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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10621 matches for " Rodrigo Minuto;Reiter "
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Distribution of erm genes and low prevalence of inducible resistance to clindamycin among staphylococci isolates
Coutinho, Vivian de Lima Spode;Paiva, Rodrigo Minuto;Reiter, Keli Cristine;de-Paris, Fernanda;Barth, Afonso Luis;Machado, Alice Beatriz Mombach Pinheiro;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702010000600004
Abstract: introduction: resistance to macrolides, lincosamides and streptogramins b (mlsb antibiotics) in staphylococci may be due to modification in ribosomal target methylase encoded by erm genes. the expression of mlsb resistance lead to three phenotypes, namely constitutive resistance (cmlsb), inducible resistance (imlsb), and resistance only to macrolides and streptogramins b (msb). the imlsb resistance is the most difficult to detect in the clinical laboratory. objective: this study investigated the expression of mlsb resistance and the prevalence of the erm genes among 152 clinical isolates of staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococcus (cns) from hospital de clínicas de porto alegre. methods: primary mlsb resistance was detected by the disk diffusion method. isolates with imlsb phenotype were tested by double-disk induction method. all isolates were tested by a genotypic assay, pcr with specific primers. results: a total of 46.7% of staphylococci were positive for cmlsb; 3.3% for imlsb and 3.3% for msb. one or more erm genes were present in 50.1% of isolates. the gene erma was detected in 49 isolates, ermc in 29 and ermb in 3. conclusion: the prevalence of the erma, ermb and ermc genes were 29.6%, 17.1% and 0.66% respectively, and constitutive resistance was the most frequent as compared to the other two phenotypes.
Meaningful Learning in Special Education Teaching and Learning Based on the Cycle of Internalized Learning: A Review  [PDF]
Shunit Reiter
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.39016

Meaningful Learning implies the active involvement of the learners/students in whatever is being taught. It is based on a holistic approach to the learners, calling for their cognitive, emotional and behavioral attention. It is also holistic in the sense that it takes into account the ecological status of the learners, their family ties; the neighborhood where they live; their formal milieu, be it a school, a social club, place of work, etc.; and their ethnic and national backgrounds. In holistic teaching the learner is perceived as a person—a subject who is undergoing development, rather than an object that is called upon to learn by rote, so that retention of information can be assessed by tests and scores. The Cycle of Internalized Learning—CIL model (Reiter, 2008) was established on the premise that individuals with disabilities were highly influenced by their environment, in the sense that there was an inseparable connection between the disability and the environment. The model addresses three levels of social behavior: the operative—what, the cultural normative—when and the moral—why. The CIL, founded on the humanistic philosophy, is relevant and applicable to people in general, and specifically to people with disabilities. Its premise states that individuals possess cognitive and rational abilities, are capable of introspection based on their understanding of their surroundings, and are capable of gaining an insight into their own motives. Thus, they are responsible for their behavior and can regulate it, by critically evaluating the outcome of their behavior and making changes, if necessary. The CIL focuses on personal progression and development. The article describes in some detail evidence-based research studies that are performed in order to further validate the CIL’s contribution to student development.

Connection between the Linoleic Acid and Psychopathology: A Symmetry-Breaking Phenomenon in the Brain?  [PDF]
Massimo Cocchi, Chiara Minuto, Lucio Tonello, Jack A. Tuszynski
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2015.44005
Abstract: In this paper we discuss the role of the fatty acid composition of brain cells and in platelets in the emergence of psychiatric disorders such as major depression and the bipolar disorder. We argue that the linoleic acid concentration plays the role of a control parameter and there is a critical value of the linoleic acid concentration that determines a transition from healthy mental state to a pathological state. We draw an analogy with symmetry breaking in physical systems where at a bifurcation point on the phase diagram, infinitesimal perturbations to the state of the system result in a transition to a new global attractor state. This is in contrast to the situation away from the critical point where cause and effect are usually found in a linear or almost linear relationship. This observation may have major implications for both diagnostics and therapeutics of mental disorders when viewed as triggered by molecular causes.
Depression and Ischemic Heart Disease or Ischemic Heart Disease and Depression?  [PDF]
Massimo Cocchi, Chiara Minuto, Lucio Tonello, Fabio Gabrielli
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2016.54004
Abstract: This Editorial highlights how difficult is the correlation between Mood Disorder and Ischemic Heart Disease. In particular, it highlights the serious problem of suicide risk. This long-standing problem, object of controversy in the scientific literature, requires insights that should avoid simple surveys entrusted to the questionnaires, and the subjectivity of the clinical judgment. The text of the Editorial suggests the opportunity for substantial insights in the study of biological markers that give greater certainty of psychiatric diagnosis. The effort of the authors, in this sense, has proved highly effective in recognizing some of the major psychiatric disorders (Major Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and suicidal thoughts). Much work, however, remains to be done. The further suggestion which can be obtained from the script is that the complexity of mental phenomena must be faced with complex mathematical tools, to find diagnostic certainty and not diagnosis of opinion.
