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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144479 matches for " Sanon B. Gustave "
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An Unusual Intravesical Foreign Body for Abortion Attempt. About a Case Report at Bobo Dioulasso University Teaching Hospital (Burkina Faso) and Literature Review  [PDF]
Zaré Cyprien, Kambou Timothée, Sanon B. Gustave, Ouattara Adama, Traoré I. Alain, Paré Abdoul Karim, Somé D. Adolphe
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2014.44006
Abstract:

We reported a case of an intravesical foreign body in a 16 years old teenager for abortion attempt. During laparotomy for suspected pelvic appendicitis, we incidentally discovered an intravesical foreign body. From this first observation in our urology division, we reviewed the literature on the nature and circumstance of self introduction in bladder of foreign body and their surgical ablation. We emphasized the importance of endoscopy as a support of diagnosis and therapeutic of intravesical foreign body. This observation also highlighted the lack of information in our teenagers about reproductive and sexual health.

Erectile Dysfunction among Diabetic Men in Two Medical Centers in Burkina Faso: Epidemiological, Diagnosis and Therapeutic Aspects  [PDF]
Timothée Kambou, Cyprien Zaré, Abdoul Karim Paré, Adama Ouattara, Youombèviel Ludovic Somé, Bakary Gustave Sanon
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2014.41001
Abstract: Objective: To study erectile dysfunction in diabetic patients seen in two clinics in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at the Souro Sanou Teaching Hospital (CHUSS) and the Saint Leopold clinic in Bobo-Dioulasso, from March 1 to September 1, 2012. A total of 107 patients data were collated and analysed, which was then grouped into two: the ED group, designating patients with erectile dysfunction and the NED group consisting of those patients without. The sample comprised of 61 patients with types 1 and 2 diabetesand were aged between 25-70 years. The IIEF-5 was used to evaluate erectile dysfunction. Results: The prevalence of erectile dysfunction was 57%. The average age of patients was 54.4 ± 8.3 years. All patients with ED had type 2 diabetes. The mean disease duration of diabetes was 7.2 ± 6 years. Erectile dysfunction was severe in 32.8% of cases, moderate in 31.1% of cases and mild in 36.1%. Its severity was significantly associated with glycated hemoglobin, triglycerides and BMI. Phosphodiesterase types 5 (PDE5) inhibitors were found to be effective in the treatment of erectile dysfunction with a satisfactory therapeutic response in 77.4% of users. Conclusion: Erectile dysfunction is a common complication in diabetic patients. Its occurrence and severity are influenced by several factors. The potential presence of this disorder should be assessed due to its negative impact on quality of life. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors are an effective treatment modality in diabetic patients.
Epidemiological, Etiological, Therapeutic and Evolutionary Aspects of Acute Surgical Abdomens Operated at the University Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso  [PDF]
Cyprien Zaré, Hermann Belemlilga, Edgard Ouangre, Maurice Zida, Bakary Gustave Sanon, Drissa Barro, Nassirou Yabre, Si Simon Traore
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2017.91001
Abstract: Surgical acute abdomens represent a significant proportion of surgical emergencies in terms of frequency, morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiological, diagnostic, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of acute surgical abdomens operated in the surgical emergency department of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Souro Sanou (CHUSS). This was a retrospective descriptive study of 426 cases of surgical acute abdomens operated in the CHUSS surgical emergency department from 1 January to 31 December 2015. These 426 cases accounted for 24.14% of the emergency interventions carried out in the CHUSS surgical emergency department. These were 314 (73.7%) men and 112 (26.3%) women with an average age of 30 years. Among the causes, there were 187 (43.9%) cases of acute generalized peritonitis, 71 (16.7%) cases of acute intestinal occlusions, 49 (11.5%) cases of acute appendicitis, 38 (9.4%) cases of strangulated parietal hernias, 16 (3.8%) cases of abdominal contusions, and 15 (3.5%) cases of penetrating wounds of the abdomen. The appendectomy was the most performed gesture with 112 (26.3%) cases. The time to surgery was greater than 48 hours in 29 (6.8%) cases. Complications were observed in 68 (16%) cases with 35 (8.2%) cases of parietal infections, 18 (4.2%) cases of postoperative peritonitis. The death occurred in 37 (8.7%) patients. The average hospital stay was 8.7 days. Improving the prognosis of acute surgical abdomens requires early diagnosis and treatment, as well as better postoperative follow-up.
