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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8453 matches for " Sajjad Ahmad Baig "
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Fiscal Imbalances and Interest Rate Change in Pakistan: A Co-Integration Analysis  [PDF]
Zaeema Islam, Asghar Ali, Irfan Ahmad Baig, Sajjad Ahmad Baig, Muhammad Hashim, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.55072
Abstract: The study investigated the relationship among fiscal deficit, public debt, inflation, international interest rates and the interest rate change in Pakistan using time series data for the period 1981-2011. Augmented Dickey Fuller Unit root test was used to check stationarity of time series data. The study employed co-integration approach to check the long-run relationship among variables. The findings of the study showed a positive and significant relationship between explanatory variables and interest rate change. The study suggested that the fiscal deficit, public debt and double digit inflation should be controlled in order to decrease the interest rate and interest rate fluctuation in Pakistan.
Internal Marketing and Customer Loyalty: A Dyadic Analysis  [PDF]
Hayat Muhammad Awan, Ahmad Nabeel Siddiquei, Aneela Jabbar, Muhammad Abrar, Sajjad Ahmad Baig
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2015.82024
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of internal marketing on customer loyalty and the mediating role of job satisfaction, affective commitment & organizational citizenship behaviour in their relationship. The analysis is based on a dyadic data set of front-end service employees and customers. It involves responses provided by the 150 dyads collected through quantitative self-administered questionnaires from telecommunication organizations of Pakistan. Findings demonstrate that internal marketing has a positive significant effect on job satisfaction, affective commitment and organizational citizenship behaviour. Furthermore, the theoretical model shows that organizational citizenship behaviour, affective commitment and job satisfaction act as mediators between internal marketing and customer loyalty. This study implies that IM is very beneficial and effective approach towards the customer positive behavioural outcomes such as customer loyalty.
Impact of Tangible and Intangible Rewards on Organizational Commitment: Evidence from the Textile Sector of Pakistan  [PDF]
Shahnawaz Saqib, Muhammad Abrar, Hazoor Muhammad Sabir, Mohsin Bashir, Sajjad Ahmad Baig
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.53015
Abstract: This study explores the relationship between tangible rewards, intangible rewards and organizational commitment with the mediating role of collectivism in the textile sector of Pakistan. In total, 250 questionnaires were distributed. The response rate was 81%. Data were analyzed by using SPSS (20.0) software. Results showed that collectivism was negatively correlated with tangible and intangible rewards and positively correlated with organizational commitment. Further results showed that tangible and intangible rewards had a significant impact on the organizational commitment. Moreover, mediating role of collectivism has also been proved. Theoretical & managerial implications, recommendations and limitations for future research have been discussed.
Employee’s Participation in Decision Making and Manager’s Encouragement of Creativity: The Mediating Role of Climate for Creativity and Change  [PDF]
Ali Zubair, Mohsin Bashir, Muhammad Abrar, Sajjad Ahmad Baig, Shaher Yar Hassan
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2015.83033
Abstract: This paper examined the relationships among employee’s participation in decision making (PDM), manager’s encouragement of creativity (MEOC) and employee’s creativity (CTY) and the role of climate for creativity and change (CLT) as a possible mediator among the relationships. Multisource data was collected from 206 employees and their managers. The results indicated that employee’s participation in decision making and manager’s encouragement of creativity were positively related with employee’s creativity. Support was also found for the role of climate for creativity and change as a partial mediator. Findings suggested that employee’s creativity was positively related with employee’s participation in decision making and manager’s encouragement of creativity through climate for creativity and change.
E-Marketing Development and Its Application in Textile Sector of Pakistan—A Theoretical Review  [PDF]
Muhammad Abrar, Xinming Deng, Asif Ali Safeer, Abdul Ghafoor, Sajjad Ahmad Baig
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2016.93031
Abstract: Textile sector plays very important role in the economy of Pakistan. It contributes in the form of foreign remittances receipts for textile products exports to international markets. At present global environment, the Pakistan textile sector is not fully apply the latest marketing tools to increase exports and market share in the international markets. In this paper, we presented the E-marketing development model which explained the whole process of e-marketing application like environmental scanning, review marketing goals, and with considering all 4 Ps to make effective decisions for the textile organizations. This model comprehensively guides the companies for effective decision making regarding the application of e-marketing in the textile sector of Pakistan. This current work attempts application of e-marketing in the textile sector of Pakistan and how this e-technology can be rewarding to promote the textile business of Pakistan in the local and foreign markets. This paper also guides the managers to implement e-marketing model in the organizations practically for effective decision making.
