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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2515 matches for " Satoshi Ariizumi "
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Selective Heating of Transition Metal Usings Hydrogen Plasma and Its Application to Formation of Nickel Silicide Electrodes for Silicon Ultralarge-Scale Integration Devices  [PDF]
Tetsuji Arai, Hiroki Nakaie, Kazuki Kamimura, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Satoshi Ariizumi, Satoki Ashizawa, Keisuke Arimoto, Junji Yamanaka, Tetsuya Sato, Kiyokazu Nakagawa, Toshiyuki Takamatsu
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2016.41006
Abstract:

We developed an apparatus for producing high-density hydrogen plasma. The atomic hydrogen density was 3.1 × 1021 m?3 at a pressure of 30 Pa, a microwave power of 1000 W, and a hydrogen gas flow rate of 10 sccm. We confirmed that the temperatures of transition-metal films increased to above 800C within 5 s when they were exposed to hydrogen plasma formed using the apparatus. We applied this phenomenon to the selective heat treatment of nickel films deposited on silicon wafers and formed nickel silicide electrodes. We found that this heat phenomenon automatically stopped after the nickel slicidation reaction finished. To utilize this method, we can perform the nickel silicidation process without heating the other areas such as channel regions and improve the reliability of silicon ultralarge-scale integration devices.

Mapping of Micro-Tom BAC-End Sequences to the Reference Tomato Genome Reveals Possible Genome Rearrangements and Polymorphisms
Erika Asamizu,Kenta Shirasawa,Hideki Hirakawa,Shusei Sato,Satoshi Tabata,Kentaro Yano,Tohru Ariizumi,Daisuke Shibata,Hiroshi Ezura
International Journal of Plant Genomics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/437026
Abstract: A total of 93,682 BAC-end sequences (BESs) were generated from a dwarf model tomato, cv. Micro-Tom. After removing repetitive sequences, the BESs were similarity searched against the reference tomato genome of a standard cultivar, “Heinz 1706.” By referring to the “Heinz 1706” physical map and by eliminating redundant or nonsignificant hits, 28,804 “unique pair ends” and 8,263 “unique ends” were selected to construct hypothetical BAC contigs. The total physical length of the BAC contigs was 495, 833, 423?bp, covering 65.3% of the entire genome. The average coverage of euchromatin and heterochromatin was 58.9% and 67.3%, respectively. From this analysis, two possible genome rearrangements were identified: one in chromosome 2 (inversion) and the other in chromosome 3 (inversion and translocation). Polymorphisms (SNPs and Indels) between the two cultivars were identified from the BLAST alignments. As a result, 171,792 polymorphisms were mapped on 12 chromosomes. Among these, 30,930 polymorphisms were found in euchromatin (1 per 3,565?bp) and 140,862 were found in heterochromatin (1 per 2,737?bp). The average polymorphism density in the genome was 1 polymorphism per 2,886?bp. To facilitate the use of these data in Micro-Tom research, the BAC contig and polymorphism information are available in the TOMATOMICS database. 1. Introduction Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is one of the most important vegetable crops cultivated worldwide. Tomato has a diploid (2n = 2x = 24) and relatively compact genome of approximately 950?Mb [1]. Recently, its genome has been completely sequenced by the international genome sequencing consortium [2]. Genetic linkage maps of tomato have been created by crossing cultivated tomato (S. lycopersicum) with several wild relatives, S. pennellii, S. pimpinellifolium, S. cheesmaniae, S. neorickii, S. chmielewskii, S. habrochaites, and S. peruvianum [3]. Introgression lines generated from a cross between S. lycopersicum and S. pennellii have contributed to the isolation of important loci and quantitative trait loci (QTLs) related to fruit size by utilizing DNA markers on the Tomato-EXPEN 2000 genetic map [4–9]. Such interspecies genetic mapping is effective because the divergent genomes provide many polymorphic DNA markers. In contrast, intraspecies mapping is less popular in tomato because of the low genetic diversity within cultivated tomatoes that has resulted from the domestication process and subsequent modern breeding [10]. Recently, we developed SNP, simple sequence repeat (SSR), and intronic polymorphic markers using publicly
Systematic Development of Tomato BioResources in Japan
Tohru Ariizumi,Koh Aoki,Hiroshi Ezura
Interdisciplinary Bio Central , 2011,
Abstract: Recently, with the progress of genome sequencing, materials and information for research on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) have been systematically organized. Tomato genomics tools including mutant collections, genome sequence information, full-length cDNA and metabolomic datasets have become available to the research community. In Japan, the National BioResource Project Tomato (NBRP Tomato) was launched in 2007, with aims to collect, propagate, maintain and distribute tomato bioresources to promote functional genomics studies in tomato. To this end, the dwarf variety Micro-Tom was chosen as a core genetic background, due to its many advantages as a model organism. In this project, a total of 12 000 mutagenized lines, consisting of 6000 EMS-mutagenized and 6000 gamma-ray irradiated M2 seeds, were produced, and the M3 offspring seeds derived from 2236 EMS-mutagenized M2 lines and 2700 gamma-ray irradiated M2 lines have been produced. Micro-Tom mutagenized lines in the M3 generation and monogenic Micro-Tom mutants are provided from NBRP tomato. Moreover, tomato cultivated varieties and its wild relatives, both of these are widely used for experimental study, are available. In addition to these bioresources, NBRP Tomato also provides 13 227 clones of full-length cDNA which represent individual transcripts non-redundantly. In this paper, we report the current status of NBRP Tomato and its future prospects.
The Role of Microstructure of Highly Purified Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate for Osteoinduction in Canine Dorsal Muscles  [PDF]
Takashi Ariizumi, Akira Ogose, Naoki Kondo, Hiroyuki Kawashima, Tetsuo Hotta, Naoko Kudo, Makiko Hoshino, Hikaru Inoue, Hiroyuki Irie, Naoto Endo
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.42023
Abstract:

