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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6189 matches for " Sarah Edusei "
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Kente Simulation Painting: An Experimental Style Based on the Characteristics of the Asante Kente Cloth
K Edusei
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2006,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to publicise the outcome of an experiment to create a new painting style called "Kente Simulation Painting”. The research into the creation of this new painting style or technique commenced in 1994, and was inspired by the nature and transitional character of the Asante Kente cloth. A painting to be made in this style requires an outline drawing of the subject matter first on the support. Vertical and horizontal brush strokes of colours are then painted over the drawing carefully to ensure that the outlines of the motifs drawn are not obliterated. This is followed with the tinting and shading of the lines and motifs at vantage parts. Textures are then introduced, to complete the painting. This new style or technique produces unique and exciting picturesque paintings. Although Piet Mondrian's Geometric ion also employs vertical and horizontal lines and shapes, the method of composition in the “Kente Simulation Painting” results in a touch of originality completely unlike Geometric ion. Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 26 (3) 2003: pp. 96-103
An over view of visual art education in Ghanaian schools
K Edusei
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2004,
Abstract: The focus of this article is on the introduction and development of Visual Art Education in the School system in Ghana. The discussion touches on the 1909 inclusion of the subject on the school time-table as “hand and eye” to change the mere bookishness of the school course. The Christian Missionaries' exclusion of the subject from the school curriculum because its teaching will have an obvious reference to the indigenous culture to which they were antagonistic, is also discussed, together with its negative consequences. Visual Art education's re-emergence into the schools, and its phenomenal growth especially at Achimota, where the pioneering efforts of expatriate Art masters such as A.G. Stevens, Maclaren, Pippet, Mr. and Mrs. Meyerowitz and Machendricks gave the subject the much needed Ghanaian cultural base is covered. The rationale, nature, scope and transfer of Visual Art Education from the Department of Art at Achimota to the newly established College of Technology in Kumasi in 1952 under Mr. Machendricks, and its later development in Ghana are also treated. Journal of Science and Technology Vol.24(2) 2004: 116-120
Population-Based Tuberculosis Disease Prevalence Survey in Ghana: The Role and Lessons Learnt from the Laboratory  [PDF]
Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Christian Bonsu, Ezekiel Mensah, Sarah Edusei, Prosper Dedzo, Michael Amo Omari, Samuel Kudzawu, Honesty Ganu, Samuel Kumah Atiadevie, Frank Adae Bonsu
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2019.72009
Abstract: Background: Bacteriologically-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) cases used in calculating TB prevalence in a country are obtained through laboratory examination of sputum specimens. Objective: This article describes laboratory processing of specimens, results overview, conclusions and key lessons learnt from the perspective of laboratory personnel involved in the conduct of TB disease prevalence survey in Ghana in 2013. Methods: Symptoms screening and Chest X-ray suggestive of TB were used to select participants who produced sputum to confirm TB cases using microscopy, culture and Xpert® MTB/RIF assay (GeneXpert). Results: A total of 15,935 single and paired sputum specimens were received from eligible participants. About half of Ziehl-Nielsen (129/263) and Auramine O (122/246) stained smear positives were scanty positive. Culture positivity rate for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex was 266/14,994 (1.7%) and 100/15,179 (0.7%) in Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) and Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) media respectively; while non-tuberculous mycobacterium was 294/14,994 (1.96%) and 167/15,179 (1.1%). Total contamination rates in MGIT (5.4%) were higher than in LJ (1.7%). Prevalence of smear positive TB and bacteriologically confirmed TB among adult population (≥15 years) was estimated at 111 (95% CI: 76 - 145) and 356 (95% CI: 288 - 425) per 100,000 population respectively. Conclusions and Lessons Learnt: Direct supervision of specimen collection by well-trained laboratory personnel, timely transportation of specimens from field to laboratory, prompt specimen processing and use of electronic data management systems are essential for a reliable TB disease prevalence survey data. More importantly, strengthening human and logistical capacity of the laboratory must be of utmost priority.
