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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 419781 matches for " Rildésia S. V.;Pimentel "
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Escala de atitudes frente ao uso de drogas: evidências de validade fatorial e preditiva
Gouveia, Valdiney V.;Pimentel, Carlos Eduardo;Medeiros, Emerson Diógenes de;Gouveia, Rildésia S. V.;Palmeira, Jane;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852007000100012
Abstract: objective: this study aimed at knowing evidences of factor and predictive validity of a measure of attitudes toward drugs use (atdus). methods: participants were 276 volunteer undergraduate students of several courses. they were of a public (94.2%) and other private (5.8%) university from jo?o pessoa city (paraíba), with mean age of 21 years old (sd = 3.40; 93.5% were youths, with age ranging from 17 to 25). most of them were single (91%) and female (65.6%). moreover a set of demographic characteristics, they filled the atdus. it is composed by four item/adjective bipolars (positive-negative, like-dislike, good-nasty, and desirable-undesirable) rating in a semantic differential type scale of 9-points, ranging from - 4 to +4. results: only one component was observed according to the principal component analysis, with factor loadings above of |.40|. it showed an eigenvalue of 3.17, accounting for 79.3% of the total variance, with cronbach?s alpha of .91. logistic regression analysis suggested that scores on atdus significantly explained the condition of to be a drug user, b = .17, wald (1) = 8.45, p = .004. conclusion:these findings support the evidences of factor and predictive validity of the atdus, which can be used to know the potential engagment of youths with drugs. however, new researches that consider large and diverse samples are also suggested.
Escala de atitudes frente à escola: validade fatorial e consistência interna
Fonseca, Patrícia Nunes da;Gouveia, Valdiney V.;Gouveia, Rildésia S. V.;Pimentel, Carlos Eduardo;Medeiros, Emerson Diógenes de;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85572007000200008
Abstract: this research aimed at adapting the school attitudes scale (sas), jointing evidences of its validity factor and reliability. two studies were performed in jo?o pessoa (paraíba). in study 1 participants were 242 students, most of them from private schools (53.7%) and female (57.7%), with a mean age of 14.3 years old. in study 2 participated 249 students, predominantly from private schools (51%) and female (54.6%), with a mean age of 14.6 years old. participants answered the sas and demographic questions in both studies. in the first study, a principal component analysis indicated a unidimensional structure, accounting for 33.9% of the total variance (a= .73). in the second study, a confirmatory factor analysis revealed as acceptable the one-factor model (agfi = .90, and rmsea = .08), with reliability of .70. it was concluded that this measure can be adequately used in researches in the context where it was adapted.
Inventário de Arnett de Busca de Sensa??es (AISS): testando diferentes modelos fatoriais
Gouveia, Valdiney Veloso;Pimentel, Carlos Eduardo;Gouveia, Rildésia S. V;Freires, Leogildo Alves;Athayde, Rebecca Alves Aguiar;Araújo, Rafaella de Carvalho Rodrigues;
Psico-USF , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712010000200006
Abstract: the study of sensation seeking trait is able to explain several risky behaviors. considering its relevance and the lack of specific instruments to measure it in brazil, it was decided to adapt the arnett inventory of sensation. it is composed by 20 items, measuring two factors: novelty and intensity. participants were 279 high school students of private and public schools from jo?o pessoa (n=108) and teresina (n=171). they had mean age of 17 years old, being equally distributed for sex. using confirmatory factor analysis, four models were tested according to the number of factors (one or two) and items (12 or 20). results showed that the reduced bifactorial model presented the best fit indices. the factors and the total score of this instrument presented acceptable internal consistency, being correlated with sex and age. these results justify the use of this instrument in subsequent studies.
