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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 325431 matches for " S. Ramasamy "
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Error Correction Circuit for Single-Event Hardening of Delay Locked Loops  [PDF]
S. Balaji, S. Ramasamy
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.79210
Abstract: In scaled CMOS processes, the single-event effects generate missing output pulses in Delay-Locked Loop (DLL). Due to its effective sequence detection of the missing pulses in the proposed Error Correction Circuit (ECC) and its portability to be applied to any DLL type, the ECC mitigates the impact of single-event effects and completes its operation with less design complexity without any concern about losing the information. The ECC has been implemented in 180 nm CMOS process and measured the accuracy of mitigation on simulations at LETs up to 100 MeV-cm2/mg. The robustness and portability of the mitigation technique are validated through the results obtained by implementing proposed ECC in XilinxArtix 7 FPGA.
Performance Analysis of Reconfigurable SRAM Cell for Low Power Applications
Dillibabu.Mannem,S. Ramasamy
International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: The majority of space taken in an integrated circuit is the memory. SRAM design consists of key considerations, such as increased speed, low power and reduced layout area. A cell which is functional at the nominal supply voltage, can fail at a lower voltage. From a system perspective this leads to a higher bit-error rate with voltage scaling and limits the opportunity for power saving. While this is a serious bottleneck for SRAM arrays used for data storage. This paper presents a performance analysis of reconfigurable SRAM cell for low power application. Simulations using TSMC 0.35um technology show that the SRAM cell read & write access times are 1.53ns and 1.93ns. Mentor Graphics ELDO and EZ-wave are used for simulations.
Comparison and Performance Analysis of FACTs Controller in System Stability  [PDF]
Karthikeyan Ramasamy
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.710253
Abstract: In large inter connected power systems, inter-area oscillations are turned to be a severe problem. Hence inter-area oscillations cause severe problems like damage to generators, reduce the power transfer capability of transmission lines, increase wear and tear on network components, increase line losses etc. This paper is to maintain the stability of system by damping inter-area oscillations. Implementation of new equipment consists of high power electronics based technologies such as FACTs and proper controller design has become an essential to provide better damping performance than Power System Stabilizer (PSS). With development of Wide Area Measurement System (WAMS), remote signals have become as feedback signals to design Wide Area Damping Controller (WADC) for FACTs devices. In this work, POD is applied to both SVC and SSSC. Simulation studies are carried out in Power System Analysis Toolbox (PSAT) environment to evaluate the effectiveness of the FACTs controller in a large area power system. Results show that extensive analysis of FACTs controller for improving stability of system.
Effect of DC bias on electrical conductivity of nanocrystalline α-CuSCN
T. Prakash,S. Ramasamy,B. S. Murty
AIP Advances , 2011, DOI: 10.1063/1.3583601
Abstract: The grain boundary space charge depletion layer in nanocrystalline alpha phase CuSCN is investigated by studying electrical properties using impedance spectroscopic analysis in frequency domain. The measurements were performed at room temperature in wide frequency range 1 Hz to 1 MHz under various DC bias applied voltages ranges from 0 V to -2.1 V. The effect of bias on grain and grain boundary contribution electrical conductivity has been investigated by equivalent circuit model using non-linear least squares (NLLS) fitting of the impedance data. Three order of magnitude variation of grain boundary conductivity was observed for varying 0 V to -2.1 V. Variations in the σac clearly elucidate the DC bias is playing crucial role on grain boundary double Schottky barriers of nanocrystalline α-CuSCN.
A Novel Self-Assembled Liposome-Based Polymeric Hydrogel for Cranio-Maxillofacial Applications: Preliminary Findings
Victor Joo,Thiruganesh Ramasamy,Ziyad S. Haidar
Polymers , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/polym3020967
Abstract: Soft nanogels are submicron-sized hydrophilic structures engineered from biocompatible polymers possessing the characteristics of nanoparticles as well as hydrogels, with a wide array of potential applications in biotechnology and biomedicine, namely, drug and protein delivery. In this work, nanogels were obtained using the physical self-assembly technique or ‘layer-by-layer’ which is based on electrostatic interactions. Liposomal vesicles were coated with alternating layers of hyaluronic acid and chitosan yielding a more viscous hydrogel formulation that previously reported core-shell nanoparticulate suspension, via simply modifying the physico-chemical characteristics of the system. Structural features, size, surface charge, stability and swelling characteristics of the nanogel were studied using scanning electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. With a specific cranio-maxillofacial application in mind, the hydrogel was loaded with recombinant human (rh) bone morphogenetic protein-7, also known as osteogenic protein-1 or rhOP-1 and release was monitored over an extended period of 60 days. This preliminary study reports promising results on the formulation of a novel core-shell polymeric nanogel.