‘Le on d’ouverture au cours d’histoire grecque de la Sorbonne’.
Gustave Glotz
EspacesTemps.net , 2002,
Abstract: Messieurs, [...] Faut-il donc réduire le r le de l’histoire à celui d’une simple discipline ? Doit-elle se borner à être un instrument de culture intellectuelle ? Il est certain qu’il n’en existe pas de plus efficace pour guérir les hommes de la crédulité, pour montrer que la crainte des transformations est un sentiment à la fois déraisonnable et vain, par conséquent dangereux, pour apprendre à discerner les différences réelles dans les similitudes trompeuses, comme ...
The Measurement of Acculturation
Gustave Goldmann
Canadian Studies in Population , 1998,
Abstract:
Intra-Generational Ethnic Flows: Ethnic Mobility in the Canadian Census: Presidential address CPS annual meeting, 2008
Goldmann, Gustave
Canadian Studies in Population , 2009,
Abstract: This article extends the study of ethnic mobility by examining intra-generationalflows in ethnicity in Canadian census data. It expands on previous work on thistopic that focused specifically on Aboriginal Peoples. This paper establishes,through an analysis of census data from 1991 to 2001, that population flowsexist among selected ethnic groups in Canada that can only be explained byethnic mobility (or transfer). It also raises concerns about deriving trends overtime in analysing population groups defined by ethno-cultural characteristics. Résumé Cet article approfondi l’étude de la mobilité ethnique en examinant lesmouvements intergénérationnels des groupes ethniques en s’appuyant sur lesdonnées de recensement du Canada. L’article ajoute aux recherches qui existentdéjà sur ce sujet et qui sont spécifiquement centrées sur les peuples autochtones.Cet article établit, par une analyse des données de recensement entre 1991 et2001, que les mouvements de populations existent bel et bien parmi certainsgroupes ethniques au Canada et ne peuvent être expliqués que par la mobilité(ou transfert) ethnique. Il soulève aussi des préoccupations quant à la dérivationdes tendances au fil du temps pour les analyses de groupes de populations quisont définis par des caractéristiques ethnoculturelles.
A qualitative investigation into knowledge, beliefs, and practices surrounding mastitis in sub-Saharan Africa: what implications for vertical transmission of HIV?
Manuela De Allegri, Malabika Sarker, Jennifer Hofmann, Mamadou Sanon, Thomas B?hler
BMC Public Health , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-22
Abstract: The study was conducted in the Nouna Health District, rural Burkina Faso. We employed a combination of in-depth individual interviews and focus group discussions reaching both women and guérisseuers. All material was transcribed, translated, and analysed inductively, applying data and analyst triangulation.Respondents perceived breast problems related to lactation to be highly prevalent and described a sequence of symptoms which resembles the biomedical understanding of pathologies related to breastfeeding, ranging from breast engorgement (stasis) to inflammation (mastitis) and infection (breast abscess). The aetiology of disease, however, differed from biomedical notions as both women and guerisseurs distinguished between "natural" and "unnatural" causes of health problems related to breastfeeding. To prevent and treat such pathologies, women used a combination of traditional and biomedical therapies, depending on the perceived cause of illness. In general, however, a marked preference for traditional systems of care was observed.Health problems related to breastfeeding are perceived to be very common in rural Burkina Faso. Further epidemiological research to assess the actual prevalence of such pathologies is urgently needed to inform the design of adequate control measures, especially given the impact of mastitis on HIV vertical transmission. Our investigation into local illness concepts and health care seeking behaviour is useful to ensure that such measures be culturally sensitive. Further research into the efficacy of local customs and traditional healing methods and their effect on viral load in breast milk is also urgently needed.In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where breastfeeding constitutes the most common infant feeding practice [1-5], postnatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through breastfeeding represents at least 24% (and possibly as much as 42%) of overall mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV [6]. The infants' risk of getting i
