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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11622 matches for " Sexual Behavior "
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A Comparison of the Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Korean College Students Studying in Korea and in the United States  [PDF]
Young-Sil Bae, Dong-Hee Kim
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.511112
Abstract: The number of Korean students enrolling in universities overseas is rapidly growing. However, these populations are underrepresented in sexuality related research, despite the possibility of sexually risky behavior in overseas university students. We examined the sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of university students in Korea and studying in the United States. Data were collected—131 Korean students in Korea and in the US using a web-based self-report questionnaire system. Students in the US showed greater total sexual knowledge than students studied in Korea. There were differences in the sexual knowledge, attitude and behaviors according to general characteristics between both groups. Although students in the USA had a higher level of sexual knowledge, both students in the USA and in Korea had a low level of sexual knowledge overall.
Consequences of Different Hysterectomy Techniques in Sexual Behavior―A Systematic Review  [PDF]
Ana Fátima Fernandes, Ana Izabel Nicolau, Camila Vasconcelos, Pricilla Alves, Ana Karina Pinheiro, Namie Sawada, Cristina Maria Galv?o, Camila Moreira
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.46050

We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the influence of different hysterectomy techniques in the sexual behavior of women who underwent. We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library), PubMed, SCOPUS, CINAHL and LILACS for studies between the years 1998 and 2010 that prospectively examined the sexuality after hysterectomy. Those that were not randomized controlled clinical trials were excluded. It was not available electronically, it was not related with the outcomes determined, it was not research, but publications before 1998 and study which women realized chemotherapy and radiotherapy. From the 455 identified studies, 9 met inclusion criteria. There was variability in how hysterectomies influence in the sexual behavior. Most of studies considered women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy had fewer changes in sexual behavior. Sexual desire, intercourse frequency and orgasm are the sexual aspects reported by women as more changes experimented after surgery. Findings from this study have implications for healthcare providers and policymakers. Each woman needs an individualized care plan that fits within the context of her life, and there are basic interventions that every woman who underwent hysterectomy should receive. This review draws attention to the need for different care plans for women who underwent different hysterectomy techniques.

