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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 327318 matches for " S?nia Isoyama;Tonete "
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Breastfeeding knowledge and practice of health professionals in public health care services
Silvestre, Patrícia Kelly;Carvalhaes, Maria Antonieta de Barros Leite;Venancio, Snia Isoyama;Tonete, Vera Lúcia Pamplona;Parada, Cristina Maria Garcia de Lima;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692009000600005
Abstract: this study evaluated breastfeeding knowledge and practice of professionals who care for infants at health care services in a city in the interior of s?o paulo, brazil. this epidemiological study was carried out with a population of 89 nurses and physicians. their answers to a structured questionnaire were analyzed in total and by place of work through the test for difference between proportions (chi-square) with the level of significance at p<0.05. data analysis was performed according to the ministry of health recommendations. the significant differences found for knowledge and practice, according to place of work, were restricted to certain aspects. results of average scores were slightly better for professionals from the basic care units. regular and poor performance were found in different studied aspects regardless of place of work, which suggest that potential educational interventions in this subject should include professionals at all levels of health care.
Práticas de alimenta??o complementar no primeiro ano de vida e fatores associados
Silva, Ligia Mara Parreira;Venancio, Snia Isoyama;Marchioni, Dirce Maria Lobo;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732010000600005
Abstract: objective: this study investigated the complementary feeding practices and the factors associated with the appropriate timing of complementary feeding in children under one year of age. methods: the parents or caregivers of 1,176 children who attended the national immunization campaign in s?o bernardo do campo, southeastern brazil, in 2003 were interviewed to determine what the child was fed in the 24 hours prior to the interview. the prevalence of complementary food intake was estimated by a logistic regression model adjusted for age; the medians of the introduction of foods by survival analysis; and the factors associated with timely complementary feeding by poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance and hierarchical variable selection. results: complementary foods were introduced early: in the fourth month of age, nearly one-third of the children were already consuming fruit juices and one-fourth were consuming soft foods, fruits or soups. they were less likely to eat the same food as the family at eight months of age (48%). the median age for fruit intake was 266 days (95%ci 256-275), for vegetable soup was 258 days (95%ci 250-264) and for family meals 292 days (95%ci 287-303). factors associated with the intake of solid foods before age six months were: healthcare system, maternal age, maternal employment and use of pacifiers. conclusion: the early consumption of solid foods, a potential risk for the child's health and for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood, evidences the need for programmatic actions to reverse this situation.
Preditores do retardo de crescimento linear em pré-escolares: uma abordagem multinível
Oliveira, Lucivalda P. M.;Barreto, Mauricio L.;Assis, Ana Marlúcia O.;Braga-Junior, Antonio C. R.;Nunes, Maria F. F. Pussik;Oliveira, Nelson F.;Benício, Maria Helena D'Aquino;Venancio, Snia Isoyama;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000300019
Abstract: this study focuses on the determinants of linear growth deficit in under-five children using multilevel modeling. the sample included 3,746 preschoolers from 15 brazilian municipalities (ten from the state of bahia and five from s?o paulo), with a three-tier analysis (municipalities, households, and children). municipal data were obtained from the 1991 national census. individual and household data were collected from 1999 to 2001 using structured questionnaires and measuring children's weight and height. analysis used the mlwin software. in the final multilevel model, low hdi and prenatal care at the municipal level, poor environmental and economic conditions and maternal schooling at the household level, and low birth weight, incomplete immunization, prior history of malnutrition, and no report of breastfeeding at the individual level were strongly associated with linear growth deficit. total variability of deficit explained by the model was 27.4%, of which 51.3%, 33%, and 15.7% were explained, respectively, by individual, household, and municipal variables.
High-intensity single-bunch electron beam generation with the 38 MeV L-band linac in Osaka University
S. Okuda,T. Yamamoto,S. Suemine,G. Isoyama
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: The characteristics of the high-intensity single-bunch electron beam of the 38 MeV L-band electron linac at the Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research in Osaka University were investigated.
Avalia??o de interven??o educativa sobre aleitamento materno dirigida a agentes comunitários de saúde
Machado, Maria Cristina Heinzle da Silva;Oliveira, Juliana da Silva;Parada, Cristina Maria Garcia de Lima;Venancio, Sonia Isoyama;Tonete, Vera Lúcia Pamplona;Carvalhaes, Maria Antonieta de Barros Leite;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292010000400006
Abstract: objectives: to evaluate the educational intervention aiming to train community health visitors to promote and support maternal breastfeeding. methods: a study of the process of improving the intervention, comparing the knowledge and practices of 54 agents, before and two months after the training. four theoretical and practical workshops were carried out based on the principles of critical-reflective education and two training courses were run for the maternity teams. the results were expressed in terms of the differences in mean scores for knowledge, practices and the total, with statistical significance set at p<0.05. results: there was an increase in the mean score for knowledge (from 21.0 to 26.6; p<0.001) and in the scores for particular items of knowledge classified as good (from 37.0% to 88.8%, p<0.001). there were no changes in the score for participation of health visitors as groups in specific health actions. the effect of the intervention most frequently cited by the health visitors themselves was "feeling more accepted and better prepared to participate in the multiprofessional team in situations involving childcare". more than half reported an improvement in the quality and quantity of the advice they were able to dispense during home visits. conclusions: the intervention has a positive effect on the knowledge and practices of health visitors dealing with families but does not give rise to an increase in their participation in specific health actions.
Trends and new challenges in journalism research in Brazil
Snia Virgínia Moreira
Brazilian Journalism Research , 2011,
Images of The World in Brazil: International News in Two Daily Newspapers in 2006
Snia Virgínia Moreira
Brazilian Journalism Research , 2011,
Factorial Validation of Warr’s (1990) Well-Being Measure: A Sample Study on Police Officers  [PDF]
Sónia P. Gon?alves, José Neves
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.27108
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to test the factorial validity of the job-related affective well-being scale—the IWP Multi-Affect Indicator. The sample was composed of 1466 police officers and collected through self-report questionnaires. With the objective of validating the factorial structure of the IWP Multi-Affect Indicator, several models were tested using confirmatory factor analysis. The results supported a four-factor structure: anxiety, comfort, depression and enthusiasm, as well as a five-factor structure including the same four factors plus a second-order factor called global affective well-being.
Dificuldades para o estabelecimento da amamenta o: o papel das práticas assistenciais das maternidades
Venancio Sonia Isoyama
Jornal de Pediatria , 2003,
Self-force as probe of internal structure
Soichiro Isoyama,Eric Poisson
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/29/15/155012
Abstract: The self-force acting on a (scalar or electric) charge held in place outside a massive body contains information about the body's composition, and can therefore be used as a probe of internal structure. We explore this theme by computing the (scalar or electromagnetic) self-force when the body is a spherical ball of perfect fluid in hydrostatic equilibrium, under the assumption that its rest-mass density and pressure are related by a polytropic equation of state. The body is strongly self-gravitating, and all computations are performed in exact general relativity. The dependence on internal structure is best revealed by expanding the self-force in powers of 1/r, with r denoting the radial position of the charge outside the body. To the leading order, the self-force scales as 1/r^3 and depends only on the square of the charge and the body's mass; the leading self-force is universal. The dependence on internal structure is seen at the next order, 1/r^5, through a structure factor that depends on the equation of state. We compute this structure factor for relativistic polytropes, and show that for a fixed mass, it increases linearly with the body's radius in the case of the scalar self-force, and quadratically with the body's radius in the case of the electromagnetic self-force. In both cases we find that for a fixed mass and radius, the self-force is smaller if the body is more centrally dense, and larger if the mass density is more uniformly distributed.
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