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Tsunami Impacts on Nuclear Power Plants along Western Coast of India Due to a Great Makran Earthquake: A Numerical Simulation Approach  [PDF]
Mohd Zuhair, Shahnawaz Alam
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2017.812083
The major seismicity source in the northern Arabian Sea is the Makran Subduction Zone (MSZ) that defines the tectonic boundary between the Arabian plate and the Eurasian plate, located offshore Iran and Pakistan over which an instrumentally registered earthquake (Mw 8.1) generated a tsunami on 27 November, 1945. It has caused severe cataclysm to a vulnerable population along the surrounding coastlines, including India. It has been on a long seismic quiescence since this last event. The population and industrialization have exponentially increased along the coastal areas in last half decade. The highly exposed coastal locations to the tsunamis are the areas where the nuclear power plants are located. In the present work, a numerical simulation of a great tsunamigenic earthquake (M 9) is presented that predicts the generation, propagation, run-up and travel time using TUNAMI N2 for estimating tsunami impacts along the nuclear power plants of the western coast of India. TUNAMI N2 code was designed for shallow water wave equations, which uses the finite-difference method based on staggered-leap frog scheme. Thus, it has potential to simulate a far-field tsunami with much more accuracy than other methods. It is observed that the tsunami will strike along the coast of Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant (Maharashtra), Tarapur Nuclear Power Plant (Maharashtra), Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant (Karnataka) and Mithi-Virdi Nuclear Power Plant (Gujarat) after 210, 215, 225 and 230 minutes, respectively. Results show that the tsunami run-up is highest for Jaitapur coast (2.32 m). The Mithi-Virdi coast is the least effected (0.93 m) while Kaiga (2.15 m) and Tarapur coast (2.12 m) might have faced quite intense tsunami consequences. The arrival times and run-ups of the tsunami along the coast of different power plants have been calculated since these parameters are of vital importance in mitigation of the coastal hazard, evacuation planning and installation of early warning system in order to save the inhabited communities from the disaster.
Muhammad Shahnawaz
The Professional Medical Journal , 2000,
Abstract: The radiology and ultrasound findings of androgen secreting adenoma of adrenal gland are described. A caseis presented of a female patient with hypertension, primary infertility, menstrual irregularity and virilizingsyndrome. Non functional adenomas of the adrenal gland have been found in 5% of the routine necropsiesbut functional adenoma is exceedingly rare.
Petrography and Provenance of Early Triassic Pachmarhi Formation Sandstones, Satpura Gondwana Basin, Madhya Pradesh, Central India  [PDF]
Abdullah Khan, Anis  , Shahnawaz  
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32012

The Pachmarhi, Denwa and Bagra Formations comprise of terrigenous sediments predominantly constitute the Mesozoic Gondwana sequence in Satpura basin of Madhya Pradesh, central India. The Pachmarhi Formation sandstones were studied with a view to understand the nature of the Satpura basin in relation to provenance and tectonic setting. Twenty representative samples of sandstone from Pachmarhi were examined for detrital mineralogy, petrofacies and tectonic implications. These sandstones are medium to coarse grained, moderately to moderately well sorted, subangular to subrounded and of moderate sphericity and composed of several varieties of quartz, feldspar, rock fragments, mica and a suite of heavy minerals. Petrographically, the Pachmarhi sandstones are quartzarenite and subarkose. The petrofacies studies reflect derivation of the sediments from continental block provenance and stable cratonic to fault-bounded basement uplift tectonic setting. The study suggests that the Precambrian granitoids occurring in the southern margin of the Satpura basin contributed sediments during Pachmarhi sedimentation.