Monitoring county-level chlamydia incidence in Texas, 2004 – 2005: application of empirical Bayesian smoothing and Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA) methods
Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Chantelle J Owens
International Journal of Health Geographics , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1476-072x-8-12
Abstract: Bayesian-smoothed chlamydia incidence rates were spatially dependent both in levels and in relative changes. Erath county had significantly (p < 0.05) higher smoothed rates (> 300 cases per 100,000 residents) than its contiguous neighbors (195 or less) in both years. Gaines county experienced the highest relative increase in smoothed rates (173% – 139 to 379). The relative change in smoothed chlamydia rates in Newton county was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than its contiguous neighbors.Bayesian smoothing and ESDA methods can assist programs in using chlamydia surveillance data to identify outliers, as well as relevant changes in chlamydia incidence in specific geographic units. Secondly, it may also indirectly help in assessing existing differences and changes in chlamydia surveillance systems over time.Chlamydia is the most prevalent reportable disease in the United States with an estimated 2.8 million cases each year [1,2]. Untreated chlamydial infections in women have been associated with more serious reproductive complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, and chronic pelvic pain [3-6]. In men, chlamydia has been associated with urethritis and other complications such as epididymitis and acute proctitis [7-9]. Thus, it is a public health problem that has attracted public attention, albeit not as much as would be desired.Several previous studies have recommended that the design and implementation of effective interventions to control or prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) should be grounded on a good understanding of the existing and emerging spatiotemporal patterns because STDs are characterized by geographic patterns [10-16]. An emerging approach to achieving this end is the application of Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA) methods which draws from the field of spatial statistics [17]. At the state-level, ESDA methods can be used by state health officials to monitor spatial and temporal variat
‘WELCOME TO MY LIFE!’ PHOTOVOICE: NEEDS ASSESSMENT OF, AND BY, PERSONS WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIES IN THE KUMASI METROPOLIS, GHANA
Mandy Tijm,Huib Cornielje,Anthony Kwaku Edusei
Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development , 2011, DOI: 10.5463/dcid.v22i1.12
Abstract: Persons with physical disabilities face many architectural and social barriers to community participation. This research employed the ‘Photovoice’ method. The aim was to gain insight into the daily lives of persons with physical disabilities, and to assess their needs in the Kumasi metropolis. Participants in this study were trained and instructed to photograph their everyday activities, so as to document their struggles and concerns, to promote critical dialogue and to reach policymakers. Results indicated a number of concerns, such as poor accessibility to public toilets, transport and buildings, as well as a need for attitudinal change and equal opportunities. Other needs which were raised by the participants included economic empowerment, marketable vocational training, accident prevention, affordable and quality rehabilitation, and the establishment of emergency shelters. It was concluded that the most pressing needs of persons with disabilities were related to overall social, employment and accessibility issues. Finally, the ‘Photovoice’ methodology offered a suitable, structured, and participatory way to assess the needs of persons with disabilities. It gave this marginalised group a voice through photographs, and formed an excellent way of disseminating the findings of this study to the stakeholders involved. DOI 10.5463/DCID.v22i1.12
Using Metaphors to Aid Student Meta-Learning: When You’re Learning at Your Best Your Like What?  [PDF]
Sarah Nixon
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.47A2006
Abstract:

Metaphors are widely discussed within educational research and this paper adds to the body of knowledge in relation to students using these as a tool to support meta-learning. Metaphors free up space for creative thinking by moving the mind from one place to another and have been found to be an effective cognitive device for learning. This project focuses on what students are like when they are “learning at their best” and discusses what knowing this information does for both individual self-awareness and working with others. Six final year students spent half a day exploring, developing and pictorially representing their “learning at best” metaphors. All six metaphors were different and showed the internal representations of the individuals when they were learning at their best. However out of the discourse common themes arose from the group in relation to what was needed to support learning these included time of day, mood, pace and environment. All six students were positive that the development of personal learning metaphors was beneficial and thought that it was important that these were developed systematically over time. The benefits were highlighted to be both for the individual working on their own and for understanding others in group work situations.

A Day in the Life of an Early Childhood Teacher: Identifying the Confronting Issues and Challenges That Arise  [PDF]
Sarah Ohi
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.511115
Abstract:

Recent emphasis upon Early Childhood as an educational priority for the Australian Government has resulted in increases in funding, government initiatives, course providers and the introduction of new policies to the sector in order to improve the quality of early childhood education. The study reported here investigated the “reality” of what it means to be an Early Childhood Teacher within this changing context and identified the roles and responsibilities and the associated challenges. A case study involving observation and interviews with five Bachelor qualified Teachers from varied early childhood settings was undertaken in order to gain knowledge about their experiences and perspectives on their work. The data were analyzed using a grounded theory approach involving the identification of key themes and issues about the nature of teachers’ work. The findings revealed that in their everyday practice teachers played a complex array of roles that required them to contribute far more than just their teaching skills and knowledge. They were expected to concurrently enact the roles of educator, leader, advocate, communicator, counsellor and administrator whilst juggling everyday challenges including a “lack of time”, the need for “further support and more resources” and “building successful partnerships with parents”.

