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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 82133 matches for " Sandra Maria Leal "
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Mapeamento da leitura de textos do gênero científico através de RMf
Alves, Sandra Maria Leal
Letras de Hoje , 2010,
Abstract: Esta pesquisa, inserida no ambito da Psicolingüística e com interface com a Neurociência, tem por objetivo mapear o funcionamento do cérebro durante a atividade de leitura de textos do gênero científico. As teorias que fundamentam este trabalho situam-se nas áreas da linguística, neurociência e neurofisiologia – numa integra o que busca analisar aspectos das fun es cognitivas superiores envolvidos na leitura e compreens o textual. A amostra constitui-se de duas universitárias do curso de Letras/Inglês, que se submeteram o pré-teste e pós-teste de Ressonancia Magnética funcional, processo esse entremeado pela aplica o de aulas de interven o pedagógica. Os resultados obtidos permitem inferir que o ensino sistemático de estratégias de leitura e de características textual-discursivas favorece a aprendizagem e melhora o desempenho dos alunos no que se refere à compreens o leitora.
A feminiza??o persistente na qualifica??o profissional da enfermagem brasileira
Lopes, Marta Júlia Marques;Leal, Sandra Maria Cezar;
Cadernos Pagu , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332005000100006
Abstract: this article reflects on the socio-historical universe of healthcare under the perspective of the sexual division of labour. nursing is the professional field analysed, and it mirrors the industry's feminization. in this sense, one can say that feminization persists in brazilian nursing, which can be seen both in university-level and in secondary and technical schooling. in the health segment nursing represents the largest contingent of workers, marked by selectivity based on gender-related "qualities".
Avalia??o da resolutividade e da satisfa??o da clientela de um servi?o de referência secundária em oftalmologia da Universidade Federal de S?o Paulo - UNIFESP
Gentil, Rosana Maura;Leal, Sandra Maria Reis;Scarpi, Marinho Jorge;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492003000200009
Abstract: in developing countries blindness prevalence could be reduced if access to ophthalmic assistance for the population were not impaired by the lack of organization of the resources. besides the primary level, organization of ocular care establishes secondary and tertiary care levels, according to the complexity of the diagnosis and treatment of the ocular diseases. the ophthalmic secondary reference center (cereso) of the department of ophthalmology, federal university of s?o paulo, according to an internal flow model of assistance, selects cases of low complexity to be seen on the same day, the others being referred to the tertiary level. purpose: to evaluate cereso's resolution and its user's satisfaction. methods: by means of applying a questionnaire based on the resolution of the main complaint and for the client's satisfaction, a sample of 238 users was interviewed from february to july, 1998. results: cereso's resolution degree was 85.96%; the user's satisfaction was 100%; 6.8% of the users chose cereso because it was close to their homes; 21.3% because they could be seen on the same day; 13.9% because they were already unifesp patients and 58.1% because they like unifesp or were indicated by another patient. conclusions: the customers were very pleased with the assistance they were given, and their major aims were achieved. the organization of the ophthalmological services, with the secondary care service establishment, would certainly have a positive impact on the solution of ophthalmic problems - especially refractive errors. for this reason, this organization would case an important public health problem.
A violência como objeto da assistência em um hospital de trauma: "o olhar" da enfermagem
Leal,Sandra Maria Cezar; Lopes,Marta Júlia Marques;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232005000200020
Abstract: this study is based on hybrid typology. the objective is to know and understand the "perspective" and responses of the nurses when caring for a patient that was the victim of violence and hospitalized with services in a trauma intensive care unit. the study was carried out in porto alegre, in a public hospital in the emergency trauma center. the subjects are professionals of the nursing team from intensive care units and the patients hospitalized were victims of violence in 2001. the quantitative data came from the hospitalization records and were analyzed with absolute and relative frequency rates with help from epi-info software. the thematic content analysis was adopted for discursive data. of 697 patients hospitalized in this period, victims of violence, 90.5% were males; 73% were whites and 27% were blacks or of black descent; the age bracket of 11 to 39 years old corresponded to 78.9% of the hospitalizations; 47.9% were injured with a handgun, 26.5% by a knife or cutting edge, 25% by physical aggression, and 0.3% were victims of rape. in relation to the nursing "perspective" as to patient care, the concern of the workers and the difficulties they face became evident. it is pointed out that public health services need to analyze this and create spaces of co-responsibility in this process.
