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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8924 matches for " Seon Mee Kang "
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Individual Differences in Recognizing Spontaneous Emotional Expressions: Their Implications for Positive Interpersonal Relationships  [PDF]
Sun-Mee Kang
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312A175
Abstract:

The main purpose of the current study was to introduce the Spontaneous Expressions Recognition Test (SERT), a new thin-slice measure of emotion recognition for normative adults, and demonstrate its relative strengths for predicting positive interpersonal relationships. To explore this question, a semester-long longitudinal study was conducted. In this study, college students were randomly assigned to small research teams and worked together throughout the semester to conduct group research projects. Peer ratings of interpersonal relationships were collected at the end of the semester. The results provided preliminary support for the SERT, by demonstrating its relative strength for predicting positive interpersonal relationships.

Android Fat Depot Is More Closely Associated with Metabolic Syndrome than Abdominal Visceral Fat in Elderly People
Seon Mee Kang, Ji Won Yoon, Hwa Young Ahn, So Yeon Kim, Kyoung Ho Lee, Hayley Shin, Sung Hee Choi, Kyong Soo Park, Hak Chul Jang, Soo Lim
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027694
Abstract: Background Fat accumulation in android compartments may confer increased metabolic risk. The incremental utility of measuring regional fat deposition in association with metabolic syndrome (MS) has not been well described particularly in an elderly population. Methods and Findings As part of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging, which is a community-based cohort study of people aged more than 65 years, subjects (287 male, 75.9±8.6 years and 278 female, 76.0±8.8 years) with regional body composition data using Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry for android/gynoid area, computed tomography for visceral/subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT/SAT), and cardiometabolic markers including adiponectin and high-sensitivity CRP were enrolled. We investigated the relationship between regional body composition and MS in multivariate regression models. Mean VAT and SAT area was 131.4±65.5 cm2 and 126.9±55.2 cm2 in men (P = 0.045) and 120.0±46.7 cm2 and 211.8±65.9 cm2 in women (P<0.01). Mean android and gynoid fat amount was 1.8±0.8 kg and 2.5±0.8 kg in men and 2.0±0.6 kg and 3.3±0.8 kg in women, respectively (both P<0.01). VAT area and android fat amount was strongly correlated with most metabolic risk factors compared to SAT or gynoid fat. Furthermore, android fat amount was significantly associated with clustering of MS components after adjustment for multiple parameters including age, gender, adiponectin, hsCRP, a surrogate marker of insulin resistance, whole body fat mass and VAT area. Conclusions Our findings are consistent with the hypothesized role of android fat as a pathogenic fat depot in the MS. Measurement of android fat may provide a more complete understanding of metabolic risk associated with variations in fat distribution.
Effect of a Dipeptidyl Peptidase-IV Inhibitor, Des-Fluoro-Sitagliptin, on Neointimal Formation after Balloon Injury in Rats
Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Hayley Shin, Bong Jun Cho, Ho Seon Park, Byung Yong Ahn, Seon Mee Kang, Ji Won Yoon, Hak Chul Jang, Young-Bum Kim, Kyong Soo Park
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035007
Abstract: Background Recently, it has been suggested that enhancement of incretin effect improves cardiac function. We investigated the effect of a DPP-IV inhibitor, des-fluoro-sitagliptin, in reducing occurrence of restenosis in carotid artery in response to balloon injury and the related mechanisms. Methods and Findings Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats were grouped into four: control (normal saline) and sitagliptin 100, 250 and 500 mg/kg per day (n = 10 per group). Sitagliptin or normal saline were given orally from 1 week before to 2 weeks after carotid injury. After 3 weeks of treatment, sitagliptin treatment caused a significant and dose-dependent reduction in intima-media ratio (IMR) in obese diabetic rats. This effect was accompanied by improved glucose homeostasis, decreased circulating levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and increased adiponectin level. Moreover, decreased IMR was correlated significantly with reduced hsCRP, tumor necrosis factor-α and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity. In vitro evidence with vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) demonstrated that proliferation and migration were decreased significantly after sitagliptin treatment. In addition, sitagliptin increased caspase-3 activity and decreased monocyte adhesion and NFκB activation in VSMCs. Conclusions Sitagliptin has protective properties against restenosis after carotid injury and therapeutic implications for treating macrovascular complications of diabetes.