Inflation and Economic Growth: Evidence from Pakistan
Shahzad Hussain,Shahnawaz Malik
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n5p262
Abstract: This study empirically explores the nexus between inflation and economic growth in the context of Pakistan economy. Annual data for the period of 1960-2006 has been used. According to the results of the study, inflation is positively related with economic growth in Pakistan and vice versa. As for as, the concern of causality between these two variables, it is found to be uni-directed. In other words, inflation is causing growth but not vice versa. To examine the extent to which economic growth is related to inflation and vice versa, Error Correction Models (ECM) have been employed. With the help of this procedure, it is possible to examine the short-run and long-run relationship between two variables. The Error Correction Model (ECM) test is essential to see whether an economy is converging towards equilibrium in the short- run or not. According to the outcome of the study, inflation is away from its equilibrium value. For instance, the error correction term -0.49 implies that 49 percent of the adjustments towards the short-run equilibrium relation for Pakistan occur within a year through changes in growth rates. On the other hand, 58 percent (error correction term -0.58) of the deviation of the inflation from its short-run equilibrium level is corrected each year. Furthermore, the estimated threshold model suggest that 9 percent threshold level (i.e. structural break point) of inflation above which inflation starts to lower the economic growth in Pakistan. Pakistan must need inflation but in single digit for growth because too fast a growth rate may also accelerate the inflation rate.
In vitro Germination of Ovules and Plant Regeneration for Cloning and Conservation of Rauwolfia serpentina
Devla,Md. Shahnawaz,Raageeva Bimal
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry , 2013,
Abstract: In an era of species extinction, conservation of biological diversity has assumed global importance. Consequently, biodiversity has become a hotly debated topic in the recent years. The Red Data Books of various regions exemplified the magnitude of vanishing genetic diversity of the biosphere and the rates of species extinction that may threaten mankind. Rauwolfia serpentina, a highly significant medicinal plant is one of the 20 endangered plants for which National Gene Bank at NBPGR, IARI, New Delhi has been standardizing protocol for in vitroconservation (Annual report 1997-1998, Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi, p.39). In the present paper, a simple biotechnological protocol for plant regeneration from green fertilized ovary pieces cultured on MS basal medium supplemented with CW(10%) both in culture room at 250C ± 30C and at room temperature has been reported which may be helpful in developing tissue culture nursery for supply of plantlets to herbal farmers. The tissue culture protocol may be used for conservation of R. serpentina.
Primary Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the Breast—A Case Report  [PDF]
Mushtaq Chalkoo, Shahnawaz Ahangar, Asim Rafiq Laharwal, Aasim Mushtaq Patloo, Abbass Mohd, Shabir Ahmed Dar
Surgical Science (SS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.23028
Abstract: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare soft tissue sarcoma. Breast is an extremely rare location of this lesion and presentation as a breast lump in the absence of pain or previous benign neural tumor is even rarer. We report such a lesion in a 60 year-old female who presented with hard and painless breast lump for 2 years. Histopathology revealed a malignant spindle cell tumor of low grade potential. It was subsequently confirmed to be malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) on the basis of immunopositivity for vimentin, neurone specific enolase and S-100.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Clinical Correlation with Biochemical Status  [PDF]
Rahila Yousouf, Musadiq Khan, Zeenat Kounsar, Shahnawaz Ahangar, Wasim Abdullah Lone
Surgical Science (SS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2012.35048
Abstract: Objective: To find out the correlation between various biochemical and clinical features of polycystic ovarian syndrome and to determine the best hormonal marker for the same. Material and Methods: The study included 100 patients of polycystic ovary syndrome (50 married & 50 unmarried) and a control group comprising of 50 women (25 married & 25 unmarried) in the age group of 18 - 30 years. The pregnant females and those having hyperandrogenism due to any other endocrine disorders were excluded. Results: Mean age was 27.66 years in the married study group and 25.46 years in the unmarried study group. About 71% of patients had oligomenorrhea. It significantly correlated with raised LH:FSH ratio and raised total testosterone levels. Body mass index was raised (>25 kg/m2) in 66.7% married and 72.66% unmarried patients in study group and in 22% in control group. 95% of the patients in the study group and 4% in the control group were detected to have polycystic ovaries on ultrasonography. 62% of the patients had raised LH levels; total testosterone was elevated in 57.7%. The LH:FSH ratio was raised in 41% in study group patients more in the unmarried group 56% than in married group 26%. 20% of patients in the control group had an elevated LH:FSH ratio. Total testosterone level was elevated in 60% of our patients. None of the patient in the control group had elevated testosterone levels. About 31% of the patients in study group were hirsute. Conclusion: Hormonal values correlate well with polycystic ovarian syndrome and serum total testosterone served as the best hormonal marker for such patients.
