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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4539 matches for " SA Salawu "
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Tumoral calcinosis: Report of a case
SO Ogunlade, SA Salawu, RA Eyelade
African Journal of Biomedical Research , 2002,
Abstract: Tumoral calcinosis is a rare syndrome characterized by massive subcutaneous soft tissues deposits of calcium phosphate near the large joints. We report herein a 20 old boy with calcified lesions bilaterally involving the soft tissue over the greater trochanter. The serum calcium, phosphate and urea were normal.
Microbial isolates in open fractures seen in the accident and emergency unit of a teaching hospital in a developing country.
TO Alonge, SO Ogunlade, SA Salawu, AN Fashina
West African Journal of Medicine , 2002,
Abstract: In this prospective study, superficial and deep swabs of all open fractures seen at the accident and emergency unit of our hospital between January and June 2000 were taken (before wound debridement was done or anitibiotics commenced). Routine microscopy, culture and sensitivities for aerobic and anaerobic organisms were carried out on these specimens. The organisms were cultured and identified using standard techniques and the antibiotic sensitivity testing was carried out using the disc diffusion method of Stokes. Within six hours of injury, single-organism isolates were commonly found whilst after 48 hours a mixed or poly-microbial organism load were isolated. In 90% of the positive isolates, the organisms isolated form the superficial and the deep swabs were the same. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of all the isolates shows that pefloxacin, ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone were more effective compared to cefuroxime and amoxycillin which had substantial resistance to most of the isolates. 41 fractures were followed to union and 4 (9.7%) developed osteomyelitis.
Domiciliary treatment of femoral shaft fracture in children
SO Ogunlade, AB Omololu, TO Alonge, SA Salawu
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: A total of 20 children presenting in Accident and Emergency (A&E) Department of University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria with femoral shaft fracture treated with straight leg fixed traction in a domiciliary setting is presented. The male:female ratio is 3.2 with fall accounting for 65% of the cases. There was satisfactory correction of overriding and angular deformity following the application of the fixed traction in all the patients. There was good Callus formation at six weeks with no vascular, neurological or soft tissue complication.
Haematoma block in reduction of distal radial fractures
SO Ogunlade, AB Omololu, TO Alonge, SA Salawu, EA Bamgboye
West African Journal of Medicine , 2002,
Abstract: A total of 35 patients who presented in the Accident and Emergency Department of University College Hospital with displaced distal radial fracture between January 2000 and March 2001 had reduction of the fracture under haematoma block using 10ml of 2% lignocaine. There was significant reduction of the pain following infiltration of the fracture site with lignocaine and significant pain reduction during manipulation compared to pain score at presentation. All the patients had satisfactory reduction of the fracture. The fracture was mobilised in Plaster of Paris 6 weeks in patients with Collens' fracture and 3 weeks in patients with distal radial epiphyseal injury. All patients had good range of movement at 8 weeks after removal of Plaster of Paris and patients expressed satisfaction with this method. We recommend the use of Haematoma block for patients of 15 years and above with displaced distal radial fracture in the Accident and Emergency Department.
Normal values of knee angle, intercondylar and intermalleolar distances in Nigerian children
Bade Omololu, A Tella, SO Ogunlade, AA Adeyemo, A Adebisi, TO Alonge, SA Salawu, AO Akinpelu
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: There is little data on the range of variation of knee angle, intermalleolar and intercondylar distances in African children. Such measurements are needed to assist determining whether a child legs are normal or not. Knee angle intermalleolar and intercondylar distances were measured in 2166 Nigerian children aged one year to 10 years to establish normal values for these measurements. In the study we discovered that knees were maximally bowed at ages 1 – 3 years and reduced to neutral of 0o at age five (5 years) in girls and age seven (7) in boys. Both sexes had no bowing after age (7 years) in boys. Both sexes had no bowing after age of 7 years. The valgus angle was found to be constant at about 11o between ages 1–10 years in both sexes. Mean intercondylar distance was 0.2 cm at 1 year of age and did not vary significantly at 10 years of age. The greatest intermalleolar distances of 2.5cm and 2.2cm were noted between the ages of 2 and 4 years. Normograms of these measurements are presented as diagnostic aids in clinical settings.
Millennium development goals—Knowledge and attainability as perceived by doctors: A case study
OA Adegboye, MA Adeboye, Y Kongoila, SA Erinle, ND Nwachukwu, FK Salawu, NJ Sajo
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To audit the knowledge of doctors and evaluate their disposition toward the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Materials and Methods: Semi-structured questionnaires requesting information about knowledge of the acronym “MDGs” were administered on willing doctors at three tertiary health centers: University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, and Federal Medical Centre, Yola. Data were analyzed using frequency tables and simple statistical methods. Results: One hundred and eighty-three doctors participated in the study, comprising 65 (35.5%) from Bida, 18 (9.8%) from Yola, and 100 (54.7%) from Ilorin, with a male to female ratio of 2:1 (P < 0.05). Thirty-nine respondents (21.3%) had no fore knowledge of MDG (P < 0.05). Only 77 (42.1%) of the respondents who had fore knowledge of “MDG” knew the number of goals to be eight (P < 0.05). Among those who had fore knowledge of MDG, only 34 comprising 15 (10.4%, Bida), 1 (0.7%, Yola), and 18 (12.5%, Ilorin) could correctly list a minimum of four of the MDGs (P < 0.05). Only 12 (8.3%) of the respondents believed that the MDGs are very achievable. Conclusion: There is an absolute need for more elaborate publicity on the MDGs among doctors as they are key players if attaining the MDGs is to be a reality.
