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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13789 matches for " Sandra Schütze "
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Pre-infection physical exercise decreases mortality and stimulates neurogenesis in bacterial meningitis
David Liebetanz, Joachim Gerber, Christina Schiffner, Sandra Schütze, Florian Klinker, Hubertus Jarry, Roland Nau, Simone C Tauber
Journal of Neuroinflammation , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1742-2094-9-168
Abstract:
Sicherstellung der medizinischen Versorgung durch familienbewusste Personalpolitik [Securing Medical Provision through Family-Friendly Personnel Policies]
Schütze, Andreas
GMS Zeitschrift für Medizinische Ausbildung , 2012, DOI: 10.3205/zma000795
Abstract:
Hülyas Migration nach Deutschland als Selbstopferung aus Liebe zu ihren Eltern und ihr sp terer biografischer Individualisierungsproze . Biografische Probleme und biografische Arbeit der Marginalisierung und Individualisierung einer jungen türkischen Frau in Deutschland Hülya's Migration to Germany as Self-Sacrifice Undergone and Suffered in Love for her Parents, and her Later Biographical Individ
Fritz Schütze
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2003,
Abstract: URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0303232 This article is divided in two parts; the second part (consisting of Sections 3, 4 and 5) will be published in the next issue of FQS. After asking what is typical or general in the life history of Hülya as a migrant worker in Germany and what is exceptional or unique (Section 1) the biographical processes of her life history up to the most central episodes of her conventional and estranging pre-arranged marriage and her way out of it through divorce after having stayed in Germany for several years will be delineated (Section 2). Before reaching this turning point Hülya not only undergoes the "common" type trajectory of a migrant worker—the trajectory of being a cultural stranger, of being void of language, of being exploited by hardest sorts of work—, but, in addition, her personal biographical development is retarded by the exceptional, but probably not totally untypical experience of being trapped within a situation of compulsory labour (resembling slave labour). For a long time she also feels obliged to remain in her trajectory position of an isolated migrant worker, since originally she had mainly meant to go to Germany in order to support her poverty stricken family back in Turkey with her earnings. Partly based on the fear that she will get self-alienated and "petrified" like the older women with whom she dwells and works together Hülya accepts a pre-arranged marriage (probably mainly negotiated by her mother) as the only way out of her predicament. But willy-nilly Hülya must learn that she—already embarked on her way to an individualized and emancipated existence—cannot live in such a superimposed arrangement, and therefore she distances herself from her husband through the biographical escape action schemes first of returning to Germany alone and then of pushing ahead her divorce. Hülya's way of rendering her life history (which Section 3 will focus on) is quite straightforward in most parts of her narrative. But it is obvious that she is ashamed to tell about her estranging marriage and her disreputable divorce. Dealing with this emotionally difficult turning point in her life history Hülya tends to report in a quite laconic and evasive way. But in doing so she realizes that her story line would get implausible if she continued narrating like this. Therefore she inserts a number of background constructions and argumentative explanations in her laconic line of narration. Part of the article is focussed on this "disorderly" kind of rendering. Then the 4th part of the article resumes the reconstruction of the biogra
Aglaja Przyborski, Monika Wohlrab-Sahr: Qualitative Sozialforschung. Ein Arbeitsbuch. 2., korr. Auflage. München: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag 2009.
Stephanie Schütze
querelles-net , 2010,
Abstract: Dieses Einstiegswerk zur qualitativen Sozialforschung konzentriert sich auf die methodischen Grundzüge verschiedener Ans tze der interpretativen Sozialforschung. Es vermittelt eine sehr gute Grundlage für die Anwendung der rekonstruktiven Methoden in Lehre und Forschung, da es den gesamten Forschungsprozess – die Entwicklung der Fragestellung, den Zugang zum Untersuchungsfeld, die Erhebung des empirischen Materials und die Auswertungsm glichkeiten – begleitet. Die Autorinnen zeigen, wie in qualitativer Forschung empirisches Material durch systematische Vergleiche interpretiert wird und so begründete Generalisierungen und Theorien entwickelt werden k nnen. This introduction to qualitative social research focuses on the main methodological features for different approaches to interpretive social research. It provides a very good foundation for the application of reconstructive methods to teaching and research, since it follows the entire research process – from the development of a research question that acts as an entry point to a field of study, to the collection of the empirical material, and finally to the possibilities for evaluation. The authors show how empirical material is interpreted through systematic comparisons in qualitative research and how, from this, justified generalizations and theories can be developed.
