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Outcomes and Cost Effectiveness of a Respiratory Coordinated Care Program in Patients with Severe or Very Severe COPD  [PDF]
Shahila Aslam, Johnathan Man, Jason Behary, John Riskallah, Saidul Ansary, Benjamin CH Kwan
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2016.63008
Abstract: Multidisciplinary community coordinated care programs are widely adopted to optimise care of chronic disease patients, but there is a need for further evaluation in the setting of COPD. This observational study evaluated 147 patients with severe or very severe COPD who were enrolled in a multidisciplinary community respiratory coordinated care program (RCCP) from 2007 to 2012. Comparison was made of hospitalisation rates and length of stay for 12 months prior to joining the program, and the first 12 months after joining the program. This data was used to inform a cost analysis. Enrolment into RCCP halved the annual hospital admission rate from 1.18 to 0.57 admissions per year (relative risk reduction 51.4%, p < 0.001), and annual total length of stay was reduced from 8.06 to 3.59 days per patient per year (p < 0.001). Hospital admissions were reduced from 5.05 days to 2.00 days (p < 0.001). Accounting for the program’s costs, these changes resulted in a $US 906.94 ($AUD 972.80) cost saving per patient per year. A RCCP program can reduce patient hospitalisation and overall costs in the COPD setting.
The Historical Evolution of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) from Earliest Societies to Modern Age  [PDF]
Mohammad Saidul Islam
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2018.92019
Abstract: International humanitarian law earlier known as the law of war is applied in the armed conflict to protect those who don`t take part in the hostilities or no longer taking part in the hostilities. Even in absence of any international document the earliest societies or communities would have followed some rules of war during conflict either as per the instructions of the community leader or customs or religions. The paper addresses the earlier scattered provisions of the law of war (LOW) or international humanitarian law (IHL) in various religious books, customs and practices. It then turns to the development of IHL by the codification of the rules of war in various international and national documents. This article also focuses on the significant development of IHL by adopting the four Geneva conventions (GCs) and its three additional protocols (AP) and most importantly progress and promotion of IHL by incorporating the laws of armed conflict in the national legislations.
Role of Mass Media in Promotion of Family Planning in Bangladesh
Saidul Hasan,Azizul Baten
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: This study has been made to examine the levels, differentials and determinants of female access to mass media in Bangladesh using data from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). Studies in access to mass media differentials provide information for assessing inequalities among women with respect to mass media. In response, about two fifths (39.0%) of the respondent listen to the radio weekly. Only 18.0% watch television weekly while only a little proportion of ever-married women read newspaper weekly. Multivariate analysis shows that respondents place of residence, education, economic status, geographical region, ownership of radio and ownership of TV appeared as most significant variables in determining access to mass media. This study helps to identify those underprivileged segments of women who experience lower access to mass media.
Performance of Nationalized and Private Commercial Banks in Bangladesh
Saidul Hasan,Azizul Baten
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the comparative performance of the public and private commercial banks operating in Bangladesh with loan default as a big concern. Janata Bank (JB) has been taken as the sample bank to represent the Nationalized Commercial Banks (NCBs) and National Bank Ltd. (NBL) has been selected as the sample bank to represent the Private Commercial Banks (PCBs), respectively. A statistical analysis of dummy variables and log linear method have been used to compare the performance of NCBs and PCBs with respect to their loan default. The study (both dummy variable and log linear) reveals that the rate of default is the highest in NCBs as compared to PCBs. In sample banks’ default rate, we observe that both JB and NBL have alarming default rate while NBL’s default rate is a bit lower than that of JB. However, better situation of NBL in terms of loan recovery than JB. The study suggests that if the bank can successfully screen out the fake entrepreneurs and identify the genuine entrepreneurs; the recovery rate will automatically rise.
Paradigms of Development and Their Power Dynamics: A Review
Md. Saidul Islam
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v2n2p24
Abstract: This research was supported by Japan’s Shipbuilding Industries Limited’s “Graduate Fellowship for Academic Distinction” program at York University. For thoughtful comments and suggestions, the author gratefully thanks Dr. Peter Vandergeest, Dr. Stuart Schoenfeld, and Dr. Hira Singh.
The electronic conductance of polypyrrole (PPy) molecular wires and emergence of Fano resonance phenomena
M Mardaani,S Ansary
Iranian Journal of Physics Research , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we studied the electronic conductance of a polypyrrole polymer, which is embedded between two semi-infinite simple chains by using Green’s function technique in tight-binding approach. We first reduced the center polymer to a one dimensional chain with renormalized onsite and hopping energies by renormalization method. Then, we calculated the system conductivity as a function of incoming electron energy, polymer length and contact hopping terms. The results showed that by increasing polymer length and decreasing contact hopping energies, the conductance decreases in the gap regions. This means that for larger gaps, the electron tunneling happens with more difficulty. Moreover, at the resonance area, due to the existence of nitrogen atom in the polymer cyclic structure, the Fano resonance will emerge. Furthermore, the polymer can behave like a metallic chain by variation of the value of nitrogen on-site term.
