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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16631 matches for " Rosemeri Siqueira;Castro "
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Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Vers?o Brasil): valida??o semantica
Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;Araujo, Renata Brasil;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852009000400001
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study was to translate and adapt culturally the marijuana craving questionnaire (mcq-sf)10 which evaluates the craving for marijuana in a brazilian sample. method: the marijuana craving questionnaire (mcq-sf) was translated from english to portuguese, administered to 10 subjects, submitted to a brainstorming in a group of three people for individual and verbal reproduction, item by item. back-translation was executed, a translation for the original language, based on first translation and from brainstorming. soon after, it was translated again into portuguese. a committee of specialists analyzed all translations. results: after the committee considerations and a pilot study with 30 subjects, the final version of mcq-sf/vers?o brasil was built. conclusion: the results showed a satisfactory semantic equivalence between versions. the mcq/vers?o brasil can be useful to evaluate the craving for marijuana on the dependents of this substance.
Adapta??o transcultural para o idioma português do Cocaine Craving Questionnaire - Brief
Araujo, Renata Brasil;Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832010000500002
Abstract: background: the evaluation of craving is very important to treatment of cocaine dependence and the cross-cultural adaptations of scales are needed for increase effectiveness in the evaluation and treatment of them. objective: the objective of this study was to translate, to adapt culturally and verify the semantic equivalence of the cocaine craving questionnaire - brief (ccq-brief), which evaluates the craving for cocaine. method: the ccq-brief was translated from english to portuguese, administered to 10 persons, and then submitted to brainstorming in a group of 4 persons for individual and verbal reproduction, item by item. backtranslation was executed based on first translation and from brainstorming to the origin language. soon after, it was translated again into portuguese. all the process was analyzed by a committee of specialists, which emitted a decision and the pertinent comments. results: considering the decision of the specialists and one last pilot study, was constructed of the final brazilian version of the ccq-brief and the version adapted that scale for crack users. discussion: results indicated a satisfactory semantic equivalence between versions and the ccq-brief that may be important in the treatment of the cocaine dependents.
Inventário de expectativas de resultados em usuários de maconha (IERUM): constru??o e valida??o
Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;Araujo, Renata Brasil;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082010000100005
Abstract: introduction: this study presents the development and validation of the inventory of outcome expectancy in marijuana users (inventário de expectativas de resultados em usuários de maconha, ierum), which evaluates the outcome expectancy regarding marijuana use, and may be useful in the treatment and prognosis of marijuana-dependent individuals. method: the sample comprised 181 male (n = 145) and female (n = 36) marijuana users. their age ranged from 18 to 55 years old (28.34±8.57). one hundred and eighteen patients were hospitalized at a chemical dependency unit, 23 were being treated in an outpatient clinic, 25 were receiving treatment in a self-help group (drug addicts anonymous, alcoholic anonymous), and 15 were not being treated. the 17-item scale was developed based on the experience related to chemical dependency and scale validation, with the semantic validation being the first phase of the process. results: according to the factor analysis, the ierum was divided into five factors (emotional aspects, perception, craving, cognitive aspects, and sexual aspects) that accounted for 60.18% of the variance. conclusion: the ierum showed good psychometric properties and can be used to evaluate the outcome expectancy related to marijuana use.
Coping strategies for craving management in nicotine dependent patients
Araujo, Renata Brasil;Oliveira, Margareth da Silva;Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462009000200002
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study was to investigate the association between the intensity of craving and the types of coping skills used by nicotine-dependent patients. method: this was an experimental study. the sample comprised 201 subjects, mean age 38.15 years. the participants were randomly divided into groups of zero, 30 and 60 minutes of nicotine abstinence. the following instruments were administered: the chart of sociodemographic data, the fagerstr?m test for nicotine dependence, the questionnaire of smoking urges, and the coping strategies inventory. results: the most frequently used coping strategies are presented in descending order: accepting responsibility, self-control and distancing. there was a positive correlation between the confrontive coping strategy and the total score on the questionnaire of smoking urges (rs = 0.146; p = 0.045) and the score on factor 1 (rs = 0.165; p = 0.023). conclusion: the most intense craving can lead nicotine-dependent individuals to use confrontive coping strategies that make them unable to control their emotions or to face the situations of high risk of relapse. this finding demonstrates that the treatment of smokers should include psychological education about the pitfalls of using these types of strategy and should teach them new types of coping strategies for craving management.
