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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2499 matches for " Satoshi Tsuyuki "
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Contribution of MODIS NDVI 250 m Multi-Temporal Imagery Dataset for the Detection of Natural Forest Distribution of Java Island, Indonesia  [PDF]
Syartinilia Wijaya, Satoshi Tsuyuki
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.45050
Abstract: As landmass of the world is covered by vegetation, taking into account phenology when performing land cover classification may yield more accurate maps. The availability of no-cost Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) NDVI dataset that provides high-quality continuous time series data is representing a potentially significant source of land cover information especially for detection natural forest distribution. This study intends to assess the advantage of MODIS 250 m Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) multi-temporal imagery for detection of densely vegetation cover distribution in Java and then for identification of remaining natural forest in Java from densely vegetation cover distribution. Result of this study successfully demonstrated the contribution of MODIS NDVI 250 m for detection the natural forest distribution in Java Island. Therefore, the approach described herein provided classification accuracy comparable to those of maps derived from higher resolution data and will be a viable alternative for regional or national classifications.
Estimating Individual Tree Diameter and Stem Volume Using Airborne LiDAR in Saga Prefecture, Japan  [PDF]
Katsumasa Oono, Satoshi Tsuyuki
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2018.82015
Abstract: Advancements in airborne LiDAR analysis technology have made it possible to quantify forest resource volumes based on individual trees, and such technology may soon replace field surveys. Unlike individual tree detection or tree height measurements, diameter at breast height (DBH) is difficult to determine directly from measured data and is instead estimated indirectly using the correlation between crown size and DBH. Indicators that represent crown size include crown area, surface area, length, and length ratio, and were utilized with tree height as explanatory variables in ten combinations to determine a regression formula. DBH and tree height calculated from the regression formula were applied to an equation to calculate stem volumes of individual trees. Airborne LiDAR measurements were taken using ALS50-II and ALS60 (Leica) at a density of 4 points/m2. An evaluation of the relationship between the regression formulae and DBH estimates indicated that a combination of crown area, tree height, and crown ratio for Japanese cedar, and a combination of crown area and tree height for Japanese cypress, yielded the highest coefficients of determination. The average error and RMSE were 6.9% and 2.38 cm respectively for Japanese cedar, while the corresponding values for Japanese cypress were 8.35% and 2.51 cm. Once the relationship was extended to the stem volumes of individual trees, the average error was 14.4% and RMSE was 0.10 m3 for Japanese cedar. The corresponding values for Japanese cypress were 18.9% and 0.10 m3. These results demonstrate the potential use of airborne LiDAR as a substitute for field surveys.
Geostatistical Approach for Site Suitability Mapping of Degraded Mangrove Forest in the Mahakam Delta, Indonesia  [PDF]
Ali Suhardiman, Satoshi Tsuyuki, Muhammad Sumaryono, Yohanes Budi Sulistioadi
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2013.55040
Abstract: As part of operational guidance of mangrove forest rehabilitation in the Mahakam delta, Indonesia, site suitability mapping for 14 species of mangrove was modelled by combining 4 underlying factorsclay, sand, salinity and tidal inundation. Semivariogram analysis and a geographic information system (GIS) were used to apply a site-suitability model, while kriging interpolation generated surface layers, based on sample point data collection. The tidal inundation map was derived from a tide table and a digital elevation model from topographic maps. The final site-suitability maps were produced using spatial analysis technique, by overlaying all surface layers. We used a Gaussian model to adjust a semivariogram graph in order to help to understand the variation of sample data values, and create a natural surface layer of data distribution over the area of study. By examining the statistical value and the visual inspection of surface layers, we saw that the models were consistent with the expected data behavior; therefore, we assumed that interpolation has been carried out appropriately. Our site-suitability map showed that Avicennia species was the most suitable species and matched with 50% of the study area, followed by Nypa fruticans, which occupied about 42%. These results were actually consistent with the mangrove zoning pattern in the region prior to deforestation and conversion.

 

Neutrino masses, leptogenesis, and sterile neutrino dark matter
Takanao Tsuyuki
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.013007
Abstract: We analyze a scenario in which the lightest heavy neutrino $N_1$ is a dark matter candidate and the second- heaviest neutrino $N_2$ decays producing a lepton number. If $N_1$ were in thermal equilibrium, its energy density today would be much larger than that of the observed dark matter, so we consider energy injection by the decay of $N_2$. In this paper, we show the parameters of this scenario that give the correct abundances of dark matter and baryonic matter and also induce the observed neutrino masses. This model can explain a possible sterile neutrino dark matter signal of $M_1$=7 keV in the x-ray observation of x-ray multi-mirror mission.
Perturbativity in the seesaw mechanism
Takehiko Asaka,Takanao Tsuyuki
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2015.12.013
Abstract: We consider the Standard Model extended by right-handed neutrinos to explain massive neutrinos through the seesaw mechanism. The new fermion can be observed when it has a sufficiently small mass and large mixings to left-handed neutrinos. If such a particle is the lightest right-handed neutrino, its contribution to the mass matrix of active neutrinos needs to be canceled by that of a heavier one. Yukawa couplings of the heavier one are then larger than those of the lightest one. We show that the perturbativity condition gives a severe upper bound on the mixing of the lightest right-handed neutrino, depending on the masses of heavier ones. Models of high energy phenomena, such as leptogenesis, can be constrained by low energy experiments.