Test de Actitudes Alimentarias: Evidencias de Validez de una Nueva Versión Reducida
Valdiney Veloso Gouveia,Sandra de Lucena Pronk,Walberto S. Santos,Rildésia S. V. Gouveia
Revista Interamericana de Psicología , 2010,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio ha sido presentar una version reducida del Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) para su utilizacion en el contexto espanol. Se busco especificamente conocer su fiabilidad y estructura factorial para, finalmente, comprobar el modelo teorico propuesto. Para ello, contamos con una muestra de 212 estudiantes universitarios con una edad media de 19.4 anos, la mayoria mujeres (61.8%). Estos respondieron al EAT-26 y a preguntas sociodemograficas. Inicialmente, a traves de un analisis paralelo se observo la coherencia de la estructura factorial. A continuacion se seleccionaron, a partir del poder discriminativo (p < 0.05), cuatro items para cada factor. Mediante el analisis de Escalamiento Multidimensional, se observo que los 12 items resultantes se distribuian segun las dimensiones teoricas esperadas (S-Stress = 0.07; RSQ = 0.97), aspecto corroborado a traves del analisis factorial confirmatorio (x2 / g.l = 2.08; GFI = 0.92; AGFI = 0.88; CFI = 0.94; e RMSEA = 0.071). Los Alfas de Cronbach para los tres factores pueden ser considerados satisfactorios: Hacer dieta (0.87), Bulimia y preocupacion por la alimentacion (0.60) y Control oral (0.52). Se concluye que la version propuesta presenta parametros psicometricos satisfactorios, pudiendo ser utilizada como medida de screening en la deteccion precoz de casos de anorexia nerviosa en la poblacion general.
Cuestionario de claustrofobia: evidencias de su validez y fiabilidad
Valdiney V. Gouveia,Emerson-Diógenes de Medeiros,Rildésia S. V. Gouveia,Walberto S. Santos
Revista Interamericana de Psicología , 2008,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue adaptar el Cuestionario de Claustrofobia al contexto brasile o. Se procuró conocer su estructura factorial y fiabilidad, comprobar la adecuación de los modelos uni y bifactoriales, reunir evidencias de su validez convergente y verificar si sus puntuaciones varían según el género de los sujetos. Participaron 224 estudiantes universitarios, la mayoría mujeres (75.3%) y solteras (78.5%), con un promedio de edad de 24.2 a os. éstos cumplimentaron el Cuestionario de Claustrofobia y el Cuestionario de Salud General, además de cinco preguntas demográficas. Como teóricamente esperado, el modelo bifactorial fue más adecuado que el unifactorial, y la aflicción psicológica se correlacionó positivamente con el factor general y los específicos de claustrofobia. Las mujeres presentaron mayor puntuación en claustrofobia de lo que hicieron los varones, independiente del factor considerado (asfixia o restricción). De este estudio se concluyó que el Cuestionario de Claustrofobia presenta parámetros psicométricos aceptables, coherentes con aquellos observados previamente.
Value correlates of desirable attributes of an ideal partner / Correlatos valorativos de atributos desejáveis de um/a parceiro/a ideal
Valdiney Veloso Gouveia,Patrícia Nunes da Fonseca,Rildésia S. V. Gouveia,Pollyane K. Costa Diniz
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2010,
Abstract: This study had three main aims: (a) to know to what extend the human values are correlated with desirable attributes of an ideal partner; (b) to identify what attributes could be considered most important for an ideal partner; and (c) to assess if the importance assigned to such desirable attributes vary according to participants' gender. Four hundred twenty one people of general population from Jo o Pessoa-PB took part in the study with mean age of 25.9 years old. Most of them were female (56.8%), single (70.5%), and with undergraduate degree (65.4%). They answered the Attributes of Ideal Partner Scale, the Basic Value Survey and demographic questions. Results indicated that a consistent set of value subfunctions were correlated with the desirable attributes of an ideal partner (e.g. the subfunctions excitement and normative were correlated with athletic and traditional dimensions, respectively). On the other hand, it was observed the role of participants' gender in differentiating the importance assigned to desirable attributes; the men appreciated more the athletic attribute, and the women did with respect to the sociable attribute. These findings were discussed based on previous research about the importance that men and women give to desirable attributes of ideal partners.
