Publish in OALib Journal
APC: Only $99
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a
serious condition with potentially devastating complications that affects all
age groups worldwide. The purposes of this study are to describe the glycemic
control levels and to determine the associated factors of poor glycemiccontrol
among type 2 diabetes patients followed in Najran Armed Forces Hospital.
Methods:We conducted a retrospective analysis of administrative data from adult
patients with diabetes type 2 followed in NAFH clinics. To be included in the
pilot study, patients needed to meet the following criteria: 1) Be identified
as having diabetes type 2 using algorithms employed by disease management oasis
program; 2) Be at least aged 18; 3) Be male or female; 4) Have Fasting Plasma
Glucose (FPG) and HbA1c measured at least twice during the last year. Both
univariate and multivariate approaches of logistic regression were applied to
determine factors associated with poor glycemic control. Results: Data from a
total of 100 patients were analyzed. There were 22% of patients that achieved
glycemic control. The risk factors associated with poor glycemic control were
being female, age < 65 years old and those who had not achieved the target
total cholesterol. Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that diabetic
control is suboptimal. This study provides factors that predict poor glycemic
control. With this information, sub-groups with high risk of disease morbidity
were identified. Barriers that prevent these patients from meeting their goals
must be explored to improve health outcomes.
Morphological features of nine wild species belonging to the genus Tephrosia PER growing in Saudi Arabia were extensively studied in order to support the diversity and simplify the identification of these species. The studied features included macro and micro morphological features of stem, leaves, flowers and pods. The most important features regarded for distinction of Saudi Arabia species of Tephrosia were pods shape, color, size, dehiscence and number of seeds per pod, inflorescences position, flower opening, shape of the upper 2 teeth of calyx, shape of sepals apex, shape of wings, length of hairs on ovary, direction of staminal tube tip, leaflets shape and surface and stem habit form and life spin. A key for the identification of the investigated species based on these morphological features is provided.