Porous β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) displays osteoinductivity in certain animals in the absence of osteoinductive agents. We evaluated whether the microstructure may be an important determinant of osteoinduction, and also investigated how bone formation was promoted using β-TCP combined with bone marrow aspirates. We prepared two types of β-TCP, namely, β-TCP A, which possessed interconnected macropores and micropores, and β-TCP B, which possessed macropores but had less detectable micropores. These were implanted with or without marrow in canine muscles. Bone formation and the resorption of each β-TCP implant were evaluated histologically. Newly formed bone began to appear at day 42 in the implants of β-TCP A alone, but the implants of β-TCP B alone did not show any bone formation by day 42. Meanwhile, bone formation was already evident on day 14 by loading with bone marrow aspirates with or without micropores. By immunohistochemistry, the number of cathepsin K-positive cells (osteoclasts) increased as time passed in the implants of β

How Employees See Their Roles: The Effect of Interactional Justice and Gender  [PDF]
Naoki Ando, Satoshi Matsuda
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2010.32035
Abstract: This study examines whether the perceived boundary between in-role and extra-role behaviors varies depending on workplace conditions, emphasizing how interactional justice influences an employee’s role definitions. We collect data through a questionnaire survey and adopt Tobit regressions for hypothesis testing. The study results indicate that perceived interactional justice enlarges the breadth of an employee’s role definitions. In addition, the positive impact of interactional justice on an employee’s role definition is strong when a supervisor-subordinate dyad comprises different genders.
Contribution of MODIS NDVI 250 m Multi-Temporal Imagery Dataset for the Detection of Natural Forest Distribution of Java Island, Indonesia  [PDF]
Syartinilia Wijaya, Satoshi Tsuyuki
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.45050
Abstract: As landmass of the world is covered by vegetation, taking into account phenology when performing land cover classification may yield more accurate maps. The availability of no-cost Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) NDVI dataset that provides high-quality continuous time series data is representing a potentially significant source of land cover information especially for detection natural forest distribution. This study intends to assess the advantage of MODIS 250 m Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) multi-temporal imagery for detection of densely vegetation cover distribution in Java and then for identification of remaining natural forest in Java from densely vegetation cover distribution. Result of this study successfully demonstrated the contribution of MODIS NDVI 250 m for detection the natural forest distribution in Java Island. Therefore, the approach described herein provided classification accuracy comparable to those of maps derived from higher resolution data and will be a viable alternative for regional or national classifications.
Time Course of Elevations in Plasma Olprinone Concentration during Pediatric Cardiac Surgery  [PDF]
Satoshi Kurokawa,Minoru Nomura
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.32020
Abstract: Purpose: Little research has been reported to date on the usefulness of olprinone in pediatric cardiac surgery, and no standard pediatric infusion protocol is currently established. Our study sought to confirm that the regimen described herein rapidly achieves the requisite plasma olprinone concentrations. Methods: For the purposes of our study, we enrolled 13 patients: 7 biventricular repair candidates and 6 Fontan-type operation candidates. We administered a continuous infusion of olprinone to our study subjects at 0.3 μg/kg/min with no loading dose starting approximately 30 minutes (min) before weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We performed blood sampling at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after the start of infusion and at the same elapsed intervals after separation from CPB. We measured plasma olprinone concentrations using ultra-fast liquid chromatography. Results: We observed effective plasma olpri-none concentrations (>20 ng/ml) at 30 min after weaning from CPB, or at 60 min after the start of infusion. Conclusion: We conclude that continuous olprinone infusion at 0.3 μg/kg/min without a loading dose initiated immediately after the release of aortic cross-clamping or immediately after the completion of all surgical procedures quickly and reliably achieves effective plasma concentrations.
Time Course of Elevations in Plasma Olprinone Concentration during Pediatric Cardiac Surgery  [PDF]
Satoshi Kurokawa, Minoru Nomura
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.32020
Abstract:

Purpose: Little research has been reported to date on the usefulness of olprinone in pediatric cardiac surgery, and no standard pediatric infusion protocol is currently established. Our study sought to confirm that the regimen described herein rapidly achieves the requisite plasma olprinone concentrations. Methods: For the purposes of our study, we enrolled 13 patients: 7 biventricular repair candidates and 6 Fontan-type operation candidates. We administered a continuous infusion of olprinone to our study subjects at 0.3 μg/kg/min with no loading dose starting approximately 30 minutes (min) before weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We performed blood sampling at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after the start of infusion and at the same elapsed intervals after separation from CPB. We measured plasma olprinone concentrations using ultra-fast liquid chromatography. Results: We observed effective plasma olpri-none concentrations (>20 ng/ml) at 30 min after weaning from CPB, or at 60 min after the start of infusion. Conclusion: We conclude that continuous olprinone infusion at 0.3 μg/kg/min without a loading dose initiated immediately after the release of aortic cross-clamping or immediately after the completion of all surgical procedures quickly and reliably achieves effective plasma concentrations.

ZnO Heteroepitaxy on Sapphire Using a Novel Buffer Layer of Titanium Oxide: Crystallographic Behavior  [PDF]
Satoshi Yamauchi, Yoh Imai
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2013.22006
Abstract: A novel buffer layer consists of titanium oxide grown on a-sapphire by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition using titanum-tetra-iso-propoxide and oxygen gas was used for ZnO epitaxial growth at temperature as low as 340 by plasma-assisted epitaxy using radio-frequency oxygen-gas plasma. XRD and RHEED indicated (0001)Ti2O3 layer in corundum crystal system was epitaxially grown on the substrate in an in-plane relationship of [1-100]Ti2O3// [0001]Al2O3 by uniaxial phase-lock system. Growth behavior of ZnO layer was significantly dependent on the Ti2O3 buffer-layer thickness, for example, dense columnar ZnO-grains were grown on the buffer layer thinner than 10 nm but the hexagonal pyramid-like grains were formed on the thin buffer layers below 2 nm. RHEED observations showed ZnO layer including the pyramid-like grains was epitaxially grown with single-domain on the thin buffer layer of 0.8 nm in the in-plane relationship of [1-100]ZnO//[1-100]Ti2O3//[0001]Al2O3, whereas the multi-domain was included in ZnO layer on the buffer layer above 10 nm.
Plasma-Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition of TiO2 Thin Films for Highly Hydrophilic Performance  [PDF]
Satoshi Yamauchi, Yoh Imai
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2013.21001
Abstract: Titanium-oxide layer was grown on glass substrate by plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition (PCVD) using oxygen gas plasma excited by radio-frequency power at 13.56 MHz in the pressure as low as 3mtorr at relatively low temperature below 400oC, and studied on the crystallographic properties with the hydrophilic behavior comparing to the layer deposited by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD). Raman spectra indicated anatase-phase TiO2 layer without amorphous-phase could be formed above 340oC by simultaneous supply of plasma-cracked and non-cracked titanium-tetra-iso-propoxide (TTIP) used as preliminary precursor. Surface Scanning Electron Microscope images indicated the PCVD-layer consists of distinct nanometer-size plate-like columnar grains, in contrast to rugged micrometer-size grains in the LPCVD-layer. Extremely small water contact angle about 5o in dark and the quick conversion to super-hydrophilicity by UV-irradiation with a light-power density as low as 50 W/cm2 were observed on the PCVD- layer grown at 380oC, while the large initial contact angle was above 40o and the response for the UV-irradiation was gradual on the LPCVD-layer.
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