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Can Conducting a Talking Circle about a Sensitive Topic Increase Participation for Elementary Aged Learners?  [PDF]
Patricia Lyons, Kaitlyn McCormack, Samantha Sauer, Michelle Chamblin
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105594
This action research project investigated the effects of talking circles on student participation when engaging in sensitive topics. Researchers used 38-4th and 5th graders from two elementary classrooms. Both classrooms were located in Catholic schools. For the pretest phase, students were taught a series of controversial topics within the curriculum. To deconstruct the lesson themes, a traditional question, answer and discussion was employed. Researchers examined students’ participation, the quality of questions about injustice/justice that was raised and the students’ written statements about how they could make changes towards solutions. The strategy of using talking circles was implemented as a treatment. A second series of lessons concerning a controversial topic was presented. Students were directed to use the talking circle method to deconstruct themes in the lesson. Researchers again examined participation, the quality of questions about injustice/justice and students’ written statements about how they could make changes towards solutions. The researchers as teachers also reflected on their behavior and participation comparing a traditional discussion to the talking circle. The implementation of talking circles increased student participation, and the level of commitment to problem solving increased. The researchers as teachers also found that using the talking circle method was a more effective tool as it alleviated the role of teacher from expert to participant and facilitator. During the talking circle treatment, students communicated their opinions with civility. Researchers concluded that talking circles was an effective method for discussing sensitive topics for the 4th and 5th graders in this study. This corroborates the research on talking circles which has been implemented with older populations as much of the research begins with adolescent students. This research demonstrates that the method can be effective with younger populations and be an essential aid for teachers who may have difficulty presenting sensitive topics such as racism, death, gender differences, disability, immigration and slavery to younger students.
Exploring Possible Encounters between New Governance, Law and Constitutionalism in the European Union  [PDF]
Samantha Velluti
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.41002

The current European Union (EU) is a highly institutionalized template for integration, equipped with a whole spectrum of different modes of regulation ranging from “hard” to “soft” which, particularly in recent years, have been pragmatically combined together to develop a hybrid and multi-tiered EU system. The dramatic expansion of the EU’s governance tool-kit and the variety of objectives and internal structures of these EU governance tools have relied on a non-clearly identifiable mix of legal and policy instruments. These changes in EU governance pose a challenge to the rule of law and its main tenets and do not sit well with the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) because they occupy an unsettled constitutional space. This space is characterized by a range of possible encounters between constitutionalism and governance. In this context, New Governance forces European scholars to rethink the way the EU system operates and the way Europeanization is being pursued. The paper explores the relationship between New Governance, law and constitutionalism and the problems concerning their conceptualization and further understanding. Its main argument is that a stronger dialogue between what are known as “soft” and “hard” regulatory mechanisms may lead to a hybridized EU governance regime in which all governance tools are designed to achieve the same set of goals.

The Ties of Meeting Leaders: A Social Network Analysis  [PDF]
Nils Christian Sauer, Simone Kauffeld
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.64039
Abstract: This study extends meeting research by applying social network analysis to meeting leaders’ behavior in actual, videotaped meetings (N = 46) and examining the position of meeting leaders in the meeting network. Analyses reveal that meeting leaders are key players in meetings taking on the roles of central actor, broker, and elicitor. The role of central actor is linked to the number of planned actions during the meeting whereas the role of elicitor is associated with participants’ satisfaction with the meeting leader and team productivity after the meeting. Our study highlights the different roles meeting leaders need to juggle to run meetings effectively.
Reviewing the trends of nursing doctoral thesis research in Hong Kong  [PDF]
Yingchun Zeng, Samantha Pang
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.24051
Abstract: This review aimed to analyze the trends and contributions of nursing doctoral theses produced in Hong Kong. A total of 56 nursing doctoral theses were included in this review. The most often studied topic was cardiovascular rehabilitation care (n = 9, 16%). More recently, the most often studied topics has been health technology advancements in nursing care (n = 6, 10.7%). The common trend of study methods was to be quantitative in nature. Of the total, 35 out of 56 were quantitative studies. Half were experimental/ quasi-experimental research studies (n = 28, 50%). For theoretical foundations or applications, the majority (n = 21, 36%) of doctoral theses had no specific theoretical/conceptual models as study frameworks. This trend indicates that there is space for improving the theoretical and philosophical foundation of nursing research in Hong Kong. For the contributions of doctoral thesis research, Hong Kong nursing scholars place more emphasis on direct enhancement of clinical practice or the improvement of patient outcomes. This review provides concrete evidence of the status of nursing research and knowledge development in Hong Kong nursing.
Baseline Levels of Siderastrea siderea Bleaching under Normal Environmental Conditions in Little Cayman  [PDF]
Samantha Banks, Kristi Foster
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2017.71011
Abstract: This study describes the health status of Siderastrea siderea in Little Cayman before, during, and after the 2015 Caribbean-wide elevated temperature anomaly. Colony color was used as a proxy for health during snorkel and scuba surveys of shallow (<2 m depth) and deep (6 - 16 m depth) reefs. Baseline demographics indicated that 6% of this species were pale or blue pre-disturbance. When seawater temperatures exceeded 30.5°C, S. siderea were early indicators of reef stress and among the first corals to bleach. Depth and site resilience did not significantly impact temperature susceptibility; however, smaller colonies (<200 cm2 surface area) were more likely to change color than the larger size classes. Little Cayman’s S. siderea were capable of surviving large-scale (>80%) bleaching: mortality was observed for only one colony. Resilience rates varied considerably: one-third of the impacted population returned to the normal brown color within two months, one-third required 3 - 9 months to recover, and the fates of the remaining one-third remain to be determined. If the return to normal color is indicative of resistance to reef disturbances, S. siderea may be among the “winning” coral species following elevated temperature anomalies which are predicted to occur with increasing frequency and severity as a result of climate change.
