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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19149 matches for " Ricardo Gorayeb "
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Psicologia da saúde no Brasil
Gorayeb, Ricardo;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722010000500010
Abstract: this article presents a description of the development of health psychology in brazil from the author's viewpoint, reporting his experiences in the area, since his undergraduate studies until nowadays. the author's learning experiences with professors that were relevant to the development of psychology and health psychology in the country are emphasized. some misunderstood terms, such as health psychology x clinical psychology x psychology in hospitals are analyzed. this paper also evaluates the scientific production in the area, as well as ways to increase such production. finally, an analysis of the instruments needed to develop the area is performed, pointing out some research groups working in evidence-based health psychology in brazil, and presenting a perspective of growth of the area.
O ensino de habilidades de vida em escolas no Brasil
Gorayeb,Ricardo;
Psicologia, Saúde & Doen?as , 2002,
Abstract: life skills are skills for positive adaptive behavior that enable us to deal efficiently with daily demands and challenges. they include personal skills that enhance interpersonal relationships. the who has suggested the development of programs to reduce health risk behaviors and to improve physical and mental health care. teenagers are a special target population for these programs because of their increased vulnerability. we have been developing in brazil programs to teach life skills to teenagers in a public school for future teachers, using culturally adapted material from who programs. the aim is to qualify today's teenagers and to train multipliers to incorporate these skills into their everyday professional practices. oral expositions, group discussions, dramatization (role playing) and group dynamics techniques are utilized in weekly sessions. the program was adequately adapted and we observed an increase in knowledge concerning the skills. teenagers incorporated skills into their everyday life, improving the quality of their personal interrelationships and increasing their social competence.
Carolina Bori, Viva para sempre!
Ricardo Gorayeb
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-863x2005000100002
Abstract:
Cefaléia associada a indicadores de transtornos de ansiedade em uma amostra de escolares de Ribeir?o Preto, SP
Gorayeb, Maria Angela Marchini;Gorayeb, Ricardo;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2002000500016
Abstract: a sample of 374 public elementary and junior high school students aged 8 to 13 years were evaluated to assess the prevalence of frequent headache complaints, associated with indications of anxiety disorder. parents answered a questionnaire to investigate the presence and frequency of headache and of behaviors/symptoms that might indicate the presence of anxiety disorders. children were evaluated using the revised children's manifest anxiety scale adapted to this population. among them, 45.4% had never had a headache complaint; 41.2% had occasional headache complaints; and 13.5% had frequent headache complaints. among children with frequent headache complaints there were more girls than boys, higher anxiety scores, higher occurrence of bruxism, and higher frequency of agitation. the high prevalence of headache and its association with bruxism in this sample is compatible with north american and brazilian epidemiological data. results show an association between frequent headache complaints and high anxiety scores.
Cefaléia associada a indicadores de transtornos de ansiedade em uma amostra de escolares de Ribeir o Preto, SP
Gorayeb Maria Angela Marchini,Gorayeb Ricardo
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002,
Abstract: Avaliaram-se 374 crian as de 8 a 13 anos de idade em escolas públicas de Ribeir o Preto, objetivando averiguar a prevalência de queixas de cefaléia e sua associa o com indicadores de transtornos de ansiedade. Os pais responderam um questionário sobre a presen a e frequência de cefaléia e de comportamentos/sintomas associados a transtornos de ansiedade. As crian as foram avaliadas através da escala de ansiedade "O que Penso e Sinto". Das 374 crian as, 45,4% nunca se queixaram de cefaléia; 41,2%, ocasionalmente e 13,5%, frequentemente. Entre aquelas que se queixam frequentemente de cefaléia, encontrou-se maior número de meninas, índice de ansiedade mais elevado e maior frequência de bruxismo e agita o. A alta prevalência de cefaléia na amostra e sua associa o com maior frequência de bruxismo é compatível com dados epidemiológicos norte-americanos e brasileiros. Os resultados apontam para uma associa o entre queixas frequentes de cefaléia e elevado índice de ansiedade.
Escalas de medo odontológico em crian?as e adolescentes: uma revis?o de literatura
Tambellini, Marcela Maia;Gorayeb, Ricardo;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2003000300004
Abstract: this paper presents an analysis conducted through a literature review about scales that quantify or classify fear in children and teenagers, when submitted to dental treatment. the bibliography selection included papers and books from the 20th century, especially those about fears and anxieties. the results initially showed that most of the scales found were made for school children, with few articles about patients below 5 years old. it was also noticed that the majority of scales consisted of adaptations of others, generally made for adults. therefore, the data showed that there was a need for the construction of a new scale, for children aged 1 to 3 years old, which could be used by pediatric dentists, and that scale was named scale of children behavior observation.
Descri??o de uma interven??o psicológica com mulheres no climatério
Netto, Jaqueline Rodrigues da Cunha;Gorayeb, Ricardo;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2005000200015
Abstract: the present report describes and analyses the group dynamic techniques used in a group psychological intervention carried out in order to inform, support and prepare psychologically middle-aged women with respect to the climacteric syndrome. the contribution of group work and group dynamics techniques to increase the motivation for, and interest in this type of attendance is discussed, facilitating the discussion and promoting group integration. aspects related to the difficulty in forming groups are also pointed out. we believe that the treatment modality described in the present article can provide women with a more positive attitude in experiencing the climacteric.
Impact of Chronic Pelvic Pain on Female Sexual Function  [PDF]
Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata Rom?o, Ricardo Gorayeb, Gustavo Salata Rom?o, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antonio Alberto Nogueira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.43031
Abstract:

The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and depression in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP). A case-control study was conducted on 66 women, 36 of them with CPP and 30 without this diagnosis. Depression was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and sexual dysfunction was evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Data were analyzed statistically by the Mann-Whitney test, Fisher exact test, chisquare test, and Spearman correlation test. Regarding sociodemographic data, no significant differences were detected between populations with respect to the variables studied (age, schooling, number of children, income, salary, and marital status), indicating group homogeneity and thus increasing the reliability of the data. A cut-off of 26.55 points was used to calculate the total score for sexual function. In the group of women with CPP, 94.4% were at high risk for sexual dysfunction. Comparison of FSFI scores showed that the domains of sexual function, such as orgasm, lubrication and pain differed significantly between women with and without CPPP. Correlations were detected between the following items: orgasm × age (r = -0.01904), orgasm × number of children (r =-0. 00947), orgasm × body mass index (BMI) (r =-0.00 955), relationship × age (r = 0.03952), income × relationship (r =-0.014680), relationship × number of children (r =-0.03623), depression × relationship (r =-0.16091), desire × age (r = -0.45255), desire × number of children (r = -0.01824), lubrication × excitement (r = 0.04198), and lubrication × BMI (r = -0.01608). The prevalence of depression detected in the present study was 38.9% among women with pain and 3.3% among control women. It was observed that women with CPP suffer a negative interference regarding sexual function compared to controls. Thus, it can be seen that a specific approach related to sexuality is extremely important within the context of women with CPP. Depression was clearly associated with CPP and therefore an interdisciplinary approach is fundamental in order to solve this problem.

The Impact of Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women  [PDF]
Adriana P. M. S. Rom?o, Ricardo Gorayeb, Gustavo Salata Rom?o, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antonio Alberto Nogueira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.410076
Abstract:

Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a prevalent condition with a significant impact on the personal, social, professional and marital life of women. It is a complex condition that may have no specific causal diagnosis or may be associated with multiple diagnoses, frequently involving treatment failure. The definition of health care strategies fundamentally depends on the way women live with this condition. Thus, the objective of the present study is to learn how women with CPP experience their diagnosis and the meaning they attribute to it. A qualitative study was conducted by interviewing a focus group of 11 women. The content of the interviews was recorded and fully transcribed, and the speeches were interpreted by Bardin’s content analysis. The topics most frequently dealt with in the interview were diagnosis, beginning of pain, worsening and improving factors, marital and interpersonal relationships, interference with daily activities, association with emotional aspects, and perspectives for the future. It could be perceived how much these women need to be better heard and how much the association between psychic and physical questions must be visualized by the professionals who provide care for them. The approach used by professionals from different areas, when properly structured, can minimize the problem of the division of a sick person into separate parts. Psychological care is very important, especially in relation to the discovery of more effective strategies for living with pain.

Características psicológicas associadas ao comportamento de fumar tabaco
Rondina, Regina de Cássia;Gorayeb, Ricardo;Botelho, Clóvis;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132007000500016
Abstract: this article is a literature review of the psychological aspects of smoking behavior, highlighting personality characteristics of the smoker as an obstacle to smoking cessation. it describes the relation between smoking behavior and personality, and between smoking and the principal psychiatric disorders. studies reveal that smokers tend to be more extroverted, anxious, tense, and impulsive, and show more traits of neuroticism and psychoticism than do ex-smokers or nonsmokers. the literature also reveals a strong association between smoking and mental disorders, such as schizophrenia and depression. understanding the psychological factors associated with tobacco smoking and dependence can further the development and improvement of therapeutic strategies to be used in smoking-cessation programs, as well as of programs aimed at prevention and education.
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