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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8360 matches for " Scott "
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Cadaveric Assessment of Synthetic Mid-Urethral Sling Placement  [PDF]
Scott Serels
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2011.12006
Abstract: Purpose: To determine if 3 types of mid-urethral synthetic slings are visually the same. Materials and Methods: A retropubic, obturator, and single incision sling was individually placed in three cadavers. Tension was set using a spacer (obturator and retropubic). Single incision sling (SIS) tension was set by visual inspection. Thirty physicians were asked to determine placement method, tension, and location of the 3 slings. Results: Physicians were composed of 5 urologists, 7 urogynecologist, and 18 general gynecologists, with an average of 53 slings performed per year. Conclusion: This study showed that after placement of a sling it is hard to tell how the sling was placed and that most physicians felt the SIS was tensioned the best and most likely at the mid-urethra.
Cybersecurity: Integrating Information into the Microeconomics of the Consumer and the Firm  [PDF]
Scott Farrow
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2016.75023
Abstract: The connectivity of information has changed many things but not the way economists model consumers, firms and government. Information is here newly modeled as a fundamental element of microeconomic choices and utility, cost and tax functions. The results are more clearly defined metrics for losses due to cyber breaches or productivity gains from cyber investments. The integration of information into standard microeconomics also allows use of econometric and other tools to analyze the empirics of the consumer and the firm. In particular, the results identify ways in which losses in the Gordon and Loeb [1] model can be specified in more detail.
An Exploratory Survey of Sound Levels in New York City Restaurants and Bars  [PDF]
Gregory Scott
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.68005
Abstract: For several decades, there has been a significant need to better educate the public about noise pollution. A small number of small-scale studies have focused on the sound levels of restaurants and their impact on health and hearing. There have also been an increasing number of media articles stating that eating and drinking venues are getting increasingly loud making it more difficult for people to connect with others in conversation. This study reports on an exploratory large-scale noise survey of sound levels of 2376 restaurants and bars in New York City using a novel smart-phone application and categorized them based on how quiet or loud they were. The results suggest that: 1) A significant number of venues have high sound levels that are not conducive to conversation and may be endangering the health of patrons and employees, 2) that the reported sound levels by the venue managers on their online public business pages generally underestimated actual sound levels, and 3) the average sound levels in restaurants and bars are correlated by neighborhood and type of cuisine.
Bounds for Goal Achieving Probabilities of Mean-Variance Strategies with a No Bankruptcy Constraint  [PDF]
Alexandre Scott, Francois Watier
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.312A278

We establish, through solving semi-infinite programming problems, bounds on the probability of safely reaching a desired level of wealth on a finite horizon, when an investor starts with an optimal mean-variance financial investment strategy under a non-negative wealth restriction.

Regular menses at 73? A peculiar presentation of postmenopausal bleeding  [PDF]
Matthew McKnoulty, S. Scott
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.39125

Post menopausal bleeding is one of the most common conditions referred to gynaecology departments. Up to 5% of these women are found to have malignant, or pre-malignant lesions, with early detection and investigation being crucial for curative treatment. We report on the case of a 73-year-old women referred for having regular menses since 14 years of age and discuss the current investigation and management of post menopausal bleeding.

A Note on the Validity of the Shannon Formulation for Fitts’ Index of Difficulty  [PDF]
Ian Scott MacKenzie
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.36046

The three most common variations of Fitts’ index of difficulty are the Fitts formulation, the Welford formulation, and the Shannon formulation. A recent paper by Hoffmann [1] critiqued the three and concluded that the Fitts and Welford formulations are valid and that the Shannon formulation is invalid. In this paper, we challenge Hoffmann’s position regarding the Shannon formulation. It is argued that the issue of validity vs. invalidity is ill-conceived, given that Fitts’ law is a “model by analogy” with no basis in human motor control. The relevant questions are of utility: Does a model work? How well? Is it useful? Where alternative formulations exist, they may be critiqued and compared for strengths and weaknesses, but validity is an irrelevant construct. In a reanalysis of data from Fitts’ law experiments, models built using the Shannon formulation are (re)affirmed to be as good as, and generally better than, those built using the Fitts or Welford formulation.

