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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 852 matches for " Requirements "
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Evaluation of social, economic and health requirements of elderly residing in the area under the supervision of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Sadeghipoor Rodsari H,Maaref H,Holakooie Naeeni K
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1998,
Abstract: Increase in the rate of elderly population have persuaded the people and governments of the most developed countries to evaluated and confront the complexity of social, economic, and health issues involved. Increase in the number of aging people is commonly called the aging of society. Currently, in the countries of Western Europe (Germany, France, England, Sweden), the figure of the people over 60 years old comprises 12-15 percent of total population, and according to the forecasting estimate will reach to 25% up to the year 2020. In our country, based on censuses that have been carried out during the years of 1355, 1365, 1375 this figure is 5.12%, 5.25% and 7.67%, respectively. The number of 60 years old persons or over under the supervision of Tehran University of Medical Sciences was 135379 persons, in the year 1376. Due to these demographic changes that is arising from the phenomenon of aging of society, a considerable increase in the incidence of chronic diseases and health requirement of the elderly living in the society happens. This can be translated in terms of more demands in the affiliated fields of nursing, health care and treatment. This study has been proposed to clarify and evaluate the afore mentioned requitements. In this study, the following results can be concluded. Contrary to physical and psychological problems of adulthood, only 25% were aware of assisting economic, health and treatment institution that were available to them. These people were usually suffering from a single to multiple ailments that happen concurrently and ladies were complaining more in this respect. The interesting point in this study is the answer to the question of most basic problems of their life. Many elderly mentioned financial problems the most influential factor in their life. The figures concerning the responses to the question of basic problems of elderly for economic and physical problems were 37.7% and 18.3%, respectively.
What’s Wrong with Requirements Specification? An Analysis of the Fundamental Failings of Conventional Thinking about Software Requirements, and Some Suggestions for Getting it Right  [PDF]
Tom Gilb
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.39096
Abstract: We know many of our IT projects fail and disappoint. The poor state of requirements methods and practice is frequently stated as a factor for IT project failure. In this paper, I discuss what I believe is the fundamental cause: we think like programmers, not engineers and managers. We do not concentrate on value delivery, but instead on functions, on use-cases and on code delivery. Further, management is not taking its responsibility to make things better. In this paper, ten practical key principles are proposed, which aim to improve the quality of requirements specification.
Requirements Quality Online Courses  [PDF]
Dragan Damjanovi?
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2014.63010

Every day on the Internet appear online courses (good, bad, free, expensive, legal, illegal, ...). They can be of great benefit, especially to people who, because of a lack of free time can not attend face-to-face teaching, and have a duty of continuous professional development. In this great offer, it is really difficult to choose the right one that will fully meet the strict criteria. In this paper, we point to the conditions and requirements that may significantly facilitate students making their final decision regarding the selection of different forms of online training.

Towards Lightweight Requirements Documentation  [PDF]
Zheying Zhang, Mike Arvela, Eleni Berki, Matias Muhonen, Jyrki Nummenmaa, Timo Poranen
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.39103
Abstract: Most requirements management processes and associated tools are designed for document-driven software development and are unlikely to be adopted for the needs of an agile software development team. We discuss how and what can make the traditional requirements documentation a lightweight process, and suitable for user requirements elicitation and analysis. We propose a reference model for requirements analysis and documentation and suggest what kind of requirements management tools are needed to support an agile software process. The approach and the reference model are demonstrated in Vixtory, a tool for requirements lightweight documentation in agile web application development.
Requirements Analysis and Traceability at CIM Level  [PDF]
Mohammad Yamin, Venera Zuna, Moteb Al Bugami
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.39098
Abstract: Poernomo suggested an approach for requirement analysis within the CIM level of the MDA framework. His approach combined MEASUR, goal and object oriented analysis, and developed a new methodology that can be integrated within the CIM level of the MDA. This paper adds requirement traceability capabilities to the method developed by Poernomo and applies the extended method on a case study based on a high profile international law firm.
Building Requirements Semantics for Networked Software Interoperability  [PDF]
Bin Wen, Keqing He, Jian Wang
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.32016
Abstract: Naturally, like the web, integrated software systems in Internet will have to be distributed and heterogeneous. To im-prove the interoperability of services for SAAS, it is crucial to build requirements semantics that will cross the entire lifecycle of services especially on requirements stage. In this paper, a requirements semantics interoperability extend-ing approach called Connecting Ontologies (CO) that will act as semantics information carrier designing to facilitate the requirements identification and services composition is proposed. Semantic measurement of Chinese scenario is explored. By adopting the approach, a series of tools support for transport domain are developed and applied based on CO and DPO (Domain Problem Ontology) to enforce requirements engineering of networked software efficiently.
Hermeneutical Elicitation of Requirements: A Technical Perspective to Improve the Conception of the Software Requirements  [PDF]
Wagner Varalda, ítalo Santiago Vega
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2018.69010
Abstract: In order to develop quality software that meets the originals needs of its users, it is necessary to perform the Requirements Engineering, so that the software context to be developed is identified, examined and specified properly. However, there is a problem that is increasingly in debate: the difficulty in understanding and establishing the purpose of the software to be developed, as pointed out by important researches in the area, such as the Chaos Report, which indicates that only 29% of software projects are successful, and the Software Engineering Institute, which points out software requirements as a critical factor for the success of software engineering and that deficiencies in this dimension are the main causes of software project failures. This article presents a proposal to address this problem through the use of the Hermeneutical Elicitation of Requirements, which is the conceptual adequacy of some hermeneutical methods in a technical approach that assists the requirements engineer to conceive better of the software requirements. In this way, the software engineer will be better able to develop the software to better meet the needs of its end users and sponsors.
Spectrum Requirements Estimation for the Future IMT Systems: Current Work and Way Forward  [PDF]
Jing Pang, Tan Wang, Jingchun Li, Biao Huang
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2086

