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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 329757 matches for " Sílvia;Moraes "
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Cesáreas: um perfil epidêmico
Moraes, Maria Sílvia de;Goldenberg, Paulete;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2001000300007
Abstract: this study characterizes cesarean rates among women giving birth in s?o josé do rio preto in 1992. household interviews were conducted with 553 women selected through records on live births. estimated incidence of cesarean sections was 80.5%, highlighting the procedure's widespread use in the study sample. confirming a prior hypothesis, cesarean rates increased with parity and were statistically associated with age and tubal ligation. as for socioeconomic status, cesarean rates increased according to income and were higher among women using private health care (with or without health insurance). interviews with professors in the local medical school and a related survey of the local media showed an increase in the valorization of cesareans. confirming this trend, women interviewed in the survey expressed their own active valorization of this procedure.
Robbins basic pathology
Sílvia Berlanga de Moraes Barros
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/s1516-93322004000300029
Cesáreas: um perfil epidêmico
Moraes Maria Sílvia de,Goldenberg Paulete
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract: A presente investiga o tem como propósito caracterizar a ocorrência de cesáreas entre mulheres, residentes em área urbana, que realizaram partos em hospitais de S o José de Rio Preto no ano de 1992. Selecionada uma amostra de 553 mulheres a partir das Declara es de Nascidos Vivos do ano de 1992, procedeu-se à realiza o de um inquérito domiciliar, paralelamente ao levantamento de dados disponíveis nas Declara es de Nascidos Vivos. Foi observada uma incidência de partos cesáreos de 80,5%, evidenciando a generaliza o deste procedimento na amostra investigada. Confirmando as suspeitas que nortearam o estudo, as cesáreas aumentaram com a paridade e se associaram significativamente com a idade e a realiza o de laqueadura. Foi constatada maior presen a destas práticas nos estratos sociais mais elevados e, de forma correspondente, nos servi os privados e conveniados. O estudo chamou a aten o, ainda, para a veicula o da cultura das cesáreas no espa o do ensino e da mídia local, assim como sua valoriza o entre as parturientes entrevistadas.
Quantification of 4-nerolidylcatechol from Pothomorphe umbellata (Piperaceae) in rat plasma samples by HPLC-UV
Rezende, Kênnia Rocha;Barros, Sílvia Berlanga de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-93322004000300013
Abstract: the oral dosages formulations from pothomorphe umbellata (piperaceae) can only be therapeutically evaluated after establishing 4-nerolidylcatechol (4-nrc) pharmacokinetic profile in plasma. for that purpose, a unique analytical method validation using hplc-uv detection was developed for analysis of rat plasma samples. the animals received 10 mg/kg b.w. of 4-nrc i.v.. analytical conditions were set with c18 column, methanol: acetonitrile: water (62:20:18) as mobile phase, and a flow rate of 1.6 ml/min. the assay was linear from 1.0 - 80.0 mcg/ml. the recovery procedure was performed by liquid-liquid extraction showing quantitative extraction (106.4±8.7%). limit of quantification (loq) was found to be 1.0 mcg/ml. interassay precision and accuracy ranged from values of 14.4-3.0% and 24.0-0.2%, respectively. recovery after liquid-liquid extraction was found to be 106.5 ± 3%. the method is simple and reliable with total run time of less than 15 min.
Evolu??o da imunidade passiva contra o herpesvírus bovino tipo 1
Hübner, Sílvia de Oliveira;Weiblen, Rudi;Silva, Adriana Moraes da;Moraes, Mauro Pires;
Ciência Rural , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84781996000300016
Abstract: the aim of the present study was to determine the evolution of the levels of anti-bhv-1 colostral antibodies. serum samples were obtained at 6, 12 and 24 hours post-birth, weekly through the 63rd day of age, and monthly through the 180rd day. the study utilized the serum neutralization test (sn). the colostral antibodies against bhv-1 declined gradually: the first negativo samples were obseved at day 28, and the geometric mean titer of antibodies (gmt) was estimated to be £1:2 at day 180. these data suggest that serology for bhv-1 (using the sn) should be used only in calves older then six months.