Differential Effect of Acute Stress on Visuospatial Working Memory and Sexual Motivation in Male Rats  [PDF]
Marisela Hernández-González, Enrique Hernández-Arteaga, Mayra Linné Almanza-Sepúlveda, Miguel ángel Guevara
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.57023
Abstract: Working memory is an executive function that is highly dependent on the functioning of the prefrontal cortex. Several studies using food or drink as rewards have demonstrated that rats are capable of performing tasks that involve working memory. Sexual behavior is another highly-rewarding, motivated behavior that has proven to be an efficient incentive in classical operant tasks. Considering that both sexual behavior and working memory are sensitive to the effects of stress, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of acute stress on visuospatial working memory during a sexually-motivated task (a nonmatching-to-sample task in a T-maze) in male rats. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were trained in the T-maze using sexual interaction (intromission and ejaculation) as a reinforcer during a 4-day training period (training sessions held every 4th day). On the basis of their performance, the rats were classified as good-learners (n = 12) and bad-learners (n = 20), and on the fifth day, 6 good-learners and 10 bad-learners were subjected to stress using the cold water immersion model (CWI, 15°C) for 15 minutes before they were evaluated in the T-maze. The remaining rats made up the control group (i.e., they performed the task without previous stress). Results showed that acute stress by CWI improved working memory in the bad-learners but did not affect the performance of the good-learners, although in both groups (good- and bad-learners) stress decreased the sexual motivation to perform the task. It is probable that the increased levels of corticosterone in the stress situation could activate glutamatergic transmission in the prefrontal cortex, thus facilitating working memory and, simultaneously, decreasing testosterone levels, which exerts a negative effect on sexual motivation in these male rats.
Conducta sexual y anticonceptiva en estudiantes de medicina
Campo-Cabal,Gerardo; Becerra,Lina V; Cede?o,María C; Uribe,Giselle A; Villa,Lina M.; Vargas,Ana M.; Echandía,Carlos;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2006,
Abstract: introduction: previous research and data arising from the “universidad del valle” medical school health service suggest that students exhibit irresponsible sexual behavior. objective: this paper describes sexual behavior and contraceptive methods commonly used among first, third and last year students. results: students entering the program are frequently late adolescents, with a growing female proportion, coming from high and middle social and economic classes. although male students begin coital contacts earlier than females (p<0.001), in recent years this is tending to balance, showing no differences in the freshmen cohorts. both genders have similar sexual behavior, with a small percentage remaining virgin until internship. condom and oral contraceptives are favored as contraceptive methods. medical students exhibit a high degree of risk-taking behavior, therefore unwanted pregnancies, abortions and stds are frequent and become more prevalent in upper levels. reasons exposed to avoid the use of contraceptive methods seem invalid and irrelevant.
Sexuality of Repartnered Men and Women in France: Sexual Behaviors, Perceptions, Expectations and Sexual Dysfunctions  [PDF]
Marie-Helene Colson, Antoine Lemaire, Patrick Klein
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2012.21003
Abstract: Introduction. Although many epidemiological studies on sexuality have been published, none have specifically addressed male and female sexuality in repartnered couples. Aim. To investigate men and women’s sexual behaviors, perceptions and expectations, and the frequency of their sexual dysfunctions, with a focus on repartnered couples, i.e, subjects living with a partner in a stable relationship after divorce or widowhood (including both remarried couples and cohabitating unmarried couples). Methods. Analysis of telephone survey data collected from 1,002 French subjects (483 men, 519 women) ≥35years. Of these, 748 were living with their partner as part of a heterosexual couple. For these subjects, the sexuality of 149 repartnered subjects was compared to that of the other 599 subjects. Main Outcome Measures. A 39-item questionnaire assessing subjects' perceptions, expectations, sexual behaviors and dysfunctions. Results. Compared with other subjects, men and women in repartnered couples had more active sexuality and more interest in sexuality (men 93% vs 80%, P < 0.01, women 73% vs 65%, P < 0.05). They were generally more sensitive to feelings and emotions linked to their sexuality, and these feelings seemed to increase steadily with age. Their sexuality was more attuned to their partner’s pleasure (men 79% vs. 59% P < 0.001, women 50% vs. 34% P < 0.01). Concern for the future of the relationship and for sexuality was equally present for both groups, although repartnered couples were more often concerned about potential inadequacy and conflicts between the two partners. Although repartnered men seemed to be less affected by diminished desire, they had slightly higher rates of premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction, and considered their quality of life to be more affected by these problems. Conclusion. The sexuality of repartnered couples remains poorly studied, but seems to differ from that of non-repartnered couples. Our findings open interesting avenues of research on the diagnosis and management of repartnered couples.
Peer Pressure Is the Prime Driver of Risky Sexual Behaviors among School Adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia  [PDF]
Amsale Cherie, Yemane Berhane
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2012.23021
Abstract: Background: Understanding ecological factors that influence risky sexual behavior of adolescents is vital in designing and implementing sexual risk reduction interventions in specific contexts. Interventions undertaken without understanding the critical factors may not produce the desired results. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with adolescent risky sexual behavior among school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among randomly selected school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected by an anonymous self administered questionnaire. Risky sexual behavior was assessed by asking question about sexual activity, consistent condom use and faithfulness to a single partner. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify factors related to sexual behavior using the ecological framework. Result: Overall 377(10.6%) of the 723 sexually active students were involved in risky sexual practices. Risky sexual behavior was significantly and very strongly associated with perception of peers' involvement in sexual intercourse [AOR = 11.68 (95% CI: 8.76 - 15.58)]. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that peer pressure is the most important factor associated with risky sexual behavior among school adolescents in Addis Ababa. Interventions aimed at reducing sexual behavior among school adolescents should target adolescents as a group rather than individually.
An Appraisal of Sexual Behaviors, STI/HIV Prevalence, and HIV Prevention Programs among Truckers in India: A Critical Literature Review  [PDF]
Damodar Sahu, Arvind Pandey, Ram Manohar Mishra, Niranjan Saggurti, Shekhar Setu, Indra Raj Singh
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2014.42026

Background: A systematic review portraying the changing pattern of sexual behaviors, STI and HIV prevalence and key strategies curb HIV and STI among truckers in India is lacking. This paper therefore aims to present a chronological review of literature regarding sexual behaviors, STI/HIV prevalence, and various HIV prevention programs implemented among truckers in India. Methodology: Published and unpublished studies (1990-2011) were identified through electronic databases, and hand searching. Results: Most studies on sexual behaviors and STI/HIV prevalence among truckers focused only on drivers and ignored their helpers. Evidences suggest that consistent condom use by truckers with both paid and non-paid female partners has increased during the past decade. Many recent studies suggest that the HIV prevalence among truckers is about 2% and it has been declining slowly during the past decade. The HIV prevention programs among truckers which started with the aim of raising awareness about HIV during early 1990s, have grown multi-folds to encompass not only the standard strategies like mid-media events, interpersonal counselling and STI care for HIV prevention, but also innovations such as the use of business franchisee models, and integrated research and evidence based planning in the program. The possibilities of using new approaches such as male circumcision and the use of pre-exposure prophylaxes are underway. Conclusion: More studies are needed to explore helpers’ vulnerabilities to HIV. Very few studies have attempted to examine the impact of large-scale prevention programs among truckers. Efforts are required to examine the impact of different components of such programs to guide the HIV prevention efforts among truckers in India.