A Prospective Study on Clinical Profile of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) in Jammu for a Period of 1 Year  [PDF]
Ashwani Kumar, Zaffar kawoosa, Sajad Hamid, Surendar Kumar Bali, Mymoona Akhter, Shahnawaz Hamid
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2012.24020

The Present Study was conducted in department of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, jammu, Where a total of 41 patients29 males and 12 femalesfulfilled the inclusion criteria of ADPKD, were gathered during the period of 1 year starting from Nov. 2011 to Oct. 2012. All the patients were subjected to a detailed history, clinical examination and laboratory investigations. X-ray chest (PA view), ECG and ultrasound of abdomen for kidneys, liver and spleen were done. Intravenous pyelogram and CT scan of abdomen was done when a definitive diagnosis of (ADPKD) could not be made on abdominal ultrasound. Echocardiography was done to evaluate cardiac murmurs and associated mitral valve prolapse, based on standard criteria. Male to female patients with ADPKD was 2.42:1. Maximum 17 (41.5%) patients of both gender were seen in 30 - 40 years age group, Family history of ADPKD was present in 18 (43.9%) patients; Hypertension, alone or in combination with renal failure, was present in 65.8% patients; Hypertension alone was present in 19 (46.3%) patients;8 (19.5%) patients with hypertension had renal failure; Low back pain was present in 24 (58.5%) and abdominal pain in 22 (53.7%) patients; 15 (36.6%) patients presented with at least one episode of gross haematuria; Headache was experienced by 18 (43.9%) patients. On clinical examination, 24 (58.5%) were found to have palpable kidney and 10 (24.4%) had palpable liver. Spleen was palpable in 1 (2.4%) patient, Murmur of mitral valve prolapse was found in 2 (4.9%) Patients; 3 (7.3%) patients having left ventricular hypertrophy; mean Hb was 11.2 g/dL. The liver cysts were found in 24.4% of the patients; Out of 10 (24.4%) patients with hepatic cyst involvement, 1 patient each was found to have evidence of portal hypertension and evidence of hepatic cyst infection. In the present study, hypertension was most common presentation of this disease. So, control of hypertension is very important to prevent progression of this disease. Patients who are detected to have ADPKD should be regularly followed-up to prevent further progression by timely intervention. Also, family members of patients should be screened for disease and initiate treatment as early as possible.

Quality of Paneer Made from High Solid Reconstituted Milk as Influenced by Calcium Phosphate Incorporation
Shahnawaz Umer Khan,Mohammad Ashraf Pal
Journal of Food Technology , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/jftech.2010.169.174
Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate the quality characteristics of paneer, a directly acidified non-rennet fresh variety of cheese, made from reconstituted milk of higher total solid content so as to produce larger quantities of paneer per batch of milk taken for economical production of paneer. The paneer made from reconstituted milk of higher total solids content is known to produce quality wise inferior paneer. In an attempt to improve the quality of paneer from high solid reconstituted milk calcium phosphate was incorporated at different levels with a view to aid coagulation and improves the texture, cohesiveness and overall acceptability. It was found that the incorporation of different levels of calcium phosphate viz., 1, 1.5 and 2% to the reconstituted milk prior to acidification brought about significant improvement in the yield, total solids recovery, fat recovery, protein recovery and in sensory parameters like appearance, body and texture and overall acceptability scores at all levels of incorporation compared to control. Within the three calcium phosphate levels, 1.5% showed numerical superiority over the other two levels. In order to improve the quality characteristics of paneer from reconstituted milk it is suggested that calcium phosphate at the rate of 1.5% may be added prior to its manufacture.
Price Effects of Monetary Policy: The Case of a Small Open Economy of New Zealand
Shahnawaz Karim,Minsoo Lee,Christopher Gan
Economic Analysis and Policy , 2011,
Abstract: : This paper empirically examines the price effects of monetary policy shocks in New Zealand. Empirical analysis incorporates variables suggested by a hybrid New Open Economy Macroeconomic (NOEM) model, allowing both ‘producer and local currency pricing to market (PCP and LCP-PTM)’ activities of foreign exporters. Empirical findings indicate the absence of any price puzzle and show that New Zealand producer price index (PPI) responds more sluggishly than consumer price index (CPI) due to a restrictive domestic monetary stance; suggesting the differences between the exchange rate pass-through of monetary policy shocks to CPI and PPI resulting from exporters’ different pricing strategies.
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