Quantifica??o de capilares no tecido muscular esquelético em animais com insuficiência arterial periférica induzida submetidos a treinamento de endurance
Carvalho, Celina Cordeiro de;Moraes, Sílvia Regina Arruda de;Chalegre, Síntya Tertuliano;Tashiro, Tetsuo;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502004000500006
Abstract: purpose: this work introduces quantitative research into the skeletal muscle tissue of rats, suffering induced outlying arterial inadequacy after endurance training. methods: all those rats had been prepared surgically towards the right femoral artery total occlusion. after surgical procedures, the rats were either restricted to activities inside their cage (sedentary ones, n=10) or undergone endurance training with cycle ergometer in continuous way (trained ones, n=10), which consisted in walking twice a day (morning and afternoon) at 17m/min, for 5 minutes, 5 days a week during 8 and 12 weeks. the groups were halved in order with their respective sedentary groups. the analysis was achieved by vast medial muscle histological observation after test period. results: considering the eight-week trained group, the average number of muscle tissue capillary vessels has been shown higher (5,2 ± 3,834) than in the sedentary one (0,6 ± 0,894). also in the 12-week trained group, the average number of capillary vessels has been shown higher (6,8 ± 3,033) than in the sedentary one (3,0 ± 2,345). the average number of capillary vessels between the 12-week and 8-week groups has been shown higher in the first group as well, however, not statistically significant. the average number of the 12-week sedentary group's capillary vessels has been higher (3,0 ± 2,345) than the eight-week one's (0,6 ± 0,894). conclusion: the muscle adaptive process concerning the capillary vessels' increasing number through the endurance training of rats, which have induced outlying arterial inadequacy.
Prevalência de tabagismo e fatores associados em área metropolitana da regi?o Sul do Brasil
Moreira,Leila B.; Fuchs,Flávio D.; Moraes,Renan S.; Bredemeir,Markus; Cardozo,Sílvia;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101995000100008
Abstract: a cross-sectional study was carried out for the purpose of evaluating, the prevalence of smoking and the factors associated with it in porto alegre, a city in southern brazilian. through proportional, multiple stage, random sampling, 1.091 individuals (92% of those eligible) of 18 or more years of age, were interviewed at home. exposure to smoking was measured by a questionnaire that inquired about the type, quantity and frequency of tobacco use. the prevalence of smoking was 34.9% (cl 31.9 - 37.8). it was higher -among men - 41.5% (cl 38.5 - 44.4) then women - 29.5% (cl 26.8 - 32.2). the former started smoking at mean age of 16 (± 5.6), with mode of 15 and smoked an average of 19.0 (± 14.0) cigarettes per day. females started at a mean age of 17.8 (± 6.7), with mode of 14 years old and smoked 14.5 (± 10.3). the association of the drinking habit and demographic and socioeconomic variables with smoking was evaluated through logistic regression. the variables included in the model were sex, age, education, income, professional qualification and alcohol consumption. the prevalence of smoking was greater for men, individuals of lower sociecinomic level, between 30 and 39 years of age, and among those accustomed to consuming alcoholic beverages. in conclusion, this study demonstrated that smoking is a public health problem in brazil as in another countries. it is associated with sex, age, education and professional qualification, as has been observed elsewhere. the association of alcohol consumption with smoking may be understood as risk behavior, both having similar determinants.
Atividade sexual pós-infarto do miocárdio: tabu ou desinforma??o?
