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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4344 matches for " Sebastian "
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Time-Dependent Ferrofluid Dynamics in Symmetry Breaking Transverse  [PDF]
Sebastian Altmeyer
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2013.32015
Abstract: We investigate the Taylor-Couette flow of a rotating ferrofluid under the influence of symmetry breaking transverse magnetic field in counter-rotating small-aspect-ratio setup. We find only changing the magnetic field strength can drive the dynamics from time-periodic limit-cycle solution to time-independent steady fixed-point solution and vice versa. Thereby both solutions exist in symmetry related offering mode-two symmetry with left-or right-winding characteristics due to finite transverse magnetic field. Furthermore the time-periodic limit-cycle solutions offer alternately stroboscoping both helical left-and right-winding contributions of mode-two symmetry. The Navier-Stokes equations are solved with a second order time splitting method combined with spatial discretization of hybrid finite difference and Galerkin method.
Structure of Relatively Accelerating Universe  [PDF]
Aloysius Sebastian
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2014.41015

This article is about the structure of expanding universe. Here I am trying to create a structural model of universe according to my thoughts. Studies showthat universe is accelerating its rate of expansion. Here I am trying to get some conclusions according to my thoughts. In my opinion, our universe is under a gravitational frame with all the matters in it. In this gravitational frame of universe we can consider our universe as a closed system and the empty space outside the frame as an open system. There are two possibilities we can find. One is relative motion of the objects inside the frame. By this way we can feel the universe is accelerating its expansion, but it is not. Another one is the vacuum energy absorption and negative pressure inside the frame. According to this thought, we can say that universe is accelerating and it can continue its motion at present conditions on it, even the force created by the big bang is decreasing. The other point is that, once the absorbed vacuum can create a negative pressure inside the frame, there is no need for the concept of dark energy in our universe [1]. According to this model, negative pressure inside the frame will be created by the absorbed vacuum from the space. So the

The Post-Transcriptional mRNA Editing Analysis of cox3 Mitochondrial Gene in Fern Asplenium nidus Reveals Important Features  [PDF]
Sebastian Panarese, Guglielmo Rainaldi
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.24063
Abstract: In the mitochondria and chloroplasts of flowering plants (angiosperms), transcripts of protein-coding genes are altered after synthesis so that their final primary nucleotide sequence differs from that of the corresponding DNA sequence. This posttranscriptional mRNA editing consists almost exclusively of C-to-U substitutions (direct) and less frequently of U-to-C substitution (reverse). Editing occurs predominantly within coding regions, mostly at isolated C residues, and usually at first or second positions of codons, thereby almost always changing the amino acid from that specified by the unedited codon. Editing may also create initiation and termination codons. The effect of C-to-U RNA editing in plants is to make proteins encoded by plant organelles more similar in sequence to their non plant homologs, then specific C-to- U editing events are essential for the production of functional plant mitochondrial proteins. Our attention has been devoted to the study of the mRNA editing in cox3 mitochondrial gene of fern Asplenium nidus. This study reveals the extreme importance of both C-to-U and U-to-C substitutions for protein expression.
Fast and Tiny Structural Self-Indexes for XML
Sebastian Maneth,Tom Sebastian
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: XML document markup is highly repetitive and therefore well compressible using dictionary-based methods such as DAGs or grammars. In the context of selectivity estimation, grammar-compressed trees were used before as synopsis for structural XPath queries. Here a fully-fledged index over such grammars is presented. The index allows to execute arbitrary tree algorithms with a slow-down that is comparable to the space improvement. More interestingly, certain algorithms execute much faster over the index (because no decompression occurs). E.g., for structural XPath count queries, evaluating over the index is faster than previous XPath implementations, often by two orders of magnitude. The index also allows to serialize XML results (including texts) faster than previous systems, by a factor of ca. 2-3. This is due to efficient copy handling of grammar repetitions, and because materialization is totally avoided. In order to compare with twig join implementations, we implemented a materializer which writes out pre-order numbers of result nodes, and show its competitiveness.
XPath Node Selection over Grammar-Compressed Trees
Sebastian Maneth,Tom Sebastian
Computer Science , 2013, DOI: 10.4204/EPTCS.134.5
Abstract: XML document markup is highly repetitive and therefore well compressible using grammar-based compression. Downward, navigational XPath can be executed over grammar-compressed trees in PTIME: the query is translated into an automaton which is executed in one pass over the grammar. This result is well-known and has been mentioned before. Here we present precise bounds on the time complexity of this problem, in terms of big-O notation. For a given grammar and XPath query, we consider three different tasks: (1) to count the number of nodes selected by the query, (2) to materialize the pre-order numbers of the selected nodes, and (3) to serialize the subtrees at the selected nodes.
Post-Kyoto Global Emissions Trading: Perspectives for Linking National Emissions Trading Schemes with the EU ETS in a Bottom-Up Approach  [PDF]
Sebastian Goers, Barbara Pflüglmayer
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2012.323010
Abstract: The analysis at hand constitutes a legal, institutional and in particular qualitatively economic assessment of a global climate change policy architecture evolving from the linkage of the European Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) with emerging domestic emissions trading schemes (ETS) worldwide. Initially, the marked-based climate change regimes on global as well as on EU level are reviewed. The efficiency of the complex negotiation process at the global level is assessed by its outcome according to international law. The analysis of EU legislation sets the stage for deducing essential criteria as provisions for an effective linking with other national ETS. These critical design issues are then revealed for each linking candidate in order to evaluate the linking potentials of specific domestic ETS. Moreover, the results of this multi-dimensional approach enable statements on the economic efficiency and ecological effectiveness. In particular the inefficiencies of centralized and decentralized regimes are analyzed. Due to these findings subsequent challenges for a fair and effective allocation of allowances in a bottom-up system without a centralized institution re-sponsible for the limitation of the total amount of certificates are dealt with. As starting point for a discussion on con-ceivable legal constructions thereto the latter may play a role within the negotiation process towards future climate change combat strategies and agreements.
Single Crystal X-Ray Diffraction Studies on Magnetic Yb5Co4Ge10  [PDF]
Udumula Subbarao, Sebastian C. Peter
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2013.31A008

