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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 507 matches for " Residential "
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The Effectiveness of Energy Feedback for Conservation and Peak Demand: A Literature Review  [PDF]
Desley Vine, Laurie Buys, Peter Morris
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2013.21002
Abstract: This paper reviews electricity consumption feedback literature to explore the potential of electricity feedback to affect residential consumers’ electricity usage patterns. The review highlights a substantial amount of literature covering the debate over the effectiveness of different feedback criteria to residential customer acceptance and overall conservation and peak demand reduction. Researchers studying the effects of feedback on everyday energy use have observed substantial variation in effect size, both within and between studies. Although researchers still continue to question the types of feedback that are most effective in encouraging conservation and peak load reduction, some trends have emerged. These include that feedback be received as quickly as possible to the time of consumption; be related to a standard; be clear and meaningful and where possible both direct and indirect feedback be customised to the customer. In general, the literature finds that feedback can reduce electricity consumption in homes by 5 to 20 percent, but that significant gaps remain in our knowledge of the effectiveness and cost benefit of feedback.
Aggression in Boys and Girls as Related to Their Academic Achievement and Residential Background  [PDF]
Md Shahinoor Rahman, Lailun Nahar
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.45065

The study was conducted to explore aggression in boys and girls as related to their academic achievement and residential background in Bangladesh. Stratified random sampling technique was used and total 80 respondents constituted the sample of the study. They were equally divided into boys and girls. Each group was again equally divided into high and low grade. Each subgroup was again equally divided into urban and rural residential background. Thus the study used a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design consisting of two levels of gender (boy/girl), two levels of academic achievement (high grade/low grade) and two levels of residential background (urban/rural). The Bengali version of measure of aggressive behavior (Rahman, A. K. M. R., 2003) originally developed by Buss and Perry (1992) was used for the collection of data. It was found that regardless of gender, boys expressed more aggression than girls. Similarly, regardless of academic achievement, students with high academic grade will show more aggressive behavior than low academic grade students. Finally, students of urban areas will not show significantly more aggressive behavior than rural areas students. Thus the differential treatment in gender, academic achievement and residential background provides a new dimension in understanding aggression in rural and urban boys and girls.

Experiences of Children’s Care Received at Windhoek Residential Child Care Facilities, Namibia  [PDF]
Brigitte Nshimyimana, Marieta Van der Vyver, Joan M. Kloppers
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59081
Abstract: The caring is a very important aspect for every child’s well-being and development. A child should be cared for by biological parents or extended family members when possible. In the absence of these two possibilities, other options are in place such as Residential Child Care Facilities (RCCFs). However, RCCFs are generally regarded as last resorts, as it is noted that they have a negative impact on the well-being of the children. Caregivers in RCCFs should ensure that these children are being adequately cared for as they substitute their biological or extended families. It is also a child’s rights to be provided love, care and support coupled with a sense of belonging, recognition and independence. However, children without or inadequate parental care are likely to be vulnerable from all forms of violence. The aim of this qualitative, exploratory, descriptive, contextual and phenomenological study was to explore and describe the children’s experiences regarding the care received at the Residential Child Care Facilities and to provide recommendations regarding research findings. Data were collected through one on one in-depth interviews and Tech method was used to analyze data. The results of the study show that children in RCCFs have experienced both positive and negative care. The care is experienced through relationships with staff in the facilities, provision of their basic needs, knowledge of their cultural identity and their adult future preparation once they leave the facilities. Thus, it is recommended that a conducive environment that contributes to the quality of care for children in RCCFs be established, taking into consideration human resources capacity, policy guidelines and standards in place while providing care to those children.
Book Review: Rethinking Residential Child Care
Noel Howard
Irish Journal of Applied Social Studies , 2009,
Solar Energy and Residential Building Integration Technology and Application  [PDF]
Ding Ma, Yi-bing Xue
International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy (IJCCE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcce.2013.22B002

Building energy saving needs solar energy, but the promotion of solar energy has to be integrated with the constructions. Through analyzing the energy-saving significance of solar energy, and the status and features of it, this paper has discussed the solar energy and building integration technology and application in the residential building, and explored a new way and thinking for the close combination of the solar technology and residence.

