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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 201698 matches for " Sandra D. Baker "
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Peer Mentoring Contributes to Career Growth of Undergraduate Nutrition and Dietetics Students  [PDF]
Megan E. Grimes, Sandra D. Baker, Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.514147

Peer mentoring has been shown to improve social networks and reduce the rate of failure in college classes. However, it has not been studied extensively with nutrition and dietetics majors, who may benefit from peer mentoring as a way to cultivate learning and improve communication and leadership skills. The University of Delaware’s Dietetics Program recently implemented cross-year peer mentoring in the relatively large Introduction to Nutrition Professions class, a First Year Experience course. At the end of every class, the mentors, upperclassmen, met with small groups of students to answer questions, review assignments, and share their experiences. The ratio of mentor to student was 1:10. All mentors received training by the course instructor prior to the first mentoring sessions. The effectiveness of the mentoring experience was evaluated for both the mentees and the mentors of the 2012 and 2013 classes by a validated online survey. Of the 254 mentees, 176 (69%) completed the survey; of the 24 mentors, 21 responded. Approximately 75% of the mentees agreed or strongly agreed that mentoring provided them nutrition resources, and that they could ask the mentor questions about the field of nutrition. Mentees noted that they benefited from increased knowledge of university resources and nutrition careers and the valuable advice from mentors. Almost all mentors agreed that the program increased their leadership and communication skills, and that it was a positive experience. Mentor benefits included career development and favorable dietetic internship acceptance rate, higher than the national average. Roughly 35% of mentees and 8 of 21 mentors agreed or strongly agreed that the mentoring session expanded their friendship networks within the major. Based on these positive outcomes, peer mentoring is an effective method to enhance students’ learning and career growth.

Cultural Sensitivity Associated with Domestic Travel Study Program: Long-Term Impact  [PDF]
Jessica R. Eosso, Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, Ryan T. Pohlig, Laura M. Lessard, Sandra D. Baker
Creative Education (CE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2019.101008
Abstract: Domestic and international travel study programs have grown in length and popularity since they began in 1923. Regardless of the field of study, the goal of most programs is to enhance student cultural sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of an undergraduate food-focused domestic travel study program on long-term cultural sensitivity based on the ASKED model. A travel study program focused on transcultural food and cuisine was initiated in 1987 and as of 2017, implemented 22 times. The program length varied between 3 and5 weeks and was offered in two locations in the United States. A survey developed to explore the long-term impact of the program incorporated the ASKED model of cultural competence. This model includes five domains: cultural awareness, skill, knowledge, encounters, and desire. The survey was validated and found to be reliable. University of Delaware alumni who participated in the travel study program (n = 461) and a comparison group of alumni (n = 402) who did not participate in the program were invited to complete the survey. The majority of respondents majored in nutrition and dietetics. Alumni who participated in the travel study program had significantly higher total cultural sensitivity scores and also higher scores on 3 domains, namely cultural skill, knowledge, and desire compared to those that did not. Of the 11 program activities participants were asked to rank as contributors to cultural sensitivity, dining experiences and farm to table tours were rated as the top two, respectively. The study findings provided evidence that a short-term, domestic travel study program enhanced long-term cultural sensitivity. Since domestic programs may be a more cost-effective option and align more closely with employment opportunities in healthcare than international travel programs for college graduates, educators should provide opportunities and encourage dietetic students to participate in these travel programs.
Peer Teaching Promotes Improved Knowledge and Attitudes about MyPlate and SuperTracker among College Students and Increases Self-Efficacy in Peer Nutrition Educators  [PDF]
Danielle Jerome, Sandra Baker, Cheng-Shun Fang
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.96072
Abstract: Background: Peer teaching to college students can be an effective method for improving knowledge and attitudes toward healthy eating. MyPlate and SuperTracker tools are valuable resources for healthy meal planning. However, awareness and knowledge of these tools are necessary to effect change. Objective: To evaluate university students’ knowledge and attitudes about the USDA’s MyPlate icon and SuperTracker tools before and after peer teaching by a nutrition major. Design: Cross-sectional online pre and post-survey administered to participants before and after peer teaching. Participants/Setting: 264 mixed majors enrolled in First Year Experience (FYE) classes at a large university were peer taught by upper class undergraduate nutrition majors on a relevant nutrition topic in 20-minute presentations that featured MyPlate and SuperTracker tools. Statistical analyses performed: Descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages) were used for categorical variables and parametric tests (independent paired t-test) were used for continuous variables. P < .05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The majority of participants were female (68.2%), freshmen (53.8%), white (83%), and non-nutrition majors (96.2%). Both males and females indicated favorable
Pathophysiological aspects of clinical management following toxic trauma
Baker D
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine , 2003,
The Australian experiment: general practitioner care of HIV
D Baker
Journal of the International AIDS Society , 2012, DOI: 10.7448/ias.15.6.18399
Abstract: Over 20,000 people are living with HIV infection in Australia. From the early days of the epidemic general practitioners (GPs) have been closely involved in providing HIV care including antiretroviral therapy (ART). Training programs began in 1990 with about 200 GPs currently trained to provide ART. However there are limited data available on uptake and outcomes of GP HIV care. This review will present data on current GP involvement in providing HIV care as well as treatment outcomes. A Medline search was conducted using the terms general practice, HIV and Australia. Abstracts from local conferences were also reviewed. The major identified study of treatment uptake is HIV Futures [1], a national survey of approximately 1000 HIV+ve people performed every 2 years. Over the last 10 years this study consistently reports that about 50% of all HIV specific care is provided by GPs. One study describes an audit of 500 HIV+ve patients starting treatment in primary and hospital sites [2]. This found that there were comparable and high levels of adherence to guidelines on ART initiation in both general and specialist practice. A cohort of 168 patients followed for over 10 years in an Australian GP reported that 24% had been lost to follow-up, 7% died and 68% continued in care with 98% receiving ART with 96% having an undetectable viral load (<400) [3]. These outcomes were similar to those reported in the long-running national Australian HIV Observational Database (AHOD). Robust data show that about half of all HIV care in Australia is provided by GPs. Limited published data on adherence to guideline and treatment outcomes suggest comparable result in general practice versus specialist settings. GP care appears to be an acceptable and effective approach to HIV management although more research on treatment outcomes is needed.