Reproductive Potential of Spermophagus niger (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae: Amblycerini) Developing on the Seeds of Two Roselle Varieties in Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Jean Christophe Koussoubé, Zakaria Ilboudo, Antoine Waongo, Antoine Sanon
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2018.62012
Abstract: In West Africa and particularly in Burkina Faso, Roselle, Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) is receiving increasing attention as a crop with potential for making great socio-economic impacts. The biology of Spermophagus niger, recently identified as the main insect pest in the storage of roselle seeds, is poorly known. The present study aimed at comparing the reproductive potential of this insect on the seeds of two roselle varieties Altissima and Sabdariffa, mainly grown in Burkina Faso to identify susceptible/resistant variety to the pest. The results obtained are the first complete data on life history traits of S. niger in laboratory conditions. Overall, they indicated that both seed varieties have similar susceptibility to S. niger. The main life history traits measured did not differ significantly on both varieties (P > 0.05). However, the first generation individuals from the Altissima seeds were significantly larger (P = 0.0007 and P < 0.0001 for males and females respectively) and weighed more (P < 0.0001) than those from the other roselle variety. This result suggests that individuals from the Altissima variety may have a higher seed-damaging potential than those developed in the Sabdariffa variety and this potential might increase over successive generations. The consequences of such findings are discussed with a view to improving the post-harvest storage of roselle seeds and reducing losses in West Africa.
Seasonal performance of a malaria rapid diagnosis test at community health clinics in a malaria-hyperendemic region of Burkina Faso
Amidou Diarra, Issa Nebie, Alfred Tiono, Souleymane Sanon, Issiaka Soulama, Alphonse Ouedraogo, Adama Gansane, Jean B Yaro, Espérance Ouedraogo, Alfred S Traore, Sodiomon B Sirima
Parasites & Vectors , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-5-103
Abstract: Malaria symptomatic and asymptomatic children were recruited in a passive manner in two community clinics (CCs). Malaria diagnosis by microscopy and RDT were performed. Performance of the tests was determined.RDT showed similar ability (61.2%) to accurately diagnose malaria as microscopy (61.1%). OptiMAL showed a high level of sensitivity and specificity, compared with microscopy, during both transmission seasons (high & low), with a sensitivity of 92.9% vs. 74.9% and a specificity of 77.2% vs. 87.5%.By improving the performance of the test through accurate and continuous quality control of the device in the field, OptiMAL could be suitable for use at CCs for the management and control of malaria.
Seed-Borne Infection of Farmer-Saved Maize Seeds by Pathogenic Fungi and Their Transmission to Seedlings
I. Somda,J. Sanou,P. Sanon
Plant Pathology Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Seed-borne infection of maize (Zea mays L.) by fungal pathogens was studied using 22 seed samples of maize collected from different locations in Burkina Faso. The moist blotter test was used to detect fungi on seeds. Experiment was also performed on seedlings raised from naturally infected maize seed samples in order to evaluate the transmission of fungi from seeds to seedlings. Ten pathogenic fungi were recorded on seeds and consisted of Acremonium strictum (infection ranging from 2 to 96%), Bipolaris maydis (1 to 30%), Botryodiplodia theobromae (1 to 17%), Colletotrichum graminicola (2 to 8%), Curvularia sp. (1 to 39%), Exserohilum rostratum (1 to 13%), Fusarium moniliforme (38 to 99%), F. equiseti (1 to 15%), F. pallidoroseum (1 to 23%) and Phoma sp. (2 to 50%). Aspergillus flavus (1 to 99%), A. niger (1 to 99%), Cladosporium sp. (1 to 93%), Penicillium sp. (12 to 100%) and Rhizopus sp. (1 to 51%) were the saprophytic fungi detected. Rates of seedling infection by fungal pathogens were low. Seed samples with 30% infection by B. maydis, 8% infection by C. graminicola and 26% infection by Phoma sp. resulted in 2, 2 and 16% leaf infections, respectively.
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