A utiliza??o do QSG-12 na popula??o geral: estudo de sua validade de construto
Gouveia, Valdiney V.;Chaves, Sandra Souza da S.;Oliveira, Isabel Cristina Possatti de;Dias, Mardonio Rique;Gouveia, Rildésia S. V.;Andrade, Palloma R.de;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722003000300006
Abstract: this study aimed to know the ghq-12's construct validity in a general, non clinical population. 306 volunteers from different districts in joao pessoa, with a mean age of 34 years (sd = 13.8; ranging from 18 to 84), equally distributed with regards to gender (152 men; 154 woman), predominantly high school students (42.5%) participated in the study. they answered a questionnaire in which three measures were incorporated: satisfaction with life scale, positive and negative -affects scale, and general health questionnaire (ghq-12). results indicated that this measure can be considered as bifactorial, with anxiety (a = .66) and depression (a = .81) as the two factors. as expected, both factors correlated with the satisfaction with life scale and the positive and negative affects scale, indicating the construct validity of the ghq-12. these results are discussed and compared with results of previous studies suggesting a multidimensional structure for understanding mental health in the general population.
Cenários da agress?o no transito: a percep??o que as pessoas têm de um motorista agressivo
Gouveia, Valdiney V.;Diniz, Pollyane K. C.;Medeiros, Emerson Diógenes de;Cavalcanti, Jane Palmeira Nóbrega;Gouveia, Rildésia S. V.;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722008000100018
Abstract: people's perception of an aggressive driver and the causes attributed to his/her behavior are provided. participants, 389 undergraduate students, most of them women (53.8%), interpreted aggression scenes in road traffic and revealed their opinion on the aggressive driver (civility and rudeness) and on the driver's motivations (internal and external motivation) to behave with such aggressiveness. participants filled the buss-perry aggression questionnaire and demographic questions. results indicated that the aggressive driver was perceived as demonstrating more rudeness than civility. in the participants' perception, however, the driver's aggressive behavior did not differ from the type of motivation. participants with high scores in verbal aggression and physical aggression tended to minimize the negative connotation of the driver's aggressive behavior. finally, the drive's aggressive behavior was judged as more internally determined when male and young. findings are consistent with the literature.
Escala de Vitalidade Subjetiva - EVS: evidências de sua adequa??o psicométrica
Gouveia, Valdiney V.;Milfont, Taciano L.;Gouveia, Rildésia S. V.;Medeiros, Emerson Diógenes de;Vione, Kátia Correa;Soares, Ana Karla Silva;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722012000100002
Abstract: this paper presents empirical evidence of the psychometric adequacy of the subjective vitality scale (svs), based on three studies. in study 1, 200 undergraduate students responded the svs. the svs showed a unidimensional factor structure (α = .73). in study 2, another 200 undergraduate students answered the same instrument. a confirmatory factor analysis (cfa) confirmed the factor structure of study 1, although item 2 was inadequate. another cfa was realized without this item. results were better than those considering all items (α = .75). study 3 replicated these results with 200 elementary school teachers, and investigated the convergent validity of the svs with satisfaction with life. it can be concluded that the svs showed sufficient psychometric adequacy to support its use.
Metas de realiza??o entre estudantes do ensino médio: evidências de validade fatorial e consistência interna de uma medida
Gouveia, Valdiney V.;Diniz, Pollyane K. da Costa;Santos, Walberto Silva dos;Gouveia, Rildésia S. V.;Cavalcanti, Jane Palmeira Nóbrega;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722008000400018
Abstract: the present study aimed at knowing evidences of factorial validity and internal consistency of the achievement goals questionnaire to the brazilian milieu. moreover, it attempted to evaluate to what extent the scores on this instrument correlate themselves with indicators of scholar performance. the participants were 307 high school students from two public schools (68%) and one private school (32%), from jo?o pessoa city. their mean age was 17.6 (sd=3.94), and the most of them were female (61.2%). results of the principal components analysis suggested a multi-factor structure, with four theorized components of goals: mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance. all components were corroborated by confirmatory factor analyses, which tested different alternative models. the mastery-approach goals described most of the participants, and their scores were positively correlated with scholar performance. these findings were discussed based on the literature about achievement goals.
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