Avalia o da resolutividade e da satisfa o da clientela de um servi o de referência secundária em oftalmologia da Universidade Federal de S o Paulo - UNIFESP
Gentil Rosana Maura,Leal Sandra Maria Reis,Scarpi Marinho Jorge
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2003,
Abstract: A prevalência de cegueira estaria reduzida nos países em desenvolvimento caso o acesso da popula o ao atendimento oftalmológico n o estivesse prejudicado pela falta de organiza o dos recursos. Na organiza o da oferta de servi os de aten o ocular, após a aten o primária, seguem-se dois níveis graduados pela complexidade dos meios diagnósticos e dos tratamentos especializados - o secundário e o terciário. O Centro de Referência Secundária em Oftalmologia - CERESO, do Departamento de Oftalmologia da UNIFESP, por meio de um modelo de fluxo de atendimento interno, seleciona os casos de menor complexidade para tratamento oftalmológico, passíveis de atendimento no mesmo dia, e encaminha os demais para o nível terciário de aten o ocular. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a resolutividade e a satisfa o da clientela deste servi o de aten o secundária. MéTODOS: Pela aplica o de um questionário voltado para a resolutividade do principal motivo de consulta e, para a satisfa o da clientela, entrevistou-se amostra de 238 usuários de fevereiro a julho de 1998. RESULTADO: A resolutividade do CERESO foi igual a 85,96%; o grau de satisfa o da clientela foi de 100%; 6,8% escolheram o CERESO devido à proximidade da residência; 21,3% pela possibilidade de atendimento no mesmo dia; 13,9% por já ser paciente da UNIFESP e 58,1% por gostar da UNIFESP ou ter sido indicado por outro paciente. CONCLUS O: A clientela demonstrou alto grau de satisfa o pelo atendimento recebido. Os principais motivos de procura dos usuários ao servi o foram resolvidos. Deste modo, a organiza o deste servi o amenizaria um importante problema de saúde pública.
Representa??es sociais da violência contra a mulher na perspectiva da enfermagem
Leal, Sandra Maria Cezar;Lopes, Marta Julia Marques;Gaspar, Maria Filomena Mendes;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832011005000012
Abstract: violence against women is a severe public health problem that occurs worldwide within all social classes. this study aimed at learning the social representations of violence against women in the perspective of nurses studying at a nursing school in lisbon, portugal. supported by the social representations, an exploratory research was carried out with the participation of 150 nurses. the data were collected through a questionnaire with five stimulating questions. for the analysis, the software datavic 4.3 was utilized. results evidence that the social representations of violence against women are restricted to the consensus universe which produces them and which is constituted, above all, by informal conversation and daily life.they also indicate that violence is not understood as a health problem. we consider that the theoretical foundation about the theme and the institutional involvement of the health services will contribute to the inclusion of violence against women in the public health agenda.
Mulheres internadas por agress?o em um hospital de pronto socorro: (in)visibilidade da violência
Ilha, Michele Mazza;Leal, Sandra Maria Cezar;Soares, Joannie dos Santos Fachinelli;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472010000200018
Abstract: it is a cross-sectional study with the objective of characterize the hospitalization of female victims of aggression at hospital de pronto socorro de porto alegre, rio grande do sul, brazil, over the year 2005. the data collection was done at the records of women above 18 years old who were victims of aggression. by utilizing the epi-info software, the analysis was performed by establishing the categories of the events and crossing descriptive variables and absolute and relative frequency indexes. over the studied time frame, 73 women, victims of aggression, entered the hospital, being 49,3% of age between 18 and 29 while 41,1% were offended with firearm and 37% with white weapon. in most of the records the data were incomplete or they lacked registrations at all, an indication that many cases of aggression were not identified during the hospitalization time and that the treatment was restricted to physical lesions.
