Abstract:
We consider suspension semi-flows of angle-multiplying maps on the circle. Under a $C^r$generic condition on the ceiling function, we show that there exists an anisotropic Sobolev space contained in the $L^2$ space such that the Perron-Frobenius operator for the time-$t$-map acts on it and that the essential spectral radius of that action is bounded by the square root of the inverse of the minimum expansion rate. This leads to a precise description on decay of correlations and extends the result of M. Pollicott.

Abstract:
We consider dynamical systems generated by partially hyperbolic surface endomorphisms of class C^r with one-dimensional strongly unstable subbundle. As the main result, we prove that such a dynamical system generically admits finitely many ergodic physical measures whose union of basins of attraction has total Lebesgue measure, provided that r>= 19.

Abstract:
This paper is about spectral properties of transfer operators for contact Anosov flows. The main result gives the essential spectral radius of the transfer operators acting on the so-called anisotropic Sobolev space exactly in terms of dynamical exponents. Also we provide a simplified proof by using the FBI transform.

Abstract:
For the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}\mu$ of a general (non-trivial) self-similar measure $\mu$ on the real line $\mathbb{R}$, we prove a large deviation estimate \[ \lim_{c\to +0} \varlimsup_{t\to \infty}\frac{1}{t}\log (\mathrm{Leb}\{x\in [-e^t, e^t]\mid |\mathcal{F}\mu(\xi)| \ge e^{-ct} \})=0. \]

Abstract:
For any $C^r$ contact Anosov flow with $r\ge 3$, we construct a scale of Hilbert spaces, which are embedded in the space of distributions on the phase space and contain all $C^r$ functions, such that the transfer operators for the flow extend to them boundedly and that the extensions are quasi-compact. Further we give explicit bounds on the essential spectral radii of the extensions in terms of the differentiability r and the hyperbolicity exponents of the flow.

Abstract:
We consider suspension semiflows of an angle multiplying map on the circle and study the distributions of periods of their periodic orbits. Under generic conditions on the roof function, we give an asymptotic formula on the number $\pi(T)$ of prime periodic orbits with period $\le T$. The error term is bounded, at least, by \[ \exp((1-\frac{1}{4\lceil \chi_{\max}/h_{\mathrm{top}}\rceil}+\varepsilon) h_{\top} T)\qquad {in the limit $T\to \infty$} \] for arbitrarily small $\varepsilon>0$, where $h_{\mathrm{top}}$ and $\chi_{\max}$ are respectively the topological entropy and the maximal Lyapunov exponent of the semiflow.

This paper describes twocase studies: 1) a cogeneration system of a hospital and 2) a heat pump system installed in an aquarium that uses seawater for latent heat storage.The cogeneration system is an autonomous system that combines the generation of electrical, heating, and cooling energies in a hospital. Cogeneration systemscan provide simultaneous heating and cooling. No technical obstacles were identified for implementing the cogeneration system. The average ratio between electric and thermal loads in the hospital was suitable forthe cogeneration system operation. An analysis performed for a non-optimized cogeneration system predicted large potential for energysavings and CO_{2} reduction.The heat pump system using a low-temperature unutilized heat source is introducedon a heatsource loadresponsiveheat pump system, which combines a loadvariation responsive heat pump utilizing seawater with a latent heat-storage system (ice and water slurry), using nighttime electric power to level the electric power load. The experimental coefficient of performance (COP) of the proposed heat exchanger from the heat pump system, assisted by using seawater as latent heatstorage for cooling, is discussed in detail.

A ceramic gas turbine can save energy because of its high thermal efficiency at high turbine inlet temperatures. This paper deals with the thermodynamic and economic aspects of a ceramic gas turbine cogeneration system. Here cogeneration means the simultaneous production of electrical en-ergy and useful thermal energy from the same facility. The thermodynamic performance of a ceramic gas turbine cycle is assessed using a computer model. This model is used in parametric studies of performance under partial loads and at various inlet air temperatures. The computed performance is compared to the measured performance of a conventional gas turbine cycle. Then, an economic evaluation of a ceramic gas turbine cogeneration system is investigated. Energy savings provided by this system are estimated on the basis of the distributions of heat/power ratios. The computed economic evaluation is compared to the actual economic performance of a conventional system in which boilers produce the required thermal energy and electricity is purchased from a utility.

Abstract:
This paper provides a
reformulation of Phillips’s multiplier-accelerator model with stabilization
policy in terms of the Laplace transform. Applying the Laplace transform, the
differential equations of the economy are transformed into the algebraic ones
on a complex variable. The transfer functions of economic variables are defined
by these algebraic equations. With this representation, we show the effects of
Phillips-type policy on equilibrium level and derive the necessary and sufficient
condition for asymptotic stability.

Abstract:
Through health checkups in communities and workplaces, 304 middle-aged IGT subjects with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.5 kg/m2 were recruited and randomized to the intervention group or control group. The lifestyle intervention was carried out for 3 years by public health nurses using the curriculum and educational materials provided by the study group.After 1 year, the intervention had significantly improved body weight (-1.5 ± 0.7 vs. -0.7 ± 2.5 kg in the control; p = 0.023) and daily non-exercise leisure time energy expenditure (25 ± 113 vs. -3 ± 98 kcal; p = 0.045). Insulin sensitivity assessed by the Matsuda index was improved by the intervention during the 3 years. The 3-year cumulative incidence tended to be lower in the intervention group (14.8% vs.8.2%, log-rank test: p = 0.097). In a sub-analysis for the subjects with a BMI > 22.5 kg/m2, a significant reduction in the cumulative incidence was found (p = 0.027).The present lifestyle intervention program using existing healthcare resources is beneficial in preventing diabetes in Japanese with IGT. This has important implications for primary healthcare-based diabetes prevention.UMIN000003136The incidence of type 2 diabetes is increasing in Japan [1]. Although Japanese have a lower prevalence of obesity than Westerners, a tendency to gain weight due to lifestyle changes coupled with an aging of the population seems to be closely related to the rapid expansion of the diabetic population [1]. There is thus an urgent need for effective public health strategies to combat this situation in Japan.There is now substantial evidence that the development of type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed in high-risk subjects through lifestyle intervention [2-8]. The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS) [4] and the US Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) [5] have clearly shown that, in obese subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), lifestyle changes associated with a 5-7% decrease in body weight resulted in a 58