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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 934 matches for " Ryo Matsutera "
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Predictive Factors of the Presence and Number of Noncalcified Coronary Plaque in Japanese Patients with Zero Coronary Artery Calcium Score Using 64-Slice Multi-Detector Computed Tomography  [PDF]
Yoshiki Noda, Ryo Matsutera, Yoshinori Yasuoka, Kiyoshi Kume, Hidenori Adachi, Susumu Hattori, Ryo Araki, Motohiro Kosugi, Yasuaki Kohama, Tetsufumi Nakashima, Tatsuya Sasaki
Advances in Computed Tomography (ACT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/act.2013.23020
Abstract:

Background: Factors that can predict the presence and number of noncalcified coronary plaques (NCP) in Japanese patients with zero coronary artery calcium scores (CACS) essentially remain undefined. Methods and Results: We assessed independent predictors of the presence and number of segments with NCP in 111 Japanese patients with zero CACS who underwent 64-slice multi-detector computed tomography at our hospital. Thirty five patients (32%) had NCP, and 24 patients (22%) had ≥ 2 NCPs. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that significant predictors for the presence of NCP were age (odds ratio [OR]: 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01 - 1.11, p = 0.021), male (OR: 3.61, 95% CI 1.40 - 9.35, p = 0.008) and diabetes mellitus (OR: 3.10, 95% CI 1.02 - 9.45, p = 0.046), and those for the presence of ≥ 2 NCPs were age (OR: 1.08, 95% CI 1.02 - 1.15, p = 0.007) and a current smoking habit (OR: 5.09, 95% CI 1.00 - 25.74, p = 0.049). Multiple linear regression analysis identified advanced age, male gender and diabetes mellitus as independent

Noninvasive Demonstration of Dual Coronary Artery Fistulas to Main Pulmonary Artery with 64-Slice Multidetector-Computed Tomography: A Case Report
Yoshiki Noda,Ryo Matsutera,Yoshinori Yasuoka,Haruhiko Abe,Hidenori Adachi,Susumu Hattori,Ryo Araki,Takahiro Imanaka,Motohiro Kosugi,Tatsuya Sasaki
Cardiology Research and Practice , 2010, DOI: 10.4061/2010/861068
Abstract: Coronary artery fistulas, including coronary pulmonary fistulas, are usually discovered accidently among the adult population when undergoing invasive coronary angiographies. We report here a 58-year-old woman with dual fistulas originating from the left anterior descending coronary artery and right coronary sinus to the main pulmonary artery, demonstrating noninvasively with multidetector-computed tomography (MDCT) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). 1. Introduction Coronary artery fistulas are rare anomalies of coronary arteries detected in around 0.1% to 0.2% of the adult population and usually discovered accidently when undergoing invasive coronary angiographies (ICA) [1, 2]. In addition, dual or multiple coronary fistulas are reported to be quite rare [3, 4]. The definite diagnoses of these patients were made only by ICA in the past. However, it has been reported that coronary artery fistulas can be detected by various kinds of noninvasive cardiac imaging, such as multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in recent years [5, 6]. We report here an adult patient with dual fistulas originating from the left anterior descending coronary artery and right coronary sinus to the main pulmonary artery demonstrated noninvasively with MDCT and TTE. 2. Case A 58-year-old woman with no history of cardiac disease was introduced to our hospital with atypical chest pain at rest and before sleeping at night for a month. Her risk factors for coronary artery disease were obesity and dyslipidemia, and she was administered with statin by a local clinic. On clinical examination, she had no murmur, and both chest X-ray and resting electrocardiogram were normal. We performed TTE and 64-slice MDCT (Aquilion 64, Toshiba Medical Systems, Japan) since treadmill exercise test indicated positive finding for myocardial ischemia. TTE revealed continuous flow into the main pulmonary artery which had peak flow in the diastolic phase. MDCT was performed with a retrospective ECG-gated protocol and with a collimation of ?mm, detector pitch of 11.2, gantry rotation time of 350?ms, tube current of 400?mA, and tube voltage of 120?kV. She received 2?mg propranolol hydrochloride and sublingual nitroglycerin before scanning, and 59?mL of contrast medium (370?mg iodine/mL) was used for MDCT angiography. Axial images demonstrated the leakage of contrast medium into the main pulmonary artery from the aberrant artery originating from coronary arteries (Figure 1), and we could not detect any other leakages of contrast medium in the pulmonary artery.
Friendship Motivation, Aggression, and Self-Esteem in Japanese Undergraduate Students  [PDF]
Ryo Okada
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.31002
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among self-determined friendship motivation (motivation for friendship formation), aggression, and self-esteem in a sample of 262 Japanese university students. The hypothetical model posited that self-determined friendship motivation predicted lower levels of aggression, which, in turn, predicted lower levels of self-esteem. The results showed that self-determined friendship motivation predicted lower levels of anger, hostility, and physical aggression and that hostility and anger predicted lower levels of self-esteem. Verbal aggression was found to be positively associated with self-determined friendship motivation and self-esteem. The different relationships between self-determined friendship motivation and each facet of aggression are discussed.
Pareto Distribution of Wealth Based on Overlapping Generation Model  [PDF]
Ryo Nagata
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.811155
Abstract: In this paper, we shed light on the Pareto distribution of wealth on the basis of an overlapping generation model. We deduce in the model that the basic reason for a particular shape of Pareto distribution is attributed to the distribution of utility function among consumers. More specifically, we show that a formula relating the distribution of utility function to the distribution of wealth is analytically obtainable on the basis of the Cobb-Douglas utility function. By simulation, we recognize that the formula actually gives us a well approximation of a Pareto distribution.
Photobiont Flexibility in Paramecium bursaria: Double and Triple Photobiont Co-Habitation  [PDF]
Ryo Hoshina, Yuko Fujiwara
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2012.23027
Abstract: The green ciliate, Paramecium bursaria, has evolved a mutualistic relationship with endosymbiotic green algae (photobionts). Under culture conditions, photobionts are usually unified (to be single species) within each P. bursaria strain. In most cases, the algal partners are restricted to either Chlorella variabilis or Micractinium reisseri (Chlorellaceae, Trebouxiophyceae). Both species are characterized by particular physiology and atypical group I intron insertions, although they are morphologically indistinguishable from each other or from other Chlorella-related species. Both algae are exclusive species that are viable only within P. bursaria cells, and therefore their symbiotic relationship can be considered persistent. In a few cases, the other algal species have been reported as P. bursaria photobionts. Namely, P. bursaria have occasionally replaced their photobiont partner. This paper introduces some P. bursaria strains that maintain more than one species of algae for a long period. This situation prompts speculations about flexibility of host-photo-biont relationships, how P. bursaria replaced these photobionts, and the infection theory of the group I introns.
Effects of Heavy Metal Pollution of Apple Orchard Surface Soils Associated with Past Use of Metal-Based Pesticides on Soil Microbial Biomass and Microbial Communities  [PDF]
Masakazu Aoyama, Ryo Tanaka
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.44A005
Abstract:

Apple orchard surface soils in Japan are polluted with copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and arsenic (As) due to long-term use of metal-based pesticides. We investigated the effects of heavy metals accumulated in the surface soils in apple orchards on the microbial biomass and the microbial communities. Soil samples were taken from a chestnut orchard (unpolluted control) and five apple orchards with different degrees of heavy metal pollution. Total concentrations of Cu, Pb, and As in soil ranged from 29 to 931 mg/kg, 35 to 771 mg/kg, and 11 to 198 mg/kg, respectively. The amount of microbial biomass carbon expressed on a soil organic carbon basis decreased with increasing concentrations of heavy metals. Thus, the heavy metals that accumulated in apple orchard surface soils had adverse effects on the soil microbial biomass. The analysis of phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) composition indicated that the microbial community structure had changed because of the pesticide-derived heavy metals in soil. The relative abundance of gram-positive bacterial marker PLFAs increased and that of fungal marker PLFA decreased with increasing concentrations of heavy metals in soil. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoreses targeting the 16S ribosomal RNA gene of bacteria and the 18S ribosomal RNA gene of fungi also showed shifts in the composition of bacterial and fungal communities induced by soil pollution with heavy metals. However, the diversity of microbial communities was not significantly affected by the heavy metal pollution. This was attributable to the adaptation of the microbial communities in apple orchard surface soils to heavy metals derived from previously used pesticides.

Dynamic Routing for Emergency Vehicle by Collecting Real-Time Road Conditions  [PDF]
Ryo Katsuma, Shin Yoshida
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2018.112003
Abstract: When a natural disaster such as earthquake strikes, people go away to safety areas by cars. Some roads are broken and impenetrable by buildings falling down. Furthermore, some fixed infrastructures for radio communication may be broken. In order to quickly bring ambulances and fire trucks to their destinations, it is necessary to provide real-time road conditions to these emergency vehicles via ad-hoc networks. In this paper, we propose a method to periodically reconstruct a route for an emergency vehicle by collecting real-time road conditions via vehicle ad-hoc networks. As simulation results, we confirmed that the proposed method collects 12% more road conditions than existing method. We also confirmed that the proposed method achieves 10% faster arrival than the existing method.
Lattice of Finite Group Actions on Prism Manifolds  [PDF]
John E. Kalliongis, Ryo Ohashi
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2012.23022
Abstract: The set of finite group actions (up to equivalence) which operate on a prism manifold M, preserve a Heegaard Klein bottle and have a fixed orbifold quotient type, form a partially ordered set. We describe the partial ordering of these actions by relating them to certain sets of ordered pairs of integers. There are seven possible orbifold quotient types, and for any fixed quotient type we show that the partially ordered set is isomorphic to a union of distributive lattices of a certain type. We give necessary and sufficent conditions, for these partially ordered sets to be isomorphic and to be a union of Boolean algebras.
Phase-Conjugate-State Pairs in Entangled States
Ryo Namiki
Journal of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/854693
Abstract: We consider the probability that a bipartite quantum state contains phase-conjugate-state (PCS) pairs and/or identical-state pairs as signatures of quantum entanglement. While the fraction of the PCS pairs directly indicates the property of a maximally entangled state, the fraction of the identical-state pairs negatively determines antisymmetric entangled states such as singlet states. We also consider the physical limits of these probabilities. This imposes fundamental restrictions on the pair appearance of the states with respect to the local access of the physical system. For continuous-variable system, we investigate similar relations by employing the pairs of phase-conjugate coherent states. We also address the role of the PCS pairs for quantum teleportation in both discrete-variable and continuous-variable systems.
Design of Self-Oscillating Gels and Application to Biomimetic Actuators
Ryo Yoshida
Sensors , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/s100301810
Abstract: As a novel biomimetic polymer, we have developed polymer gels with an autonomous self-oscillating function. This was achieved by utilizing oscillating chemical reactions, called the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction, which is recognized as a chemical model for understanding several autonomous phenomena in biological systems. Under the coexistence of the reactants, the polymer gel undergoes spontaneous swelling-deswelling changes without any on-off switching by external stimuli. In this review, our recent studies on the self-oscillating polymer gels and application to biomimetic actuators are summarized.
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