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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1503 matches for " Shaharuddin MS "
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Menganalisis pola dan arah aliran hujan di Negeri Sembilan menggunakan kaedah GIS poligon Thiessen dan kontur Isoyet
Shaharuddin Ahmad
Geografia : Malaysian Journal of Society and Space , 2006,
Abstract: Curahan hujan seringkali digunakan sebagai indeks iklim bagi menentukan perubahan dalam kajian perubahan iklim global. Frekuensi dan tempoh curahan hujan dianggap sebagai indeks penting bagi bidang geomorfologi, hidrologi dan kajian cerun. Di samping itu, maklumat tentang taburan hujan penting kepada manusia kerana boleh mempengaruhi pelbagai aktiviti manusia seperti pertanian, perikanan dan pelancongan. Oleh itu, kajian ini meneliti pola taburan dan tren hujan yang terdapat di Negeri Sembilan. Data hujan bulanan dan tahunan untuk tempoh 21 tahun (1983 – 2003) dibekalkan oleh Perkhidmatan Kajicuaca Malaysia (MMS) bagi lapan stesen kajiklim yang terdapat di seluruh negeri. Kaedah GIS Poligon Thiessen dan Kontur Isoyet digunakan bagi mengira dan menentukan pola taburan hujan manakala kaedah Ujian Mann-Kendall digunakan bagi mengesan pola perubahan tren dan variabiliti hujan. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa berdasarkan kaedah Persentil dan Kontur Isoyet, pola taburan hujan di Negeri Sembilan boleh di kategorikan kepada dua jenis kawasan iaitu kawasan sederhana lembap (memanjang dari Jelebu -Kuala Pilah-Gemencheh) dan kawasan hujan lebat (sekitar kawasan pinggir pantai-Seremban-Chembong). Pola perubahan hujan didapati tidak tetap bagi kesemua stesen kajian bagi tempoh kajian ini. Berasaskan Ujian Mann-Kendall tahun 1980-an dan 1990-an menandakan tahun perubahan taburan hujan bagi kesemua stesen kajian yang boleh memberi kesan kepada kawasan tadahan dan seterusnya menentukan kadar bekalan air yang mencukupi. Perubahan pola taburan dan variabiliti hujan ini boleh dikaitkan dengan faktor tempatan seperti kepesatan pembangunan kawasan dan juga faktor global seperti perubahan iklim.
Lembaran Elektronik: Satu Pendekatan Berkomputer Bagi Kaedah Berangka
Shaharuddin Salleh
Matematika , 1994,
Abstract: Lotus 1-2-3 telah diperkenalkan penggunaannya dalam mengira dan menganalisis data dalam matapelajaran Kaedah Berangka MAT 2452, MAT 3452 (pelajar-pelajar Fakulti Kejuruteraan Jentera ) dan MAT 2443 (pelajar-pelajar FAkulti Ukur) di UTM. Kertas ini membincangkan keberkesanan hasil daripada perlaksanaan dan pencapaian pelajar. Projek percubaan ini boleh membantu dalam perlaksanaan kaedah berkomputer supaya merangkumi lebih banyak matapelajaran.
Poor sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program
Syazwan AI, Mohamad Azhar MN, Anita AR, Azizan HS, Shaharuddin MS, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Muhaimin AA, Nizar AM, Mohd Rafee B, Mohd Ibthisham A, Kasani A
Journal of Pain Research , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S22281
Abstract: or sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program Original Research (6036) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Mohamad Azhar MN, Anita AR, Azizan HS, Shaharuddin MS, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Muhaimin AA, Nizar AM, Mohd Rafee B, Mohd Ibthisham A, Kasani A Published Date September 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 287 - 296 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S22281 AI Syazwan1, MN Mohamad Azhar1, AR Anita1, HS Azizan1, MS Shaharuddin2, J Muhamad Hanafiah3, AA Muhaimin4, AM Nizar5, B Mohd Rafee1,6, A Mohd Ibthisham7, Adam Kasani7 1Environmental and Occupational Medicine Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Environmental and Occupational Health Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Health Services Management Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 6Ergonomic Division, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia; 7Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multidisciplinary, interventional, ergonomic education program designed to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal problems by reducing schoolbag weight and correcting poor sitting posture. Methods: Data were collected twice before and twice following intervention using the Standardized Nordic Body Map Questionnaire, a rapid upper limb assessment for posture evaluation, and schoolbag weight measurement in children aged 8 and 11 years attending two schools within the central region of Malaysia. Results: Students who received the ergonomic intervention reported significant improvements in their sitting posture in a classroom environment and reduction of schoolbag weight as compared with the controls. Conclusion: A single-session, early intervention, group ergonomics education program for children aged 8 and 11 years is appropriate and effective, and should be considered as a strategy to reduce musculoskeletal pain among schoolchildren in this age group.