The Non-omission of Nonfinite Be
Carson Schütze
Nordlyd : Troms? University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics / Institutt for Spr?k og Litteratur, Universitetet i Troms? , 2003,
Abstract: It has long been known that children learning English optionally omit finite forms of the verb be (both copula and auxiliary). What makes be omissions possible? A classic answer is that be is semantically empty, hence a good choice to omit under performance-related pressures. What would this hypothesis lead us to expect about the infinitive form of be? In terms of semantic vacuity, nonfinite be is an even better choice for omission than finite be , since it does not carry tense or agreement information—most such deletions would be completely recoverable. Thus, the semantic vacuity hypothesis would lead us to expect omission of nonfinite be to be at least as frequent as omission of finite be . This is contrasted with the suggestion that be omission be incorporated into the Root/Optional Infinitive phenomenon. The latter finiteness hypothesis makes different predictions from the semantic vacuity hypothesis with respect to the relative rate of nonfinite be omission. The finding is that, in each relevant transcript, omission of finite be is attested, use of nonfinite be is attested, but there are no instances of omission of nonfinite be , contra the prediction of the semantic vacuity hypothesis. I develop an analysis within the Agreement/Tense Omission Model of the underspecification of Infl (cf. Schütze 1997). I claim that finite forms of be in (adult and child) English are fused V+I heads, in the sense of Halle & Marantz’s (1993) Distributed Morphology. Their locus for vocabulary insertion has values for person/number, tense, and lexical category. The fused vocabulary items cannot be inserted in a syntactic structure in which INFL features have been underspecified. Overt be arises only when both AgrS and Tense are fully specified. Null be , i.e. , the default member of the paradigm, arises from underspecification of Tense and/or underspecification of AgrS.
When is a Verb not a Verb?
Carson Schütze
Nordlyd : Troms? University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics / Institutt for Spr?k og Litteratur, Universitetet i Troms? , 2003,
Abstract: Changes are proposed to the categorial status traditionally accorded to Aux-related and verbal elements in the clause, and the new taxonomy is applied in implementing the old insight that be should be analyzed as the default, semantically empty verb. The central issue is when a verb-like element does (not) count as categorially a V for distributional purposes. The major proposals are: 1) to remove be and have from the category Aux and treat them as Vs; 2) to separate out participles from genuine tensed and bare verbs; 3) to group do with modals, rather than with have and be, into a category Mood that also includes a null indicative morpheme. This scheme is used to account for the entire distribution of the forms of be just by treating it as V with no properties. Be fulfills two requirements that cannot always be met by contentful verbs: first, it satisfies the syntactico-semantic need for Tense to c-command a clause-mate V (the “V Requirement”); second, it satisfies the morphosyntactic need for participial affixes ( -ing, -en) to have hosts. It is shown how the former requirement derives the exceptionally high position of finite be by base-generating it above negation etc., rather than raising it across. VP-ellipsis data provide independent support for this treatment. Finally, some tentative suggestions are offered for how the V Requirement might be derived from deeper principles, while still allowing for the fact that it is apparently not fully enforced in languages with null copulas.
Perturbation theory for ac-driven interfaces in random media
Friedmar Schütze
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.81.051128
Abstract: We study $D$-dimensional elastic manifolds driven by ac-forces in a disordered environment using a perturbation expansion in the disorder strength and the mean-field approximation. We find, that for $D\le 4$ perturbation theory produces non-regular terms that grow unboundedly in time. The origin of these non-regular terms is explained. By using a graphical representation we argue that the perturbation expansion is regular to all orders for $D>4$. Moreover, for the corresponding mean-field problem we prove that ill-behaved diagrams can be resummed in a way, that their unbounded parts mutually cancel. Our analytical results are supported by numerical investigations. Furthermore, we conjecture the scaling of the Fourier coefficients of the mean velocity with the amplitude of the driving force $h$.
On mean field theory for ac-driven elastic interfaces exposed to disorder
Friedmar Schütze
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.81.051128
Abstract: The analytic description of ac-driven elastic interfaces in random potentials is desirable because the problem is experimentally relevant. This work emphasises on the mean field approximation for the problem at zero temperature. We prove that perturbation theory is regular in all orders by giving an inductive scheme how to find groups of ill-behaved graphs that mutually cancel, leaving a regular expression. In the parameter regimes for which perturbation theory is applicable it agrees with numerical results. Further, we determine the dependence of the Fourier coefficients of the mean velocity on the parameters of the model.
Mean field theory for driven domain walls in disordered environments
Friedmar Schütze,Thomas Nattermann
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.024412
Abstract: We study the mean field equation of motion for driven domain walls in random media. We discuss the two cases of an external constant as well as an oscillating driving force. Our main focus lies on the critical dynamics close to the depinning transition, which we study by analytical and numerical methods. We find power-law scaling for the velocity as well as the hysteresis loop area.
Distributional Models and Deep Learning Embeddings: Combining the Best of Both Worlds
Irina Sergienya,Hinrich Schütze
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: There are two main approaches to the distributed representation of words: low-dimensional deep learning embeddings and high-dimensional distributional models, in which each dimension corresponds to a context word. In this paper, we combine these two approaches by learning embeddings based on distributional-model vectors - as opposed to one-hot vectors as is standardly done in deep learning. We show that the combined approach has better performance on a word relatedness judgment task.
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