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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1147 matches for " Seiko Ono "
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A Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Carrier Coinfected with Mycobacterium intracellulare and Pneumocystis jirovecii with a Characteristic Compositional Change of Bone Marrow Cells  [PDF]
Sayaka Uda, Shinsuke Shiotsu, Ayaka Omura, Ryosuke Hamashima, Akihiro Yoshimura, Naoko Kurisu, Tomoya Sagawa, Koichi Hasegawa, Tatsuya Yuba, Chieko Takumi, Seiko Ono, Noriya Hiraoka, Noriya Hiraoka
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2017.73011
Abstract: Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is endemic in the southern part of Japan. Infection of the virus can cause adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), while most infected individuals remain in a carrier state for a long period of time. Although rare cases of carriers, like ATL patients, who developed opportunistic infections, have been reported, hematological changes of carriers who are prone to opportunistic infections have not been well defined. Here, we present a case of an HTLV-1 carrier who developed Mycobacterium intracellulare infection and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) simultaneously. Flow cytometric analysis of bone marrow cells revealed an aberrant compositional change similar to that in ATL patients. This suggests the presence of a pre-ATL state prior to the development of ATL, which is notable in terms of underlying cellular immunodeficiency.
The representation of women in Japanese written media The representation of women in Japanese written media
Seiko Yasumoto
Ilha do Desterro , 2008,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the representation of women in Japanese society in relation to men with respect to the use of language. One selected section of the published media has been used to determine if the Japanese language still propagates the traditional role of women as being different to and beneath that of men or if there has been some change. The traditional relationship of women to men is called in Japanese dan-son jo-hi and dates back to before the Meiji era. dan-son jo-hi involves the idea that men should be respected and not women, that women have lower status than men in society. As a case study, the magazine AERA that purports to be the “Time magazine of Japan” was selected. Thirty articles published between 2000 and 2002 from “Josei” the women’s section of AERA, were examined by using three analytical techniques: Content analysis; Foregrounding analysis; Gender control and Gender image analysis. These three analyses show that the messages about a woman’s role vary from one of promoting historical traditional attitudes through to more current “Western attitudes” with respect to equal status for women. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the representation of women in Japanese society in relation to men with respect to the use of language. One selected section of the published media has been used to determine if the Japanese language still propagates the traditional role of women as being different to and beneath that of men or if there has been some change. The traditional relationship of women to men is called in Japanese dan-son jo-hi and dates back to before the Meiji era. dan-son jo-hi involves the idea that men should be respected and not women, that women have lower status than men in society. As a case study, the magazine AERA that purports to be the “Time magazine of Japan” was selected. Thirty articles published between 2000 and 2002 from “Josei” the women’s section of AERA, were examined by using three analytical techniques: Content analysis; Foregrounding analysis; Gender control and Gender image analysis. These three analyses show that the messages about a woman’s role vary from one of promoting historical traditional attitudes through to more current “Western attitudes” with respect to equal status for women.
Spinon, soliton and breather in the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic chain KCuGaF$_6$
Izumi Umegaki,Hidekazu Tanaka,Nobuyuki Kurita,Toshio Ono,Mark Laver,Christof Niedermayer,Christian R"uegg,Seiko Ohira-Kawamura,Kenji Nakajima,Kazuhisa Kakurai
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Elementary excitations of the S=1/2 one-dimensional antiferromagnet KCuGaF_6 were investigated by inelastic neutron scattering in zero and finite magnetic fields perpendicular to the (1, 1, 0) plane combined with specific heat measurements. KCuGaF$_6$ exhibits no long-range magnetic ordering down to 50 mK despite the large exchange interaction J/k_B=103 K. At zero magnetic field, well-defined spinon excitations were observed. The energy of the des Cloizeaux and Pearson mode of the spinon excitations is somewhat larger than that calculated with the above exchange constant. This discrepancy is mostly ascribed to the effective XY anisotropy arising from the large Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction with an alternating D vector. KCuGaF_6 in a magnetic field is represented by the quantum sine-Gordon model, for which low-energy elementary excitations are composed of solitons, antisolitons and their bound states called breathers. Unlike the theoretical prediction, it was found that the energy of a soliton is smaller than that of the first breather, although the energy of the first breather coincides with that observed in a previous ESR measurement.
MéTODOS DE VALORA O E A FUN O DOSE-RESPOSTA: DIFICULDADES E VIABILIDADE DE APLICA O EM ESTUDOS DE POLUI O DO AR
Maura Seiko Tsutsui Esperancini
Holos Environment , 2001,
Abstract: This work aims to discuss the main environmental evaluation methods to be applied in air pollution studies. The two main approaches are: those based on consumers preferences and those based on measurable effects on environmental damages, as well as dose-response functions. It was verified that in non developed countries, where the environmental awareness was in the beginning stage, the dose-response function method was more appropriated. It is also discussed the two main method in dose-response function: the cross section and the temporal approach. = Este trabalho pretende discutir os principais métodos de valora o ambiental aplicáveis a estudos de polui o do ar. As duas principais abordagens s o analisadas: aquelas baseadas na fun o de preferência dos consumidores e aquelas baseadas nos efeitos mensuráveis dos danos ambientais como as fun es dose-resposta. Verificou-se que para os países subdesenvolvidos, onde a consciência ambiental ainda se encontra em estágio inicial, os métodos de fun o dose-resposta podem ser mais vantajosos. Discutese ainda as duas abordagens mais importantes dentro das fun es dose-resposta: o enfoque cross-section e o enfoque temporal.
