iran and Pakistan over which an instrumentally registered earthquake (Mw 8.1) generated a tsunami on 27 November, 1945. It has caused severe cataclysm to a vulnerable population along the surrounding coastlines, including India. It has been on a long seismic quiescence since this last event. The population and industrialization have exponentially increased along the coastal areas in last half decade. The highly exposed coastal locations to the tsunamis are the areas where the nuclear power plants are located. In the present work, a numerical simulation of a great tsunamigenic earthquake (M 9) is presented that predicts the generation, propagation, run-up and travel time using TUNAMI N2 for estimating tsunami impacts along the nuclear power plants of the western coast of India. TUNAMI N2 code was designed for shallow water wave equations, which uses the finite-difference method based on staggered-leap frog scheme. Thus, it has potential to simulate a far-field tsunami with much more accuracy than other methods. It is observed that the tsunami will strike along the coast of Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant (Maharashtra), Tarapur Nuclear Power Plant (Maharashtra), Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant (Karnataka) and Mithi-Virdi Nuclear Power Plant (Gujarat) after 210, 215, 225 and 230 minutes, respectively. Results show that the tsunami run-up is highest for Jaitapur coast (2.32 m). The Mithi-Virdi coast is the least effected (0.93 m) while Kaiga (2.15 m) and Tarapur coast (2.12 m) might have faced quite intense tsunami consequences. The arrival times and run-ups of the tsunami along the coast of different power plants have been calculated since these parameters are of vital importance in mitigation of the coastal hazard, evacuation planning and installation of early warning system in order to save the inhabited communities from the disaster.
Combination (5% Hydroquinone, 0.1% Tretinoin and 1% Hydrocortisone) Cream in Treating Facial Hyperpigmentation: A Retrospective Patient Satisfaction Survey  [PDF]
John Fleming, Saqib Bashir
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.45043
Abstract: Background: Melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation provide a significant source of psychosocial morbidity, especially in those with Fitzpatrick skin types III-VI. In Europe, a proprietary product aimed at treating these conditions, similar to Kligman’s formula but with a longer expiry date, has become available. Objectives: To assess patient satisfaction with a newly available combination de-pigmenting preparation. Methods: We conducted a small study to see if patients felt that this new product affected their quality of life and skin symptoms from hyperpigmentation. 41 subjects, who had all been prescribed a 15 g tube to use sparingly at night for 90 days within the last 12 months were telephoned to rate the effect the cream had on their quality of life and skin symptom improvement. Each patient also had their Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score assessed. Results: Out of the 29 patients who responded to the study, 22 had melasma and 7 had post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation from acne. 21 subjects felt that the cream made either a marked or moderate improvement on their quality of life and 23 subjects felt that the cream made either a marked or moderate improvement on their skin symptoms. Conclusion: Patients reported improvement in both hyperpigmentation and quality of life, suggesting a high level of satisfaction with treatment. The long shelf life of the product may also promote compliance and reduce health-care costs.
Muhammad Shahnawaz
The Professional Medical Journal , 2000,
Abstract: The radiology and ultrasound findings of androgen secreting adenoma of adrenal gland are described. A caseis presented of a female patient with hypertension, primary infertility, menstrual irregularity and virilizingsyndrome. Non functional adenomas of the adrenal gland have been found in 5% of the routine necropsiesbut functional adenoma is exceedingly rare.
Petrography and Provenance of Early Triassic Pachmarhi Formation Sandstones, Satpura Gondwana Basin, Madhya Pradesh, Central India  [PDF]
Abdullah Khan, Anis  , Shahnawaz  
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32012

The Pachmarhi, Denwa and Bagra Formations comprise of terrigenous sediments predominantly constitute the Mesozoic Gondwana sequence in Satpura basin of Madhya Pradesh, central India. The Pachmarhi Formation sandstones were studied with a view to understand the nature of the Satpura basin in relation to provenance and tectonic setting. Twenty representative samples of sandstone from Pachmarhi were examined for detrital mineralogy, petrofacies and tectonic implications. These sandstones are medium to coarse grained, moderately to moderately well sorted, subangular to subrounded and of moderate sphericity and composed of several varieties of quartz, feldspar, rock fragments, mica and a suite of heavy minerals. Petrographically, the Pachmarhi sandstones are quartzarenite and subarkose. The petrofacies studies reflect derivation of the sediments from continental block provenance and stable cratonic to fault-bounded basement uplift tectonic setting. The study suggests that the Precambrian granitoids occurring in the southern margin of the Satpura basin contributed sediments during Pachmarhi sedimentation.