An Implementation of the Japanese Autobiographical Method Seikatsu Tsuzurikata—“Life Writing”—In a US Elementary School  [PDF]
Scott Richardson, Haruka Konishi
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.49080

This article explores the historical, philosophical, curricular, and practical methods of the Japanese auto-biographical method, “seikatusu tsuzurikata” and its implementation in a US elementary school. Seikatsu tsuzurikata is a progressive form of journaling that “provokes students to ‘objectively’ observe the reality surrounding them in terms of their own senses without any intervention of anyone else’s authority”, by writing essays “reflecting on their social situation” (Asanuma, 1986: pp. 153, 155). Part of life writing’s central philosophy is that students are not required to participate. For students who engaged in life writing, several benefits resulted, according to their teachers. However, we found that students had great difficulty articulating their social and emotional worlds because this kind of reflective work was uncomfortable and foreign to students who were subjected to teacher-driven, “content”, and “standards based” instruction. This article concludes by exploring the possibility of connecting life writing with social-emotional learning (SEL).

Long Term Follow up of the Solyx Single Incision Sling in the Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)  [PDF]
Scott Serels, Michael Douso
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2014.42003

Objectives: The Solyx System was developed to be easier and safer to use than other slings. It was the objective of this study to retrospectively assess the long-term safety and efficacy of the SolyxTM SIS Sling System. Methods: After IRB approval and informed consent, chart reviews with follow up phone questionnaires of 69 subjects implanted with the Solyx Sling were collected at 2 sites. All of the patients had SUI and had urethral hypermobility with a q-tip test of >30 degrees. All subjects underwent surgery from 12/2008 to 01/2010 with a mean follow up of 43 months (range 39 -49). Subjects included in this data collection had a mean age of 67 years (range 30 -87). The dominant type of incontinence within the study patients was SUI while 17/69 (25%) of the subjects also had a component of urge incontinence. 38/69 (55%) of study patients had concomitant procedures. Results: Long-term Solyx results showed 64/69 (93%) of patients were subjectively dry by questionnaire and were satisfied with their outcome. 63/69 (91%) would have the procedure again. There were 4 cases of denovo urge incontinence and 2 reports of transient retention. There were no serious adverse events including no bladder, bowel, vessel or nerve perforations and no erosions or extrusions. No pain was reported that was attributed to the implant. Conclusions: Chart review with follow phone questionnaires indicated that the Solyx Sling was a safe, efficacious and less-invasive option for patients requiring SUI surgery and that these results were sustainable for an average of 43 months.

Heterotrophic and Autotrophic Soil Respiration under Simulated Dormancy Conditions  [PDF]
Daniel Beverly, Scott Franklin
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2015.53024
Abstract: Carbon cycling research has increased over the past 20 years, but less is known about the primary contributors to soil respiration (i.e. heterotrophic and autotrophic) under dormant conditions. It is understood that soil CO2 effluxes are significantly lower during the winter of temperate ecosystems and assumed microorganisms dominate efflux origination. We hypothesized that heterotrophic contributions would be greater than autotrophic under simulated dormancy conditions. To test this hypothesis, we designed an experiment with the following treatments: combined autotrophic heterotrophic respiration, heterotrophic respiration, autotrophic respiration, no respiration, autotrophic respiration in vermiculite, and no respiration in vermiculite. Engelmann spruce seedlings and soil substrates were placed in specially designed respiration chambers and soil CO2 efflux measurements were taken four times over the course of a month. Soil microbial densities and root volumes were measured for each chamber after day thirty-three. Seedling presence resulted in significantly higher soil CO2 efflux rates for all soil substrates. Autotrophic respiration treatments were not representative of solely autotrophic soil CO2 efflux due to soil microbial contamination of autoclaved soil substrates; however, the mean autotrophic contributions averaged less than 25% of the total soil CO2 efflux. Soil microorganism communities were likely the primary contributor to soil CO2 efflux in simulated dormant conditions, as treatments with the greatest proportions of microbial densities had the highest soil CO2 efflux rates. Although this study is not directly comparable to field dormant season soil CO2 effluxes of Engelmann spruce forest, as snowpack is not maintained throughout this experiment, relationships, and metrics from such small-scale ecosystem component processes may yield more accurate carbon budget models.
RETRACTED: Why Fish Oil Fails to Prevent or Improve CVD: A 21st Century Analysis  [PDF]
Brian Scott Peskin
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.49A1013

Short Retraction Notice

The paper does not meet the standards of \"Food and Nutrition Sciences\".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Prof. Dr. Alessandra Bordoni (EiC of FNS)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

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