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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2996 matches for " Seung Hwan Cha "
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Biliary reflux detection in anomalous union of the pancreatico-biliary duct patients
Suk Keu Yeom,Seung Wha Lee,Sang Hoon Cha,Hwan Hoon Chung
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2012, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i9.952
Abstract: AIM: To demonstrate the imaging findings of biliopancreatic and pancreatico-biliary reflux in patients with anomalous union of the pancreatico-biliary duct (AUPBD) on gadoxetic acid-enhanced functional magnetic resonance cholangiography (fMRC). METHODS: This study included six consecutive patients (two men and four women; mean age 47.5 years) with AUPBD. All subjects underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP); one subject also underwent bile sampling of the common bile duct (CBD) to measure the amylase level because his gadoxetic acid-enhanced fMRC images showed evidence of pancreatico-biliary reflux of pancreatic secretions. Of the five patients with choledochal cysts, four underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. RESULTS: The five cases of choledochal cysts were classified as Todani classification I. In three of the six patients with AUPBD, injected contrast media reached the distal CBD and pancreatic duct on delay images, suggesting biliopancreatic reflux. In two of these six patients, a band-like filling defect was noted in the CBD on pre-fatty meal images, which decreased in size on delayed post-fatty meal images, suggesting pancreatico-biliary reflux of pancreatic secretions, and the bile sampled from the CBD in one patient had an amylase level of 113 000 IU/L. In one of the six patients with AUPBD, contrast media did not reach the distal CBD due to multiple CBD stones. CONCLUSION: Gadoxetic acid-enhanced fMRC successfully demonstrated biliopancreatic reflux of bile and pancreatico-biliary reflux of pancreatic secretions in patients with AUPBD with and without choledochal cysts.
Paraaortic lymph node metastasis in patients with intra-abdominal malignancies: CT vs PET
Mi-Jung Lee, Mi Jin Yun, Mi-Suk Park, Seung Hwan Cha, Myeong-Jin Kim, Jong Doo Lee, Ki Whang Kim
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2009,
Abstract: AIM: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET) for the preoperative detection of paraaortic lymph node (PAN) metastasis in patients with intra-abdominal malignancies.METHODS: Sixty-six patients with intra-abdominal malignancies who underwent both CT and PET before lymphadenectomy were included in this study. Histopathologically, 13 patients had metastatic PAN, while 53 had non-metastatic PAN. The CT criteria for metastasis were: short diameter of > 8 mm, lobular or irregular shape, and/or combined ancillary findings, including necrosis, conglomeration, vessel encasement, and infiltration. The PET criterion was positive fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of both modalities were compared with the pathologic findings, and the false positive and false negative cases with both CT and PET were analyzed.RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of CT were 61.5%, 84.9%, 50%, 90% and 80.3%, respectively. For PET, the percentages were 46.2%, 100%, 100%, 88.3%, and 89.4%. Additionally, there were 8 false positive CT cases (8/53, 15.1%) and zero false positive PET cases. Of the 13 metastatic PANs, there were 5 false negative CT scans (38.5%) and 7 (53.9%) false negative PET scans.CONCLUSION: For detecting PAN metastasis, CT is more sensitive than PET, while PET is more specific.
The equations of some dispersionless limit
Seung Hwan Son
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: This short article presents a table of new equations which can be regarded as the generalized equations of the dispersionless limit of several nonlinear equations. From the definition expressed in an algebraic formula, one can get an equation for any positive numbers p and q. The equations were calculated by using the computers and were examined by hand-calculation up to p=10. Relations with some dispersionless hierarchies are mentioned.
A formula and some operators
Seung Hwan Son
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: This article presents a formula for some dispersionless equations and a brief review of the operators which have been used for the dispersionless KP hierarchy.
SPH with radiative transfer: method and applications
Pierre Bastien,Seung Hoon Cha,Serge Viau
Revista mexicana de astronomía y astrofísica , 2004,
Abstract:
An alternative origin for debris rings of planetesimals
Sergei Nayakshin,Seung-Hoon Cha
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21003.x
Abstract: Core Accretion, the most widely accepted scenario for planet formation, postulates existence of km-sized solid bodies, called planetesimals, arranged in a razor-thin disc in the earliest phases of planet formation. In the Tidal Downsizing hypothesis, an alternative scenario for formation of planets, grain growth, sedimentation and formation of planetary cores occur inside dense and massive gas clumps formed in the outer cold disc by gravitational instability. As a clump migrates inward, tidal forces of the star remove all or most of the gas from the clump, downsizing it to a planetary mass body. Here we argue that such a clump may form not only the planetary core but also numerous smaller bodies. As an example, we consider the simplest case of bodies on circular orbits around the planetary core in the centre of the gas clump. Bodies smaller than 1 km suffer a strong enough aerodynamic drag, spiral in and accrete onto the solid core rapidly; bodies in the planetesimal size range lose their centrifugal support very slowly. We find that planetesimals orbiting the protoplanetary core closely remain gravitationally bound to it; these may be relevant to formation of satellites of giant planets. Planetesimals on more distant orbits within the host clump are unbound from the protoplanet and are set on mildly eccentric heliocentric orbits, generically forming wide rings. These may correspond to debris discs around main sequence stars and the Kuiper belt in the Solar System. For the latter in particular, our hypothesis naturally explains the observed sharp outer edge and the "mass deficit" of the Kuiper belt.
