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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2409 matches for " Russia and Soviet Union. "
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V.E. Zviagintsev, Voina na vesakh Femidy. Voina 1941-1945 gg. v materialakh sledstvenno-sudebnykh del [War in the Scales of Justice] Moscow, Terra, Knizhnyi Klub, 2006, 767 pages.
Vanessa Voisin
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2008,
Abstract: The voluminous work of V. E. Zviagintsev (767 pages) is probably the best work on Soviet military justice published in recent years. At least three reasons make this book highly valuable. Firstly, V.E. Zviagincev, as a professional military jurist and historian, succeeded in the almost impossible task of getting access to first-handed sources from the archives of the military college of the USSR Supreme Court, from collections of the FSB Central Archive and from the judiciary collection of th...
Soviet Archaeological Expedition as a Research Object
Olga Sveshnikova
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 2011, DOI: 10.5334/bha.2122
Abstract: Soviet archaeological expeditions are the main focus of my research. They provide us with very interesting examples of archaeological expeditions as a part of a society, and not only as a part of science. After the 1960s it was an especially popular leisure practice. Many people who were not professional archaeologists went on expeditions in their leisure time and worked there as diggers or shovelmen (excavators). A Soviet archaeologist described them as people who ‘prefer to spend their vacation in archaeological expeditions in various parts of our country instead of seaside resorts.
Yulia Dumanetskaya
Czech Journal of Social Sciences, Business and Economics , 2012,
Abstract: In order to understand the present situation of the natural gas industry in Russia and the dynamics of its relations with the CIS countries, one shall thoroughly understand the past development of the industry. This paper briefly describes the major milestones of the Soviet gas industry's development, ranging from the early stage of development in the 1940s until Vladimir Putin's rise to power in the year 2000, followed by reforms in the energy sector of the 2000s.The work includes analysis of the exploration of the main gas producing regions, such as Volga-Urals, North Caucasus, Central Asia, as well as their roles in the Uniform Supply System of the USSR and its further development. The research includes data about the main fields, pipelines and routes, contributing to the general understanding of the former Soviet Union's industry composition. The paper is intended to be a helpful overview for further research of the industry.
Svetlana Alexievitch, La guerre n’a pas un visage de femme [Svetlana Aleksievich, U voiny ne zhenskoe litso, Moskva : Pal’mira 2004] [The face of war is not feminin], Paris : Presses de la Renaissance, 2004, 399 pages.
Vincent Porteret
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2006,
Abstract: In this book Svetlana Alexievitch gives another view point about the Second World War in the USSR : she shows the different ways that women have waged this war. As she says, she aims to write not another book about war but “a book about mankind in war” (p.15), about his feelings... Her objective is to give women the opportunity to tell the reader their story, a story that is, for many, unknown and, as we learn, hidden. By letting these women express themselves openly, she simply listened and ...
Catherine Merridale, Ivan's War, the Red Army 1939-1945, London: Faber and Faber, 2005, 396 pages.
Joris Van Bladel
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2006,
Abstract: Catherine Merridale's first well reviewed and much appraised book “Night of Stone, Death and Memory in Russia” (Granta, 2000) examined the culture of suffering in Russia during the Soviet period. One key chapter in this previous book detailed the ordeals undergone by the Russian Armed Forces and the people at large, during the Great Patriotic War. Five years later, the British historian brings her expertise to this topic in Ivan's War.At first glance, the topic of suffering and endurance of...
Comment sont regardés les films sur la Grande Guerre patriotique dans la Russie actuelle ? How are Films about the Great Patriotic War Viewed in Today’s Russia?
Myriam Désert
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2011,
Abstract: The promoting of a patriotic cinema by the Russian state favored a new production, which appropriates in various ways this topos of the Soviet cinéma which is the patriotic Great War. The variety of the films is actually coupled with a big heterogeneousness of the reactions of the public; therefore the analysis of the comments of the Internet users allows to identify several fractures as for the representation of the war and for the expectations of the spectators. This study illustrates the lack of consensus around the war, it allows to seize the modulations and inflections of the patriotic theme and to understand the indignation, that met Mikhalkov's film Burnt by the Sun 2.
Interview with Olesya Orlenko, in charge of the International Relations Department at the Historical Memory Foundation in Moscow, conducted in February and October, 2011, in Paris
Vanessa Voisin,Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2011,
Abstract: Structure, Purpose and Organization of the Historical Memory FoundationPIPSS.ORG - Could you introduce the Historical Memory Foundation (http://historyfoundation.ru/) and its staff?Olesya Orlenko: As is indicated in our web site, the Foundation is a non-profit organization. Our goal is to provide assistance to researchers on Russian and East-European history of XXth century. It means that when we have an interesting project in our hands we look for the possibilities to help the authors to car...
A Brief Overview on Karabakh History from Past to Today
Ercan Karakoc
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: After initiation of the glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) policies in the USSR by Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union started to crumble, and old, forgotten, suppressed problems especially regarding territorial claims between Azerbaijanis and Armenians re-emerged. Although Mountainous (Nagorno) Karabakh is officially part of Azerbaijan Republic, after fierce and bloody clashes between Armenians and Azerbaijanis, the entire Nagorno Karabakh region and seven additional surrounding districts of Lachin, Kelbajar, Agdam, Jabrail, Fizuli, Khubadly and Zengilan, it means over 20 per cent of Azerbaijan, were occupied by Armenians, and because of serious war situations, many Azerbaijanis living in these areas had to migrate from their homeland to Azerbaijan and have been living under miserable conditions since the early 1990s.
Salvador Espriu a l’Europa eslava: compromís cívic i projecció intercultural [Salvador Espriu and Slavic-speaking Europe: civil engagement and intercultural projection]
Moranta Mas, Sebastià
Zeitschrift für Katalanistik , 2010,
Abstract: Early versions of some of Salvador Espriu’s works in Russian, Polish and Czech were published in the 1970s, a period in which the figure of Espriu as a politically engaged poet was still current in Catalonia, due to the patriotic interpretation of "La pell de brau" [The Bull’s Skin] (1960). In this essay the situation in Catalonia during the last years of Franco’s rule is contrasted with that of the Communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe. By illustrating the attitude of several intellectuals towards the dictatorial power we wish to offer ways of understanding Espriu’s reception in those countries. Thus, we aim to explain the apparent contradiction between two interpretive approaches: on the one hand, an ideology loyal to the government, which saw Espriu as a symbol of the anti-Franco resistance; and a rather anti-Communist attitude on the other, which certain cultivated groups could identify with, as opposed to the Soviet-Marxist-oriented systems. Moreover, we comment some of the translated works and discuss several strategies for editorial planning. Finally, we propose a short but representative anthology of Espriu’s "civic" poetry in all the three mentioned languages, accompanied by the original poems.
E-mail interview with Olaf Mertelsmann, Associate Professor in Contemporary History, University of Tartu, Estonia, conducted in June 2011
Vanessa Voisin
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2011,
Abstract: The Archives and the Historiography of the Second World War PIPSS.ORG - First, the editorial board is grateful to you for agreeing to answer a few questions about the state of war historiography in the Baltic states. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the archives of the newly independent states became accessible to researchers, as well as central archives in Moscow. However the declassification of documents was subject to a political agenda and may not be consistent or complete. How wou...
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