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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 605 matches for " Samira Reschetti;Rubira "
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Quality of life and depressive symptoms among caregivers and drug dependent people
Marcon, Samira Reschetti;Rubira, Elizete Aparecida;Espinosa, Mariano Martinez;Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000100022
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life and the presence of depressive symptoms among the caregivers and drug dependent people of the capsad. this is a cross-sectional study, with 109 users of four psychosocial care centers for alcohol and other drugs of mato grosso and their caregivers, using the instruments: medical outcomes studies 36 (sf-36), beck depression inventory (bdi) and a sociodemographic variables questionnaire. the qol of the caregivers in the domains functional capacity, physical aspect, pain and vitality were more affected when compared to the users. a strong correlation between qol and depressive symptoms was found in both groups. the comparisons performed demonstrate a compromise in the quality of life of both, with the group of caregivers most affected, confirming the situation of drug dependence as an important factor in the perception of the caregiver regarding their quality of life.
Quality of life and stress in caregivers of drug-addicted people Evaluación de la calidad de vida sobrecarga en los cuidadores de química dependientes Qualidade de vida e sobrecarga de cuidados em cuidadores de dependentes químicos
Samira Reschetti Marcon,Elizete Aparecida Rubira,Mariano Martinez Espinosa,Angélica Belasco
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality of life and presence of stress in caregivers of drug-addicted people. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at four Psychosocial Care Centers in Mato Grosso. Demographic and quality of life data were collected for 109 caregivers using the Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-form, depression symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory) and stress of caregivers (Caregiver Burden Scale). RESULTS: Of 109 caregivers, 55.9% were mothers with a mean age of 47.66 years; 23.8% had depressive symptoms. The SF36 scores most compromised were emotional aspects, vitality, pain and mental health. Mean stress among caregivers was 2.24. A significant correlation in quality of life, depression and stress of caregivers was seen. CONCLUSION: Findings confirmed that quality of life is compromised and stress is high among caregivers, highlighting the need for providing emotional support. OBJETIVOS: Evaluar la calidad de vida y la presencia de sobrecarga de cuidados en cuidadores de dependientes químicos. MéTODOS: Se trata de un estudio de corte transversal, realizado en cuatro Centros de Atención Psicosocial de Mato Grosso, con 109 cuidadores. Fueron recolectados datos sociodemográficos, de calidad de vida por medio del Medical Outcomes Studies 36 - Item Short-Form, síntomas de depresión (Inventario de Depresión de Beck) y sobrecarga del cuidador (Caregiver Burden Scale). RESULTADOS: De los 109 cuidadores, 55,9% eran madres, con edad promedio de 47,66 a os y 23,8% presentaron síntomas depresivos. Los scores del SF36 más comprometidos fueron: aspectos emocionales, vitalidad, dolor y salud mental. El promedio general de la sobrecarga entre los cuidadores fue de 2,24. Hubo correlación significativa en las dimensiones de la calidad de vida, presencia de depresión y sobrecarga de cuidado. CONCLUSIóN: Los hallazgos confirmaron el compromiso de la calidad de vida y alta sobrecarga de cuidado que evidencian la necesidad de apoyo emocional a esos cuidadores. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a qualidade de vida e a presen a de sobrecarga de cuidados em cuidadores de dependentes químicos. MéTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal, realizado em quatro Centros de Aten o Psicossocial de Mato Grosso, com 109 cuidadores. Foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, de qualidade de vida por meio do Medical Outcomes Studies 36 - Item Short-Form, sintomas de depress o (Inventário de Depress o de Beck) e sobrecarga do cuidador (Caregiver Burden Scale). RESULTADOS: Dentre os 109 cuidadores, 55,9% eram m es, idade média 47,66 anos e 23,8% apresentaram sintomas depressivos. Os es
Sobrecarga e qualidade de vida de cuidadores de crian a e adolescentes com cancer em tratamento quimioterápico Sobrecarga y calidad de vida de cuidadores de ni os y adolescentes con cáncer en tratamiento quimioterápico Burden and quality of life of caregivers of children and adolescents with chemotherapy treatment for cancer
Elizete Aparecida Rubira,Samira Reschetti Marcon,Angélica Gon?alves Silva Belasco,Maria Aparecida Munhoz Gaíva
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar a sobrecarga de cuidado e a qualidade de vida (QV) de cuidadores de crian as/adolescentes com cancer durante tratamento quimioterápico e relacioná-las entre si e aos dados sociodemográficos. MéTODOS: Estudo transversal, com 160 cuidadores. Foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, sobrecarga de cuidado, conforme "Caregiver Burden Scale" e de QV pelo SF-36. RESULTADOS: 88,7% dos cuidadores eram m es, idade média 34,9 anos, escore geral de sobrecarga 2,09±0,04 e escores do SF-36 mais comprometidos: aspectos emocionais, vitalidade, saúde mental e aspectos físicos. O modelo de regress o respondeu 36,0% da sobrecarga. CONCLUS O: A QV dos cuidadores e sobrecarga de cuidados vivenciada mostram-se comprometidas em diversos domínios, e essas altera es podem afetar a qualidade da assistência prestada às crian as e adolescentes e propiciar desajustes na própria saúde. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la sobrecarga del cuidado y la calidad de vida (CV) de cuidadores de ni os/adolescentes con cáncer durante el tratamiento quimioterápico y relacionarlas entre sí y a los datos sociodemográficos. MéTODOS: Estudio transversal, realizado con 160 cuidadores. Fueron recolectados datos sociodemográficos, sobrecarga de cuidado, conforme "Caregiver Burden Scale" y de CV por el SF-36. RESULTADOS: 88,7% de los cuidadores eran madres, edad promedio 34,9 a os, scores general de sobrecarga 2,09±0,04 y scores del SF-36 más comprometidos: aspectos emocionales, vitalidad, salud mental y aspectos físicos. El modelo de regresión respondió a 36,0% de la sobrecarga. CONCLUSIóN: La CV de los cuidadores y sobrecarga de cuidados vivenciada se muestran comprometidas en diversos dominios, y esas alteraciones pueden afectar a la calidad de la asistencia prestada a los ni os y adolescentes, propiciando desajustes en la propia salud. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the burden of care and quality of life (QOL) of caregivers of children/adolescents with cancer during chemotherapy treatment, and to relate them to each other and sociodemographic data. METHODS: A transversal study, with 160 caregivers. We collected sociodemographic data, burden of care using the Caregiver Burden Scale and QOL using the SF-36. RESULTS: 88.7% of caregivers were mothers, with the mean age of 34.9 years, overall burden score 2.09 ± 0.04 and the SF-36 scores most compromised were: emotional aspects, vitality, mental health and physical aspects. The regression model accounted for 36.0% of the burden. CONCLUSION: The QOL of caregivers and burden of care experienced showed compromise in various domains, and these alterations may a
Perfil clínico e sociodemográfico de adolescentes que permaneceram e n?o permaneceram no tratamento em um CAPSad de Cuiabá/MT
Araujo, Nayara Bueno de;Marcon, Samira Reschetti;Silva, Naiara Gajo;Oliveira, José Roberto Temponi de;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852012000400006
Abstract: objective: compare clinical and sociodemographic profile of adolescents who stayed and did not stay in treatment at centro de aten??o psicossocial para álcool e outras drogas (capsad). method: a transverse study based on medical records of 125 users who had been in treatment at caps ad adolescer in cuiabá/mt, from june 2009 to june 2011. results: the permanence in treatment was predominantly male among users who extensively used psychoactive substances, who were sent for this treatment by social and judicial sectors. they had a conflictual family relationship and also had a frequent participation of family in treatment. the biggest proportion of those who did not stay in treatment happened because of the lack of integration with other devices of the network. conclusion: to know the characteristics of the adolescents and the interveners factors in the permanence reinforce the responsibility of caps in the effective articulation of the network, and moreover, reassure that family must be more and more close to treatment, as an fundamental part in the project of intervention.
Saúde mental no Programa Saúde da Família: caminhos e impasses de uma trajetória necessária
Lucchese, Roselma;Oliveira, Alice Guimar?es Bottaro de;Conciani, Marta Ester;Marcon, Samira Reschetti;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000900017
Abstract: the focus of this study is mental health care in the brazilian family health program (fhp), with the complexity of such care as the main premise. the objectives were to analyze the actual conditions of mental health care in fhp services in cuiabá, mato grosso state, describing the dynamics of such care and identifying situations and instruments used by different health professionals in dealing with problems of mental distress in the community. by means of a descriptive exploratory methodology, the discourses of eight health teams were studied, using content analysis. the study concluded that the demand for care for individuals with mental distress was not recorded on the patient charts, nor was it part of a proposal for individual or family interventions; some measures were taken according to a lay concept of "mental illness" and treatment, while referral to the specialized mental health care network was frequently used, despite its precariousness, thus reflecting the need for continuing training in mental health.
The low frequency electromagnetic field on the rat EEG  [PDF]
Samira M. Sallam
Journal of Biophysical Chemistry (JBPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbpc.2012.33026
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to find out the effects of low frequency electromagnetic field (EMF) 50 Hz - 10 mT on the rat electroencephalogram (EEG) recorded from the rat brain cortex and from the skull surface. The rats were, whole body, exposed to this EMF intensity one hour daily for 7 days. Recovery study was done after one week from stopping the EMF exposure. The effects of the filed were estimated by compression of the averaged EEG frequency spectra in the range of frequencies between 0.2 - 0.7 Hz and by comparison of amplitude of EEG waves in control, exposed to EMF and recovery animals. Statistically significant effects of EMF were observed both in EEG amplitude and power reduction at most EEG frequencies. Also, noticeable variations were observed in normal values of maximum amplitude and number of successive EEG epochs recorded from brain and skull surfaces after exposure to ELF magnetic fields. These results show that a weak low EMF can influence the spontaneous electrical rat brain activity in the animals subjected to the EMF.
L-Error Estimate of Schwarz Algorithm for Noncoercive Variational Inequalities  [PDF]
Samira Saadi, Allaoua Mehri
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.53054
Abstract:

The Schwarz method for a class of elliptic variational inequalities with noncoercive operator was studied in this work. The author proved the error estimate in L∞-norm for two domains with overlapping nonmatching grids using the geometrical convergence of solutions and the uniform convergence of subsolutions.

Effect of Hydrochloric Acid on the Structural of Sodic-Bentonite Clay  [PDF]
Samira Bendou, Moussa Amrani
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2014.25045
Abstract: The objective of this work is to determine changes of surface properties of a bentonite after acid activation, using hydrochloric acid solutions (HCl) at room temperature. XRD, FX, FTIR, MEB, and BET analyses of the samples have been carried out to examine the structure of bentonite before and after acid activation. It is found that the raw bentonite is composed of dioctahedral montmorillonite with predominant quantity and certain amounts of quartz, albite and illite, etc. It has an cation exchange capacity (CEC) of 74.32 meq/g which allows it to be characterized as typical sodium bentonite. The changes, at low acid concentrations, are the result from from cation exchange (exchangeable cations with H+ ions). Differences of surface area at high acid concentrations (0.25 - 0.4 M) were caused by structural changes and partial decomposition of the samples. Data of surface area measurements have showed that with increase of concentration of hydrochloric acid, the surface area increased. The maximum value (837.11 m2/g) was reached by the sample activated with 0.4 M HCl. By against, activation with higher concentration (0.6 M) caused a decrease in the surface area.
Thermal Performance of MEMS-Based Heat Exchanger with Micro-Encapsulated PCM Slurry  [PDF]
Samira Mehravar, Samad Sabbaghi
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.29003
Abstract:

Latent heat thermal energy storage technique has demonstrate to be a better engineering option mainly due to its benefit of supplying higher energy storage density in a smaller temperature difference between retrieval and storage. For this purpose, a micro electro-mechanical system, MEMS-based heat exchanger with microencapsulated PCM (MEPCM) slurry as cold fluid, has been simulated three dimensionally. This work investigates the influence of using MEPCM-slurry on the temperature of the cold and hot fluids. The MEPCM and water properties have been considered temperature dependent. MEPCM-slurry is used with different volume fractions. The result shows that using MEPCM with 25% volume fraction leads to the improvement in fluids temperatures, that is, for hot fluid the rate of temperature reduction increases up to 23.5% and for cold fluid the rate of temperature rise decreases to 9%, compared to using only water in the MEMS.

Psychological effects of parenting children with autism prospective study in Kuwait  [PDF]
Abdullahi Fido, Samira Al Saad
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.32A002
Abstract:

Background: Recent reports suggest that the prevalence of autism in the Arab world ranges from 1.4 cases per 10,000 children inOmanto 29 per 10,000 children in theUnited Arab Emirates. While these rates are lower than those of the developed world, which are 39 per 10,000 for autism and 77 per 10,000 for all forms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), it does not necessarily mean the condition is less prevalent in the Arab world. Objectives: Studies of parents with children with autism suggest that 35% - 53% of mothers with children show various degrees of depressive symptoms. However, many of these studies were conducted in western countries which still make little inferences about the prevalence of these stresses in Arab countries uncertain. No data are available on the use of the BDI on parents of children with autism in Kuwait. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of parental depression in families of children with autism and in control families. Subjects and Methods: The participants in this study were 120 mothers and fathers of autistic children whose children were attending the Kuwait Autism Center at the time of this study. They were asked to complete the Arabic translated version of the Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI). It consists of 21 symptoms or attitudes commonly seen in patients suffering from depression. The symptoms are rated from “0”to “3”in intensity. The following cut-off points of depressive symptoms were used when interpreting the results in the present study: the range of scores from 0 to 9 indicates no depression, 10 - 20 dysphoria and over 20 depression. Results: The mean standard deviation scores for the mothers of autistic children were 21.2 ÷ 2.9 and 10.3 ÷ 2.1, (p = 0.001) for the control mothers respectively. No significant difference were observed across the samples of fathers other than slight increase for the autistic group. Marital status did not affect the number of mothers of the autism groups who had elevated depression scores, but single mothers in both groups had higher elevated depression scores than mothers living with partners, (x2 = 6.4, p < 0.005). Out of mothers with autistic children, 32.3% had depression and 41.5% had dysphoria while, 10% of control mothers had depression and 16% had dysphoria, x2 = 6.3 (p < 0.001). Conclusion: It is clear from our findings that mothers of autistic children have higher parenting-related stress and psychological distress as compared to

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