Radiative feedback from protoplanets in self-gravitating protoplanetary discs
Sergei Nayakshin,Seung-Hoon Cha
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1426
Abstract: It is well known that massive protoplanetary disc are gravitationally unstable beyond tens of AU from their parent star. The eventual fate of the self-gravitating gas clumps born in the disc is currently not understood, although the range of uncertainty is well known. If clumps migrate inward rapidly, they are tidally disrupted, which may leave behind giant or terrestrial like planets. On the other hand, if clumps migrate less rapidly, they tend to accrete gas, becoming proto brown dwarfs or low mass companions to the parent star. Here we argue that radiative feedback of contracting clumps (protoplanets) on their discs is an important effect that has been overlooked in previous calculations. We show analytically that temperature in clump's vicinity may be high enough to support a quasi-static atmosphere if the clump mass is below a critical value, $M_{\rm cr} \sim 6$ Jupiter masses ($M_J$). This may arrest further gas accretion onto the clump and thus promote formation of planets rather than low mass companions. We use numerical simulations to evaluate these analytical conclusions by studying migration and accretion of gas clumps as a function of their initial mass, $M_i$. Simulations neglecting the radiative preheating effect show that gas clumps with mass less than $\sim 2 M_J$ migrate inward rapidly; more massive clumps result in low mass companions. In contrast, simulations that include radiative preheating from the clump show that clumps as massive as $8 M_J$ migrate inward rapidly and end up tidally disrupted in the inner disc. We conclude that, with other parameters being equal, previous simulations neglecting radiative feedback from self-gravitating clumps over-estimated the population of brown dwarfs and low mass stellar companions and under-estimated the population of planets.
A numerical simulation of a "super-Earth" core delivery from ~ 100 AU to ~ 8 AU
Seung-Hoon Cha,Sergei Nayakshin
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18953.x
Abstract: We use SPH simulations with an approximate radiative cooling prescription to model evolution of a massive and large ($\sim 100$ AU) very young protoplanetary disc. We also model dust growth and gas-grain dynamics with a second fluid approach. It is found that the disc fragments onto a large number of $\sim 10$ Jupiter mass clumps that cool and contract slowly. Some of the clumps evolve onto eccentric orbits delivering them into the inner tens of AU, where they are disrupted by tidal forces from the star. Dust grows and sediments inside the clumps, displaying a very strong segregation, with the largest particles forming dense cores in the centres. The density of the dust cores may exceed that of the gas and is limited only by the numerical constraints, indicating that these cores should collapse into rocky planetary cores. One particular giant planet embryo migrates inward close enough to be disrupted at about 10 AU, leaving a self-bound solid core of about 7.5 $\mearth$ mass on a low eccentricity orbit at a radius of $\sim$ 8 AU. These simulations support the recent suggestions that terrestrial and giant planets may be the remnants of tidally disrupted giant planet embryos.
The Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases and Tissue Inhibitors of Metalloproteinases in Idiopathic Interstitisal Pneumonia  [PDF]
Ji Young Shin, Yu Jin Kim, Sun Young Kyung, Seung Yeon Ha, Sung Hwan Jeong
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2014.43014
Abstract:
Background: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia is characterized by fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMPs) have been shown to regulate remodeling of the ECM, which indicates that they are important factors in the process of lung fibrosis. Therefore, we evaluated the expression of MMPs and TIMPs in tissues obtained from patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia and control tissues. Methods: Thirty-seven patients who were diagnosed with IIP (22: IPF, 13: NSIP, 2: COP) and 5 controls were enrolled in this study. The MMP-2 and -9 activity in lung tissue obtained from these patients was analyzed using gelatin zymography and the levels of TIMP-1 and -2 were measured by western blotting. We also evaluated the expression of MMP-2 and -9, as well as that of TIMP-1 and -2 in lung tissue using immunohistochemistry. Results: The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly increased in patients with IPF compared to those with NSIP and COP. The activities of TIMP-1 and -2 were also higher in patients with IPF than NSIP/COP patients and control subjects. There were no significant differences observed in the activities of MMPs and TIMPs obtained from patients with NSIP/COP and control subjects. The immunohistochemical analysis showed that TIMP-2 and MMP-2 were strongly stained at the fibroblasts of the fibroblastic foci in patients with IPF. Conclusions: These results suggest that over-expression of gelatinases and TIMPs in patients with IPF are important factors in the irreversible fibrosis that is associated with lung parenchyma.
Ontology Matching Based on hypernym, hyponym, holonym, and meronym Sets in WordNet
JungAe Kwak,Hwan-Seung Yong
International Journal of Web & Semantic Technology , 2010,
Abstract: Considerable research in the field of ontology matching has been performed where information sharingand reuse becomes necessary in ontology development. Measurement of lexical similarity in ontologymatching is performed using synset, defined in WordNet. In this paper, we defined a Super Word Set,which is an aggregate set that includes hypernym, hyponym, holonym, and meronym sets in WordNet.The Super Word Set Similarity is calculated by the rate of words of concept name and synset’s wordsinclusion in the Super Word Set. In order to measure of Super Word Set Similarity, we first extractedMatched Concepts(MC), Matched Properties(MP) and Property Unmatched Concepts(PUC) from theresult of ontology matching. We compared these against two ontology matching tools – COMA++ andLOM. The Super Word Set Similarity shows an average improvement of 12% over COMA++ and 19%over LOM.
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