Lunelli, Rosana Pinheiro;Rabello, Eneida Rejane;Stein, Ricardo;Goldmeier, Sílvia;Moraes, Maria Antonieta;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2008000300003
Abstract: background: despite its clinical and social relevance, resumption of sexual activity after an acute coronary syndrome (acs) is a subject that is poorly addressed by healthcare providers and one that is given scant emphasis during hospitalization. erectile dysfunction is a common complaint among cardiac patients, and these patients are in doubt regarding the safety of resuming sexual activity after a cardiovascular event. objective: to describe how well informed patients are in regard to acute an myocardial infarction (ami) and what sort of guidance they receive regarding resumption of sexual activity. methods: a cross-sectional study was performed from june to july 2005 with patients on the sixth day of ami. a questionnaire was applied to assess not only patients' knowledge of ami, but also their expectations regarding their resumption of sexual activity - and frequency of same - following hospital discharge. results: ninety-six patients were included in the study (mean age 59 ± 12); 70% of them were male and 80% had experienced their first ami. of these, 96% lacked any knowledge of ami clinical manifestations and possible limitations, 63% reported an active sex life before the event, 60% were in doubt regarding their sex life following hospital discharge, and only 4% received sexual guidance from healthcare providers during their hospital stay. conclusion: according to our findings, the recommendations patients receive during hospitalization are suboptimal in regard to both ami and resumption of sexual activity. the updating of healthcare providers may change this situation. this is especially true for the nursing staff, since they spend more time with patients.
Avalia??o da assistência às gestantes: o caso do município de S?o José do Rio Preto, S?o Paulo, Brasil
Moraes, Maria Sílvia de;Kujumjian, Fátima Grisi;Chiaravalloti Neto, Francisco;Lopes, José Carlos Cacau;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292004000400006
Abstract: objectives: to identify changes of health care indicators of women who gave birth in the municipality of s?o josé do rio preto, between 1997 and 2001, according to the established maximum percentage of c-sections. methods: women who reside and gave birth in hospitals within the municipal in 1997 and 2001 were included in the study and specifically those who were treated in hospitals that primarily serve the national health care system. this was a descriptive cross-sectional survey using primary and secondary data sources. the primary data were collected using a questionnaire by sampling and secondary data came from birth certificates from the "life birth registration system". results: between 1997 and 2001, a reduction in teenage pregnancies and an improvement in the education of women were seen. the number of c-sections was reduced in the evaluated hospitals and there was an increased number of prenatal consultations. however, other indicators such as birth weight, apgar score, gestational age and the number of women who thought normal childbirth was the most recommended showed no changes. the indicators related to breastfeeding improved. conclusions: an improvement in some of the assessed indicators was seen, although the quality of the services in s?o josé do rio preto needs to be further discussed.
Avalia o do potencial interpretativo da Trilha do Jequitibá, Parque Estadual dos Três Picos, Rio de Janeiro / Assessment of the interpretative potential of Jequitibá Hiking Trail, Parque Estadual dos Três Picos,Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil
Sílvia Marie Ikemoto,Vivian Castilho Costa,Moemy Gomes de Moraes
Revista Sociedade & Natureza , 2009,
Abstract: O presente estudo avaliou o potencial da trilha do Jequitibá, Parque Estadual dos Três Picos (RJ), para a sensibiliza o e conscientiza o dos seus usuários através da Interpreta o Ambiental. Foram utilizadas as metodologias de caracteriza o biofísica da trilha, avalia o da trilha quanto a Interpreta o Ambiental e o índice de Atratividade dos Pontos Interpretativos (IAPI). A trilha do Jequitibá foi caracterizada como de leve dificuldade, curto percurso, com design apropriado para pedestres, sendo os impactos decorrentes do uso considerados mínimos ou controlados. Através do IAPI, p de-se concluir que é uma trilha altamente atrativa, dotada de uma multiplicidade de recursos interpretativos. Apesar de possuir pontos de interpreta o consensuais, estes enfatizam conteúdos biológicos e ecológicos em detrimento dos de cunho histórico e cultural, além de n o apresentar roteiros temáticos de interpreta o definidos. Embora n o atenda a todos os pressupostos da Interpreta o Ambiental, a trilha do Jequitibá pode ser considerada com caráter e potencial interpretativo, no entanto, os aspectos frisados devem ser trabalhados de forma a implementar e desenvolver plenamente a Interpreta o Ambiental.
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