Buruli-Ulcer Induced Disability in Ghana: A Study at Apromase in the Ashanti Region
Pius Agbenorku,Anthony Edusei,Margaret Agbenorku,Thomas Diby,Esenam Nyador,Geoffrey Nyamuame,Paul Saunderson
Plastic Surgery International , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/752749
Abstract: Objectives. To describe trends and category of disabilities caused by Buruli ulcer disease. Design. This retrospective study was set up to quantify information on the disability trends caused by Buruli ulcer (BU) using data on patients attending BU and chronic ulcer clinics from 2004 to 2009, at Global Evangelical Mission Hospital, Apromase. Methods. Data was retrieved from the WHO BU1 form, case registry book, surgical theatre register, and BU patients' records book of the hospital. Disability was measured as the incapability of patients to perform one or more daily activities due to his/her state of BU disease before treatment. Results. A total of 336 positive BU cases comprising 181 males (53.9%) were recorded of which 113 (33.6%) cases of disabilities were identified. A mean age of 52.5 ( ) years was recorded. For the trend of disabilities, the year 2009 recorded the highest (N = 34, 31.0%). The lesions were mostly located at the lower limbs (N = 65, 57.5%) region of the patients. Lesions with diameter >15?cm were the major (59.3%) category of lesions. Conclusion. Trend of disability reveals proportional increase over the years from 2004 to 2009. Contracture at the knee and ankle joints was the commonest disability recorded. 1. Introduction Buruli ulcer (BU) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU), affecting the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and sometimes the bone. The natural reservoir of the bacillus and the mode of transmission of the disease is unclear [1, 2]. MU has been identified by molecular tools from the environment and, recently, cultured; it is generally believed to be an infection by an environmental microorganism [3]. Many different animal species appear to test positive in endemic areas, [4–7] although, a typical vector has not been convincingly identified [8, 9]. Aquatic insects, notably, Naucoridae spp. may serve as a vector of MU [6]. Case control studies among people living in endemic areas have identified risk factors to contract the disease; there is a striking association with stagnant and slowly flowing water bodies [10–12]. This disease has emerged dramatically in West Africa (C?te d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Benin). Prevalence rates in endemic districts in Ghana are reported to be up to 150 per 100,000 persons [13, 14]. According to the clinical case definition of the World Health Organization (WHO), the preulcerative stage includes nodules, plaques, or edema [2]. Few patients may visit a hospital with this stage of the disease. The most frequent lesion is an ulcer. In the ulcerative stage, skin ulcers with
Presentation of retinoblastoma at a paediatric eye clinic in Ghana
V Essuman, CT Ntim-Amponsah, S Akafo, L Renner, L Edusei
Ghana Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Retinobalstoma, the commonest childhood malignant intraocular tumour, is usually diagnosed early with over 90% survival rate in developed countries. In developing countries, the diagnosis is late resulting in less than 50% survival. Objective: To determine retinoblastoma stages at presentation and patients | outcomes. Design: Retrospective case series. Methods: The clinical and histopathological records of children with retinoblastoma seen from May 2004 to December 2005 were studied. Data was analysed for mode of presentation, laterality, clinical staging using Reese-Ellsworth (R-E) classification, histopathological high risk features (HHRF) for metastasis, and patient outcome. Setting: Ophthalmology Unit, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Results: Twenty-three patients presented with retinoblastoma over the period. Males were 12(52.2%). The age range from 1 to 84 months, mean 36.3( b22.15) and median (36 months). Nineteen (82.6%) had unilateral and 4(17.4%) bilateral disease. The common clinical presentations were leukocoria in 20(87.0%), proptosis 8(34.8%), strabismus 5(21.7%) and red eye 5(21.7%). The clinical features were commensurate with R-E stage V in 20(87.0%) patients, 2(8.7%) with orbital recurrence and 1(4.3%) with post-enucleation anophthalmos. HHRFs were present in 9(75%) enucleated eyes with invasion of optic nerve as the commonest site (7/9). The patients were followed up for 1 day to 19 months. Eight abandoned treatment, 2 were discharged for palliative treatment, 2 out of 5 with metastasis died and 6 had no metastases at their last visit. Common sites for metastasis were the bone marrow, brain and orbit. Conclusion: Majority of the patients presented with advanced disease manifesting as leukocoria, proptosis, RE stages V disease and poor outcome.
Pregnant Women and Alcohol Use in the Bosomtwe District of the Ashanti Region-Ghana
Yaw Adusi-Poku, Anthony K Edusei, Agartha A Bonney, Harry Tagbor, Emmanuel Nakua, Easmon Otupiri
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2012,
Abstract: Drinking alcohol in pregnancy is a serious public health concern worldwide. This study sought to determine the magnitude and socio-demograhic characteristics of pregnant women attending Antenatal clinic in the Bosomtwe district, Ghana who drank alcohol and to assess their general knowledge about the effects of alcohol in pregnancy. The study, a descriptive cross-sectional, was conducted in all the ten health facilities providing reproductive health care with a sample size of 397 pregnant women using structured questionnaires. The findings of the study were that 20.4% of pregnant women drank alcohol. The 25-29 year group 26 (34.0%), married 50 (61.7%) and Junior High School Educated 37 (45.7%) as well as Christians 69 (85.0%) and traders 28 (34.6%) drank most. Majority 77 (33.5%) heard about the detrimental effects of alcohol at Antenatal Clinics (ANC). The District Health Management Team (DHMT) should strengthen health education on alcohol at ANC and through the radio as well as the DHMT collaborating with the Ghana Education Service to embark on education of school pupils and students on the harmful effects of alcohol in pregnancy.
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