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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1685 matches for " Saad Ghareba "
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Drinking Water Reuse: One-Step Closer to Overpassing the “Yuck Factor”  [PDF]
Djamel Ghernaout, Noureddine Elboughdiri, Saad Ghareba
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105895
Water shortage, because of either augmented domestication or climatic variability, has prompted nations to diminish stress on water supplies mostly via decreasing water demand. Nevertheless, this procedure entirely is not enough to ensure the quality of life that high-quality water services boost, particularly inside the case of augmented domestication. Intrinsically, the notion of water reuse (WR) has been reaching strength for the last few decades. Decision-makers require ready and reachable data concerning public attitudes toward WR to adopt convenient and sustainable resource management plans. Applying reclaimed infrastructure must concentrate firstly on usages with more important social acceptability, like street cleaning, car washing, irrigation of parks and athletic fields or toilet flushing. Acceptance of the usage of recycled water for other goals implementations, like food crop irrigation and watering of residential lawns may augment as public knowledge of the system expands. As inhabitants begin to be more usual with the techniques and global comprehension of the linked advantages of WR increases, officials, planners, and managers may encounter reduced objection to extra usages and attain bigger water savings via prolonged application of WR schedules. For potable WR, there is only one-step closer to overpassing the “yuck factor”. However, great efforts remain to be accomplished in mater of hybrid water technologies to assure efficient pollutant removal. Finally, WR may be considered a safe tool to avoid water sources’ contamination. In other words, treating wastewater at its source of generation before its expansion at the highest level of purity will avoid pollution expansion into nature: air, soil, and water. In this case and only in this case, the “yuck factor” will be overpassed.
Fenton Technology for Wastewater Treatment: Dares and Trends  [PDF]
Djamel Ghernaout, Noureddine Elboughdiri, Saad Ghareba
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2020, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106045
Fenton reaction remains an efficient technique for decomposing recalcitrant organic contaminants. Nevertheless, traditional Fenton response has many lim-itations like the necessity of acidic pH circumstance, the formation of iron sludge and the need for elevated chemical introductions. Procedures like het-erogeneous Fenton, fluidized-bed Fenton, employment of chelating products and in situ formations of Fenton’s reagent have been examined as likely solu-tions to such drawbacks. Bello et al. [1] presented an excellent discussion of the restrictions of Fenton reaction and the fresh manners for dealing with them and this work focuses on its main findings. The heterogeneous Fenton method stays the most largely examined thanks to the expansion achieved in catalysis. The fluidized-bed Fenton method has the capacity to diminish sludge formation and ameliorate technology efficiency. Chelating chemicals are employed to performing homogeneous Fenton at circumneutral pH, even if the potentially decisive impact of many chelating products remains a source of worry. In situ formation of Fenton’s reagent via bio-electrochemical technique (bio-electro-Fenton) seems to be a likely manner to diminish the price related to Fenton’s reagent. Despite the progress registered in the Fenton technologies, the classical process, and its ameliorated versions, membranes processes remain fundamental for secure wastewater treatment. As sure barriers towards pollution dispersal, processes such as nanofiltration should be coupled to Fen-ton techniques.
Assessing the Usability of Institutions Web Pages  [PDF]
Saad Subair
International Journal of Internet and Distributed Systems (IJIDS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijids.2014.23003
Abstract: The usability of the web pages is assessed using some statistical models. Researchers argue that many usability results and recommendations lack empirical and experimental data. Universities web pages are chosen as subjects for this work. Series of experiments have been conducted to investigate into the usability and design of the universities web pages. Prototype web pages have been developed according to the structured methodologies of web pages design and development. Four universities web pages were evaluated together with the prototype web pages using a questionnaire which was designed according to the Human Computer Interactions (HCI) concepts. The data collected was analyzed using correlation and regression models. The correlation analysis showed that there were significant positive and negative correlations between many items. The regression analysis revealed that the most significant factors (items) that contributed to the best model of the universities web pages design and usability were: multimedia in the web pages, the web pages icons (alone) organization and design, and graphics attractiveness. The results showed some of the limitations of some heuristics used in conventional interface system design and proposed some additional heuristics in web pages design and usability.
