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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5463 matches for " Seung-Hyun Moon "
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Experimental Study of the Fry-Drying Phenomena of Organic Wastes in Hot Oil for Waste-Derived Solid Fuel  [PDF]
Tae-In Ohm, Jong-Seung Chae, Seung-Hyun Moon
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.57065
Abstract:

In sludge treatment, drying sludge using typical technology with high water content to a water content of approximately 10% is always difficult because of adhesive characteristics of sludge in drying. Many methods have been applied, including direct and indirect heat drying, but these approaches of reducing water content to below 40% after drying are very inefficient in energy utilization of drying sludge. In this study, fry-drying technology with a high heat transfer coefficient of approximately 500 W/m2·°C was used to dry swine excreta, sewage and industrial sludge. Also waste oil was used in the fry-drying process, and because the oil’s boiling point is between 240°C and 340°C and the specific heat is approximately 60% of that of water. In the fry-drying system, the sludge is input by molding it into a designated form after heating the waste oil at temperatures between 130°C and 150°C. At these temperatures, the heated oil rapidly evaporates the water contained in the sludge, leaving the oil itself. After approximately 8 - 10 min, the water content of the sludge was less than 10%, and its heating value surpassed 20,000 kJ/kg. Indeed, this makes the organic sludge appropriate for use as a solid fuel. The dried swine excreta, sewage and industrial sludge can be used in an incinerator like low-rank coal or solid fuel.

Insulin Receptor-Overexpressing β-Cells Ameliorate Hyperglycemia in Diabetic Rats through Wnt Signaling Activation
Mi-Hyun Kim, Seung-Hyun Hong, Moon-Kyu Lee
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067802
Abstract: To investigate the therapeutic efficacy and mechanism of β-cells with insulin receptor (IR) overexpression on diabetes mellitus (DM), rat insulinoma (INS-1) cells were engineered to stably express human insulin receptor (INS-IR cells), and subsequently transplanted into streptozotocin- induced diabetic rats. Compared with INS-1 cells, INS-IR cells showed improved β-cell function, including the increase in glucose utilization, calcium mobilization, and insulin secretion, and exhibited a higher rate of cell proliferation, and maintained lower levels of blood glucose in diabetic rats. These results were attributed to the increase of β-catenin/PPARγ complex bindings to peroxisome proliferator response elements in rat glucokinase (GK) promoter and the prolongation of S-phase of cell cycle by cyclin D1. These events resulted from more rapid and higher phosphorylation levels of insulin-signaling intermediates, including insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1/IRS-2/phosphotylinositol 3 kinase/v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) 1, and the consequent enhancement of β-catenin nuclear translocation and Wnt responsive genes including GK and cyclin D1. Indeed, the higher functionality and proliferation shown in INS-IR cells were offset by β-catenin, cyclin D1, GK, AKT1, and IRS-2 gene depletion. In addition, the promotion of cell proliferation and insulin secretion by Wnt signaling activation was shown by 100 nM insulin treatment, and to a similar degree, was shown in INS-IR cells. In this regard, this study suggests that transferring INS-IR cells into diabetic animals is an effective and feasible DM treatment. Accordingly, the method might be a promising alternative strategy for treatment of DM given the adverse effects of insulin among patients, including the increased risk of modest weight gain and hypoglycemia. Additionally, this study demonstrates that the novel mechanism of cross-talk between insulin and Wnt signaling plays a primary role in the higher therapeutic efficacy of IR-overexpressing β-cells.
A Study on Stroke Rehabilitation through Task-Oriented Control of a Haptic Device via Near-Infrared Spectroscopy-Based BCI
Berdakh Abibullaev,Jinung An,Seung-Hyun Lee,Jeon-Il Moon
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: This paper presents a study in task-oriented approach to stroke rehabilitation by controlling a haptic device via near-infrared spectroscopy-based brain-computer interface (BCI). The task is to command the haptic device to move in opposing directions of leftward and rightward movement. Our study consists of data acquisition, signal preprocessing, and classification. In data acquisition, we conduct experiments based on two different mental tasks: one on pure motor imagery, and another on combined motor imagery and action observation. The experiments were conducted in both offline and online modes. In the signal preprocessing, we use localization method to eliminate channels that are irrelevant to the mental task, as well as perform feature extraction for subsequent classification. We propose multiple support vector machine classifiers with a majority-voting scheme for improved classification results. And lastly, we present test results to demonstrate the efficacy of our proposed approach to possible stroke rehabilitation practice.