Osteoporosis: A Disease of Men  [PDF]
Anu Garg, Samantha Kay
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.101005
Abstract: Objective: The goal of this study was to evaluate osteoporosis screening practices in male patients aged 70 and older. Methods: A survey-based study was carried out over six months at an academic primary care institution in the Midwest. Results: Seventy-nine male patients and fifteen primary care physicians were surveyed. Less than 10% of males recalled being screened for osteoporosis. Two-thirds of physicians reported regularly screening males for osteoporosis. Conclusion: Elderly male patients are overwhelmingly under-screened and undertreated for osteoporosis.
The genomics and proteomics of biofilm formation
Karin Sauer
Genome Biology , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/gb-2003-4-6-219
Abstract: In nature, the majority of bacteria live in close association with surfaces, as complex communities referred to as biofilms [1,2]. Biofilms (so called because macroscopically they do look like a thin layer of slime) have a distinct architecture, consisting of tower- and mushroom-shaped microcolonies encased in a hydrated matrix of exopolymeric substances, polysaccharides and proteins that are produced by the resident microorganisms. Compared with their planktonic (non-adherent) counterparts, the compact microbial consortia present in biofilms show extraordinary resistance to conventional biocides, antimicrobial treatments and the immune defense responses of the host. Formation of these sessile communities and their inherent resistance to antimicrobial agents are at the root of many persistent and chronic bacterial infections. Biofilms have been shown to colonize a wide variety of medical devices and to be associated with several human diseases, such as native valve endocarditis, burn wound infections, chronic otitis media with effusion and cystic fibrosis. Recent advances in our understanding of the genetic and molecular basis of bacterial community behavior point to therapeutic targets that may provide a means for the control of biofilm infections.Looking back, research on biofilms has come a long way since the initial characterization of a biofilm by Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. The first descriptions of specific genes that are up- or down-regulated in biofilm bacteria were made using transcriptional lacZ reporter-gene fusions [3,4] and led to the belief that bacterial attachment initiates the expression of a set of genes that culminates in a biofilm phenotype (Figure 1) [2]. That significant fractions of the bacterial genome could be involved in, or affected during, biofilm formation was shown in Escherichia coli in a genome-wide screen using random chromosomal insertions of a lacZ reporter gene fusion construct [5]. Prigent-Combaret et al. [5] showed that bacteria wi
Do Smart Cities Produce Smart Entrepreneurs?
Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-18762012000300007
Abstract: living labs aim to engage in user-centered design practices where users are included in their daily life environment as innovative agents. however, empirical insights in end user engagement in living lab practices are currently lacking. this article focuses on opening up this black box of user engagement by analyzing the involvement of a group of entrepreneurs in a living lab smart city pilot in amsterdam, the climate street. the goal of the article is to analyze how and to what extent the climate street enabled the involved entrepreneurs to engage in bottom up innovation. theoretically, the article explores this pilot from a science and technology studies perspective, specifically its notion of the socio-technical network. the article concludes that user innovativeness was limited by the pre-configuration of the entrepreneur as lay tester rather than as an active user-innovator. furthermore, it is suggested that the inherent tension in living lab practices between configuring users and actual user practices hampers user innovativeness in general. granting users more agency and opening up living lab practices to daily life dynamics stimulates the transition from tester to innovator in a daily life setting and subsequently makes entrepreneurs more readily smart.
Inaccuracies of Measuring Methods and Their Influence on the Regression Function
W. Sauer
Active and Passive Electronic Components , 1984, DOI: 10.1155/apec.11.243
Silvia Kontos: ffnung der Sperrbezirke. Zum Wandel von Theorien und Politik der Prostitution. Sulzbach im Taunus: Ulrike Helmer Verlag 2009.
Birgit Sauer
querelles-net , 2010,
Abstract: Silvia Kontos stellt die historische Entwicklung von Theorien über heterosexuelle Prostitution sowie von deren politischen Regulierungen in Deutschland dar und greift damit auf herausragende Weise in aktuelle wissenschaftliche und politische Debatten ein. Neben einer profunden Analyse prostitutiver Verh ltnisse macht sie ihre geschlechtertheoretisch fundierte normative Position in den aktuellen prostitutionspolitischen Aushandlungsprozessen plausibel. Durch die Verknüpfung von geschlechter- und staatstheoretischer Analyse werden die Paradoxien des Prostitutionsdiskurses ebenso herausgearbeitet wie die der staatlichen Regulierung. Silvia Kontos traces the historical development of theories regarding heterosexual prostitution and those related to its political regulation in Germany. In so doing, she taps into current scientific and political debates in an excellent manner. Her profound analysis of those relationships connected to prostitution aside, she makes plausible her gender-theoretical normative position within current political negotiations about prostitution. She explores the paradoxes found in both prostitution discourse and governmental regulation through the connection between gender and government in her theoretical analysis.
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