Placement and Routing in VLSI design Problem Using Single Row Routing Technique
Farhana Johar,Shaharuddin Salleh
Matematika , 2007,
Abstract: Two major problems are involved in VLSI design, namely, the placement of components and routing between these components. Single row routing problem is a combinatorial optimization problem of significant importance for the design of complex VLSI multi layer printed circuit boards (PCB's). The design involves conductor routing that makes all the necessary wiring and interconnections between the PCB modules, such as pins, vias, and backplanes. In very large systems, the number of interconnections may exceed tens of thousands. Therefore, we have to optimize the wire routing and interconnections and thus determine the efficient designs. Kernighan-Lin algorithm, traveling salesman problem, simulated annealing algorithm and single row routing problem are used to find the best design. Included here are some simple examples to find the results. A simulation program using Microsoft Visual C++ is developed to simulate the single row routing problem using the simulated annealing algorithm.
Development of an indoor air quality checklist for risk assessment of indoor air pollutants by semiquantitative score in nonindustrial workplaces
Syazwan AI, Rafee BM, Hafizan J, Azman AZF, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Ibthisham AM, Hasmadi Ismail M, Azhar MNM, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S26567
Abstract: pment of an indoor air quality checklist for risk assessment of indoor air pollutants by semiquantitative score in nonindustrial workplaces Original Research (3180) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Rafee BM, Hafizan J, Azman AZF, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Ibthisham AM, Hasmadi Ismail M, Azhar MNM, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J Published Date April 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 17 - 23 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S26567 Received: 19 December 2011 Accepted: 17 January 2012 Published: 13 April 2012 AI Syazwan1, B Mohd Rafee1, Juahir Hafizan2, AZF Azman1, AM Nizar3, Z Izwyn4, AA Muhaimin5, MA Syafiq Yunos6, AR Anita1, J Muhamad Hanafiah1, MS Shaharuddin1, A Mohd Ibthisham7, Mohd Hasmadi Ismail8, MN Mohamad Azhar1, HS Azizan1, I Zulfadhli9, J Othman10 1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science and Biomedical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia; 5Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 6Plant Assessment Technology (PAT), Industrial Technology Division (BTI), Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuklear Malaysia), Bangi, Kajang, Malaysia; 7Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; 8Department of Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 9Faculty of Built Environment and Architect, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; 10Department of Counsellor Education and Counselling Psychology (DCECP), Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia Background: To meet the current diversified health needs in workplaces, especially in nonindustrial workplaces in developing countries, an indoor air quality (IAQ) component of a participatory occupational safety and health survey should be included. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and suggest a multidisciplinary, integrated IAQ checklist for evaluating the health risk of building occupants. This IAQ checklist proposed to support employers, workers, and assessors in understanding a wide range of important elements in the indoor air environment to promote awareness in nonindustrial workplaces. Methods: The general structure of and specific items in the IAQ checklist were discussed in a focus group meeting with IAQ assessors based upon the result of a literature review, previous industrial code of practice, and previous interviews with company employer
Kebakaran Hutan Dan Isu Pencemaran Udara Di Malaysia: Kes Jerebu Pada Ogos 2005
Shaharuddin Ahmad,Noorazuan Md Hashim
e-BANGI : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities , 2006,
Abstract: Air pollution in Malaysia, particularly the haze episode, has a strong relationship with the existence of hot spots observed from satellite image of Sumatra Island, Indonesia. Previous studies have shown that longer periods of dry spell due to El-Ni o phenomenon and the open burning practices of the agriculture areas of Sumatra triggered the haze episode in Malaysia. This article attempts to analyse the haze hazard on human and natural environments in Malaysia by focusing on the haze episode of August 2005. Using the GIS contour technique, the distribution of haze concentration or suspended particulate of the size smaller than 10 microns (PM10) was plotted for Peninsular Malaysia. Analysis of satellite data NOAA-14 from June to August 2005 showed that there were more than 250 hot spots within the burning green coverage areas in East Sumatra. The haze episode on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia worsened with the weak south-west wind. This preliminary result shows that there is a variation in air pollution concentration trends due to changes in the direction and speed of south-west prevailing wind during the haze episode. It is hoped that this study will provide the basic information for haze episode modelling in future, especially the impact of haze on primary economy sectors of Malaysia.
REVIEWING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SMART SCHOOLS AND THE TRAINING OF BESTARI TEACHERS IN MALAYSIA
Balkisnah SHAHARUDDIN,Norhasni Z. ABIDDIN
Journal of International Social Research , 2009,
Abstract: Smart Schools (Sekolah Bestari) and In cultured schools with Smart Technology (Pembestarian Sekolah) into institutions of excellence are two statements which discuss the direction of national education. This paper seeks to clarify the concept of Smart Schools and the in cultured schools with smart technology into institutions of excellence as a national agenda of utmost importance for the realization of Malaysia as a developed nation. This paper will outline the chronology of Bestari (Excellence) training which had been carried out in the period from 1998 to 2008. This article will also examine the concept of transfer of training specifically for the rationale and importance of Bestari training. Subsequent to that it will touch on some study papers on the training of Bestari teachers with the aim of assessing the extent of training transfer that had taken place amongst teachers who have attended the courses and related training – this is to highlight what have been done in Bestari training. It is hoped that, with this essay, the essentials of Bestari training from the aspects of support and hindrances can be identified and efforts for the improvements of training can be made from time to time.