The Professional Medical Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Topical application of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment heals anal fissures, providing an alternative to the traditional first linetreatment of surgical sphincterotomy. Setting: Tathlith General Hospital Saudi Arabia. Period: January 2001 – April 2003. Objective: Todetermine the effectiveness and safety of topical 0.5% glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) in the management of chronic anal fissure. Patients & methods:Individual Patients were randomized to receive 0.5%GTN paste or placebo three times per day for six weeks in addition to oral senna and/orlactulose. Patients took laxatives alone for further 6 weeks. Patients were followed every week for six weeks and then fortnightly for anothersix weeks to assess pain scores and were given advice. Results: Fifty patients were recruited in this study and 44 patients completed the trial (23 in the GTN group and 21 in the placebo group), patients who could not complete the study were excluded. At 6 weeks, 74% of patients had no pain in the GTN group as compared to the 29% in the placebo group. In 26% of cases treatment was unsuccessful. At three month follow up there was no early recurrence. The prevalence of headaches was 65% in GTN group ( reported by 15 patients) and 24% in placebo group (reported by 5 patients). Mean pain scores were lower in the GTN group as compared to the placebo group. Conclusions: The use of 0.5% GTN induces healing of chronic anal fissures and may by used as a first line of treatment in patients with chronic anal fissure. Successful treatment may come at the expense of a high incidence of headaches.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2002,
Abstract: H ypo-Osmotic Swelling (HOS) test is considered as a reliable method to find out live sperms. OBJECTIVE: Toevaluate the effect of HOS test for selection of alive sperms. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. PERIOD:June 2000-March 2002. SETTING: Infertility Advisory Centre Lahore. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twentyfour ICSI cycles were included in the study. In all the cases the sperms were non motile they were divided in twogroups. In group A (12 cases) sperms were used which were tested by HOS and labeled as alive sperms. In group B(12 cases) in which sperms were randomly selected (without HOS Test) and used in ICSI Fertilization, embryoquality and clinical pregnancy rate were compared in two groups. CONCLUSIONS: HOS test is an effective andsafe method to be used for selecting alive sperms in cases of necrospermia when they are used in Intracytoplasmic sperminjection (ICSI)to achieve a pregnancy.
Inflation and Economic Growth: Evidence from Pakistan
Shahzad Hussain,Shahnawaz Malik
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n5p262
Abstract: This study empirically explores the nexus between inflation and economic growth in the context of Pakistan economy. Annual data for the period of 1960-2006 has been used. According to the results of the study, inflation is positively related with economic growth in Pakistan and vice versa. As for as, the concern of causality between these two variables, it is found to be uni-directed. In other words, inflation is causing growth but not vice versa. To examine the extent to which economic growth is related to inflation and vice versa, Error Correction Models (ECM) have been employed. With the help of this procedure, it is possible to examine the short-run and long-run relationship between two variables. The Error Correction Model (ECM) test is essential to see whether an economy is converging towards equilibrium in the short- run or not. According to the outcome of the study, inflation is away from its equilibrium value. For instance, the error correction term -0.49 implies that 49 percent of the adjustments towards the short-run equilibrium relation for Pakistan occur within a year through changes in growth rates. On the other hand, 58 percent (error correction term -0.58) of the deviation of the inflation from its short-run equilibrium level is corrected each year. Furthermore, the estimated threshold model suggest that 9 percent threshold level (i.e. structural break point) of inflation above which inflation starts to lower the economic growth in Pakistan. Pakistan must need inflation but in single digit for growth because too fast a growth rate may also accelerate the inflation rate.
Growth Kinetics of Wildlife E. coli Isolates in Soil and Water  [PDF]
Meghan A. Gallagher, Raghupathy Karthikeyan, Saqib Mukhtar
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.328098
Abstract: Bacteria are the major cause of surface water contamination in the United States. US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) uses the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) process to regulate the E. coli loads from fecal sources in a watershed. Different point and non-point sources can contribute to the fecal contamination of a waterbody including municipal and on-site wastewater treatment plants, livestock, birds, and wildlife. Unfortunately, wildlife sources in many rural watersheds are poorly characterized. E. coli is also known to persist in waterbodies when no known fecal sources are present. In this study, E. coli from wildlife fecal material was enumerated and the fate of E. coli under different environmental factors was studied. No growth was observed in soil at 4% moisture content and in water at 10℃. The highest E. coli growth was recorded in water at 30℃. It can be seen from these results that there was variation in the fate of E. coli under different environmental conditions. The fate of E. coli in the environment is a complex process and is influenced by many factors and their interactions, making it difficult to predict. The findings from this study along with additional studies can be used to improve the accuracy of model predictions to estimate the E. coli loads in watersheds.
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