Saltwater Intrusion in Jizan Coastal Zone, Southwest Saudi Arabia, Inferred from Geoelectric Resistivity Survey  [PDF]
Saad Mogren
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2015.63022
Abstract: This work focuses on the causes of water quality deterioration in the coastal plain of Jizan area, southwest Saudi Arabia using vertical electrical sounding (VES) surveys. Schlumberger electrode array is used in the study with the current electrode spacing ranging from 400 to 600 m to delineate the thickness of the shallow aquifer and its possible interaction with the sea water. The differences in resistivity are associated with the variations in lithology and groundwater saturation and salinity. The interpretation of VES curves reveals low resistivity zones characterizing the study area. These zones reflect saline water intrusion in the coastal aquifer. Generally, it is observed that the resistivity of saturated zone decreases towards the sea, indicating the influence of seawater. Based on the interpretation of the constructed resistivity pseudo-sections and 1-D sequential inversion models, three factors are identified to control the seawater intrusion into the shallow groundwater aquifers: 1) presence of faults that contribute extensively in the seawater intrusion as the seawater invades the coastal aquifers through the crushed rocks in fault zones related to the Red Sea rifting, 2) over-withdrawal of groundwater from the coastal aquifers, resulting in saline water intrusion from the sea into the freshwater aquifer, and 3) the lithological variation where the alluvial sediments of the ancient buried wadi (dry valley) channels provide potential pathways for saltwater intrusion and make a hydraulic connection between the aquifer and the sea water.
Analysis of the Performance Indicators of the PV Power System  [PDF]
Saad Odeh
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2018.66005
Abstract: The energy assessment of the PV power systems is carried out by using different types of performance indicators that benchmark the output of these systems against the PV panel maximum output at hypothetical operation conditions. In this paper, a comparative analysis of six types of performance indicators is conducted and a new performance indicator which considers PV panel slope and orientation is proposed. The proposed indicator is benchmarking the PV system actual output against the maximum output of the same system if it would operate in two axis tracking mode. The proposed performance indicator is used to develop a friendly user calculator of PV system output that can be used by, energy providers and PV system installers to evaluate the output of the PV grid connect network. The advantage of the developed calculator is high-lighted by a case study that estimates energy capacity of different residential rooftop PV systems installed in a residential suburb in Sydney.
The Relationship between Program Evaluation Experiences and Stakeholder Career Satisfaction  [PDF]
Saad F. Shawer, Saad A. Alkahtani
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.38196
Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between program evaluation experiences and stakeholder career satisfaction. The study employs mixed paradigms, descriptive and correlational research, qualitative evaluation, interviews, rating-scales and the parametric Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation. Data analysis reveals differences between the descriptive and correlational findings. The descriptive findings show low faculty and program director career satisfaction at the beginning of program evaluation while concluding program evaluation experiences show a dramatically high career satisfaction. Correlational results, however, indicate not only a relatively low but also negative correlation between initial and final program evaluation experiences in career satisfaction. The study concludes a relationship exists between initial and final program evaluation experiences in stakeholder career satisfaction. The more program evaluation experiences stakeholders have, the less career dissatisfaction signs they show. Supportive program evaluation contexts lower program stakeholder negativity and encourage effective implementation and use of program evaluation.
Modeling Transfer Function of Electrical Power Lines for Broadband Power Line Communication  [PDF]
Saad D. Bennani
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.51005
Abstract: The indoor access network is characterized by several branches that cause many reflections. In this paper, we present an approach to model the transfer function of electrical power lines for broadband power line communication. The assuming channel consists of three wires, which is widely used in many countries. As an application of the proposed method, the effect of line length from transmitter to receiver, branched line length and number of branched are also studied. From the frequency response of the transfer function (magnitude and phase), it is seen that the position of notches and peaks in the magnitude responses are largely affected in terms of attenuation by the electrical network which consists of 15 branches.