In order to satisfy the spectrum requirements of the future international mobile telecommunication (IMT) systems, to realize scientific allocation and usage of spectrum resources and to avoid spectrum waste brought by allocation in advanced, there is a need to make a reasonable estimation for the spectrum demands of future IMT systems. The estimation results can also provide guidelines for the subsequent spectrum planning and assignment work. This paper gives a description of study progress of related spectrum estimation for future IMT systems. From the analysis of current work and practical situation, the key factors in the estimation methodology are summarized to provide a reference for the following work.

Football Practice and Behaviour of Learners to Primary School: Assimilation and Accommodation  [PDF]
Paulin Mandoumou, Aristide Ewamela, Euloge Moboza Ndongo, Joachim Bongbélé
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.714198
Abstract: In order to know whether the teaching of football played dispensed using the form obeyed the fundamental and permanent requirements thereof and located the learner in his motor behavior in the various phases of the sport soccer game in the Piagetian approach assimilation and accommodation, 59 students of CE2 (10 years), CM1 and CM2 (11 years) were observed and subjected to learning football. The results showed that age does not influence notoriously motor behavior in the implementation of technical and tactical actions football. However, it allowed observing clear differences in students’ abilities to perform certain technical and tactical actions in different sequences or phases of play. These capabilities have proven in defense and midfield for students and CE2 in attack for those of CM1 and CM2. Thus, assimilation has been the mode of adaptation of elementary students in second year during attack, as well as that of CM1 and CM2 in defense and midfield. The accommodation was against by the observable behavioral repository for learners of CM in attack and defense in those CE2.
The Three-Five-Eight (Bachelor, Master, Doctorate) System: An Essential and Demanding Reform for the University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin (West Africa)  [PDF]
Prudence Sylviane Djidjoho Mignanwande, Jean-Claude Hounmenou
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.49014
Abstract: Nowadays, universities are undergoing profound changes in order to adapt their educational contents to the requirements of the world of employment. Thus, the establishment of a new system of certification and classification of qualifications has emerged through the Bachelor, Master, Doctorate called “Licence Master and Doctorat” (LMD) reform in French speaking countries. This research aims to show that the implementation of the LMD system is an imperative for the University of Abomey-Calavi. On the methodological side, we conducted both descriptive and analytical study based on the principle of triangulation. The data used for this study come from two main tools: survey questionnaire and interviews grid supported by literature review. This research was conducted on a sample of 690 individuals selected by random and purposive method. It came out from our investigations that LMD system relies on fundamental principles that are not yet mastered and applied by the different actors of the University of Abomey-Calavi. Consequently, 65.33% expressed their qualifications are not recognized as such in other universities or countries. Our results also indicate that 73.39% of the students have not received information about the possibility offered by the LMD system to complete their education within the same institution or another institution through principle of mobility. Students surveyed on the question of capitalization of knowledge through transferable and capitalized education credits recognized in a proportion of 59.82% they have no information on this vital principle of the LMD reform. Thus, it is important to rethink the system, reframe and adapt its principles and requirements to local realities.
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