The high quality single crystals of Yb5Co4Ge10 have been grown by the indium metal flux method and characterized by means of single crystal X-ray diffraction data. Yb5Co4Ge10 crystallizes in the Sc5Co4Si10 structure type, tetragonal space group P4/mbm and lattice constants are a = b = 12.6369(18) ? and c = 4.1378(8) ?. Crystal structure of Yb5Co4Ge10 composed of three-dimensional [Co4Ge12

Analysis of Post-Burial Soil Developments of Pre-AD 79 Roman Paleosols near Pompeii (Italy)  [PDF]
Sebastian Vogel, Michael M?rker
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2014.410035
Abstract: The AD 79 eruption of Somma-Vesuvius completely buried the ancient landscape around Pompeii (Italy) to some extent conserving the pre-AD 79 Roman paleosols of the Sarno River plain. To estimate potential post-burial soil developments of these paleosols detailed soil liquid and solid phase analysis were carried out. Firstly, an in-situ soil hydrological monitoring was conducted within a pre-AD 79 paleosol in natural undisturbed stratification. The results show that soil water flow and nutrient transport from the overlying volcanic deposits into the pre-AD 79 paleosol take place. Secondly, to estimate their influence on the paleosol’s mineral soil properties, the solid phase of four pre-AD 79 paleosols and associated modern unburied soils were analysed and compared. By combining the data from the soil liquid and solid phase analysis, potential post-burial changes in the paleosols were estimated. Finally, a rise of the mean groundwater table was determined since AD 79. This distinguishes the Sarno River plain into two different zones of post-burial soil developments: 1) lower altitudes where formerly terrestrial paleosols are now influenced by groundwater dynamics and 2) higher altitudes where the paleosols are still part of the vadose zone and rather influenced by infiltration water or interflow. Thus, the mechanism of potential post-burial soil development being active in the pre-AD 79 paleosols is not uniform for the entire Sarno River plain but strongly depends on the paleotopographic situation.
An Investigation of the Secular Acceleration of Psychiatric Disorders  [PDF]
Sebastian Lemke, Sunka De Vries
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.51013
Abstract: Secular acceleration, for example an increase in height in groups of people over a period of time of more than a century, is a unique, perhaps “ecological” event. In the study presented here, historical patient files from the Jena Psychiatric Clinic were evaluated in relation to the problem of acceleration. A first sampling of 119 patient files for the years 1880-1890 revealed that, for children and adolescents up until the end of their twentieth year of life, the average age at the time of their first admission was 17 years. Compared to this, the first admission of a second sample of 132 patient records for the years 1985-1987 revealed a clearly younger average age at first admission of 11 years. This difference in age was found to be statistically significant. The heights of 14-year-old subjects from the city of Jena for the years 1880 to 1975 obtained from the literature showed a documented increase in height of almost 20 cm. The results of our investigation revealed that, in addition to physical acceleration, there was also an advancement of pathological mental processes in the course of a period of 100 years.
Proceedings From the First Asia-Oceania Research Organisation on Genital Infections and Neoplasia (AOGIN) Meeting
Sebastian Faro
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2006, DOI: 10.1155/idog/2006/59089
Abstract: The First Asia-Oceania Research Organisation on Genital Infections and Neoplasia (AOGIN) Meeting was held in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, in July 2005. The conference covered regional issues relating to infection with the human papillomavirus—epidemiology, virology, and immunology, testing, screening, and prevention strategies—as well as cervical cancer screening and its management.
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