Total Organic Carbon Enrichment and Source Rock Evaluation of the Lower Miocene Rocks Based on Well Logs: October Oil Field, Gulf of Suez-Egypt  [PDF]
Aref Lashin, Saad Mogren
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.34069
Abstract: October oil field is one of the largest hydrocarbon-bearing fields which produces oil from the sand section of the Lower Miocene Asl Formation. Two marl (Asl Marl) and shale (Hawara Formation) sections of possible source enrichment are detected above and below this oil sand section, respectively. This study aims to identify the content of the total organic carbon based on the density log and a combination technique of the resistivity and porosity logs (Δlog R Technique). The available geochemical analyses are used to calibrate the constants of the TOC and the level of maturity (LOM) used in the (Δlog R Technique). The geochemical-based LOM is found as 9.0 and the calibrated constants of the Asl Marl and Hawara Formation are found as 11.68, 3.88 and 8.77, 2.80, respectively. Fair to good TOC% content values (0.88 to 1.85) were recorded for Asl Marl section in the majority of the studied wells, while less than 0.5% is recorded for the Hawara Formation. The lateral distribution maps show that most of the TOC% enrichments are concentrated at central and eastern parts of the study area, providing a good source for the hydrocarbons encountered in the underlying Asl Sand section.
Kidney response to L-arginine treatment of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury in mice  [PDF]
Entsar A. Saad
Natural Science (NS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.51001

Hepatic injury can be induced by the administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) via the production of free radicals. The present work was initiated to investigate the kidney response to hepatic injury induced by CCl4 and its treatment by L-arginine. Female Swiss albino mice were supplied with L-arginine for 6 days (orally, 200 mg/kg body weight) prior or post to hepatic injury induction through i.p. injection with a single dose of CCl4 (20 mg/kg body weight) for 24 h. After hepatic injury induction, renal MDA content was significantly elevated while renal GSH level and the activities of antioxidant enzymes (GR, GPx, GST, catalase, and SOD) were significantly decreased. These results suggest that CCl4 not only induces hepatic injury but also induces kidney dysfunction side by side. Following the treatment with L-arginine, all levels were almost back to normal. Therefore, Larginine administration is found to be an effective protector of both liver and kidney against CCl4-intoxication.

Dynamic Optimization of Caregiver Schedules Based on Vital Sign Streams  [PDF]
Mohamed Saad, Bilal Khan
E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks (ETSN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/etsn.2013.22006

Hospital facilities use a collection of heterogeneous devices, produced by many different vendors, to monitor the state of patient vital signs. The limited interoperability of current devices makes it difficult to synthesize multivariate monitoring data into a unified array of real-time information regarding the patients state. Without an infrastructure for the integrated evaluation, display, and storage of vital sign data, one cannot adequately ensure that the assignment of caregivers to patients reflects the relative urgency of patient needs. This is an especially serious issue in critical care units (CCUs). We present a formal mathematical model of an operational critical care unit, together with metrics for evaluating the systematic impact of caregiver scheduling decisions on patient care. The model is rich enough to capture the essential features of device and patient diversity, and so enables us to test the hypothesis that integration of vital sign data could realistically yield a significant positive impact on the efficacy of critical care delivery outcome. To test the hypothesis, we employ the model within a computer simulation. The simulation enables us to compare the current scheduling processes in widespread use within CCUs, against a new scheduling algorithm that makes use of an integrated array of patient information collected by an (anticipated) vital sign data integration infrastructure. The simulation study provides clear evidence that such an infrastructure reduces risk to patients and lowers operational costs, and in so doing reveals the inherent costs of medical device non-interoperability.

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