Double outlet right ventricle with anterior and left-sided aorta and subpulmonary ventricular septal defect
Peixoto Luciana Braz,Leal Samira Morhy Borges,Silva Carlos Eduardo Suaide,Moreira Sandra Maria Lima
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 1999,
Abstract: Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a heterogeneous group of abnormal ventriculoarterial connections where, by definition, both great arteries (pulmonary artery and aorta) arise primarily from the morphologically right ventricle. This condition affects 1-1.5% of the patients with congenital heart diseases, with a frequency of 1 in each 10,000 live births. We report the case of an 18-day-old infant with DORV and extremely rare anatomical features, such as anterior and left-sided aorta and subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (VSD). In addition to the anatomic features, the role of the echocardiogram for guiding the diagnosis and the surgical therapy of this congenital heart disease are discussed.
A closer look at women who underwent colostomy surgery: a qualitative exploratory-descriptive study
Gisiane de Souza Santos,Sandra Maria Cezar Leal,Mara Ambrosina Vargas
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2006,
Abstract: A qualitative exploratory-descriptive study on adult women who had undergone intestinal colostomy surgery at least 2 years before was carried out. The research aimed at looking closer at how these women lived with their condition. The research field was a recognized ambulatory service for colostomy surgery patients in a Public Health Institution in the city of Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil. The group studied was made up of adult women with intestinal ostomy, who had been to the above mentioned institution in the period of January and February 2004 in order to get their devices (colostomy pouch, irrigation system and colostomy plug). The following inclusion criteria were adopted in the study: to be 20 years old or up, to be a female and to have intestinal ostomy. Twelve women, who ranged from 34 to 79 years old, were interviewed. Concerning education, one was illiterate, two had unfinished elementary school, four had completed elementary school, another had unfinished high school, two others had completed high school, and two of them had a college degree. Concerning their occupation, six of them were retired, five were homemakers, and one was both a plastic artist and writer. Thematic analysis was used, including the following categories: lack of knowledge about the surgery, everyday difficulties, sexuality and their own body image, concern with their families, intestinal ostomy as an alternative to stay alive, and hope to stay alive as a means of overcoming difficulties. This kind of study is expected to contribute for the nurse’s planning to look after colostomy surgery female patients, both during the pre-operative care and in the ambulatory and home care, especially to help them overcome difficulties. Key words: Ostomy. Colostomy. Intestinal neoplasias. Women’s Health. Nursing care.
Growth and Saxitoxin Production by Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Cyanobacteria) Correlate with Water Hardness
Ronaldo Leal Carneiro,Ana Beatriz Furlanetto Pacheco,Sandra Maria Feliciano de Oliveira e Azevedo
Marine Drugs , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/md11082949
Abstract: The cosmopolitan and increasing distribution of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii can be attributed to its ecophysiological plasticity and tolerance to changing environmental factors in water bodies. In reservoirs in the semi-arid region of Brazil, the presence and common dominance of C. raciborskii have been described in waters that are considered hard. We investigated the response of a Brazilian C. raciborskii strain to water hardness by evaluating its growth and saxitoxin production. Based on environmental data, a concentration of 5 mM of different carbonate salts was tested. These conditions affected growth either positively (MgCO 3) or negatively (CaCO 3 and Na 2CO 3). As a control for the addition of cations, MgCl 2, CaCl 2 and NaCl were tested at 5 or 10 mM, and MgCl 2 stimulated growth, NaCl slowed but sustained growth, and CaCl 2 inhibited growth. Most of the tested treatments increased the saxitoxin (STX) cell quota after six days of exposure. After 12 days, STX production returned to concentrations similar to that of the control, indicating an adaptation to the altered water conditions. In the short term, cell exposure to most of the tested conditions favored STX production over neoSTX production. These results support the noted plasticity of C. raciborskii and highlight its potential to thrive in hard waters. Additionally, the observed relationship between saxitoxin production and water ion concentrations characteristic of the natural environments can be important for understanding toxin content variation in other harmful algae that produce STX.
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