Revisiting the J-Curve for Japan  [PDF]
Masanori Ono, SaangJoon Baak
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.51005
Abstract:

This paper investigates Japanese trade to see whether the J/S-curve phenomenon between net exports and the terms of trade is observed in the data from 1980Q1 to 2008Q3. Based on the results of a VAR stability test, the aggregate trade data are endogenously split into three sub-period data sets, with the J/S-curve present in the last two. The J/S-curve may stem from the increasing share of China and the oil-exporting countries in Japanese trade. In fact, the J/S-curve is observed in the bilateral trade data with those countries but not in the data with Korea or the United States.

Diets of obese and non-obese children  [PDF]
Atsuko Satoh, Seiko Fujita, Kazuko Menzawa, Sangun Lee, Masao Miyamoto, Hidatada Sasaki
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.38080
Abstract: Aim: To compare diets between obese and non-obese in children. Methods: Thirty-four obese and ten non-obese school children were recruited and their habitual factors of obesity were asked. Intakes of food in the obesity and non-obesity groups were checked using a model nutritional balance chart (MNBC). Results: Average intake ratio of food relative to ideal food intake was significantly higher in the non-obesity group than the obesity group. The relationship between obesity and exercise was significant but not significant for intake ratio of food, times watching TV and playing games. Conclusion: Food intake is not a primary factor of obesity but exercise is a key factor for obesity in school children. Since the effect of diet intervention in obese children was slight, exercise habit would be a more important strategy to reduce obesity than diet in school children.
Expansively Hemorrhagic Foreign Body Granuloma at the Pelvis Caused by Microscopic Materials  [PDF]
Masatoshi Morimoto, Mitsuhiko Takahashi, Nori Sato, Toshihiko Nishisho, Seiko Kagawa, Eiji Kudo, Shoichiro Takao, Natsuo Yasui
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2012.21001
Abstract: A foreign body granuloma is a mass lesion consisting of a foreign body with host reaction. Its diagnosis is not always easy in respect of its similarity to soft tissue sarcoma. The most common foreign body is surgical sponge which can be detectable macroscopically. We present a foreign body granuloma in the left buttock caused by microscopic surgical materials that developed into a large lesion. An 80-year-old man with a history of surgery for dislocation of the left hip 20 years earlier, presented with a slowly growing mass that had expanded rapidly over the preceding 2 months. Histological examination revealed organizing granulation tissue surrounding the scattered foreign materials. One should be aware of foreign body granuloma at previously operated sites even without a retained macroscopic gauze sponge.
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 complicated by mineralocorticoid-responsive hyponatremia of the elderly
Hidekatsu Yanai,Seiko Okamoto,Junwa Kunimatsu
World Journal of Diabetes , 2010,
Abstract: We experienced the first case with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 (anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody-positive hypothyroidism and anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody-positive diabetes) complicated by mineralocorticoid-responsive hyponatremia of the elderly. This case is also a rare slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (SPIDDM) case, for which the patient has been treated for many years with sulfonylurea or glinide. Our observation also demonstrated that glucose metabolism in autoimmune diabetes such as SPIDDM is influenced by appetite, thyroid function and glucocorticoid effect.
Therapeutic Strategies for Sleep Apnea in Hypertension and Heart Failure
Akiko Noda,Seiko Miyata,Yoshinari Yasuda
Pulmonary Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/814169
Abstract:
Therapeutic Strategies for Sleep Apnea in Hypertension and Heart Failure
Akiko Noda,Seiko Miyata,Yoshinari Yasuda
Pulmonary Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/814169
Abstract: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) causes hypoxemia, negative intrathoracic pressure, and frequent arousal, contributing to increased cardiovascular disease mortality and morbidity. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is linked to hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cardiac arrhythmias. Successful continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment has a beneficial effect on hypertension and improves the survival rate of patients with cardiovascular disease. Thus, long-term compliance with CPAP treatment may result in substantial blood pressure reduction in patients with resistant hypertension suffering from OSAS. Central sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration occur in 30–50% of patients with heart failure (HF). Intermittent hypoxemia, nocturnal surges in sympathetic activity, and increased left ventricular preload and afterload due to negative intrathoracic pressure all lead to impaired cardiac function and poor life prognosis. SDB-related HF has been considered the potential therapeutic target. CPAP, nocturnal O2 therapy, and adaptive servoventilation minimize the effects of sleep apnea, thereby improving cardiac function, prognosis, and quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment of SDB will yield better therapeutic outcomes for hypertension and HF. 1. Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by recurrent episodes of sleep apnea accompanied by hypoxia, fluctuations in heart rate and blood pressure (BP), frequent arousal, and consequent sleep fragmentation, resulting in an activation of the sympathetic nervous system [1–7]. The most common neuropsychiatric manifestation of OSAS is excessive daytime sleepiness that is secondary to sleep fragmentation and the lack of slow-wave sleep; other major, long-term manifestations of OSAS include disorders of the cardiovascular system [2]. The Sleep Heart Health Study [8] and Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study [9] reported that OSAS is an independent risk factor for the development of essential hypertension. According to the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, OSAS is one of the identifiable causes of hypertension [10]. Central sleep apnea (CSA) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) occur in 30–50% of patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and heart failure (HF) caused by hypertension, cardiomyopathy, and ischemic heart disease [11]. Treatment of sleep apnea with nocturnal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in individuals with congestive HF not only treats sleep-disordered
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