Analysis of a set of Australian northern brown bandicoot expressed sequence tags with comparison to the genome sequence of the South American grey short tailed opossum
Michelle L Baker, Sandra Indiviglio, April M Nyberg, George H Rosenberg, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Robert D Miller, Anthony T Papenfuss
BMC Genomics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-8-50
Abstract: A set of 1319 ESTs was generated from sequencing randomly chosen clones from a bandicoot thymus cDNA library. The nucleic acid and deduced amino acid sequences were compared with sequences both in GenBank and the recently completed whole genome sequence of M. domestica. This study provides information on the transcriptional profile of the bandicoot thymus with the identification of genes involved in a broad range of activities including protein metabolism (24%), transcription and/or nucleic acid metabolism (10%), metabolism/energy pathways (9%), immunity (5%), signal transduction (5%), cell growth and maintenance (3%), transport (3%), cell cycle (0.7%) and apoptosis (0.5%) and a proportion of genes whose function is unknown (5.8%). Thirty four percent of the bandicoot ESTs found no match with annotated sequences in any of the public databases. Clustering and assembly of the 1319 bandicoot ESTs resulted in a set of 949 unique sequences of which 375 were unannotated ESTs. Of these, seventy one unannotated ESTs aligned to non-coding regions in the opossum, human, or both genomes, and were identified as strong non-coding RNA candidates. Eighty-four percent of the 949 assembled ESTs aligned with the M. domestica genome sequence indicating a high level of conservation between these two distantly related marsupials.This study is among the first reported marsupial EST datasets with a significant inter-species genome comparison between marsupials, providing a valuable resource for transcriptional analyses in marsupials and for future annotation of marsupial whole genome sequences.Marsupials and eutherian mammals are each other's closest relatives, having diverged from a common ancestor around 172 million years ago (MYA) [1-3]. Marsupials are most clearly distinguished from eutherians by their mode of reproduction, giving birth to young at a relatively immature stage of development and placing greater emphasis on lactation than on intrauterine development during pregnancy [4]
Drowning Rates in the Newly Independent States & Russian Federation: A Call for Research and Action
Huseyin NaciTimothy D. Baker
The Open Epidemiology Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.2174/1874297100801010036]
Abstract: Drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths worldwide after road traffic injury deaths, claiming approximately 450,000 lives every year. Overall male drowning rates in the Newly Independent States and Russian Federation are dramatically higher than the rates in Western European countries; the highest male drowning rate in WHO Euro region, drowning rate in Belarus, is 50 times higher than the lowest, the drowning rate in the United Kingdom. 1-4 age group male drowning rate in Turkmenistan is alarmingly high. More research is needed to determine the risk factors of child and adult drowning in each of the Newly Independent States and Russian Federation.
Within-district resource allocation and the marginal costs of providing equal educational opportunity: Evidence from Texas and Ohio.
Bruce D. Baker
Education Policy Analysis Archives , 2009,
Abstract: This study explores within-district fiscal resource allocation across elementary schools in Texas and Ohio large city school districts and in their surrounding metropolitan areas. Specifically, I ask whether districts widely reported as achieving greater resource equity through adoption of Weighted Student Funding (WSF) have in fact done so. I compare Houston Independent School District (a WSF district) to other large Texas cities and Cincinnati (also using WSF) to other large Ohio cities. Using a conventional expenditure function approach, I evaluate the sensitivity of elementary school budgets to special education populations, poverty rates, and school size. Next, I estimate two-stage least squares cost functions across schools to evaluate the relative costs of achieving average outcomes with respect to varied poverty rates within and across school districts within metropolitan areas. I use these estimates to evaluate whether urban core schools on average spend sufficient resources to compete with neighboring schools in other districts in the same Core Based Statistical Area. I find first that widely reported WSF success stories provide no more predictable funding with respect to student needs than other large urban districts in the same state. I also find that in some cases, resource levels in urban core elementary schools are relatively insufficient for competing with schools in neighboring districts to achieve comparable outcomes.
Perceptions of Immediacy, Cohesiveness, and Learning in Online Courses
Jason D. Baker
Christian Perspectives in Education , 2010,
Special Edition: Editors' Introduction
Jason D. Baker
Christian Perspectives in Education , 2010,
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