Rela??o entre gênero e sintomas depressivos e ansiosos em tabagistas
Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;Oliveira, Margareth da Silva;Araujo, Renata Brasil;Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082008000100008
Abstract: introduction: smoking often presents comorbid anxiety and depression, disorders that are more frequent in women. objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between severity of nicotine dependence and anxiety and depression symptoms in both male and female smokers. method: a cross-sectional study was performed using a convenience sample of 475 smokers from the general population. the instruments used were fagerstr?m test for nicotine dependence, beck depression inventory, beck anxiety inventory, and a social and demographic record sheet. results: in women, anxiety symptoms (f = 9.691; p < 0.01) and depression (f = 16.23; p < 0.01) were associated with severity of nicotine dependence. in men, only anxiety symptoms (f = 7.219; p = 0.001) were associated with severity of nicotine dependence. conclusion: women with severe nicotine dependence have more anxiety and depression symptoms, while severe male smokers only showed more anxiety. the results demonstrated the importance of evaluating these symptoms in the treatment of smokers in brazil.
Expectativas de resultados frente ao uso de álcool, maconha e tabaco
Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Oliveira, Margareth da Silva;Araujo, Renata Brasil;Castro, Maria da Gra?a;Melo, Wilson Vieira;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082006000200012
Abstract: this article aims to perform a theoretical review about the outcome expectancy construct considering the use of alcohol, cannabis and tobacco. outcome expectancy is determined by people's belief about the effects of a drug. it is an important variable for the treatment of chemically dependent patients. searches in the electronic databases medline, psycinfo, proquest, ovid, lilacs and cork were carried out, using the following descriptors: belief, expectancy, expectation, drugs, psychoactive, and effect. results showed that outcome expectancy considering the use of those substances can be generated from: exposure to conditioning stimuli, physical dependence, personal and cultural beliefs, and situational and environmental factors. in conclusion, there is the need of new researches on expectancies related to psychoactive substances and age groups in order to have a better understanding of this construct.
Craving e dependência química: conceito, avalia??o e tratamento
Araujo, Renata Brasil;Oliveira, Margareth da Silva;Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Miguel, Alessandra Cecília;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852008000100011
Abstract: craving is usually defined as an intense desire for a substance. this is a rather controversial concept among the researchers on the chemical dependence area. objective: the objective of this study was to carry out a theoretical review concerning craving at psycinfo, medline, proquest, portal capes and science direct data bases. methods: the keywords used were craving, dependence and drug, and the searching period was between 1995 and 2007. results: the results showed that many different meanings can be found for craving, some relate it only to desire, while others consider it not only as desire, but also as the anticipation of the positive result from the use of the substance, the relief of abstinence symptoms or negative affect and intention to smoke, which reflects a multidimensional view of this construct. the ethimology of craving can be explained by the following models: behavioral, cognitive or psychosocial and neurobiological, being the option for one of them a factor that influences evaluation and usage. conclusion: as a conclusion, we are in favor of craving multidimensionality, as well as the need to use a biopsychsocial model that integrates the various models for treating chemical dependent patients. it is also necessary to highlight the importance of carrying out more studies in oder to understand craving, for it is one of the principal risks of relapse.