The Edge Version of Degree Based Topological Indices of p NAqp Nanotube  [PDF]
Xiujun Zhang, Wasim Sajjad, Abdul Qudair Baig, Mohammad Reza Farahani
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.810105
Abstract: Chemical graph theory is an important branch of mathematical chemistry which has wide range applications. In chemical graph theory a molecular graph can be recognized by a numerical quantity which is called a Topological index. Topological indices have some major classes but among these classes degree based topological indices have prominent role in chemical graph theory. In this paper we compute the edge version of some important degree based topological indices like Augmented Zagreb Index, Hyper-Zagreb Index, Harmonic Index and Sum-Connectivity Index of NAqp Nanotube.
The Accelerated Rotating Disk in a Micropolar Fluid Flow  [PDF]
Sajjad Hussain, Muhammad Anwar Kamal, Farooq Ahmad
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.51020

The problem of a micropolar fluid about an accelerated disk rotating with angular velocity Ω proportional to time has been studied. By means of the usual similarity transformations, the governing equations are reduced to ordinary non-linear differential equations and then solved numerically, using SOR method and Simpson’s (1/3) rule for s ≥ 0, where s is non-dimensional parameter which measures unsteadiness. The calculations have been carried out using three different grid sizes to check the accuracy of the results. The results have been improved by using Richardson’s extrapolation.

Role of Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide in the Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Mimusops elengi , Linn. (Maulsari) Leaf Extract  [PDF]
Rabia Ahmad, Sajjad Hussain Parrey, Qamer Faisal
Advances in Nanoparticles (ANP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/anp.2016.51005
Abstract: Mimusops elengi (Maulsari) is a medicinal plant (showing; antioxidant, antimycotic, antidiabetic, analgesic activity, etc.). Conventional UV-visible spectrophotometric technique in the presence of CTAB and transmission electron microscopic technique both in the presence and absence of CTAB were used to determine the morphology of silver nanoplates (AgNP) using Mimusops elengi (Maulsari) aqueous leaves extract for the first time. Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) has no significant effect on the shape of the spectra and position of SPR bands. Effects of various CTAB were also discussed in the green extra-cellular synthesis of AgNP using Mimusops elengi (Maulsari) leaves extract.
The Contribution of Greenhouse Gas Emissions on Future Acid Rain in States of Gulf Cooperation Council: Measures to Adopt  [PDF]
Sajjad Ahmad Siddiqi, Basim Al Farsi
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2019.74006
Abstract: Air pollution is one of the serious problems facing the world. This is mainly due to production and consumption of fossil fuels. Sulphur dioxide (SO2) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions could affect human health and destroy vegetation through acid deposition and cause transboundary air pollution. Currently, there are no regional ambient SO2 and NOx regulations and control measures of many developing countries including GCC countries. This paper reviewed the experiences of the past acid rain pollution problems in United States, Canada, Europe, Japan and China. In addition, the plausible control measures through application of air pollution abatement technologies, market based regulations were discussed. The study recommended that suitable and locally based measures could be adopted by GCC states to prevent future occurrence of acid rain within the region and beyond.
Numerical Solution for Accelerated Rotating Disk in a Viscous Fluid  [PDF]
Sajjad Hussain, Farooq Ahmad, Mohammad Shafique, Sifat Hussain
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.46124
Abstract: The problem of a disk rotating in a viscous fluid has been investigated. The disk is accelerated with angular velocity proportional to time. Employing suitable similarity transformations the governing partial differential equations are transformed in to ordinary differential form. The resulting equations are solved numerically using SOR method and Simpson’s (1/3) rule. The results have been improved by using Richardson’s extrapolation. The effect of the non-dimensional parameter s which measures unsteadiness is observed on velocity components, skin friction coefficient and torque of the disk.
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