Heat Transfer Enhancement of Solar Still Using Phase Change Materials (PCMs)
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology , 2013,
Abstract: In the recent scenario, distillation process with solar still plays vital role for getting pottable water from brackish and sea water. In this paper, attempt has been made to enhance the productivity of the solar still with the help of LHTESS(Latent heat thermal energy storage sub-system). Latent heat storage in a phase change material PCMs is very attractive because of its high storage density with small temperature difference. For experimentation and comparison purpose, a Cascade Solar Still with and without LHTESS were designed and constructed for water purification with a view of enhancing productivity. Solar still of the present study mainly consists of stepped absorber plate integrated with phase-change energy storage sub-system or LHTESS and single slope glass plate. This setup will be placed at an angle of 25° to the horizontal. Paraffin wax is used as LHTESS due to its feasible general and economic properties [1]. The hourly productivity is slightly higher in case of solar still without LHTESS during sunny days. The disadvandages of phase change material is corrosion when in direct contact with metal pipings or housings [5].
Antioxidant, heavy metals and elemental analysis of Holoptelea integrifolia planch
Saraswathy A,Devi S,Ramasamy D
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The ethanol crude extract of stem bark of Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. traditionally used in Indian system of medicine was screened for its antioxidant activity using a-tocopherol as standard antioxidant. The free radical scavenging potential of the extract was evaluated by two different antioxidant methods; ferric thiocyanate and thiobarbituric acid method. The ethanol extract was found to exhibit good antioxidant property. Further physico-chemical constants, elemental and heavy metal analysis of stem bark have been described.
Some characteristics of the larval breeding sites of Anopheles culicifacies species B and E in Sri Lanka
S.N. Surendran & R. Ramasamy
Journal of Vector Borne Diseases , 2005,
Abstract: Background & objectives : Anopheles culicifacies Giles, the major malaria vector in Sri Lanka, existsas a species complex comprising two sympatric sibling species— species B and E. Species E is reportedto be the major vector of Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum parasites in Sri Lanka, whilst speciesB is a poor or nonvector as in India. Knowledge of the breeding habits of the two sibling species canhelp in designing optimal vector control strategies. Hence, a survey was conducted in Sri Lanka tostudy the preferential breeding habitats of An. culicifacies species B and E.Methods: Immature forms of An. culicifacies were collected from identified breeding sites in malariousdistricts. Collected larvae were typed for their sibling species status based on mitotic Y-chromosomestructure. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science version 10.0.Results: An. culicifacies immature forms were found in 23 collection sites. Among these samples19 were found to have species E and four to have species B. All species B larvae were collected fromTonigala village in the Puttalam district. None of the 23 sites was found to have both species B and E.Species E, the major vector of malaria, appears to breed in variety of breeding sites which can be of anindication of its adaptive variation to exploit breeding sites with varying limnological characteristics.Interpretation & conclusion: The present findings have to be taken into account when formulatingmore effective larval control measures. They also show the need for a detailed study of possibledifferent preferences for larval breeding sites between species B and E.
Applications of Number Theory in Statistics
A.M.S. Ramasamy
Bonfring International Journal of Data Mining , 2012, DOI: 10.9756/bijdm.1340
Abstract: There have been several fascinating applications of Number Theory in Statistics. The purpose of this survey paper is to highlight certain important such applications. Prime numbers constitute an interesting and challenging area of research in number theory. Diophantine equations form the central part of number theory. An equation requiring integral solutions is called a Diophantine equation. In the first part of this paper, some problems related to prime numbers and the role of Diophantine equations in Design Theory is discussed. The contribution of Fibonacci and Lucas numbers to a quasi-residual Metis design is explained. A famous problem related to finite fields is the Discrete Logarithm problem. In the second part of this paper, the structure of Discrete Logarithm is discussed.
Compressive Strength and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Studies on Waste Glass Admixtured Cement  [PDF]
Ramasamy Gopalakrishnan, Dharshnamoorthy Govindarajan
New Journal of Glass and Ceramics (NJGC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/njgc.2011.13017
Abstract: The present work reports the effect of waste glass (WG) on the properties of Portland cement through Electron Para- magnetic Resonance (EPR) study. Cement pastes containing 0, 10, and 30% replacement of waste glass with cement and in a water to cement ratio of 0.4 have been prepared. The g factors of Fe(III) and Mn(II) impurities at different hydration ages have been calculated. The decreased gFe values and simultaneous increase in gMn values with increase in replacement % of WG are explained due to retardation of cement hydration.
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