Prevalence and Incidence of HIV Infection among Fishermen along Lake Victoria Beaches in Kisumu County, Kenya  [PDF]
Raphael Omusebe Ondondo, Zipporah Waithera Ng’ang’a, Solomon Mpoke, Michael Kiptoo, Elizabeth A. Bukusi
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2014.42027

Background: Herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) and human papillomavirus (HPV) are common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among fishing communities and are associated with high HIV prevalence in this underserved population. However, there is limited knowledge on HIV incidence among fishermen. This study aimed at determining prevalence, incidence and risk factors associated with HIV infection among fishermen in Kisumu Kenya. Methods: Three hundred fishermen were evaluated for baseline HIV, HSV-2, HPV infection and a structured questionnaire administered. HIV incidence was assessed after 12 months among those initially HIV negative. HIV incidence rate in person-years and prevalence were estimated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine factors independently associated with HIV acquisition. Results: HIV prevalence was 23.3% (95% CI: 18.5 - 28.1). Risk factors for baseline HIV prevalence were older age (aOR = 2.13; 95% CI: 1.25 - 5.07), history of STI (aOR 4.21; 95% CI: 2.07 - 9.34), baseline HPV infection (aOR 2.13; 95% CI: 1.05 - 4.77), number of lifetime sexual partners (>5) aOR = 5.76 (95% CI: 1.41 - 13.57) and transactional sex (aOR = 10.98; 95% CI: 1.86 - 19.34). Condom uses with new sexual partner (aOR 0.21, 95% CI: 0.08 - 0.55) and during most recent sexual act (aOR 0.09, 95% CI: 0.03 - 0.61), were negatively associated with HIV prevalence. HIV incidence was 4.2 (95% CI = 1.3 - 7.1) per 100 person-years with being single (aIRR = 8.32; 95% CI: 1.27 - 54.67) as an independent risk factor. Condom use with new sexual partner (aIRR = 0.11; 95% CI: 0.01 - 0.89) and recent sex with wife/regular girlfriend (compared to sex worker/casual partner; aIRR = 0.03; 95% CI: 0.01 - 0.35) were associated with reduced risk of HIV acquisition. Conclusion: Inconsistent condom use and transactional/casual sexual partnerships were the main high-risk sexual behaviors in addition to marital status explaining the high HIV acquisition rate among fishermen. Intensified safer sex promotion is urgently needed in this subpopulation to avert new HIV infections.

Desarrollo de la orientación sexual en adolescentes de 16 a 18 a?os de ambos sexos de Santiago de Chile: Estudio Exploratorio
Conejero S,Jennifer; Almonte V,Carlos;
Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-92272009000300004
Abstract: the purpose of this study is explore and describe the expression of the sexual orientation in 232 chilean adolescent (16 to 18 years old), resident of santiago city and they were studying in high-school of middle socioeconomic level, these high-school are sex differentiated. student responded a self-administrate sexual orientation questionnaire created by drs. almonte - herskovic. in this study were chosen variables associated to sexual orientation by many authors, these were: sexual identification, sexual attraction, sexual fantasies, feeling and romantics emotions and sexual behavior. the results indicated that 96,96% of males and 90,91% of females opted by heterosexual self identification, heterosexual was a mostly important tendency in all variables in both groups. although, men and women were statically heterogeneous in the way that they expressed their sexual orientation, women presented more different options than men. females responded non-heterosexuals options with major frequency than males. this paper postulated that could exist sexual dimorphism in the way that they express their sexual orientation and this dimorphism must be considerate in educative and clinical practice.
TeenSTAR: una opción de madurez y libertad: Programa de educación integral de la sexualidad, orientado a adolescentes
Vigil P,Pilar; Riquelme R,Rosa; Rivadeneira H,Rosario; Aranda,Waldo;
Revista médica de Chile , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872005001000006
Abstract: urgent measures are required to stop the increase in the frequency of pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases among teenagers. a means of facing this problem is promoting sexual abstinence among youngsters. there are studies that confirm the efficacy of this approach. aim: to show the results of the application of a holistic sexuality program (teenstar) among chilean teenagers. subjects and methods: students attending basic or high school were divided into a control or study group. the control group (342 students) received the usual education on sexuality given by their schools and the study group (398 students) participated in twelve teenstar sessions lasting 1.5 hours each, given by a trained professor. assessment of achievements was made using an anonymous questionnaire answered at the start and end of the program. results: the rates of sexual initiation among control and study groups were 15 and 6.5%, respectively. among sexually active students, 20% of those in the study group and 9% of those in the control group discontinued sexual activity. conclusions: a higher proportion of students in the teenstar program retarded their sexual initiation or discontinued sexual activity and found more reasons to maintain sexual abstinence than control students (rev méd chile 2005; 133: 1173-82)
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