Significance of Storage on Solar Photovoltaic System—A Residential Load Case Study in Australia  [PDF]
Mohammad T. Arif, Amanullah M. T. Oo, A. B. M. Shawkat Ali, G. M. Shafiullah
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.42021
Abstract: Energy storage is an essential part in effective utilization of Renewable Energy (RE). Most RE sources cannot provide constant energy supply and introduce a potential unbalance in generation and demand, especially in off-peak periods when RE generates more energy and in peak period when load demand rises too high. Storage allows intermittent sources like solar Photovoltaic (PV) to address timely load demand and adds flexibility in load management. This paper analyses the significance of storage for residential load considering solar PV as RE generator. The significance of storage was evaluated in off-grid or stand alone and grid connected configurations. Moreover it outlined the significance of storage in terms of environment and economics by comparing the Renewable Fraction (RF), Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission, Cost of Energy (COE) and Net Present Cost (NPC). Investigation showed that storage has positive influences on both (off-grid and grid connected) configurations by improving PV utilization. It was found that in grid connected configuration storage reduced 46.47% of GHG emission, reduced COE, NPC and improved RF compared to the system without storage.
An Indicator-Based Calculation Tool for Rural Areas to Make Aware of Long-Term Mobility and Residential Costs  [PDF]
Eva Haslauer, Dagmar Schnürch, Thomas Prinz, Sebastian Cadus, Bernhard Castellazzi
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.56064

Due to high costs of building land, larger available areas in the countryside, and other personal reasons people often decide to live in or move to suburban or peripheral areas [1]. The decision of people concerning their residential locations by only taking into account a cheap building land may at first seem reasonable. However, after some time the costs for living in suburbs or in the countryside rise up, and the use of car increases due to a restricted public transport. Travel times to working places and/or cultural and leisure facilities increase when people move farther away [2]. Children may need to be taken to the kindergartens or to school by car because of restricted public transport offers [3]. The rising gas prices cause significantly higher travel costs. These are just a few facts, why a broad range of aspects should be taken into account when making residential location decisions. The following article wants to tackle this topic of long-term cost awareness due to residential location decisions and present a settlement cost calculator developed for a rural area in the Austrian pilot region of

Energy Analysis and Exergy Utilization in the Residential Sector of Cameroon  [PDF]
Talla Konchou Franck Armel, Aloyem Kazé Claude Vidal, Tchinda René
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2015.73009
Abstract: In this paper, we present an analysis of energy and exergy utilization in the residential sector of Cameroon by considering the sectoral energy and exergy flows for the years of 2001-2010. Exergy analysis of Cameroon residential sector utilisation indicates a less efficient picture than that obtained by the energy analysis. Cooking stands out as the most inefficient end use in the Cameroon’s residential sector. In 2010, the energy and exergy efficiency are determined and were respectively 58.74% and 22.63%. Energy and exergy flows diagrams for the overall efficiencies of Cameroon residential sector are illustrated and a comparison with the residential sector of other countries is also done. To carry out this study, a survey of 250 households was conducted and the sharing of the end uses of energy was done and data were gathered.
Migrant Housing in Urban China: Based on Residential Segregation and Social Exclusion Theory  [PDF]
Murong Guo, Zicheng Wang
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2015.33028
Abstract: China’s recent waves of internal migration, primarily rural to urban reflect a rapidly urbanizing society. However, how to settle down the migrants to promote the process of urbanization, housing problem has become a central topic among scholars. This article mainly reviews the present situation of migrant housing in urban China from four aspects, such as housing choice, spatial distribution of residence, housing condition and housing satisfactory. Based on residential segregation and social exclusion theory, the research finds that the country’s unique institutional factors, particularly the existing household registration system, together with the individual characteristics, contribute to the overall poor conditions of migrant housing. Thus, several effective measures should be implemented to improve the living standard of migrant housing.
A Comparison of Need within a Social Business Model: Residentially Stable and Residentially Unstable Substance Abusers  [PDF]
John Conahan, Don MacIntyre
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.39017
Abstract: This study is a mixed design including qualitative and quantitative data gathering for both descriptive and exploratory purposes. The fundamental research question is how do the recovery needs of residentially unstable substance abusers who are provided with transitional housing within a social business model compare with the recovery needs of substance abusers who are not residentially unstable.
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