Minimizing inter-subject variability in fNIRS based Brain Computer Interfaces via multiple-kernel support vector learning
Berdakh Abibullaev,Jinung An,Seung-Hyun Lee,Sang-Hyeon Jin,Jeon-Il Moon
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Brain signal variability in the measurements obtained from different subjects during different sessions significantly deteriorates the accuracy of most brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. Moreover these variabilities, also known as inter-subject or inter-session variabilities, require lengthy calibration sessions before the BCI system can be used. Furthermore, the calibration session has to be repeated for each subject independently and before use of the BCI due to the inter-session variability. In this study, we present an algorithm in order to minimize the above-mentioned variabilities and to overcome the time-consuming and usually error-prone calibration time. Our algorithm is based on linear programming support-vector machines and their extensions to a multiple kernel learning framework. We tackle the inter-subject or -session variability in the feature spaces of the classifiers. This is done by incorporating each subject- or session-specific feature spaces into much richer feature spaces with a set of optimal decision boundaries. Each decision boundary represents the subject- or a session specific spatio-temporal variabilities of neural signals. Consequently, a single classifier with multiple feature spaces will generalize well to new unseen test patterns even without the calibration steps. We demonstrate that classifiers maintain good performances even under the presence of a large degree of BCI variability. The present study analyzes BCI variability related to oxy-hemoglobin neural signals measured using a functional near-infrared spectroscopy.
Least-squares based iterative multipath super-resolution technique
Wooseok Nam,Seung-Hyun Kong
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, we study the problem of multipath channel estimation for direct sequence spread spectrum signals. To resolve multipath components arriving within a short interval, we propose a new algorithm called the least-squares based iterative multipath super-resolution (LIMS). Compared to conventional super-resolution techniques, such as the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) and the estimation of signal parameters via rotation invariance techniques (ESPRIT), our algorithm has several appealing features. In particular, even in critical situations where the conventional super-resolution techniques are not very powerful due to limited data or the correlation between path coefficients, the LIMS algorithm can produce successful results. In addition, due to its iterative nature, the LIMS algorithm is suitable for recursive multipath tracking, whereas the conventional super-resolution techniques may not be. Through numerical simulations, we show that the LIMS algorithm can resolve the first arrival path among closely arriving independently faded multipaths with a much lower mean square error than can conventional early-late discriminator based techniques.
Sarcopenia as a Determinant of Blood Pressure in Older Koreans: Findings from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 2008–2010
Kyungdo Han, Yu-Mi Park, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Seung-Hyun Ko, Seung-Hwan Lee, Hyeon Woo Yim, Won-Chul Lee, Yong Gyu Park, Mee Kyoung Kim, Yong-Moon Park
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086902
Abstract: Background Blood pressure (BP) is directly and causally associated with body size in the general population. Whether muscle mass is an important factor that determines BP remains unclear. Objective To investigate whether sarcopenia is associated with hypertension in older Koreans. Participants We surveyed 2,099 males and 2,747 females aged 60 years or older. Measurements Sarcopenia was defined as an appendicular skeletal muscle mass divided by body weight (ASM/Wt) that was <1 SD below the gender-specific mean for young adults. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2. Subjects were divided into four groups based on presence or absence of obesity or sarcopenia. Hypertension was defined as a systolic BP (SBP) ≥140 mmHg, a diastolic BP (DBP) ≥90 mmHg, or a self-reported current use of antihypertensive medications. Results The overall prevalence of hypertension in the four groups was as follows 49.7% for non-obese non-sarcopenia, 60.9% for non-obese sarcopenia, 66.2% for obese non-sarcopenia and 74.7% for obese sarcopenia. After adjustment for age, gender, regular activity, current smoking and alcohol use, the odds ratio (OR) for having hypertension was 1.5 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.23–1.84) in subjects in the non-obese sarcopenia group, 2.08 (95% CI = 1.68–2.57) in the obese non-sarcopenia group and 3.0 (95% CI = 2.48–3.63) in the obese sarcopenia group, compared with the non-obese non-sarcopenia group (p for trend <0.001). Controlling further for body weight and waist circumference did not change the association between hypertension and sarcopenia. The association between sarcopenia and hypertension was more robust in the subjects with diabetes mellitus. Conclusion Body composition beyond BMI has a considerable impact on hypertension in elderly Koreans. Subjects with sarcopenic obesity appear to have a greater risk of hypertension than simply obese or sarcopenia subjects.