Education reform, race, and politics in Bahia, Brazil
Reiter, Bernd;
Ensaio: Avalia??o e Políticas Públicas em Educa??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40362008000100009
Abstract: this article discusses the main findings and conclusions from my field research evaluating education reform in the state of bahia, brazil. data collection was done during two exploratory research trips to salvador, the state capital, in 2001 and in 2005. the bahian education reform, initiated by the state government in 1999 and funded to a great extent by the world bank, has achieved some very significant goals, most importantly the expansion of high school education and the broadening of access to primary education in areas where access was far from universal. my research nevertheless points to some sever shortcomings, namely with regard to the situation of afro-brazilians. structural racism provides one of the strongest explanations for this shortcoming. structural racism in bahia lowers teachers' and principals' expectations about the potential for academic achievement of poor afro-brazilians; structural racism widens the gap between students and principals, contributing to a mutual alienation of this two groups and jeopardizing the creation of strategic alliances and synergies inside schools; and it alienates schools from neighborhoods, impeding meaningful community and parental involvement in school management. finally, the low recognition that public teachers receive from society as a whole, reflected by low salaries, and a general lack of institutional incentive structures that reward outstanding performance and sanction under-average performance have transformed bahian public education into a desperado system, where the motivations of teachers and students are systematically grinded and their hopes frustrated.
Barriers to effective treatment of vaginal atrophy with local estrogen therapy
Reiter S
International Journal of General Medicine , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S43192
Abstract: arriers to effective treatment of vaginal atrophy with local estrogen therapy Review (171) Total Article Views Authors: Reiter S Published Date March 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 153 - 158 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S43192 Received: 24 January 2013 Accepted: 19 February 2013 Published: 15 March 2013 Suzanne Reiter Mid-County Health Center, Largo, FL, USA Abstract: Vaginal atrophy is a common condition among postmenopausal women, among whom many exhibit both vulvovaginal symptoms (eg, dryness, irritation, itching, and pain with intercourse) and urinary symptoms (eg, increased frequency, urgency, incontinence, urinary tract infections, and dysuria). Unfortunately, few women with symptoms of vaginal atrophy report seeking treatment from a health care provider. The goal of this article is to examine reasons why patients and health care providers do not engage in discourse regarding this important topic. It is important to initiate conversations with postmenopausal women and counsel them on both why the changes occur and potential treatment options.
Motiva, MyHeart and HeartCycle: approaches to investigate and offer evidence-based solutions
Harald Reiter
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2011,
Contexto, experiencia, expectativa, y acción. Hacia un modelo general, empíricamente fundado para el análisis de la incertidumbre biográfica Kontext, Erfahrung, Erwartung und Handeln – ein empirisch begründetes, allgemeines Modell zur Analyse biografischer Unsicherheit Context, Experience, Expectation, and Action—Towards an Empirically Grounded, General Model for Analyzing Biographical Uncertainty
Herwig Reiter
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: El artículo propone un modelo general, empíricamente fundado para el análisis de la incertidumbre biográfica. El modelo se basa en los hallazgos de un estudio exploratorio cualitativo de la transformación de los significados de desempleo entre los jóvenes en la Lituania post-soviética. En una primera etapa, se discuten brevemente las características particulares del rompecabezas de la incertidumbre en las transiciones de la juventud postcomunista. Un hecho histórico como el colapso del socialismo de estado en Europa, similar a la crisis financiera y económica reciente, es un generador de incertidumbre por excelencia: socava los cimientos de las sociedades y "lo que se da por hecho" de las expectativas relacionadas. En este contexto, se presenta el caso de una mujer joven y cómo responde a la nueva amenaza de desempleo en la transición al mundo del trabajo. Su gestión de la incertidumbre en la perspectiva de tiempo específico de la producción de seguridad es entonces conceptualmente reformulado para distinguir tres tipos o niveles de incertidumbre biográfica: incertidumbre de conocimiento, incertidumbre de resultados e incertidumbre de reconocimiento. Se argumenta que la incertidumbre biográfica es empíricamente observable a través del análisis de la actuación y la proyección en el plano biográfico. En la parte final se resumen los resultados empíricos y la discusión conceptual en un modelo de estratificación de la incertidumbre biográfica como una herramienta general para el análisis biográfico de los fenómenos de incertidumbre. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100120 Auf der Grundlage einer qualitativ-explorativen Untersuchung der Bedeutung von Arbeitslosigkeit unter Jugendlichen im post-sowjetischen Litauen schl gt der Artikel ein empirisch begründetes Model zur Analyse biografischer Unsicherheit vor. Der erste Teil widmet sich der Diskussion der besonderen Unsicherheitsfaktoren in überg ngen Jugendlicher in die Arbeitswelt im post-kommunistischen Kontext. Der Zusammenbruch sozialistischer Regime in Europa ist, wie die gegenw rtige Wirtschaftskrise, ein historisches Ereignis von besonderer Tragweite und gleichzeitig Ausl ser von Unsicherheit schlechthin: er erschüttert nicht nur die Grundlagen von Gesellschaften, sondern auch die Selbstverst ndlichkeit damit verbundener Erwartungen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird der Fall einer jungen Frau vorgestellt und wie sie mit der, im übergang in die Arbeitswelt durch den Systemwechsel nunmehr drohenden Arbeitslosigkeit umgeht. In einem n chsten Schritt wird ihre besondere Art der Bearbeitung von Unsicherheit in der Zeitper
Die Freizügigkeit auf dem Schubkarren - Zum Spannungsverh ltnis von Ausweisungsrecht und Bewegungsfreiheit in der Habsburgermonarchie im ausgehenden 19. Jahrhundert
Ilse Reiter
Forum Historiae Iuris , 2001,
Die autochthonen Volksgruppen sterreichs - Ein überblick über die Rechtslage von 1848 bis in die Gegenwart
Ilse Reiter
Forum Historiae Iuris , 2001,
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