EGb761, a Ginkgo Biloba Extract, Is Effective Against Atherosclerosis In Vitro, and in a Rat Model of Type 2 Diabetes
Soo Lim, Ji Won Yoon, Seon Mee Kang, Sung Hee Choi, Bong Jun Cho, Min Kim, Ho Seon Park, Hyun Ju Cho, Hayley Shin, Young-Bum Kim, Hyo Soo Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Kyong Soo Park
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020301
Abstract: Background EGb761, a standardized Ginkgo biloba extract, has antioxidant and antiplatelet aggregation and thus might protect against atherosclerosis. However, molecular and functional properties of EGb761 and its major subcomponents have not been well characterized. We investigated the effect of EGb761 and its major subcomponents (bilobalide, kaemferol, and quercetin) on preventing atherosclerosis in vitro, and in a rat model of type 2 diabetes. Methods and Results EGb761 (100 and 200 mg/kg) or normal saline (control) were administered to Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats, an obese insulin-resistant rat model, for 6 weeks (from 3 weeks before to 3 weeks after carotid artery injury). Immunohistochemical staining was performed to investigate cell proliferation and apoptosis in the injured arteries. Cell migration, caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation, monocyte adhesion, and ICAM-1/VCAM-1 levels were explored in vitro. Treatment with EGb761 dose-dependently reduced intima-media ratio, proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and induced greater apoptosis than the controls. Proliferation and migration of VSMCs in vitro were also decreased by the treatment of EGb761. Glucose homeostasis and circulating adiponectin levels were improved, and plasma hsCRP concentrations were decreased in the treatment groups. Caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation increased while monocyte adhesion and ICAM-1/VCAM-1 levels decreased significantly. Among subcomponents of EGb761, kaemferol and quercetin reduced VSMC migration and increased caspase activity. Conclusions EGb761 has a protective role in the development of atherosclerosis and is a potential therapeutic agent for preventing atherosclerosis.
Anesthetic Consideration of a Patient with McCune-Albright Syndrome: A Case Report  [PDF]
Se Hee Kang, Ji Seon Jeong
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2016.611028
Abstract: The McCune-Albright syndrome is rare disease diagnosed by the clinical triad, fibrous dysplasia, café-au lait skin pigmentations and endocrine hyperfunction. Those patients with bone issues could have various surgeries under general anesthesia. Airway abnormality and various endocrine abnormalities should be considered during general anesthesia for McCune-Albright syndrome patients. A 15-year-old male with McCune-Albright syndrome was admitted with complaint of right nasal obstruction originated from fibrous dysplasia. Endoscopic resection of nasal cavity lesion was scheduled under navigation system guidance. Difficult airway could be anticipated due to protrusion of maxilla and right nostril. Awake fiberoptic intubation was performed by spray-as-you-go technique. When an anesthesiologist expects to take care of the patient with the McCune-Albright syndrome, the most appropriate anesthetic induction and tracheal intubation technique should be selected, and multiple backup instruments such as supraglottic device, video laryngoscope and fiberoptic bronchoscopy should be prepared.
Dipsacussaponin C from Dipsacus asper Reduces the Risk of Gastritis and Gastric Ulcer in Rats  [PDF]
Seon A. Hwang, In Young Hwang, Joohee Jung, Hye Kyung Kang, Kun Ho Son, Choon Sik Jeong
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.37123
Abstract: The roots of Dipsacus asper (DA) have been used as a tonic and analgesic agent in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of osteoporosis, low back pain, knee pain, and as an anti-inflammatory agent. Few studies have reported pharmacological gastric activities. In this study, we investigated the effects of dipsacussaponin C (DSC) and 70% ethanol and water extracts of DA on gastritis and gastric ulcer in rat. First, we examined the free radical scavenging effect by the 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging assay. Second, we examined the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) colonization inhibitory effect and found that DSC has a mild anti-H. pylori effect. Third, the cytotoxicity was assessed by measuring the cell viability of human gastric cancer cells (SNU638 and AGS). Also, we observed the acid-neutralizing capacity by measuring NaOH consumption volume and found that DSC is effective as an antacid agent. For these reasons, we observed the effect of DSC on HCl?ethanol-induced gastritis and indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rat. In pylorus-ligated rats, DSC (200 mg/kg) also decreased the volume of gastric secretion (approximately 2.2 mL) and gastric acid output (0.16 mEq/4 hrs). From these results, we suggest that DSC isolated from DA may be useful for the treatment and/or protection of gastritis and gastric ulcer.