Analysis of indoor air pollutants checklist using environmetric technique for health risk assessment of sick building complaint in nonindustrial workplace
Syazwan AI, Mohd Rafee B, Juahir H, Azman AZ, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Syahidatussyakirah K, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Mohd Ibthisham A, Mohd Hasmadi I, Mohamad Azhar MN, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J, Rozalini M, Kamarul FT
Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S33400
Abstract: nalysis of indoor air pollutants checklist using environmetric technique for health risk assessment of sick building complaint in nonindustrial workplace Original Research (1321) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Mohd Rafee B, Juahir H, Azman AZ, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Syahidatussyakirah K, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Mohd Ibthisham A, Mohd Hasmadi I, Mohamad Azhar MN, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J, Rozalini M, Kamarul FT Published Date September 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 107 - 126 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S33400 Received: 28 April 2012 Accepted: 10 July 2012 Published: 21 September 2012 AI Syazwan,1 B Mohd Rafee,1 Hafizan Juahir,2 AZF Azman,1 AM Nizar,3 Z Izwyn,4 K Syahidatussyakirah,1 AA Muhaimin,5 MA Syafiq Yunos,6 AR Anita,1 J Muhamad Hanafiah,1 MS Shaharuddin,7 A Mohd Ibthisham,8 I Mohd Hasmadi,9 MN Mohamad Azhar,1 HS Azizan,1 I Zulfadhli,10 J Othman,11 M Rozalini,12 FT Kamarul13 1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 2Department of Environmental Science/ Environmental Forensics Research Center (ENFORCE), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 3Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, 4Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science and Biomedical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, 5Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 6Plant Assessment Technology (PAT), Industrial Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, 7Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 8Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, 9Department of Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 10Faculty of Built Environment and Architect, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, 11Department of Counselor Education and Psychology Counseling, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 12Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Unit, Multimedia University, Jalan Multimedia 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor, 13ERALAB SDN. BHD. (Environmental Research and Analytical Laboratory Sdn. Bhd.), Selangor, MALAYSIA Purpose: To analyze and characterize a multidisciplinary, integrated indoor air quality checklist for evaluating the health risk of building occupants in a nonindustrial workplace setting. Design: A cross-sectional study based on a participatory occupational health program conducted by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (Malaysia) and Universiti Putra Malaysia. Method: A modified version of the indoor environmental checklist published by the Department of Occupational Health and Safety, based on the liter
Intravitreal triamcinolone versus laser photocoagulation as a primary treatment for diabetic macular oedema - a comparative pilot study
Mustapha Norlaili, Shaharuddin Bakiah, Embong Zunaina
BMC Ophthalmology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2415-11-36
Abstract: This comparative pilot study consists of 40 diabetic patients with diabetic macular oedema. The patients were randomized into two groups using envelope technique sampling procedure. Treatment for diabetic macular oedema was based on the printed envelope technique selected for every patient. Twenty patients were assigned for IVTA group (one injection of IVTA) and another 20 patients for LASER group (one laser session). Main outcome measures were mean BCVA and mean MEI at three months post treatment. The MEI was quantified using Heidelberg Retinal Tomography II.The mean difference for BCVA at baseline [IVTA: 0.935 (0.223), LASER: 0.795 (0.315)] and at three months post treatment [IVTA: 0.405 (0.224), LASER: 0.525 (0.289)] between IVTA and LASER group was not statistically significant (p = 0.113 and p = 0.151 respectively). The mean difference for MEI at baseline [IVTA: 2.539 (0.914), LASER: 2.139 (0.577)] and at three months post treatment [IVTA: 1.753 (0.614), LASER: 1.711 (0.472)] between IVTA and LASER group was also not statistically significant (p = 0.106 and p = 0.811 respectively).IVTA demonstrates good outcome comparable to laser photocoagulation as a primary treatment for diabetic macular oedema at three months post treatment.ISRCTN05040192 (http://www.controlled-trial.com webcite)Diabetic macular oedema (DME) is the leading causes of blindness in an increasing number of patients with diabetes. Reduction of visual acuity in DME results from accumulation of fluid produced from a rupture of the blood-retinal barrier into the inner nuclear layer of the retina. The thickened macula can be visualized on slit lamp examination using 90 Dioptre or 78 Dioptre lens. The retinal thickness can be measured or quantified by Optical Coherent Tomography (OCT), Confocal laser scanning using Heidelberg Retina Tomography II (HRT II) or Retinal Thickness Analyzer.Scanning laser tomography (SLT) in HRT II is a non-invasive technique which permits the objective, topographic measur
A Neural Network for Common Due Date Job Scheduling Problem on Parallel Unrelated Machines
Abdelaziz Hamad,Bahrom Sanugi,Shaharuddin Salleh
Matematika , 2001,
Abstract: This paper presents an approach for scheduling under a common due date on parallel unrelated machine problems based on artificial neural network. The objective is to allocate and sequence the jobs on the machines so that the total cost be minimized. This cost is composed of the total earliness and the total tardiness cost. Neural network is a suitable model in our study due to the fact that the problem is NP-hard. In our study, neural network has been proven to be effective and robust in generating near optimal solutions to the problem.
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