Ordered Growth of Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Thin Films on Dielectric Amorphous SiO2 by MBE
Sahng-Kyoon Jerng,Kisu Joo,Youngwook Kim,Sang-Moon Yoon,Jae Hong Lee,Miyoung Kim,Jun Sung Kim,Euijoon Yoon,Seung-Hyun Chun,Yong Seung Kim
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1039/C3NR03032F
Abstract: Topological insulators (TIs) are exotic materials which have topologically protected states on the surface due to the strong spin-orbit coupling. However, a lack of ordered growth of TI thin films on amorphous dielectrics and/or insulators presents a challenge for applications of TI-junctions. We report the growth of topological insulator Bi2Se3 thin films on amorphous SiO2 by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). To achieve the ordered growth of Bi2Se3 on amorphous surface, the formation of other phases at the interface is suppressed by Se passivation. Structural characterizations reveal that Bi2Se3 films are grown along the [001] direction with a good periodicity by van der Waals epitaxy mechanism. Weak anti-localization effect of Bi2Se3 films grown on amorphous SiO2 shows modulated electrical property by the gating response. Our approach for ordered growth of Bi2Se3 on amorphous dielectric surface presents considerable advantages for TI-junctions with amorphous insulator or dielectric thin films.
Abnormal Reorganization of Functional Cortical Small-World Networks in Focal Hand Dystonia
Seung-Hyun Jin, Peter Lin, Mark Hallett
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028682
Abstract: We investigated the large-scale functional cortical connectivity network in focal hand dystonia (FHD) patients using graph theoretic measures to assess efficiency. High-resolution EEGs were recorded in 15 FHD patients and 15 healthy volunteers at rest and during a simple sequential finger tapping task. Mutual information (MI) values of wavelet coefficients were estimated to create an association matrix between EEG electrodes, and to produce a series of adjacency matrices or graphs, G, by thresholding with network cost. Efficiency measures of small-world networks were assessed. As a result, we found that FHD patients have economical small-world properties in their brain functional networks in the alpha and beta bands. During a motor task, in the beta band network, FHD patients have decreased efficiency of small-world networks, whereas healthy volunteers increase efficiency. Reduced efficient beta band network in FHD patients during the task was consistently observed in global efficiency, cost-efficiency, and maximum cost-efficiency. This suggests that the beta band functional cortical network of FHD patients is reorganized even during a task that does not induce dystonic symptoms, representing a loss of long-range communication and abnormal functional integration in large-scale brain functional cortical networks. Moreover, negative correlations between efficiency measures and duration of disease were found, indicating that the longer duration of disease, the less efficient the beta band network in FHD patients. In regional efficiency analysis, FHD patients at rest have high regional efficiency at supplementary motor cortex (SMA) compared with healthy volunteers; however, it is diminished during the motor task, possibly reflecting abnormal inhibition in FHD patients. The present study provides the first evidence with graph theory for abnormal reconfiguration of brain functional networks in FHD during motor task.
Graphitic carbon grown on fluorides by molecular beam epitaxy
Sahng-Kyoon Jerng, Jae H Lee, Yong S Kim and Seung-Hyun Chun
Nanoscale Research Letters , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1556-276X-8-11
Abstract: We study the growth mechanism of carbon molecules supplied by molecular beam epitaxy on fluoride substrates (MgF2, CaF2, and BaF2). All the carbon layers form graphitic carbon with different crystallinities depending on the cation. Especially, the growth on MgF2 results in the formation of nanocrystalline graphite (NCG). Such dependence on the cation is a new observation and calls for further systematic studies with other series of substrates. At the same growth temperature, the NCG on MgF2 has larger clusters than those on oxides. This is contrary to the general expectation because the bond strength of the carbon-fluorine bond is larger than that of the carbon-oxygen bond. Our results show that the growth of graphitic carbon does not simply depend on the chemical bonding between the carbon and the anion in the substrate.
An Elaborate Frequency Offset Estimation for OFDM Systems
Seung-Hyun Nam;Jae-Seon Yoon;Hyoung-Kyu Song
PIER Letters , 2008, DOI: 10.2528/PIERL08051204
Abstract: In this paper, a carrier frequency offset estimation scheme in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing is proposed. We focus on increasing the correlation of each PN sequence code repeated in one preamble. We aim at getting an efficiency like using many preambles. The proposed method can improve the performance of the system by estimating fine frequency offset. Also, the proposed method enhances reliability by maximizing the number of correlations compared with the established method in time domain.
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