La Tolérance a-t-elle un Avenir?
Abdou Filali-Ansary
Philosophica , 2000,
Metallurgical and Biological Activity of Peroxo Complexes of Molybdenum (VI) Containing Organic Acid and Amine Bases
Jahanara Nasrin,M. Saidul Islam
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: This study describes with the preparation, characterization and bioactivity of peroxo complexes [A: MoO(O2)(gly)(Q); B: MoO(O2)(ala)(2-pic)]of Mo(VI)] containing organic acid and amine bases. Both the complexes A and B were characterized by a variety of physicochemical techniques, viz., elemental analyses, molar conductivity, IR, NMR and electronic spectral studies. The analytical data were in good agreement with the proposed emperical formulae of both the complexes. The molar conductance values indicated both the complexes are non-electrolytes in DMF revealing that the anions are covalently bonded in all the cases. The magnetic moment values indicated that both the complexes were dimagnetic in nature suggesting that there were no changes in the oxidation states of the metal ions upon complexation. The electronic spectral data of the complexes A and B showed bands at 315-355 nm region due to the charge transfers band only. The antimicrobial properties of the peroxo complexes of Mo(VI) indicated that both the complexes were stronger antibacterial and antifungal agents. However, the highest antifungal activity was shown in the complex B against A. niger (16 mm) while the complex A of Mo(VI) showed lowest activity (10 mm). The MIC experiment showed that the complex B of Mo(VI) were more potent against all the bacteria tested than the complex A. Results showed that the complex A of Mo(VI) exhibits more toxic to brine shrimp compared to complex B of Mo(VI) indicating the lower values of LC50 for both the exposure 16 and 36 h.
Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Biological Activity of Peroxo Complexes of Zirconium (IV) Containing Organic Acid and Amine Bases
Jahanara Nasrin,M. Saidul Islam
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The study was extended to isolate the peroxo complexes of Zr (IV) containing organic acid and amine bases. The Zr (IV) complexes have been found to oxidize allyl alcohol and triphenylphosphine as well as triphenylarsine to their respective oxides. The analytical data are in good agreement with the proposed empirical formulae of the present complexes. The complexes display v(C = O) bands at ~1630 cm-1 and v(C-O) bands at ~1412 cm-1 significantly lower than the values of amino acid (~1650 and ~1450 cm-1). These indicate the coordination of amino acid through their carboxylate anion. The broad band observed at about 3217-3350 cm-1 for v (N-H) modes indicate the coordination of amino group through nitrogen atom of amino acid. The metal peroxo grouping gives rise to three IR active vibrational modes. These are predominantly O-O stretching v1, the symmetric M-O stretch v2 and the antisymmetric M-O stretch v3. The magnetic moment values indicated that these complexes were diamagnetic in nature suggesting no changes in their oxidation states of the metal ions upon complexation. These data also consistent with six fold coordination of Zr (IV). The electronic spectral data of the complexes showed bands in the region 230-372 nm due to the charge transfer band only. All the complexes of Zr (IV) did not show any remarkable antibacterial activity. It is interesting to note that these complexes were found to be fully inactive against the three pathogenic fungi A. niger, A. fumigatus and A. flarus. Moreover, all the complexes of Zr (IV) metals showed toxic effect against the brine shrimp.
Prevalence of parasitic infection in captive non human primates of Assam State Zoo, India
Bichitra Gopal Nath,Saidul Islam,Apurba Chakraborty
Veterinary World , 2012, DOI: 10.5455/vetworld.2012.614-616
Abstract: Aim: The study was conducted to know the parasitic infestation in captive non human primates of Assam State Zoo. Materials and Methods: A total of twenty two faecal samples from non human primates of different species viz. Slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) (3), Pig tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) (3), Stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides) (5), Assamese macaque (Macaca assamensis) (1), Bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata) (1), Golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) (6) and Hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) (3) were analysed from August, 2009 to December, 2009 by using routine sedimentation and floatation techniques as described by Georgi (1985). Identification of parasitic ova was carried out as described by Soulsby (1982) and Wallach and Boever (1983). Results: Out of 22 faecal samples examined, 1 (20%) in stump-tailed macaque was found positive for Oesophagostomum spp. and 1(16.67%) in golden langur and 1 (33.33%) in hoolock gibbon, were found positive for the presence of Trichuris spp. Conclusion: Incidence of parasitic infection was 13.63% in captive non human primates of Assam State Zoo. [Vet World 2012; 5(10.000): 614-616]
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