Is Distance Education the Answer to the Nursing Shortage?  [PDF]
Susan Mee
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.43020
Abstract:

This study examined the effectiveness of distance education compared with campus based learning among nursing students. Distance education in nursing curricula is increasing. Academic nurse leaders must demonstrate the effectiveness of distance learning. This study is unique in that two cohorts, distance learners and campus learners, were taught synchronously by the same faculty member. Quantitative measures of student learning outcomes were compared using SPSS. There were no significant differences in learning outcomes between distance learners and campus learners. This study provides empiric support for distance education as a means to address the nursing shortage.

Diagnosis of gastric epithelial neoplasia: Dilemma for Korean pathologists
Joon Mee Kim,Mee-Yon Cho,Jin Hee Sohn,Dae Young Kang
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2011, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i21.2602
Abstract: The histopathological diagnosis of gastric mucosal biopsy and endoscopic mucosal resection/endoscopic submucosal dissection specimens is important, but the diagnostic criteria, terminology, and grading system are not the same in the East and West. A structurally invasive focus is necessary to diagnose carcinoma for most Western pathologists, but Japanese pathologists make a diagnosis of cancer based on severe dysplastic cytologic atypia irrespective of the presence of invasion. Although the Vienna classification was introduced to reduce diagnostic discrepancies, it has been difficult to adopt due to different concepts for gastric epithelial neoplastic lesions. Korean pathologists experience much difficulty making a diagnosis because we are influenced by Japanese pathologists as well as Western medicine. Japan is geographically close to Korea, and academic exchanges are active. Additionally, Korean doctors are familiar with Western style medical terminology. As a result, the terminology, definitions, and diagnostic criteria for gastric intraepithelial neoplasia are very heterogeneous in Korea. To solve this problem, the Gastrointestinal Pathology Study Group of the Korean Society of Pathologists has made an effort and has suggested guidelines for differential diagnosis: (1) a diagnosis of carcinoma is based on invasion; (2) the most important characteristic of low grade dysplasia is the architectural pattern such as regular distribution of crypts without severe branching, budding, or marked glandular crowding; (3) if nuclear pseudostratification occupies more than the basal half of the cryptal cells in three or more adjacent crypts, the lesion is considered high grade dysplasia; (4) if severe cytologic atypia is present, careful inspection for invasive foci is necessary, because the risk for invasion is very high; and (5) other structural or nuclear atypia should be evaluated to make a final decision such as cribriform pattern, papillae, ridges, vesicular nuclei, high nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio, loss of nuclear polarity, thick and irregular nuclear membrane, and nucleoli.
Projection Methods and a New System of Extended General Regularized Nonconvex Set-Valued Variational Inequalities
Javad Balooee,Yeol Je Cho,Mee Kwang Kang
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/690648
Abstract: A new system of extended general nonlinear regularized nonconvex set-valued variational inequalities is introduced, and the equivalence between the extended general nonlinear regularized nonconvex set-valued variational inequalities and the fixed point problems is verified. Then, by this equivalent formulation, a new perturbed projection iterative algorithm with mixed errors for finding a solution of the aforementioned system is suggested and analyzed. Also the convergence of the suggested iterative algorithm under some suitable conditions is proved.
Codimension 2 fibrators that are closed under finite product
Young Ho Im,Mee Kwang Kang,Ki Mun Woo
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 1998, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171298001124
Abstract: In this paper, we show that if Nm is a closed manifold with hyperhopfian fundamental group, €i(N)=0 for 1 Keywords Approximate fibration --- Hopfian group --- hyperhopfian group --- Hopfian manifold.
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