Valida??o da vers?o brasileira do Questionnaire of Smoking Urges-Brief
Araujo, Renata Brasil;Oliveira, Margareth da Silva;Moraes, Jo?o Feliz Duarte;Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Port, Franciny;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832007000400002
Abstract: background: the evaluation of craving is very important to treatment of tobacco dependence. objective:the objective of this research was to validate the brazilian version of the questionnaire of smoking urges-brief (qsu-b). method: subjects enrolled to this experimental study were randomized into groups of zero, 30 and 60 minutes of tobacco abstinence. the study group was composed by 201 subjects (134 females and 67 males), age range: 18 to 65 (m = 38.15). the assessment instruments were, in addition to the qsu-b: social and demographical data form, visual analogic scale for craving, fagerstr?m test for nicotine dependence and anxiety and depression beck inventories. results: the two-factor factorial analysis presented a total variation of 78.46% and the correlation between these factors was significant and of high intensity (r = 0.636; p < 0.001). all cronbach?s alpha values from qsu-b were above 0.70. we observed a correlation between the qsu-b total score and the visual analogic scale (r = 0.656; p < 0.001), and also with fagerstr?m?s question 1 (r = 0.201; p = 0.004) and question 2 (r = 0.257; p < 0.001). conclusion: qsu-b?s brazilian version proved to be an adequate psychometric instrument for the use both in research and in clinical settings.
Valida??o psicométrica do Cocaine Craving Questionnaire-Brief - Vers?o Brasileira Adaptada para o Crack para dependentes hospitalizados
Araujo, Renata Brasil;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;Santos, Paola Lucena dos;Leite, Letícia;Rocha, Marcelo Rossoni da;Marques, Ana Cecília Petta Roselli;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852011000400001
Abstract: background: the craving is a very important factor in the treatment of drug addiction. objective: validate the cocaine craving questionnaire-brief - brazilian crack adapted version. method: subjects enrolled in this experimental study were randomized into groups: experimental for this group was shown an image of a subject using crack (g1) and control (g2) for this group no pictures were shown. the sample was composed of 109 subjects (g1 = 50 and g2 = 59), males, crack/cocaine dependent inpatients. the assessment instruments were: clinical interview with social and demographic data, ccq-b - crack adapted version; visual analogic scale for craving, anxiety and depression beck and inventories visual cue to elicit craving. results: on the factorial analysis two factors were found: factor 1, related to craving itself, and factor 2, the perceived lack of control of crack use. the two-factor factorial analysis presented a total variation of 68.84%, and the correlation between these factors was significant and of low intensity (r = 0.204; p = 0.041). a cronbach’s alpha value from total of points of scale was 0.85. we observed a correlation between the scale total score and the visual analogic scale (r = 0.515; p < 0.01). conclusion: the cocaine craving questionnaire-brief - brazilian crack adapted version proved to be an adequate psychometric instrument for use in research and in clinical settings.
Tratamento de exposi??o a estímulos e treinamento de habilidades como coadjuvantes no manejo do craving em um dependente de crack
Araujo, Renata Brasil;Balbinot, Alexandre Didó;Castro, Maria da Gra?a Tanori de;Rocha, Marcelo Rossoni da;Miguel, Sandro Rene Pinto de Sousa;Cohen, Mírian;Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira;
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2237-60892011000300008
Abstract: objective: an increased prevalence of crack cocaine users has been observed in clinical samples over the past years, underscoring the need for conducting research and developing treatment strategies aimed at this population. the objective of this study was to describe the case of a crack cocaine addict (inpatient) submitted to cue exposure treatment (cet) and coping skills training (cs) as adjuvant approaches to the conventional addiction treatment. case description: a male patient, 29 years old, single, with complete high school, was dependent on crack cocaine and marijuana and also had a diagnosis of harmful alcohol use. the patient had been hospitalized for 2 weeks and had undertaken a protocol comprising four motivational interview and relapse prevention sessions. six sessions of cet and cs were carried out over 2 weeks, including both in vivo and imaginal exposure to stimuli evoking craving for crack cocaine, such as a crack pipe, a lighter, and simulated crack cocaine rocks (in vivo exposure), or remembering places and friends associated with drug use (imaginal exposure). the patient was also trained to use strategies for the management of craving. three months after hospital discharge, toxicological screening was performed to assess abstinence. cet and cs were considered by the patient to be important techniques for the maintenance of abstinence and of a low level of craving 3 months after discharge. comments: these findings suggest that the two techniques may be useful as adjuvant therapies in the treatment of crack cocaine dependents. cet and cs should be assessed in clinical trials in order to demonstrate their real benefits.
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