Seesaw mechanism at electron-electron colliders
Takehiko Asaka,Takanao Tsuyuki
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.094012
Abstract: We consider the Standard Model with right-handed neutrinos to explain the masses of active neutrinos by the seesaw mechanism. Since active neutrinos as well as heavy neutral leptons are Majorana fermions in this case, the lepton number violating process can be induced. We discuss the inverse neutrinoless double beta decay $e^- e^- \to W^- W^-$ in the framework of the seesaw mechanism and its detectability at future colliders. It is shown that the cross section can be 17 fb for $\sqrt{s}=3$ TeV even with the stringent constraint from the neutrinoless double beta decays if three (or more) right-handed neutrinos exist. In such a case, the future $e^- e^-$ colliders can test lepton number violation mediated by a right-handed neutrino lighter than about 10~TeV.
Th2 cells and cytokine networks in allergic inflammation of the lung
Anthony J. Coyle,Shogo Tsuyuki
Mediators of Inflammation , 1995, DOI: 10.1155/s096293519500038x
Abstract:
Electron Transfer on Impurity doped Graphene Nanoribbon
Hiroyoshi Tsuyuki,Shoichi Sakamoto,Mitsuyoshi Tomiya
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/402/1/012016
Abstract: Electronic transport properties in armchair shaped edges graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) doped various impurities have been simulated by the non-equilibrium Green's function approach combined with the first principle calculation based on the density functional theory. We have observed that impurity levels appear in electronic struc-tures, and that the quantization of transmission function is moderated for doped AGNRs. The I-V characteristic can be computed from the transmission function. Our simulation results show that AGNRs doped impurities have higher conductance than the non-doped one.
A cluster randomized trial to assess the impact of opinion leader endorsed evidence summaries on improving quality of prescribing for patients with chronic cardiovascular disease: rationale and design [ISRCTN26365328]
Sumit R Majumdar, Finlay A McAlister, Ross T Tsuyuki
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2261-5-17
Abstract: A pragmatic single-centre cluster randomized controlled trial comparing an opinion leader-based intervention to usual care for patients with HF or IHD. Randomization will be clustered at the level of the primary care physician; as the design effect is anticipated to be negligible, the unit of analysis will be the patient. Patients with HF or IHD (not receiving ACE inhibitors or statins, respectively) will be recruited from community pharmacies and allocated to intervention or usual care based on the randomization status of their primary care physician. The primary outcome is improvement in prescription of proven efficacious therapies for HF (ACE inhibitors) or IHD (statins) within 6 months of the intervention.If the methods used in this intervention are found to improve prescribing practices, similar interventions could be designed for other chronic conditions dealt with in the outpatient setting.Local opinion leaders are able to influence the practice of other physicians because they are well-known, respected, and trusted to evaluate medical innovations within the local context [1-4]. Because they influence patterns of practice in the community, and may accelerate the uptake of knowledge, their participation in any program of quality improvement is essential. Certainly, surveys of physicians [5,6] have consistently confirmed the importance of colleagues and local consultants on individual patterns of practice. Yet, the use of local opinion leaders to influence physician practice has only been tested in six randomized controlled trials [1,2]. While two of these trials [3,4] demonstrated an important impact upon practice, both assessed labour-intensive, expensive, hospital-based educational interventions spearheaded by a small number of opinion leaders (four in one study, 16 in the other) for conditions treated in a hospital setting (delivery by cesarean section, treatment of acute myocardial infarction). Although the use of opinion leaders to influence the outpatien
Dual Protection and Dual Methods in Women Living with HIV: The Brazilian Context
Kiyomi Tsuyuki,Regina María Barbosa,Adriana de Araujo Pinho
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/540789
Abstract: The cooccurrence of HIV and unintended pregnancy has prompted a body of work on dual protection, the simultaneous protection against HIV and unintended pregnancy. This study examines dual protection and dual methods as a risk-reduction strategy for women living with HIV. Data are from a cross-sectional sample of HIV-positive women attended in Specialized STI/AIDS Public Health Service Clinics in 13 municipalities from all five regions of Brazil 2003-2004 ( ). Descriptive techniques and logistic regression were used to examine dual protection among women living with HIV. We expand the definition of dual protection to include consistent condom use and reversible/irreversible contraceptive methods, we test the dual methods hypothesis that women who use dual methods will use condoms less consistently than women who use only condoms, and we identify predictors of dual protection. Dual protection is common in our sample. Women who use dual methods have lower odds of consistent condom use than women who only use condoms. Among dual method users, we find that women who use an irreversible method use condoms more consistently than women who use a reversible method. Women on ART and with an HIV-serodiscordant partner have greater odds of consistent condom use than their counterparts. 1. Introduction The cooccurrence of HIV and unintended pregnancy has prompted a relatively recent body of work on dual protection, the simultaneous protection against HIV and unintended pregnancy [1]. Dual protection can be achieved through single method use (condoms) or dual method use (condoms + another contraceptive method). Most studies measure dual protection with condom use, but dual protection definitions must expand to capture condom use consistency and a wider variety of contraceptive methods [1]. Thus far, dual protection studies have focused on samples of women from the general population, have concentrated on developed or African countries, and have not considered HIV-related factors as influential in dual protection behavior. Studies that have considered the benefits of dual protection for people living with HIV show that dual protection can be an effective strategy to prevent HIV transmission to partners and to promote safe childbearing [2–5], which warrants more research in this population. This paper aims to describe dual protection among women living with HIV in Brazil. Worldwide, HIV is the leading cause of death for women of childbearing age, and up to 64% of all pregnancies are unintended [6, 7]. Brazil has over a third of all people living with HIV in Latin
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