Publish in OALib Journal
APC: Only $99
This study aimed to relate the social and obstetric risk factors presented by pregnant women who underwent high risk prenatal in a southern Brazil hospital unit. This is a quantitative research. The data collection was conducted from January to September 2012, where 12 high-risk pregnancies and nine companions with diversified social and obstetric conditions were seen. The analysis was by simple statistics. Pregnant women social profile results indicated that predominant age group was 31 to 40 years old; all had some degree of education; 84% Catholic; 75% of pregnant women were accompanied by someone of their choice during high risk prenatal care; and 50% of the choices were for her spouse; half of these pregnant women have a professional occupation. Obstetrics findings demonstrated that the majority of women were not planning on the pregnancy, only 17% started prenatal care in the first trimester, 42% had already presented risk in previous pregnancy, 58% of women were classified as high risk due to fetal abnormalities. Given these findings, it is clear that high-risk pregnancy as a period involving several factors, including social and obstetric that, when connected, can compromise the process of gestating for both the mother and the fetus.
Falls are accidental events and harmful to the healthy elderly. Its consequence can lead to the disability and the death. Accordingly, it becomes important to assess the relation between falls and quality of life. This theme is little studied in Brazil and internationally, especially in areas with large population bases. Objective: To identify the association between occurrence of fall and health-related quality of life (HRQL) using the SF-36 according to gender, age and schooling, among the elderly population of Campinas/Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study, using data from ISACAMP 2008. The present study analyzed only the population with 60 years old or more, totaling 1432 elderly individuals. The dependent variables were the eight SF-36 scale, version 2. The main independent variables were the falls occurred in the last 12 months and the limitation in activities daily living due to the falls. Analysis were carried out with the simple and multiple linear regression model in order to determine the associations between the dependent and main independent variables, using svy commands of STATA 11.0. Results: The prevalence of falls in the last year was 6.3%. The elderly individuals who referred to fall in the last 12 months exhibited the lowest score in seven of eight SF-36 scales, comparing with non-fallers. The association between fall and HRQL was greater in the male population. The elderly individuals who are older (75 or more) and located in the lower schooling stratum, and experienced falls also exhibited the lowest SF-36 scale scores, in physical and social functioning. Stratifying falls, considering those who cause limitations and those who do not, can be observed with the lowest scores in physical functioning, role physical, role emotion and social functioning, and only in the stratum of people who have limitations in daily living. Conclusion: The occurrence of falls can cause important limitations in