Strengthening Vital Registration Systems as Source of Demographic Data for Effective Socio-Economic Development Planning in Nigeria
B. Salawu
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Compilation of demographic records/data for different reasons remains a constant characteristic of all civilizations-past or present. In particular, the usual purposes of such compilation among the past civilizations were in the main to impose taxation, assign military duties or some other onerous community services upon those considered to be eligible. However, the purpose of compiling and keeping records of population in the modern society has moved beyond the imposition of tax or assignment of military duties. In today s world, no meaningful socio-economic planning is visible without adequate records of the population. In this study therefore, the main objective is to isolate and examine the state of vital registration system as an important source of demographic data for socio-economic planning in Nigeria and to suggest ways, by which the system of vital registration can be strengthened to effectively serve its numerous aims in socio-economic development of the country. The conclusion is that as vital as vital registration system is to socio-economic planning and development, the system is not yet fully developed in terms of its overall coverage and is also, yet to be adequately appreciated in terms of its value to socio-economic planning. Hence, the study suggests some ways, by which the vital registration system, as it is today in Nigeria can be strengthened to generate necessary data for meaningful socio-economic planning in the country.
Towards Solving the Problem of Corruption in Nigeria: The ICPC under Searchlight
Bashiru Salawu
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: For a long time now, the phenomenon of corruption remains one of the greatest obstacles to development in many nations, particularly the developing ones. With particular reference to Nigeria, the phenomenon has indeed been recognized as a major single cause of crime, poverty and some other social vices. The world over, attempts are made to combat or fight this social problem through the establishment of anti-corruption agencies or commissions. This study examines the phenomenon of corruption in Nigeria and it assesses the successes and failures of one of the anti-corruption agencies namely, the Independent Corrupt Practice and other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) set up by the Nigerian Government to fight corruption.
Patient considerations in early management of Parkinson’s disease: focus on extended-release pramipexole
Salawu FK
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S11841
Abstract: tient considerations in early management of Parkinson’s disease: focus on extended-release pramipexole Review (2438) Total Article Views Authors: Salawu FK Published Date January 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 49 - 54 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S11841 Received: 05 October 2011 Accepted: 07 December 2011 Published: 16 January 2012 Fatai Kunle Salawu Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria Abstract: This article reviews the role of an extended-release formulation of pramipexole in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease at an early stage. Pramipexole is a nonergot D2/D3 synthetic aminobenzothiazole derivative that is effective as monotherapy in early disease and as an adjunct to levodopa in patients with motor fluctuations. Although levodopa is the current “gold standard” for treatment of Parkinson’s disease, its effectiveness fades rapidly and its use results in serious motor fluctuations (on-off, wearing-off, freezing, involuntary movements) for most patients with the disease. Pramipexole has selective actions at dopamine receptors belonging to the D2 subfamily, where it possesses full activity similar to dopamine itself. Its preferential affinity for the D3 receptor subtype could contribute to its efficacy in the treatment of both the motor and psychiatric symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. The best approach to medical management of early Parkinson’s disease remains controversial. While enormous progress has been made in the treatment of the disease, challenges still remain. A variety of treatment-related and patient-related factors must be taken into account when making these decisions. The current approach to treatment of early Parkinson’s disease depends in part on individual patient factors, including age, severity and nature of symptoms and their impact, presence of cognitive dysfunction, possible underlying behavioral factors predisposing to impulse control disorders, and other comorbidities. Today, the once-daily extended-release formulation of pramipexole offers the advantages of easy continuous delivery of drug and convenience to patients, particularly early in the disease when monotherapy is the rule. Thus, a new “levodopa-sparing” paradigm for treating Parkinson’s disease may now be possible, whereby patients are initially treated with pramipexole and levodopa is added only as necessary.
Essentials of indigenous languages to journalism education in Nigeria
Abiodun Salawu
Global Media Journal : African Edition , 2011, DOI: 10.5789/2-1-31
Abstract: This paper advocates for compulsory inclusion of indigenous languages in the mass communication/journalism curricula in Nigeria. Emphasising the point that every educational programme should be socially relevant and culturally sensitive, the paper argues that while it is not out of place for a journalist to be global in orientation and application, thereby equipping himself with proficiency in a very international language like English, it will, however, be out of place for him not to be able to communicate effectively with his very own people. This report concludes by calling for appreciation of the indigenous languages and support for the media's use of them, from both the people and the governments.
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